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US 6 in Indiana

US 6 in Indiana


US 6
Get started Hammond
End Butler
Length 152 mi
Length 245 km
  • Illinois
  • Hammond
  • Munster
  • Gary
  • Portage
  • Westville
  • Tracy
  • La Pazu
  • Nappanee
  • Logonier
  • Kendallville
  • Waterloo
  • Butler
  • Ohio

According to allcitycodes, US 6 is a US Highway in the US state of Indiana. The road forms an east-west route through the north of the state. It runs from Hammond on the Illinois border to the Ohio border at Butler and has a primary secondary function due to its proximity to the parallel Interstate 80 / Interstate 90 and the 2×2 US 30. The road is 245 kilometers long.

Travel directions

US 6 near Kendallville in eastern Indiana.

In the Chicago suburb of Hammond, US 6 in Illinois joins Interstate 80 and Interstate 94 over the Indiana border. Between Exit 1 and Exit 2, the US 41 also runs on the route. Hammond is an industrial suburb of 83,000 inhabitants without a real center. State Route 912 begins on the east side of the city and runs as a highway through the industries of East Chicago. You then pass through Gary, the largest Chicago suburb in Indiana with 103,000 residents. Interstate 65 is crossed here from Indianapoliscoming. On the east side of Gary, just before I-80 and I-94 interchange, US 6 exits for a parallel route east. One continues through Lake Station and Hobart, after which one leaves the metropolitan area of ​​Chicago.

US 6 then leads in 1×2 lanes through a rural area with endless meadows and little forest. The relief is no more than sloping. In Westville, one crosses US 421, the road from Michigan City to Lafayette in the south. US 6 jumps south twice here, a second time at Kingsford Heights when it crosses US 35, the road from Michigan City to Logansport. US 6 then runs 15 miles north of the more important 2×2 US 30 and 30 miles south of the Indiana Toll Road. At the village of Lapaz you cross US 31, the 2×2 highway from South Bend to Indianapolis in the south.

You then pass a few large villages and the landscape is quite monotonous. There are numerous intersections with State Routes, usually every 3 miles. Around the village of Ligonier follows a short double numbering with US 33, a main road from Elkhart to Fort Wayne. At the town of Kendallville, a junction with SR-3 follows a 2×2 main road to Fort Wayne. Not much further is the connection with Interstate 69, the highway from Indianapolis and Fort Wayne to Lansing in Michigan. Then the road continues for another 20 kilometers to the Ohio border. US 6 in Ohio then continues towards Toledo.


US 6 was created in 1926 but did not pass through Indiana at the time. That happened in 1931 when the route was extended from Erie, Pennsylvania to Greeley, Colorado. US 6 was important for through traffic but avoided the larger towns of Indiana, especially the towns of Gary and South Bend and to a lesser extent Fort Wayne. The US 6 runs right between these cities. Partly because of this, no highway has been constructed directly parallel to US 6. In 1956, the Indiana Toll Road opened parallel to US 6. As a result, US 6 is a single-lane road outside the Chicago suburbs.

Traffic intensities

The double numbering with I-80 and I-94 is fairly busy with up to 146,000 vehicles. When US 6 turns off, 15,000 vehicles are still driving, but this drops to 8,000 vehicles in front of US 421 and 3,000 vehicles east of US 35. Further east, the road has 5,000 to 6,000 vehicles per day. About 4,200 vehicles cross the Ohio border every day.

Abraham Lincoln Bridge

Abraham Lincoln Bridge
Spans Ohio River
Lanes 1×6
Total length 761 meters
Main span 2 x 229 meters
Bridge deck height ? meter
Opening 06-12-2015
Traffic intensity
Location Map

The Abraham Lincoln Bridge is a cable- stayed bridge in the United States, located on the border of the states of Kentucky and Indiana. The bridge spans the Ohio River at Louisville and is part of Interstate 65.


The Abraham Lincoln Bridge is the east of two bridges from I-65 over the Ohio River near downtown Louisville and handles northbound traffic. The main bridge is 533 meters long, with two main spans of 229 meters. The bridge has three sets of I-shaped pylons, the middle one is 64 meters high, the outer ones are 38 meters high. The bridge has 6 lanes. The bridge is adjacent to the John F. Kennedy Memorial Bridge which handles southbound traffic.


The original span of I-65 is the John F. Kennedy Memorial Bridge which opened on December 6, 1963. Due to the increasing traffic, it was decided to build a second span next to it.

The bridge was constructed between 2013 and 2015 and opened to traffic on December 6, 2015. The new bridge cost $203 million. In addition to the construction of the new bridge, the interchange between I-64, I-65 and I-71 in Louisville has also been reconstructed, and I-65 on the Indiana side has also been modified. After the opening of the new bridge, the old bridge from 1963 was adapted to a single direction with 6 lanes. Since then, the bridge connection over the Ohio River has had 2×6 lanes.


On November 30, 2015, the name of the bridge was announced, the Abraham Lincoln Bridge. The bridge is named after Abraham Lincoln (1809-1965) who was the 16th President of the United States. Its roots are in the two states that the bridge connects, Kentucky and Indiana.


The bridge is a toll road, with fully electronic toll collection with E-ZPass and license plate toll. The toll collection started on December 30, 2016.

US 6 in Indiana

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah

From the spectacular Grand Staircase with its cliffs and terraces, to the rugged Kaiparowits Plateau to the wonders of the Escalante River Gorges, the vast landscapes offer visitors to Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument a variety of recreational opportunities. The National Monument is divided into three distinct areas: the Grand Staircase, the Kaiparowits Plateau, and the Canyons (gorges) of the Escalante. Despite their different topographies, these three sections share characteristics: long distances, extremely difficult terrain, and a remoteness rarely found in the United States outside of Alaska.

Grand Staircase
According to a2zcamerablog, the land rises from the south in broad, sloping terraces. They form the Grand Staircase. The multicolored cliffs glow in red, orange, white, gray and pink. Together, these steep slopes represent 200 million years of geological history. The Grand Staircase is made of bright red Moenkopi sandstone, which contains many fossils of fish and early Triassic dinosaurs.

A little further north, the White Cliffs are composed of younger, gray shale rock. From the time when the sea covered the land here, deposits of shells, shark teeth and braziers can be found. Imprints of marsh plants are also evidence of ancient marine life. The pink cliffs at the top of Grand Staircase are deposits from what was once a freshwater lake. The Paria River and its tributaries carved these “rock stairs”. It is also home to Buckskin Gulch, the longest slot canyon in the world.

Kaiparowits Plateau
The highest part of the monument is the Kaiparowits Plateau. From the air, the plateau appears to fan out south of the town of Escalante into a vast gray-green scalene triangle that stretches far south to Lake Powell and the Paria Plateau. The more than 3,200 km² of the Kaiparowite form the wildest, driest and most remote part of the monument.

The fossil-rich rocks of the Kaiparowits Plateau contain probably “the best and most continuous record of late Cretaceous terrestrial life anywhere in the world.” The plateau has been described as a “stony, arid labyrinth of ravines” with a handful of streams. It is a land of great gorges, sheer cliffs and red hills of oxidized rock. They were created by underground coal fires and soils that are toxic to most plants. But it is also a land of wooded, level banks, thousand-year-old juniper trees and a rich variety of mammals and birds, including seventeen species of raptors.

Escalante Canyon’s 43-mile long straight cliffs mark the eastern rim of the plateau and culminate at Fiftymile Mountain in the southeast. Nowhere else do the words “wind, endless space, loneliness, silence and distance” apply better than here.

Canyons of the Escalante
The Canyons of the Escalante are made up of some of the most beautiful and scenic red rock formations in southern Utah. North of the Fiftymile Mountains is the Aquarius Plateau, dominated by the 11,300-foot (3,352 m) Boulder Mountain. To the east lies an expanse of light-colored Navajo sandstone carved by the Escalante River and its tributaries from the high plateau, a labyrinth of canyons.

The rocky country offers many surprises: deep in the gorges along the streams, lush shore worlds thrive: poplars, elders, willows, oaks and tamarisks often form an impenetrable thicket. Hanging gardens thrive above shady niches and rock caves. From the ledges high up on the cliff face you can hear the haunting song of the wren.

Access to the monument is via two paved roads: US 89 from the Kanab/Big Water area and US 12 from the Escalante/Boulder area. All other roads are very easy and hardly paved.

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument information

Location and Size
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument covers 7,689 km² in southern Utah, from the city of Boulder in south-central Utah, along the foothills of the Boulder Mountains. At its widest point, it is nearly 90 miles (145 km) from Capitol Reef on the northeast boundary to Johnson Canyon near Kanab on the southwest rim. The monument includes the Grand Staircase in its western part, the Kaiparowits Plateau in the east, both enclosing the Escalante canyons. It was declared a National Monument in 1996 and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management.

by car
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument is located in southern Utah, approximately 470 km (290 miles) south of Salt Lake City or 400 km (250 miles) east of Las Vegas. Two paved roads provide access to the monument: US-89 to the south and US-12 to the north. The monument is very remote, almost all of its north-south connections are primitive roads.

VUSA TIP: Do your research before venturing inside the monument. Be sure to take a very good, legible and understandable road map with you! Allow enough time, only drive a 4WD off-road vehicle. Consider your driving ability. Take plenty of water with you and make sure your vehicle is in good condition and has adequate provisions for emergencies.

Public Transport
There is no public transport to the monument.

Opening times and seasons
The monument is open 24 hours a day, all year round.

Visitor Centers
The BLM Information Centers are located on the periphery of the monument. BLM staff at the centers provide visitors with essential and detailed information, and also sell books and maps. All visitor centers are located in Utah. Utah is in the Mountain time zone and observes daylight saving time.

Paria Contact Station
The Paria Contact Station is open seven days a week from 08:00 to 16:30, March 15th to November 15th.

