Tag: Uzbekistan

Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Tashkent, Uzbekistan

According to abbreviationfinder, Tashkent is a city in eastern Uzbekistan, capital of the country and the oblast (region) of the same name. It is located in an oasis near the Chirchik River. For centuries the location of the city along the western front of the Tian Shan Mountains made it a link between Asia and Europe. Today, its strategic location has helped it to become the largest transportation and industrial center in Central and South-West Asia. It has a population of about 2,142,700.

Geography

Tashkent is located at coordinates 41 ° 18′N 69 ° 16′E in a plain west of the Altai Mountains, on the road between Shymkent and Samarkand, in the extreme east of the country, next to the border with Kazakhstan, and very close to the Ferganá valley and Kyrgyzstan. It is located at the confluence of the Chirchik River and several of its tributaries and is based on deep alluvial deposits up to 15 meters. The city is located in an active tectonic zone suffering a great number of tremors and some earthquakes. An earthquake in 1966 measured 7.5 on the Richter scale.

Climate

Tashkent has a continental Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa) 12 very close to its own continental climate (Köppen: Dsa) .12 As a result, Tashkent experiences cold winters and long, hot and dry summers. Winters cover the months of December, January and February. Most of the rainfall occurs during these months (it often falls as snow). However, the snow cover tends to be relatively brief as the city frequently experiences warm spells during winter. The city experiences two high points of precipitation, in early winter and in spring.

The pattern of rainfall is slightly unusual, partly due to its 500 m altitude. The summers are long, usually lasting from May to September. Tashkent can be extremely hot during the months of July and August. The city also has very little rainfall during the summer, from June to September.

Economy

Today Tashkent’s economy is based mainly on the manufacture of agricultural equipment and cotton garments. The city is still considered the economic center of this resource-rich region.

Social development

Education

In Tashkent there is the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, therefore the city has a great institutional influence on Uzbek sciences. There are a variety of colleges or universities of higher education:

  • National University of Uzbekistan
  • State Technical University (Tashkent Province)
  • Tashkent State Medical University
  • Tashkent State Pediatric University
  • Tashkent Institute of Architecture and Construction
  • Tashkent Institute of Motor Racing and Road Construction
  • International Business School (Kelajak Ilmi)
  • Tashkent University of Information Technology
  • Westminster International University of Tashkent
  • University of International Economics and Diplomacy
  • State University of Economics
  • Tashkent State Law Institute
  • Tashkent Institute of Finance
  • State University of World Languages
  • Tashkent Conservatory of Music
  • Tashkent Institute of Oriental Studies
  • Islamic University of Tashkent
  • Tashkent Institute of Singaporean Development Techniques
  • Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry
  • Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineering

Culture

This capital has always been characterized as the largest commercial meeting point and development of Uzbekistan, so the traveler will find an advanced city of large buildings, subways, fine and luxurious hotels, beautiful parks, etc…. but little in the way to the historical past of the city, since most of its architecture was destroyed by a huge earthquake in 1966.

To discover the historical richness of Tashken, Viajejet recommends you visit the Kukeldash Madrasah dating from the 16th century, which today has been restored as a museum, then the huge mausoleum of Kaffali Shash. It is also worth visiting several of Tashkent’s museums that guard art and valuables of the ancient Uzbek culture with great suspicion, such as the State Museum of Art, which has a large collection of art, paintings, ceramics and jewelry.

Among the most famous works of art in the capital is the impressive historical figure of Amir Timur, known as Tamerlane in the West. The ancient buildings of Tashkent are located towards the west side of the center, where ancient corridors make their way until they meet the modern capital of Tashkent.

Sports

In Tashkent, the most important football teams in the capital are FC Pakhtakor Tashkent, Lokomotiv Tashkent and FC Bunyodkor. All three clubs compete in the Uzbekistan Soccer League, the country’s top division. In addition, the city is home to the headquarters of the Uzbekistan Football Federation, as well as the Pakhtakor Markaziy Stadium, the stadium of the national team and the Pakhtakor.

Tashkent is known worldwide because a WTA tennis tournament (Tashkent Tournament) has been held here in September since 1999.

Among the city’s sports personalities, the famous cyclist Djamolidine Abdoujaparov, tennis player Denis Istomin and footballer Vassilis Hatzipanagis, born in the city, stand out. Gymnast Alina Kabáyeva was also born in Tashkent.

Demography

In 1983 the population of Tashkent was 1,902,000 people, in an area of 256 km². In 1991 the number of permanent residents of the capital was 2 136 600 residents. The city was the fourth most populous city in the USSR (after Moscow, Leningrad(Saint Petersburg) and Kiev. Today Tashkent maintains the status of the fourth city in population among the CIS countries and the Baltic. See population of Uzbekistan.

The resident population in Tashkent on 1 January 2012 amounted to 2 309 300 people (there are unofficial estimates, taking into account temporary migrants from 3.0 to 4.2 million people), of which as of 2008, the 63.0% are Uzbeks, 20.0% Russian, 4.5% Tatar, 2.2% Korean, 2.1% Tajik, 1.2% Uighur, and 7.0% other nationalities.19

The Tashkent agglomeration includes towns within a 60-70 km radius, also including 15 cities and 637 rural settlements. The total area is 6400 km².20 The population of the agglomeration is estimated at approximately 3 million people in 2001.

Tashkent, Uzbekistan