Tag: Washington DC

Washington, DC History

Washington, DC History


According to Abbreviationfinder, the District of Columbia, founded the 16 of July of 1790, it is a federal, as specified by the Constitution of the district United States. The US Congress has the ultimate authority over the District of Columbia, even though the District of Columbia has delegated authority, significantly, to the municipal government. The area in which the original District is located came out of the state of Maryland, and the Commonwealth of Virginia. However, the area south of the Potomac River (approximately 100 km²) was returned to Virginia in 1847 and is now part of Arlington County and the city of Alexandria. Since 1847, the rest of the area that makes up the area now known as the District of Columbia was Maryland.

Its foundation is due to the fact that Thomas Jefferson received James Madison and Alexander Hamilton for a dinner in which they agreed that the capital of the new country should be in one of the so-called ” southern states.” This decision was made because of the debts of the War of Independence.

The site on the Potomac River was chosen by President Washington. Washington may have chosen the site for its natural scenery, believing that the Patowmack Canal would transform the Potomac into a large navigable waterway that would reach Ohio and the American interior. The city was officially called Washington on September 9, 1791.

The federal district was called the District of Columbia because Columbia was a widely used name in the United States at the time, which was near the 300th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s first voyage to America in 1492.

XIX century

The 24 of August of 1814, Canadian forces under British command burned the city during the incursion of the Anglo-American War of 1812 in retaliation for the sacking and burning of York (the Toronto of today) during the winter months, which had left many Canadians homeless. President James Madison and other American forces were able to escape before British forces arrived and burned public buildings, including the Capitol, the Treasury building, and the White House.

During the 1830s, the District of Columbia was home to one of the largest slave trades in the United States.

In 1860 Washington was a small city, the census of that year gave it a population of just over 75,000 people, but this changed when the American Civil War began in 1861. The significant extension of the federal government to administer the war and its inheritances such as veterans’ pensions led to the remarkable growth of the city’s population. By 1870, the population of the District of Columbia had grown to nearly 132,000 people.

In July 1864, Confederate forces, under the command of General Jubal Anderson Early, made a brief raid on Washington, culminating in the Battle of Fort Stevens. The Confederates were stopped, and Early fell back into the Shenandoah Valley. This was the only battle where an American president, Abraham Lincoln, was present and under enemy fire.

In the early 1870s, Washington was granted territorial government, but the reputation of the governor, Alexander Robey Shepherd, led to Congress taking over the governance of the District of Columbia. Congress would run the District for the next century.

The Washington Monument was inaugurated in 1888. There were several projects to develop the monumental aspect of the city, which included architects such as Frederick Law Olmsted and Daniel Burnham. However, the construction of the Lincoln Memorial, the Jefferson Memorial, and the construction of the Potomac Park did not begin until the early 1900s.

Twentieth century

Many agencies created to alleviate the Great Depression through Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal led the city to a dramatic increase in population, which continued throughout World War II. The District’s population peaked in 1950, when that year’s census recorded a total population of 802,178 people. [3] At the time, the city was the ninth most populous in the country, just ahead of Boston and approaching St. Louis. In the following decades, the population declined, reflecting suburban emigration from many of America’s older urban centers after World War II.

The first 7.4 kilometers of the Washington Metro were inaugurated on March 27, 1976. Today this metro system links Washington and its suburbs with a network of 86 stations and 171.1 kilometers of tracks.

In 1973, Congress enacted the District of Columbia Home Rule and Government Reorganization Act, ensuring the election of a mayor for the District’s city council. Consequently, Walter Washington was the District’s first elected mayor, in 1975.

XXI century

The November of September of 2001, Flight 77 American Airlines a Boeing 757, was hijacked and deliberately crashed into the Pentagon at 9:37 am, on the other side of the Potomac River in Arlington County, causing a landslide part of one side of the building. There are a number of conspiracy theories about the origin and development of the attacks [4] , some of them even argue that the attacks were organized by the United States government itself. (Conspiracies of 9/11).

Washington, DC History