Kanab Visitor Center
The center is open daily from 08:00 to 16:30. 745 East Hwy 89, Kanab, UT 84741,
Tel: 435-644-4680

Escalante Interagency Visitor Center
The center is open daily from 08:00 to 16:30. 755 West Main, Escalante, UT 84726
Tel: 435-826-5499

Entrance Fees
There are no entrance fees to the monument.

Posy Lake
On the Hells Backbone road north of Escalante. Campgrounds, water, the lake is stocked with trout.

Blue Spruce Campground
A small campground on Hell’s Backbone road.

Calf Creek Recreation Area
Located off Highway 12, 26 km (16.3 miles) from Escalante. Campground with water, reservation required, 5 km (3 miles) hiking trail to Calf Creek Falls.

Deer Creek Campground
Located 10 km (6 miles) east of Boulder on the Burr Trail. Primitive campsite with toilets, no water available.

The climate in the Grand Staircase-Escalante is temperate and dry with an average annual rainfall of about 2,500 mm. From June to early September, thunderstorms roll in from the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico, and Southern California. From October to June, storms can blow in from the northwest.
The highest amounts of precipitation can be expected from November to March. In summer, temperatures range between 15°C (lowest) and 32°C (highest). In winter, the temperature range is lows of -9°C and highs of 4°C. Average snowfall is 71 cm, it can snow from October or November to March or April.
The best time to visit the monument is from late March to June and from early September to October. Weather conditions and water temperatures are usually the most favorable during this period. It is impossible to predict long term weather in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument.

Average temperatures in Escalante, Utah in °C
Month Jan Feb March Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 6 9 14 19 24 31 33 32 27 20 12 7
Min -8 -6 -2 1 6 9 13 13 8 2 -3 -8

Safety and Dangers
The typical dangers of a desert landscape lurk here. During the summer season, the sun is more intense and temperatures rise up to 38°C and more. The humidity is low. It is necessary to eat enough and drink at least 4 liters of water per day. For all activities you should always take enough water with you and wear loose-fitting, light-colored clothing and a sun hat. Great importance should be attached to sun protection: Apply sunscreen with a high sun protection factor to all exposed areas of the skin. Strenuous activity should be done in the early morning or evening hours.

Trip Tips

Activities and Sightseeing
A vast expanse of rugged labyrinthine canyons and red cliffs characterize America’s newest national monument. Only really experienced hikers will be able to really enjoy this splendor. It’s not a place for RV vacationers or vacationers looking for a leisurely picnic. However, some spots in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument are suitable for a day tour or picnic. This includes:

Devils Garden Natural Area
Located 19 km (12 miles) down Hole in the Rock Road off US 12. There are unusual rock formations here. If you love hikes in beautiful countryside and great photo opportunities, this is the place for you. It is particularly beautiful here at dusk.

Paria Movie Set
Originally built in the 1960s, the “frontier town” has played host to film legends such as John Wayne, Clint Eastwood and Gregory Peck. The area is located on a dirt road between Kanab and Big Water City, 8 km (5 miles) northeast of Highway 89. This road is impassable during or shortly after rain.

Grosvenor Arch
Can be accessed off Highway 12 on a dirt road about 15 km (9 miles) southeast of Kodachrome Basin State Park. Grosvenor Arch is a collection of delicate white and gold stone arches that tower high above the ground.

The Coxcombs
A series of sandstone outcrops in the northeastern part of the monument, 5 km (3 miles) south of Grosvenor Arch.

Routes by car

The scenic Utah Highway 12 in the northern portion of Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument runs east from Bryce Canyon National Park via routes Utah 20 and US 89. Escalante is 170 km (106 miles) south of I-70 if traveling from the east at the Fremont Junction exit on Utah 72.

US Highway 89’s southern section between Kanab, Utah and Page, Arizona offers spectacular views of the Vermilion Cliffs and Grand Staircase. Kanab is 124 km (77 miles) east of the Cedar City exit off I-15 via Routes Utah 9 through Zion National Park and to US-89.

Major routes in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument

There are several gravel roads that can be driven on with normal cars when the weather is nice. The great landscape and the leisure opportunities make the trip an experience.

Pahreah Townsite Road: The 8 km (5 mile) gravel road is passable in dry weather but extremely slippery in wet conditions. The trail is a short jaunt into the Paria River Valley with its multicolored Badlands landscape. It leads to the Pahreah Townsite and the Paria Movie Set Location.

Johnson Canyon / Skutumpah Road: This paved but dirt road runs 74 km (46 miles) between Johnson Canyon and Kodachrome Basin. It traverses some remarkable areas cut by streams and gorges. The upper section (35 km/22 miles) is impassable when wet. The route leads to the Bull Valley Gorge and some of the steps and terraces of the Grand Staircase.

Cottonwood Canyon Road: Much of this dusty gravel road is only passable in dry weather. The 74 km (46 mile) route follows the Cocks Ridge, a large bend in the earth’s crust that bisects the Grand Staircase and Kaiparowits Plateau. The route takes in Round Valley, Cockscomb, the Cottonwood Narrows, Grosvenor Arch and Kodachrome Basin State Park.

Hole-in-the-Rock Road: Hole-in-the-Rock Road is a dusty gravel road. The cul-de-sac ends 92 km (57 miles) at Lake Powell Overlook in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area. Cars with good ground clearance are usually sufficient – but the last 10 km (6 miles) are rough and require a 4×4 with high ground clearance. The road follows the historical route used by Mormon settlers in 1879-1880 on their journey across the Colorado River. It leads to Devil’s Garden, the trailhead of Escalante Canyon, Dance Hall Rock and offers views of Lake Powell from Hole in the Rock lookout.

Burr Trail: The Burr Trail runs south from Boulder, Utah. The first 50 km (31 miles) between Boulder and Capitol Reef National Park are paved. The rest is a dusty gravel road with some rocky and sandy stretches. Vehicles with high ground clearance are recommended when exploring the Burr Trail. Along the route are the Slickrock Canyons and you can enjoy sweeping views. The road leads to Deer Creek, The Gulch, Long Canyon, Wolverine Petrified Wood Area and the Circle Cliffs Region.

Hiking & Trekking
There are very few established hiking trails along the Escalante River and its tributaries. However, some paths have formed over the years through more frequent use. Most tours run along the main river canyon or side canyons and require wading in the creek bed, hiking across river banks and frequent water crossings. Some side canyons require wading through depths, scrambling over rocks and the occasional swim. Other side canyons may be dry.

Lower Calf Creek Falls
Located off Highway 12 between the towns of Escalante and Boulder. The 9km (return) trail is a nature trail that leads to a shaded pool at the foot of a 38m waterfall. A moderate hike that provides a good introduction to the Escalante Canyons.

Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah

Places to Visit in San Francisco, California

Places to Visit in San Francisco, California

Places to visit in the San Francisco area range from the rolling hills of the Marine Headlands – the Muir Woods, where you can see coast redwoods as tall as skyscrapers, to Sausalito , which has one of the world’s largest houseboat communities and one has a great view over the bay.

Further north is the Wine Country from Sonoma to Napa . Wine tastings and tours are offered here. In the picturesque towns like St. Helena , Sonoma, Yountville or Calistoga there are a variety of shops and restaurants.

Another very worthwhile excursion destination is south of San Francisco: the Monterey Peninsula with the world-famous Monterey Bay Aquarium on Cannery Row. Not far away is the quaint artists’ town of Carmel-by-the-Sea and the classic Pebble Beach golf course . 17 Mile Drive, which runs along the coast, is particularly beautiful. Even further south – along Highway 1 – the rugged Big Sur coastline stretches for 70 km.

Muir Woods
According to localcollegeexplorer, Muir Woods National Monument is a protected area in Marin County, about 15 km north of San Francisco. Here you can admire the coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) that were once ubiquitous in the region. This tree species is one of the largest tree species in the world. The sanctuary was established in 1908 by President Theodore Roosevelt. Tours to Muir Woods and nearby Muir Beach are available from San Francisco.

Advance Reservations to Visit Muir Woods
Reservations for both private vehicles and shuttle rides are required to visit the monument. During park hours ( nps.gov/muwo/hours ) you must have a permit to park and pay park admission. You can get both at gomuirwoods.com .

Parking fees range from $9 to $55 depending on vehicle size, and admission is $16 for each adult (16 and older). Shuttle rides (weekends only) are $3.50 per adult (16 years and older). Admission is free for children up to the age of 15.

From the Golden Gate Bridge follow Alexander Road into town. The coastal suburb offers unique views of San Francisco Bay with the city as a backdrop. The picturesque houseboats anchored in the harbor are the most coveted residences next to the apartments in the bay area. Sausalito is a nice town with some great restaurants and shops.

Napa Valley/Sonoma Valley
Just half an hour from San Francisco is the Napa Valley – the epitome of Californian wine. If Tuscany were in America, it would be in the Napa and Sonoma Valleys. The Wine Country has changed fundamentally since the switch from good mass wine to cultivated and increasingly exquisite top wines a few years ago. California’s wines have risen to world class over the past 40 years. A minimum one or two night stay is recommended for a tour to Napa and Sonoma – during the week is best. Most wineries are open from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. An ideal place for lunch is tranquil Yountville, which is home to numerous world-class restaurants. In the Bouchon, the casual cousin of the famous French Laundry, www.napavalley.com , www.sonomavalley.com , www.upgradedpoints.com/napa-valley

About 120 miles south of San Francisco is the town of Monterey on the peninsula of the same name . The entire Monterey Peninsula is considered one of California’s most popular year-round vacation destinations. After the Spanish founding of Monterey in 1770, the coastal city was an important fishing and whaling port until the 19th century. With the collapse of the fishing industry in the 1950s, however, the coastal town suddenly lost its importance. The premises of many of the former sardine canning factories of the waterfront Cannery Row have been successfully converted into galleries, shops and restaurants. The area inspired author John Steinbeck’s famous novels Cannery Row and Sweet Thursday.

Monterey Bay Aquarium
With more than 35,000 animals and 550 different species, the Monterey Bay Aquarium is one of the world’s largest public aquariums. A wide range of aquatic creatures swim in the more than 200 pools, from tame seahorses to great white sharks. Exhibits educate visitors to the facility, located on the site of a former fish factory, about the mysteries of the oceans and the ways of life of sea otters, tuna, and sea turtles. The 4 million liter pool of the “Outer Bay” connects directly to the open sea. Through a 17 mx 5 m window, visitors get an insight into the underwater world and can watch what’s going on under water. 886 Cannery Row. www.montereybayaquarium.org

17 Mile Drive
The scenic route along the Monterey Peninsula is the highlight of any visit to this coastal region. The private toll road stretches from Pebble Beach to Del Monte Forest, passing a variety of scenic overlooks, golf courses and private homes. When paying the toll, drivers receive a map on which all 21 important sights are listed. The main attraction is the “Lonely Cypress”, which has withstood the Pacific storms for about 250 years on a rock in the sea.

This quaint little town has been home to many artists, actors and scholars since the early 1900’s and strives to maintain the quaint charm of a coastal village. Restrictive construction measures prevent the proliferation of fast-food restaurants and the construction of tall buildings. There are no electric street lights, private houses and small country houses are not numbered. Pretty Carmel offers a variety of cultural events and festivals, an outdoor theater and museums. Along Ocean Avenue are galleries, small shops and antique shops as well as restaurants. Hollywood stars such as Clint Eastwood, Brad Pitt and Doris Day are among the famous residents of the town.

Big Sur
The coastline between Carmel in the north and San Simeon in the south – over a length of about 100 km – is characterized by rugged rocky coasts and high mountains. The low settlement density gives the impression of untouched nature with a varied flora and fauna. For years, this stretch of Highway 1 along the roaring Pacific coast has been ranked as one of the most beautiful. The famous Bixby Creek Bridge is also spectacular. Several state parks line the coast. There is also access to some. Sea otters can be seen in the sandy bays.

Half Moon Ba y
In the winter, mighty waves pound the rocks of Maverick in Half Moon Bay – and a handful of the world’s boldest surfers take to the surf. Even when the waves aren’t raging, a trip to this pristine shore is a day to remember.

  • Visit Pillar Point Marsh and witness the power of nature. Since Mavericks is for experts only, it’s best to take a guided tour. Riptide Sportfishing takes you to 30 foot waves. Or paddle a kayak in the sheltered harbor waters with the Half Moon Bay Kayak Company .
  • The Fitzgerald Marine Reserve , 1 mile north of Maverick’s, is one of the premier places in California for tide pool exploration. Fill your stomach with clam chowder at Sam’s Chowder House .
  • Continue south toward Pescadero. Stop by the San Gregorio General Store – where pretty much everything is available – and do a bit of browsing. Live music is played here on weekends. Take a long, thoughtful stroll along Pomponio State Beach . At Duarte’s Tavern you should give serious thought to a refreshment. The inn offers steak and seafood, as well as delicious, creamy green chili soup.

Incidentally, the forces of the wind and the waves can be combined very well to surf at high speed over the water or fly high in the air. Under ideal conditions, a kiteboarder can soar 12 meters in the air. The principle is very simple: a kite sail is mounted on the small, short surfboards with a thin rope. Hotspots are Crissy Field (at the foot of the Golden Gate Bridge), Waddell Creek (north of Santa Cruz, across the street from Big Basin Redwood Park), Cayucos, Jalama Beach (near Lompoc) or in Venturas on California Street. There you can optimally observe the kitesurfers doing their most unbelievable stunts. If you want to try it yourself, head to Coyote Point Park in San Mateo and Crown Beach in Alameda. The wind is gentle there and the water is a little calmer. the Boardsports School offers courses in both locations.
1603 Coyote Point Dr, San Mateo, CA 94401, www.boardsportsschool.com

The Presidio Golf Course is located in the heart of San Francisco. 300 Finley Rd, San Francisco, CA 94129-1196, www.presidiogolf.com

Friendly staff, an award-winning golf shop, reasonable prices and nine-hole courses in the rolling Livermore Valley countryside.
4280 Greenville Rd, Livermore, CA 94550-9720, www.poppyridgegolf.com

Places to Visit in San Francisco, California

Acadia National Park, Maine

Acadia National Park, Maine

According to travelationary, Acadia National Park was established to preserve the beauty of Maine’s rocky coast with its many islands off the coast and its mountain range. Just a short drive up the Park Loop Road on Mount Desert Island up to Cadillac Mountain shows the special features of this park. The sea is omnipresent. Depending on the weather, every day has its own special character. On a sunny day, the blue of the sea is broken by countless lobster buoys. In the fog, on the other hand, everything is gray and veiled. Away from the sea you can see the forests and mountains of Acadia.

200 km of hiking trails criss-cross the park, many of which are easy trails with only gentle inclines, but there are also many steep rock paths. In addition, about 100 km of forest roads lead through the park, which are closed to cars. Part of it is approved for bicycles, which can be rented in different places.

But Acadia is much more than just forests and sea. Mount Desert Island was already inhabited by local people when Samuel de Champlain discovered it in 1604 and named it ‘L’Ile des Monts Deserts’. Native Americans, explorers, fishermen and ship builders, artists and summer visitors all contributed to the region’s rich cultural heritage spanning 6,000 years.

Today, the island’s towns reflect the diverse lifestyles of modern society. Northeast Harbor is a sheltered haven for both large and small sailboats. Bar Harbor caters to the needs of visitors with inns, motels and restaurants as well as entertainment venues. Bass Harbor and Southwest Harbor on the west side of the island, as well as Winter Harbor on the Schoodic Peninsula, have retained more of the atmosphere of Maine’s small coastal villages. This is where the people live who earn their livelihood from the sea.

The 27-mile (43 km) Park Loop Road begins at the visitor center and winds past many landmarks up Cadillac Mountain, the highest mountain on North America’s Atlantic coast. There are numerous hiking trails here. With a height of 466 m the summit of Cadillac Mountain offers a spectacular view over the Atlantic and the many small offshore islands. From up here you are the first to see the sunrise in the USA. The sunsets are also spectacular and the starry night sky is breathtaking.

Sieur de Monts Spring, also located on Park Loop Road, offers many interesting sights. The botanical garden contains more than 300 species of native trees, shrubs, flowers and plants. Learn about Acadia’s natural history at the Sieur de Monts Spring Nature Center. The Abbe Museum has one of the largest collections of early American finds in Maine.

Stone beaches dominate the Acadia coast, with the exception of Sand Beach, which attracts visitors who want to relax here. However, it is better to leave swimming in the Atlantic to the fish, seals and birds, because even in summer the water temperature rarely rises above 13° Celsius.

Perhaps the most picturesque is the 2-mile drive down Park Loop Road to Sand Beach, skirting the rugged rocky coastline. Other highlights along the route include Thunder Hole, where the sea ‘thunders’ against the rocks. When the sea is rough, you can hear the surf crashing against the chasm particularly loudly. The water piles up and then sprays 10 m high into the air. At low tide you can get a good insight into the fascinating world of sea creatures.

Location and Size
Coastal Maine’s Acadia National Park covers approximately 192 km² of coastline, with most of the park on Mount Desert Island, smaller areas on the nearby Schoodic Peninsula and offshore Isle au Ha.

by car
From Boston, I-95 runs north to Augusta, Maine. Continue on Route 3 East to Ellsworth to Mount Desert Island.
As an alternative route, take I-95 north to Bangor, Maine. Then continue on Route 1A East to Ellsworth. In Ellsworth, take Route 3 to Mount Desert Island.

By Air
There are direct flights from Boston Logan Airport (BOS) to Hancock County Airport, which is 10 miles (16 km) from Acadia National Park. National airlines also fly into Bangor International Airport (BGR), the drive from the airport to the park takes approximately one hour. Rental cars are available at both airports.

By bus
There are regular bus services (Greyhound, Concord Coach Lines) from Boston to Bangor.

Opening times and seasons
The park is open from May 1st to October 31st. open. Park Loop Road is closed from December to mid-April.

Centers The Hulls Cove Visitor Center is open 19/05-30/09. open from 09:00 to 17:00, and from 01.10.-31.10. from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. From 01.11.-15.04. is it closed
The Thompson Island Information Center is open from mid-May to mid-October with varying hours.
The Village Green Information Center opens from 23.06. to Columbus Day (2nd Monday in October) from 09:00 to 17:00.
The best place to start your visit is at the Hulls Visitor Centre. You will receive information about things worth seeing and experiencing in Acadia Park. The park newspaper Beaver Log contains the dates of the events led by the natural history-trained rangers. From mid-June to mid-October, short and long hikes, boat trips and lectures and performances, mostly in the evenings at the campsites, are on the programme. The center also publishes its own weather report.

Entrance Fees
USD 30 for a private, non-commercial vehicle with up to 15 occupants. USD 25 for a motorcycle with a passenger. USD 15 for hikers, cyclists or pedestrians. Admission is valid for 7 days.

America the Beautiful Annual Pass
The annual pass costs $80 and entitles you to visit over 2,000 US federal recreation areas and national parks for one year from the date of purchase. The entrance fee applies to the driver and all passengers of a private, non-commercial vehicle (or up to a maximum of 4 adults in total if per-person entrance fees are charged). Children under 16 are free. If you visit more than 4 national parks, it is usually worth buying the America the Beautiful Annual Pass. The pass can be purchased at many stores in the US and is also available in advance from various tour operators.

Acadia National Park, Maine

Food and Drink in New York City

Food and Drink in New York City

There are currently around 18,000 restaurants in the Big Apple. The variety of culinary delicacies on offer is correspondingly large. Restaurant Week , which takes place twice a year, is particularly inexpensive. Restaurant tips and new openings can always be found at www.nycgo.com/dining .

According to topschoolsintheusa, NYC summer tourists can take advantage of NYC & Company ‘s signature restaurant and theater promotions. NYC Restaurant Week usually takes place in the last week of July and the first week of August. Reservations are possible from mid-July. As the first and largest dining program of its kind, NYC Restaurant Week offers locals and visitors 3-course lunch for US$29 and 3-course dinner for US$42 (including drinks, tip and tax). During Broadway Week (second and third weeks of September, tickets usually start August 19) and Off-Broadway Week (third weeks of September and first October, tickets start September), locals and visitors alike can enjoy 2-for-1 Tickets to a selection of the best shows in town.

The Hard Rock Cafe has cult status . The new location on Broadway, in the middle of Times Square, offers traditional American cuisine.

For example, you can enjoy food with a fantastic view at the River Cafe in Brooklyn.

Jackson Hole Burgers and Pershing Square , directly across from Grand Central Terminal, are well -known for their first-class hamburgers .

American restaurants
The menus in the city’s restaurants are as international as the people who live here. There’s no national dish you can’t try in the Big Apple. Around 17,000 so-called “eating establishments” cater for the physical well-being of locals and guests. In restaurants, meals are usually served in three courses: appetizer (appetizer, starter), main course (entree/main course) and finally dessert.

The ethnic restaurants, which offer Italian, kosher, Asian and soul food, as well as delis, are particularly recommended. Typical New York foods include bagels, pancakes, soul food, sushi, Waldorf salad, New York cheesecake, pizza and burgers.

Restaurant tips in Manhattan

Gallaghers Steakhouse
The city’s sports teams have celebrated their victories here for over 85 years. Celebrities toast each other and Wall Street titans cheer their deals here. The restaurant is known for its famous dry-aged USDA prime steaks, its classic cocktail list, and its wait staff who never forget their guests’ names. Gallaghers offers an authentic New York City experience to remember. The restaurant is just steps from Broadway and Times Square.
228 West 52nd Street, New York, NY 10019 Tel: +1-212-586-5000

Old Homestead Steakhouse
The restaurant is dedicated to traditional American cuisine, specializing in beef. The Old Homestead is known for its premium aged USDA Texas-size steaks – whether sirloin, filet mignon or porterhouse. Of course, burgers are also served here. The principle of delivering everything in excellent quality applies to all dishes. The restaurant is located in the heart of the former Meatpacking District, which is now one of the trendiest parts of Manhattan. There is plenty of entertainment, culture, gastronomy and nightlife in the immediate vicinity. The Homestead has occupied the same site since opening in 1868.
New York City, 56 9th Ave (between 14th & 15th streets), New York, NY 10011
Tel: +1 212 242-9040.

Lunch and dinner
In contrast to Austria, the main meal of the day is not lunch, but dinner. At lunchtime, you usually eat salads, sandwiches, soups or vegetables as a quick snack. Dinner – usually quite opulent – ​​is taken between 5 p.m. and 9 p.m.

As a pricing guideline, plan on around $25 per meal at a regular restaurant. This amount does not include drinks and taxes. The expensive restaurants are located around Times Square, on the Upper East and Upper West Sides. Incidentally, the dress code is taken seriously in the upscale restaurants. The gentleman appears in a jacket and the lady dresses smartly. In trendy restaurants you should reserve a table in advance by telephone. On this occasion you can also ask about the respective dress code.

Inexpensive dining is available in The Village, TriBeCa, Brooklyn and Harlem. Daily menus are called “prix fixe menu”. In the early evening, the pre-theater menus are also available at a reduced price.

Incidentally, the Sunday brunch, which is offered between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m., is very popular.

Street Food: Small meals in between
If you want to buy a light meal or just a snack, there are coffee shops, but also the well-known fast food and sandwich chains, pizzerias and delis. The word ‘deli’ derives from ‘delicatessen’, and these establishments tend to serve simple but tasty food. Many of the delis have already become a New York institution. Carnegie Delicatessen and Katz’ Deli are famous. There are some delis that offer sit-and-dine options and those that do take-out packaging.

Another way to satisfy the hunger pangs are places like Diners and Luncheonettes. The food is not necessarily of the finest quality, but it is plentiful and cheap. Ellen’s Stardust Diner is furnished in the style of the 1950s. The waiters even sing here. Inexpensive Veselka offers typical Ukrainian dishes. Numerous street vendors also sell pretzels, hot dogs and other small snacks. This food is much cheaper than in restaurants and is easy on the wallet in between.

In the evening

Every year, 25 million visitors seek out the city’s nightclubs and music bars for a successful end to the day.

39 Broadway theaters provide entertainment and attract newcomers as well as repeat offenders to their halls.

Jazz lovers will get their money ‘s worth at the Village Vanguard , Blue Note New York and Birdland , among others.


rooftop bars:
If a down-to-earth drink in the club is too boring for you, you can try your luck in one of the rooftop bars – high above the roofs of the city. According to New York Magazine, there are already more than 40 such restaurants. For example, the Metropolitan Museum’s Roof Garden Cafe overlooks Central Park. Whether in the cozy beer garden or the relaxed student bar, whether on the 2nd floor or at a height of 110m (upstairs) – the airy experience turns the evening drink into an event.

Behaviour rules

“Please wait to be seated”
For many Europeans, the manners in American restaurants are sometimes a bit unfamiliar. The waiter welcomes the guest at the entrance and leads them to a table. So it’s appropriate to wait at the “Please wait to be seated” sign until you’re shown to a table. Before this happens, the table is cleaned and freshly set.

Tip – Tipping
Waiters in the USA usually work on the basis of a very low base salary. They rely on the customer’s tip. Usually the tip is 15 percent. Only very rarely is the tip included in the final price. If you were very satisfied with the service, give a little more than 15%. Usually the tip is left on the table. To simplify the calculation, you can simply leave twice the tax (8.25%) explicitly shown on the bill as a tip. If there are several people at the table, it is common for one person to pay the bill and not everyone individually.

Food and Drink in New York City

Arizona Information

Arizona Information

Arizona received the nickname “Grand Canyon State” because of its unique sight. But that’s not all the state has to offer: there are other grandiose gorges, barren desert valleys, crystal-clear lakes and steep mountain peaks. Endless expanses and fascinating landscapes invite you to all kinds of outdoor activities all year round. The different landscapes offer ideal conditions for hiking, cycling, fishing or playing golf. Leisure seekers will find world-class vacation spots, restful resorts, endless shopping opportunities and plentiful restaurants offering the finest dining. The Grand Canyon State is sun-kissed and blessed with amazing natural wonders. Here you can experience the diversity of history up close.

Every visitor to Arizona should see the Grand Canyon, considered one of the world’s largest and most spectacular natural wonders. The Grand Canyon National Park offers breathtaking panoramic views, dreamy landscapes and the opportunity for a wide variety of activities. More than 25 percent of Arizona’s land area is held by Native American reservations. There are also several ruins of the Pueblo culture.

The metropolis of Phoenix is ​​surrounded by the desert of central Arizona. A variety of experiences await visitors here. The 65 km² South Mountain Park is just 15 minutes outside of downtown. In the largest city park in the USA, the desert has been preserved in its original form, and 82 kilometers of hiking trails also invite you to go mountain biking and horseback riding. The Apache Trail is considered one of the oldest connecting routes in North America, which was already used by the Anasazi. The bumpy paths can be explored on foot or by 4×4.

Location and Size
According to timedictionary, Arizona is located in the Southwest of the United States. The state is bordered by California on the southwest, Nevada on the northwest and Utah on the north. Colorado borders Arizona in the extreme northeast at Four Corners Point. The state of New Mexico is the border to the east, and the border with Mexico runs to the south. Arizona covers an area of ​​295,234 km².

Out of a population of just 6.5 million, almost 1.5 million live in the capital, Phoenix, and 4.2 million people live in the greater Phoenix/Scottsdale area. The largest cities include Tucson (520,000 residents), Mesa (440,000), Glendale (226,000), and Scottsdale (217,000).

Time Most of Arizona, including Grand Canyon National Park, observes Mountain Standard Time (-8 hours ahead of Central European Standard Time) year-round. From March to October, Arizona has the same time as California and Nevada. From November to February, Arizona has the same time as Colorado, New Mexico and Utah.

Getting there
Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (PHX) is Arizona’s main airport and is located 4 miles southeast of Phoenix. British Airways flies daily direct from London Heathrow. The airport is served by more than 100 cities across the United States.
Tucson International Airport (TUS), located 10 miles south of Tucson, is served by ten airlines offering non-stop flights to 15 cities.

Arizona is known for its hot and dry climate. However, the temperatures are strongly dependent on the altitude: the lower the altitude, the higher the temperatures. In central Arizona, the weather in January is mild with cool breezes, while snow falls abundantly in the north. There are also numerous ski areas here.
In the summer it gets very hot in southern Arizona, in northern and central Arizona it can be significantly cooler and the nights can be very chilly. Heavy rainfall can occur during the summer monsoon season.

Desert climate
Central and southern Arizona, the metro areas, Tucson and Phoenix have a desert climate. The average altitude for the desert climate is 365 meters.

Average temperatures desert climate in Arizona in °C
Month Jan Feb March Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 19 22 24 29 29 39 41 40 37 31 24 19
Min 5 7 9 13 18 23 27 26 23 16 9 6
Average temperatures in Phoenix, Arizona in °C
Month Jan Feb March Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 19 22 25 29 35 40 41 40 38 32 24 19
Min 8 9 12 16 21 26 28 28 25 18 12 7

climate North and north-central Arizona, as well as the Flagstaff and Grand Canyon area, have a predominantly mountain climate. The average altitude for the mountain climate is 2,130 meters.

Average temperatures Mountain climate in Arizona in °C
Month Jan Feb March Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 6 8 10 14 20 26 28 27 23 17 11 7
Min -9 -7 -5 -3 1 5 10 9 6 -1 -6 -8

Arizona Information

Florida Keys Information

Florida Keys Information

Location and size
The Florida Keys are a chain of over 200 coral islands with a total length of over 290 km. They lie off the southern tip of the Florida Peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.

According to transporthint.com, Key West has around 25,000 inhabitants, Key Largo almost 11,000, Islamorada 7,000 and Marathon around 10,000 people.

Arriving by Air
Key West Airport (EYW) is accessible by regular scheduled flights from various American cities. Connections are possible via Miami (American Eagle / American Airlines), Atlanta (Express Jet / Delta) and Charlotte (US Airways), as well as with United and Jet Express from various Florida airports. Marathon Airport (MTH) is located 110 miles south of Miami and is currently only served by a variety of charter flights. Rental cars are available at both airports, as are taxis and shuttle buses.

by car from Miami
To avoid Miami’s city traffic, take the I-95, I-75 or FL-836 to the Florida Turnpike and head south to the Overseas Highway (170 miles, about 3.5 hours driving time). It should be noted, however, that the route over the Turnpike is subject to a toll. The toll is only collected electronically, which is why the usual rental car providers have various solutions on offer (e.g. the “Sunpass”). An alternative route to Key Largo is the Card Sound Road. The Greyhound Key Shuttle operates between the Florida Keys, Miami International Airport and Key West Airport.

by sea
Another option is to rent a boat. All channels are well marked. There are numerous marinas and berths are always available. There is also a daily passenger ferry to Key West from Fort Myers (year-round) and Marco Island (December through April only) .

Key West is one of the sunniest and warmest parts of the United States year-round. Even in winter, the average temperatures are between 24° and 27° C. The weather is perfect almost every day with mostly very short, small rain showers (especially in the afternoons in summer). The Florida Keys are in the subtropical climate zone. Due to its proximity to the Gulf Stream and the Gulf of Mexico, the Keys have a mild tropical oceanic climate where the average temperature difference between summer and winter rarely exceeds 10 degrees.

Average temperatures in Key West, Florida in °C
Month Jan Feb March Apr May June July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max 24 24 26 28 30 31 32 32 31 29 27 25
Min 18 19 21 22 25 26 26 26 26 24 22 19

Active in the Florida Keys

The 180-mile-long island chain of the Florida Keys is home to America’s only living coral reef. About five miles off the coast of the Florida Keys, teeming with colorful schools of fish and other aquatic creatures, this makes for a dive trip that will last a lifetime. Thanks to the nearby Gulf Stream, for which the coral reef serves as a “resting place”, the well-preserved coral reef is widely known for its immense abundance of fish and its varied underwater world.

The US government created the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary a few decades ago to preserve this unique marine habitat. In addition, there are now numerous exciting shipwrecks all along the Keys, such as the USS Spiegel Grove or the Vandenberg, which were deliberately sunk to offer new challenges for divers, but also to relieve the natural reef.

According to the International Game Fish Association, the Florida Keys has more world record catches than any other fishing destination in the world. VUSA Tip: Rent a charter yacht with a guide for the best fishing experience. Not only do the captains in the Keys have the best local knowledge and full equipment, they also already have the necessary state fishing licenses for all visitors. Not only deep-sea fishing on the Atlantic side, but also fishing on the Gulf side in the shallow waters of the backcountry called “flats” attracts many anglers from all over the world.

Health and Wellness Vacations
There are many places in the Florida Keys where you can have a life-changing experience with health and wellness therapies. Virtually every area of ​​the Keys offers rejuvenation, massage, yoga classes, or alternative healing treatments for every vacationer to rejuvenate mind, body, and spirit.

Cultural Offerings
The Florida Keys & Key West also offer visitors a diverse cultural offering. The “creative community” is lively and diverse. Many of the dance performances in the Keys bring together amateur and professional actors and dancers, children and adults, and visitors alike.

The Florida Keys is home to the non-profit independent film association, screening contemporary, foreign and alternative films in digital and 35mm formats. Galleries, music, theatre, literature are other fields of activity for the municipal creative community.

All along the Keys, festivals of all kinds take place throughout the year. From the Humphrey Bogart Film Festival in Key Largo to the Seafood Festival in Marathon and the Fantasy Festival in Key West – there’s a lot of celebration going on. You should always pay attention to such events when planning your trip, as the hotels in the Keys can be fully booked very quickly.

Swim with dolphins ( learn more ), boat trips, eco-tours, golf, shopping, sightseeing, the Keys have something for everyone.

Florida Keys Information

Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah

Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah

According to timedictionary, Bryce Canyon was declared a National Park in 1928. It is named after the Mormon Bryce family, who lived here between 1875 and 1880. Bryce Canyon is located on the Paunsagunt Plateau in the south of the state of Utah, at an altitude of about 2500 m. The park is like a natural amphitheater around a horseshoe-shaped basin and is 146 km2 in size. The plateau has been eroded by water and wind and this has resulted in thousands of red, orange and yellow rock formations, interspersed with deep gorges and pillars in all shapes. These pillars are also called hoodoos. The whole area was formed between 144 and 63 million years ago.


The nearest town is Panguitch, located about 23 miles northwest of Bryce Canyon. Charter flights depart from several places, including Las Vegas, to Bryce Canyon Airport.


The climate in Bryce Canyon varies greatly. In the summer months, the temperature fluctuates around 30°C during the day: a cap and good sunscreen are no superfluous luxury. Due to the altitude, it can cool down to about 7°C at night. There are also many thunderstorms during this period. There may be snow from October to April; the average snowfall is 2.5 meters per year. The temperature is then around freezing point.

Entrance fees and opening times

The National Park is open all year round and 24 hours a day. In winter, the park may be temporarily closed due to bad weather conditions. Tickets are available at Ruby’s Inn, 1000 South Hwy 63, Bryce, Utah, among others. When you enter the park with your own vehicle, you pay $20 for a ticket that is valid for seven consecutive days. This includes all occupants. The park is also accessible by so-called shuttle from May 15 to September 30. You pay $ 15 for this, the entrance to the park is included. The shuttles depart every 15 minutes from 09:00 to 18:00. The boarding point is in front of the entrance to Ruby’s Inn.


You can spend the night in Bryce Canyon in different ways. Luxury rooms can be reserved in Bryce View Lodge. The view over the Canyon from here is, as the name says, overwhelming.

Ruby’s Inn is located a mile from the entrance to the National Park. With rooms starting at $52, this hotel also offers plenty of facilities, including an indoor pool, to relax at the end of the day.

You can camp at Sunset Campground for about $10 per night. This campsite is open from May to October and advance reservations are not necessary. Sunset Campground, Highway 63, box 17001, Bryce Canyon, UT 84717.
Food and Beverage There is a suitable restaurant for everyone in or near Bryce Canyon. Cowboy’s Buffet and Steakroom is located opposite the Bryce View Lodge. Here you can enjoy breakfast, lunch and dinner every day. For a quick bite, there is Canyon Diner, which includes pizzas, sandwiches, fish, meat, soup and salads.


Quite close together in the canyon are the viewpoints Sunrise, Sunset and Inspiration Point, which are definitely worth a visit. Further on you will find the Bryce Point and Paria View. There are several hiking and mountain biking trails in the park.
A special way to explore the canyon is on horseback. Children ages seven and up are welcome and prices range from $40 to $90. The horseback rides depart from Ruby’s Inn, reservations are required. For reservations, contact Canyon Trail Rides, PO Box 128, Tropic, UT 84776, +1 435 679 8665 or +1 435 834 5500.

For souvenirs, clothing, fruit and vegetables, you can go to Ruby’s General Store, near Ruby’s Inn.
Pets It is not recommended to bring pets to Bryce Canyon. Please note that pets must be leashed and supervised at all times.

Bryce Canyon National Park

Travel to Las Vegas, Nevada

Travel to Las Vegas, Nevada

This famous gambling city in America is literally a bright spot in the vast Mojave desert. When you drive towards the city in your rental car, the flashing neon lights meet you from a great distance. Because of the succession of luxury hotels, bustling nightclubs and cozy casinos, the city is nicknamed ‘Sin City’.

Of course you visit Las Vegas to experience these gambling palaces, wedding chapels and exuberant atmosphere for yourself. It is also a very special experience. But you’re selling yourself short if you don’t look beyond the dazzling pageantry and glamour. On the basis of this travel guide, we take you to Las Vegas and the state of Nevada, of course we take a look at all the splendor, but we also dive a little further into Vegas.

As soon as the plane lands at the Las Vegas airport, tensions begin to rise. Where to start your visit in the city? At the welcome sign ‘Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas’, of course. To do this, you must drive to the south end of The Strip, and the sign is about 500 meters south of the Mandalay Bay hotel.

Anyone who thinks that Las Vegas is only for couples or groups of friends is wrong. It is also a nice destination for families. Children will probably appreciate the High Roller: the tallest Ferris wheel in the world. It is 167.7 meters high and the views are spectacular.

One of the most famous fountains that you probably know from the movies are the Bellagio fountains. They stand in front of the luxury hotel of the same name on The Strip and bring a romantic atmosphere with their iconic (light) shows.

The show also continues in Las Vegas

According to bittranslators, Las Vegas is known for its spectacular entertainment, and that includes the shows. One of the most beautiful theaters is the Colosseum at Caesars Palace where big names such as Elton John, Rod Stewart and Mariah Carey perform.

Cirque du Soleil also regularly performs in Las Vegas. The international group, originally from Canada, shows dramatic circus skills in beautiful costumes, combined with beautiful lighting and original music.

Visit fun sights with the whole family

The old neon signs of the city’s casinos, among others, are not simply thrown away. They take them to the Neon Museum where you can now admire them up close on Las Vegas Boulevard. It is very special to walk between the life-size and original signs, some of which light up again at night.

Seven Magic Mountains is a colorful piece of art that you will find in the south of Las Vegas. The colored stones stand out nicely against the neutral background and it is completely free to admire.

The Hoover Dam is an impressive dam in the Black Canyon. It crosses the Colorado River. It is one of the best constructions in the world and well worth getting in your rental car for.

Las Vegas is one of the most colorful cities in America. The contrast with its direct and neutrally colored surroundings could not be greater. To get a good picture of Las Vegas and the beautiful nature around the city, get into the rental car to start your journey of discovery.

Seven Magic Mountains

Huntsville, Alabama

Huntsville, Alabama

According to Electronicsmatter, Huntsville is one of the fastest growing cities in the Southeastern US, Alabama . Huntsville seamlessly blends the rich history of Southern hospitality with innovative high-tech enterprises and cultural diversity. The Rocket City, famous for the US Space & Rocket Center and its part in the race to the moon, is growing fast. This beautiful city continues to attract the best scientists and engineers in the country and is also experiencing a renaissance. Restaurants, shops, craft breweries and other social hotspots are popping up and thriving everywhere.

6 Attractions in Huntsville, Alabama that you can’t miss

1.US Space & Rocket Center

Spend a day at the US Space & Rocket Center. Explore the history of space exploration or get hands-on with the interactive exhibits. People of all generations can feel like an astronaut for a day or a week! See the National Historic Landmark – an authentic Saturn V moon rocket – one of only three on display in the world! Explore the development and evolution of the Space Shuttle program to the International Space Station and learn about NASA’s latest innovations. Enjoy incredible artifacts from our nation’s space program, hands-on interactive exhibits, space travel simulators, and INTUTIVE planetarium shows. The USSRC is also home to week-long Space Camp®, Aviation Challenge® Camp, and Robotics Camp programs. Additional amenities include free parking, restaurants, gift shops, strollers and dog kennels. Stay for an hour or stay for a week… there is something for everyone!

2.Huntsville Botanical Garden

The Huntsville Botanical Garden is open year-round and contains diverse ecosystems to explore within its 112 acres. From grassy meadows to forest trails, aquatic habitats to beautiful collections of flowers, the garden invites guests of all ages to discover the beauty and wonder of the natural environment. Hike along the nature trails as you admire collections of Alabama’s native plants. Unlock the Children’s Garden after meeting the fluttering butterflies in the country’s largest open-air butterfly house. Find peace in the cool shade of the trees, surrounded by the sounds of nature. With additional events, exhibits, and programs throughout the year, the garden is a source of plant conservation, education, and celebration for all.

3.Monte Sano State Park

Monte Sano, Spanish for “Mountain of Health”, rises more than 500 meters above sea level. The mountain has attracted visitors since the mid-1820s with the establishment of the town of Viduta, a derivative of the Spanish word “Vida”, meaning life. Viduta was home to a sanatorium and hotel resort, Hotel Monte Sano, which opened in 1887 and closed in the early 1900s due to a declining economy. Located in downtown Huntsville, 2,500 acres of nature offers 14 vacation homes, camping grounds, picnic areas and pavilions, hiking and biking trails, playgrounds, and flower gardens.

4.Twickenham Historic District

Did you know Alabama’s largest Antebellum district is in the heart of Huntsville? Take a step back in time as you pass through rows of pre-Civil War homes built in the beautiful architectural style of early America. If you’re an architecture enthusiast or just enjoy looking at historic homes, a tour of the Twickenham District is a must-do activity on your next trip to Huntsville.

5.Historic Huntsville Depot

Climb on locomotives, see Civil War graffiti, and listen as guides talk about working on the railroads. It is home to Rocket City BBQ Cook-Off and Whistle Stop Festival. The Huntsville Depot was used as a hospital, Union prison, and residence for both black and white Union soldiers, who left graffiti on the walls of the third floor.

6.Big Spring International Park

Big Spring International Park lured settlers to Huntsville more than 200 years ago, and the city has been celebrating it ever since – growing up around this green space and preserving it for its citizens. The park hosts numerous events including Panoply Arts Festival, Concerts in the Park and many more. Kids will love the famously friendly ducks, geese and koi that call the Big Spring home. As you explore, keep an eye out for the famous red bridge and cherry trees that were gifts to the city from Japan.

Huntsville, Alabama

Interstate 90 in New York

Interstate 90 in New York


Get started Ripley
End canaan
Length 386 mi
Length 621 km
Pennsylvania61 Ripley

60 Westfield

59 Fredonia

58 Silver Creek

57A Eden

57 Hamburg

56 Buffalo South

55 → Salamanca

55 Lackawanna

54 → East Aurora

53 → Buffalo / Niagara Falls

52A Buffalo-Southeast

52E Cheektowaga

51W Buffalo East

50 → Tonawanda / Niagara Falls

49 Buffalo Niagara International Airport

48A Corfu

48B Batavia

47 → Rochester

46 → Rochester / Elmira

45 → Rochester

44 Canadaigua

43 Manchester

42 Geneva

41 Waterloo

40 Weed Sports

39 → Syracuse

38 Liverpool

37 Syracuse-North

36 → Scranton / Watertown

35 Syracuse

34A → Syracuse Bypass

34 Canastota

33 Oneida

32 Westmoreland

31 → Utica

30 Mohawk

29A Little Falls

29 Palatine Bridge

28 Fonda

27 Amsterdam

26 → Schenectady

25A → Binghamton

25 → Schenectady

24 → New York

1N → Montreal

2 Roessleville

3 Albany West

4 → Delmar

5 Central Avenue

5A Corporate Woods Boulevard

6 → Albany

6a → Albany

7 Washington Avenue

8 West Sand Lake


10 East Greenbush



Berkshire Connector

Taconic State Parkway

New Lebanon


Interstate 90 or I -90 is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of New York. The highway provides an east-west connection along most major towns in Upstate New York. Large portions of the route are a toll road, and the road is called New York State Thruway because Interstate 90 crosses the entire state. It passes by the major conurbations of Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, and also by the state capital, Albany. Exit numbering runs within New York Statein the “wrong” direction, namely west, while the rest of Interstate 90 heads east. Exit numbering in New York is sequential and not distance-based. The New York State Thruway continues south to New York City, and is the longest toll road in the United States at nearly 800 miles. The Interstate 90 section in the state is 621 kilometers long.

Travel directions

Lake Erie & Buffalo

Interstate 90 in Pennsylvania merges into New York State just west of Ripley, running parallel and fairly close to the shore of Lake Erie. Just past the first exit comes the toll plaza, which consists of only 3 toll booths in each direction, as the route is fairly quiet here. The New York State Thruwayhas 2×2 lanes here and has a wide median strip. The toll system is closed, which means that you get a ticket when you drive up, and you have to pay again when you drive off. The exits are widely spaced, typical of a toll road. The landscape consists of an alternation of forests and hills with few major differences in height. The highway sometimes runs less than a mile from Lake Erie. You pass a few small towns and villages, and the highway parallels US 20. At the height of Hamburg one enters the urban area of ​​Buffalo.

According to Topschoolsintheusa, Buffalo is a large city with a population of 290,000 and 1.2 million in the metropolitan area of ​​Niagara Falls. At the interchange with US 219, a highway to Springville in the south, is the toll plaza. Within Buffalo, the road is toll-free. In Buffalo, the highway has 2×3 lanes. A little further on is a junction with the Aurora Expressway, which leads to the town of the same name. After this, the road widens to 2×4 lanes. A little further on, Interstate turns 190This is the bypass through downtown Buffalo to Niagara Falls. After this junction, the road has 2×3 lanes again, because a lot of commuter traffic goes to the center. At Buffalo Airport one crosses the Kensington Expressway, which leads to the center, and to some eastern suburbs. After this, I-90 turns east, and Interstate 290 continues straight toward Niagara Falls, and Hamilton and Toronto in Canada. Shortly after this interchange is the toll plaza for the second section of the New York Thruway.

Upstate New York

I-90 in Upstate New York.

The interchange between I-88 and I-90 near Rotterdam.

Upstate New York is a term for the part of the state that is not part of New York City or its suburbs. Interstate 90 and the New York State Thruway are the main access routes. Interstate 90 runs due east. The highway has 2×2 lanes immediately after Buffalo. The landscape here also alternates between forests and meadows, and there are no major differences in height. The first town on the route is Batavia. East of Batavia, Interstate 490 exits and leads to the large city of Rochester which is just north of I-90. The agglomeration has more than a million inhabitants. Interstate 90 passes through the southernmost suburbs. On the south side one also crosses Interstate 390, which leads to downtown Rochester, and to Elmira to the south. I-390 is quite a long way for a route that has 3 digits. I-490 terminates again on the east side of Rochester.

South of Interstate 90 are the so-called “Finger Lakes”, eleven large elongated lakes that are a major tourist destination. The highway passes quite close to some of them, near the towns of Canandaigua, Geneva and Seneca Falls. The next major city is Syracuse, with a population of 150,000, quite a large conurbation with 750,000 inhabitants. On the west side, Interstate 690 exits, which leads to downtown Syracuse. Interstate 90 runs through the north side of Syracuse. In the city is Lake Onandaga, I-90 runs right past it. On the north side of the city, one crosses Interstate 81, which runs to Watertown and Montreal in Canada, and leads south to Binghamton and Scranton in Pennsylvania. One passes south of the Syracuse airport, and one crosses Interstate 481, Syracuse’s eastern bypass.

After leaving the city, the highway runs right past the large Oneida Lake. The landscape still consists of an alternation of forests and meadows. The highway runs south of Rome, a regional town, and passes Utica, a somewhat larger town with 60,000 inhabitants. It also crosses Interstate 790, which leads to downtown Utica. North of I-90 is the immense Adirondack Park, the largest park in the United States, which quickly takes half a day to drive through. Just east of Utica, the Mohawk River parallels the highway.

The next larger city is Schenectady with 60,000 inhabitants, with suburbs like Rotterdam and part of the larger conurbation with Albany. On the north side of town, Interstate 890 exits, which cuts right through Schenectady. A little further on, Interstate 88 ends at I-90, this highway comes from Binghamton. Interstate 890 ends again on the south side of Schenectady. The highway has 2×3 lanes here. The next city is New York’s capital, Albany. It crosses Interstate 87, the highway between New York City and Montreal. Albany has 90,000 inhabitants, and more than a million in the agglomeration with Schenectady. Crossing Interstate 787. via a 4-level stack interchange, a regional north-south highway. Then you cross the Hudson River. East of Albany the road is more hilly and wooded. After this one crosses the Berkshire Spur, the connection between I-87 and I-90 south of Albany. At East Chatham one crosses the Taconic State Parkway, a scenic highway to New York. Further to the Massachusetts border it gets a bit more hilly, with some ridges. Interstate 90 continues in Massachusetts at Canaan.


I-90 near Amsterdam.

The highway follows some older trade routes dating back to the 18th century. The highway was planned as part of a toll system in 1938. The route changed from time to time, but in 1942 the route was established by the New York State government. Construction started in 1946 but was initially very slow, in 1950 only 6 kilometers had been opened. After it was decided that the road should become a toll road, construction accelerated, especially after 1954. The highway was completed between Buffalo and Albany in 1954, to New York City in 1956 ( Interstate 87 ).), to Pennsylvania in 1957, and to Massachusetts in 1959. The toll-free section through Albany was constructed later. The route through Albany was completed in 1968 with the opening of the bridge over the Hudson River, but it wasn’t until 1977 before the highway joined the Berkshire Connector, a stretch of the New York Thruway between I-87 and the border with Massachusetts. I-90 crosses part of it east of US 9 to the Massachusetts border.

Opening history

From Unpleasant Length Opening
exit 33 exit 46 185 km 24-06-1954
exit 46 exit 53 101 km 25-08-1954
exit 32 exit 33 8 km 20-09-1954
Exit 24 exit 32 153 km 26-10-1954
exit 58 exit 61 66 km 21-08-1957
exit 53 exit 58 47 km 14-12-1957
Exit B1 Exit B3 27 km 08-10-1958
Exit B0 Exit B1 10 km 26-05-1959
Exit 24 Exit 5 6 km ~1965
Exit 5 Exit 7 5 km 1968
Exit 7 Exit 9 5 km ~1972
Exit 9 Exit 11 8 km ~1974
Exit 11 Exit B1 10 km ~1977

Traffic intensities

The cloverleaf between I-90 and NY-33 in Buffalo.

I-90 handles 18,000 vehicles at the Pennsylvania border, slowly increasing to 30,000 vehicles south of Buffalo. In Buffalo, 127,000 vehicles drive south of the I-190 interchange and 131,000 vehicles south of I-290. There are 49,000 vehicles east of Buffalo, dropping to 37,000 vehicles west of I-490 to Rochester and 27,000 to 30,000 vehicles south of Rochester. East of Rochester, 55,000 vehicles passed I-490 and 32,000 to 33,000 vehicles continued as far as Syracuse.

Up to 35,000 vehicles and 22,000 to 27,000 vehicles pass through Syracuse as far as Utica. Between Utica and Amsterdam, 21,000 vehicles and 28,000 vehicles drove north of I-88 at Schenectady. This increases to 42,000 vehicles after the interchange with I-88 and 75,000 vehicles west of I-87 for Albany. The section through Albany has 105,000 to 118,000 vehicles, plummeting to 21,000 vehicles south of Albany. The easternmost section between the Berkshire Connector and the Taconic State Parkway has 25,000 vehicles, dropping to 22,000 on the Massachusetts border.


Virtually the entirety of I-90 is a toll road, the New York State Thruway.

In 2018-2020, the New York State Thruway has transitioned to fully electronic toll collection. As of November 13, 2020, the Thruway has completely switched to electronic toll collection.

Interstate 90 in New York

Coral Castle, Miami

Coral Castle, Miami

Coral Castle (Miami, USA) – history, excursions, expositions. Exact address, telephone, cost of entrance tickets. Local legends and ghosts.

Coral Castle (sometimes called Rock Gate) was the embodiment of an eccentric idea of ​​an American of Latvian origin, Edward Leedskalnin. This complex is not so much a castle as a cluster of numerous megaliths, each of which weighs several tons. The castle is now privately owned and serves as a vibrant and quirky tourist attraction in Miami-Dade County.

The history of Coral Castle is directly related to the history of love, and the “castle” is surrounded by numerous legends. Few of the tourists are not touched by the reasons why Leedskalnin manually and single-handedly dragged here and hewn all these giant stones. And, most importantly, no one can understand how he did it. Until now, the version is in progress that the matter could not have done without the use of reverse magnetism and / or supernatural abilities.

In 1984, Coral Castle was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. See topschoolsoflaw for brief history of Kentucky.

The total weight of stone walls, furniture, decorative elements and the tower reaches 1000 tons. The stones are bonded without the use of mortar and are held together only by their own weight.

Legend has it that Lidskalnin’s 16-year-old fiancee left him in Latvia on the eve of the wedding. The rejected groom left for America, being almost in the terminal stage of tuberculosis. Here he suddenly recovered and later claimed that magnets had such an effect on him.

For more than 28 years, Edward has been building his Coral Castle, forbidding anyone to look at how he works. In his own words, the only tool he used was a “perpetual motion holder”. The castle, called “Rock Gate Park” by Leedskalnin, was completed in 1923 in Florida City (these places were completely wild at that time). In 1936, Leedskalnin decided to move to a new location and take the castle with him. It took another three years: it was necessary to drag all the stones over a distance of 16 km, to where they can be seen now.

The name “Coral Castle” is due to the fact that all the megaliths on the territory of the complex are processed blocks of limestone. And limestone is formed from coral.

After the move, Leedskalnin continued to work on the castle until his death in 1951. For viewing his creation, he charged visitors a fee of 10 cents and, when the visitors rang the bell twice, descended from the living quarters on the second floor of the castle tower and gave a tour. True, he never told a single living soul how he managed to build all this. The only explanation that could be heard from Leedskalnin during the tour: “It’s not difficult if you know how.” Periodically, he also hinted that he was well versed in working with weight and leverage and generally comprehended the secrets of the pyramids.

Today, on the territory of the castle, you can see stone walls, furniture, decorative elements and a tower, the total weight of which reaches 1000 tons. The stones are bonded without the use of mortar and are held together only by their own weight. The work is so precious that not a single gap can be found at the joints. Even after decades and after Hurricane Andrew (category five, by the way), the boulders have not moved an inch.

Among all the buildings on the territory of the castle, a two-story tower, in which the creator lived, stands out. Its walls are made of pieces of stone 2.5 m high. Also noteworthy are an accurate sundial, an obelisk, a barbecue place, a well, a fountain and numerous chairs, tables, a bed and even a throne. With a few exceptions, all these objects are made of monolithic blocks weighing an average of 14 tons each.

Edward said that he created the castle, inspired by his “cute sixteen”. This, in turn, inspired Billy Idol to write the hit song Sweet Sixteen.

Of particular surprise was the main gate of the castle weighing more than eight tons and 2.4 m high. They are carved so carefully that there is no gap of even 0.5 cm between the doors and the wall. In addition, the gate is so well balanced that even a child can open it by pressing a finger. The secret of the gate was preserved until 1986, when they stopped rotating. It took six people and a crane to remove the gate from its hinges. Only after this was done, the secret of the gate was revealed: Leedskalnin somehow drilled a through hole in them, into which he inserted a metal pin with a bearing.

Practical Information

Адрес: FL 33033, South Dixie Highway Miami, 28655.

The castle is located at the intersection of the South Dixie Highway (US 1) and 157th South West Avenue, north of Homestead.

Opening hours: Sunday to Thursday from 8:00 to 18:00. Friday and Saturday until 20:00.

Admission: 18 USD for adults, 8 USD for children aged 7-12.

Coral Castle, Miami

Upper East Side, New York

Upper East Side, New York

The Upper East Side is a block in Manhattan, between Central Park and the East River, bounded by Fifty-ninth and Ninety-sixth streets. The Upper East Site is considered one of the most prestigious and expensive residential areas in New York, it is especially popular with people who value a healthy environment and convenience. It is famous for its good infrastructure for families with children, thanks to its proximity to Central Park, Riverside Park, first-class schools and many activities for children.

Between Third Avenue and the East River, the upper-middle-class liberal intelligentsia mostly reside. Elite cafes and cultural centers are located in this area. See itypetravel for geostatistics of Maine.

In addition, the Upper East Side is known as the developed intellectual center of Manhattan: there are such famous museums as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Guggenheim Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Natural History, and the Children’s Museum. The area is popular with families with children.

At the end of the 19th century, wealthy aristocrats, including the famous families of Astor and Tiffany, built up the Upper East Side with magnificent marble cottages. It has since earned the nickname “Silk Stocking District”. Today, one of the most elite neighborhoods on the Upper East Side is Carnegie Hill, bounded by 86th and 98th streets, Fifth and Lexington Avenues, shaped like an irregular triangle.

Yorkville once also belonged to the Upper East Side, and then received the status of an independent area. It is bounded by 72nd and 96th Streets, Central Park and the East River, bordered by Carnegie Hill to the north and Lenox Hill to the south. At the beginning of the 19th century the countryside and mansions of wealthy New York families were located here, but with the construction of a railway station in the 1830s, the situation changed dramatically. By the beginning of the 20th century, Yorkville had become a very multi-ethnic area: Irish, Italians, Germans, Austrians, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks and Jews lived here. In the central part of the quarter there were many German shops, restaurants and bakeries.

The dismantling of the railway in 1955 led to the demolition of many mansions. At the same time, Yorkville’s ethnic diversity began to fade. Today, one of the area’s notable landmarks is the park, named after Interior Minister Carl Schurz, where the residence of the Mayor of New York is located. Kips Bay also once belonged to the Upper East Side. In fact, this was the East River Bay, part of it was drained, and a whole block was laid out on this territory, which got its name from the Dutch farmer Jacobus Hendrikson Kip, whose house was built first in this territory. Today it is one of the most densely populated and wealthy neighborhoods in Manhattan with a population density of about 35,900 people per square meter. km, which is almost 3.5 times the average population density of New York. The average income of its inhabitants is almost 1,

The Upper East Side is known as the intellectual center of Manhattan: there are such famous museums as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Guggenheim Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Natural History, and the Children’s Museum.

Murray Hill

Murray Hill is located between 34th and 40th streets, Madison Avenue and the East River, north of the Kips Bay area. Murray Hill was named after the Irish merchant Robert Murray, in the middle of the 18th century. who smashed the farm and the Inclenberg mansion on what was then the outskirts of New York. His house was built on a hill at the intersection of the current Park Avenue and 36th Street, and the literal translation of the name sounds exactly like “Murray Hill”.

Since the late 1990s, the quarter has been actively populated by yuppies; the offices of large corporations are also located here. Due to its proximity to the UN Headquarters, Murray Hill is home to many consulates and embassies.

Turtle Bay

Turtle Bay is bounded by 43rd and 53rd streets, Lexington Avenue and the East River. Its name (“turtle bay”) came either from the turtles that once lived in the bay, or from the Dutch word deutal, a curved blade – the bay served as a reliable shelter from bad weather.

With the adoption of the master plan for Manhattan, the area changed beyond recognition, which at that time was subjected to harsh criticism: one of the fierce opponents of the development of the area was the writer Edgar Allan Poe. However, by the first half of the 20th century, only a small rock remained from the bay at the end of 45th Street, and today it is gone.

In the last third of the 19th century commercial activity flourished in Turtle Bay, with slaughterhouses and breweries, gas works and quarries. Elevated railroad lines were laid along 2nd and 3rd Avenues, which negatively affected the attractiveness of the area for living. Only in the 20s. In the 10th century, the beautification of the quarter began. After that, many celebrities lived in Turtle Bay at different times, and in 1997, in honor of Katharine Hepburn, who lived here for more than 60 years, a local park was named.

Over time, the railway was demolished, high-rise buildings appeared in the area. On the territory of the former slaughterhouses in 1948, the UN Headquarters was built. Due to its proximity to it, diplomatic missions of many countries are located in the quarter.

Irving Place is the center of the area and is full of bars and restaurants. It is here that one of the oldest drinking establishments in the city is located, Pete’s Tavern, where O. Henry wrote the novel “Gifts of the Magi” in 1905.

Upper East Side, New York

Colorado for Tourists

Colorado for Tourists

According to Acronymmonster, Colorado has numerous attractions to offer its visitors that will make the hearts beat faster. If you want, you can walk in the footsteps of the gigantic dinosaurs in the state of the century, visit hot springs, explore the state with the nostalgic train, experience historical places, ghost towns, casinos and amusement parks, ski and immerse yourself in the unique nature of the state.

On the trail of the dinosaurs through Colorado

Colorado has a rich cultural heritage that was shaped by the Indians and the conquest of the west by the whites. The state’s oldest historical sites, however, date back to millions of years ago. Because once the largest land animals of all time roamed the area of ​​today’s Colorado and there are numerous opportunities to discover traces of Allosaurus, Apatosaurus, Stegosaurus, Diplodocus and many other dinosaurs from this time.

The Dinosaur National Monument

The known Dinosaur monument is located in northwest Colorado in the southeastern foothills of the Uinta Mountains. The eastern part of the National Monument is in Colorado, the world-famous dinosaur quarry with around 1,500 dinosaur fossils in the rock face of the Dinosaur Quarry Exhibit Hall is in Utah. Dinosaur National Park with the Canyon Visitor Center in Colorado is perfect for experiencing the wonderful nature of the state. Vacationers can go bird watching, camping, swimming, hiking, canoeing, rafting, fishing and much more. Just a few miles from Denver is Dinosaur Ridge, home to one of the world’s most remarkable collections of natural dinosaur tracks and fossils.

On the trail of cowboys and Indians through the Wild West

Colorado is, without exception, a fantastic destination for those who have always wanted to experience the Wild West and learn more about times gone by. There are still mining sites and many abandoned ghost towns in Gilpin County (Apex, Nevadaville and Russell Gulch), among others.

For those interested in Indians, the Mesa Verde National Park, the Hovenweep National Monument and the Anasazi Heritage Center in the southwest are worthwhile places to go. But also galleries, festivals, museums and places like that Ute Indian Museum and the Koshare Indian Museum as well as the panorama road “Trail of the Ancients” are worth a visit.

Also very nice are the Lariat Loop Scenic and Historic Byway, which runs through Denvers Mountain Park. During the drive you can visit Buffalo Bill’s grave and museum, the Hiwan Homestead Museum, which Colorado Railroad Museum and visit the famous mountain park “Red Rocks”.

Numerous historical fortresses from the time of the conquest of the West, such as Bent’s Old Fort on the Santa Fe Trail, the forts Garland and Uncompahgre and the Museum of Northwest Colorado with one of the best cowboy collections in the country round off the attractions for those interested in the Wild West Century state from.

The Silverton Heritage Pass also grants access to the three main mining attractions in Silverton. It includes tours of the Mayflower Gold Mill and the Old 100 Mine.

With the nostalgic train through Colorado

In Colorado, numerous historic railways from the 1970s and 1980s run on the railways that are now operated as museum railways.

Including the:

  • Durrango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad in the San Juan Mountains
  • Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad on the Coloradian-New Mexican border
  • Georgetown Loop Railroad in Georgetown

The most beautiful routes

  • Narrow-gauge railway line between Cripple Creek and Victor: The seven-kilometer journey on the narrow-gauge railway leads past former gold rushes and through the historic town of Victor.
  • Cumbres & Tolec train journey: The 103-kilometer route between Antonito in Colorado and Chama in New Mexico is considered the longest and highest narrow-gauge train route in North America. The open sightseeing car is a fantastic way to enjoy the beautiful landscape of the century-old state.
  • Narrow gauge railway line between Durango & Silverton: This beautiful train journey in an originally restored passenger car from 1880 takes you past abandoned mines, pristine forests and the wild Animas River and stops in the old gold rush town of Silverton, among other places. Gold and silver used to be transported on the historic route.
  • Georgetown Loop Historic Gold Rush Railway Park: The historic narrow gauge railway between Georgetown and the Silver Plume Depot is one of the main attractions in Georgetown. The train from 1884 takes you from one place to another in around an hour and a quarter. If you want, you can also take part in a mine tour.
  • Southern Railroad, Leadville, Colorado: Leadville brings Colorado mining and railroad history to life. And that with a breathtaking view of the Arkansas River Valley.
  • Manitou and Pikes Peak Rack Railway: The rack railway to the 4,300 meter high Pikes Peak is the highest rack railway in the world and offers a great view. The operation is currently closed, but the railway is to be reopened with new technology in 2021.
  • Royal Gorge Scenic Railway: The small funicular with its open carriages offers a great view of the mountains of Sangre de Cristo and the region around Royal Gorge.
  • Royal Gorge Route Railroad: A railway from the 50s takes you through one of the most spectacular canyons in the USA and with a magnificent view.

Ranch vacation in Colorado

And if that’s not enough, you can experience the spirit of the old wild west on a ranch vacation in the land of cowboys and Indians. If you want, you can ride on tourist ranches over pastures and into the terrain, herd and round up cattle, practice using the lasso and take part in equestrian competitions, nights out and family rodeos. The offers range from pure work farms to real luxury resorts.

Many of the ranches, many of which are located in the great plains in the east but also in the mountains of the Rocky Mountains, also offer additional activities such as a special children’s program, mountain biking, hiking, swimming or even hot air balloon rides.

Cultural Monuments and Landmarks in Colorado

Colorado has a rich cultural heritage and numerous historical artifacts. In total there are two National Historic Sites in the century state (Bent’s Old Fort at La Junta and Sand Creek Massacre), four National Historic Trails (California Trail, Old Spanish Trail, Pony Express Trail, Santa Fe Trail), 15 National Historic Landmarks as well as a total of 1,551 structures and sites that are part of the National Register of Historic Places are registered.

Also well worth seeing is the wooden carousel in Kit Carson County with its 46 hand-carved wooden animal figures. It is the only one of its kind that still has the original color on the animals and backdrops.

A nationally significant collection of decorative art from the 20th century is in the Kirkland Museum of Fine and Decorative Art to find. For those interested in art, a visit to Steamboat Springs and the Denver Art Museum, which houses a major exhibition of Indian craftsmanship. The Red Rocks Amphitheater near Denver, where many greats in the music industry such as the Beatles, U2 and Bruno Mars have performed, is also unique.

National parks and natural landmarks in Colorado

Colorado is home to more than 960 species of animals, and there are plenty of opportunities to hike, climb, camp, ride, or mountain bike. White water sports such as kayaking, paddling or rafting can be enjoyed in the state’s rivers.

Thousands of kilometers of well-preserved hiking trails run through the mountains, forests and plains of this century-old state, and the beautiful national parks in particular are a must for nature lovers visiting Colorado.

List of national parks in Colorado

There are four national parks in Colorado:

  • Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
  • Great Sand Dunes National Park
  • Mesa Verde National Park
  • Rocky Mountain National Park

List of national monuments in Colorado

There are eight national monuments in the state of the century:

  • Browns Canyon National Monument
  • Canyons of the Ancients National Monument
  • Chimney Rock National Monument
  • Colorado National Monument
  • Dinosaur National Monument
  • Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument
  • Hovenweep National Monument
  • Yucca House National Monument

List of national forests in Colorado

11 national forests invite you to explore the state:

  • Arapaho National Forest
  • Grand Mesa National Forest
  • Gunnison National Forest
  • Pike National Forest
  • Rio Grande National Forest
  • Roosevelt National Forest
  • Routt National Forest
  • San Isabel National Forest
  • San Juan National Forest
  • Uncompahgre National Forest
  • White River National Forest

The NPS also assigns a total of fifteen for Colorado National Natural Landmarks and with the Curecanti National Recreation Area a National Recreation Area.

Skiing in Colorado

The Rocky Mountains are by far the best-known paradise for winter sports enthusiasts in the USA and at 15,783 hectares offer the largest area of ​​ski slopes in North America. The powder snow there is just as legendary as the record-breaking snowfall and the many wonderful mountain resorts that invite you to an unforgettable winter holiday in the state.

List of ski resorts in Colorado

There are numerous well-known ski areas in the century-old state that are popular with tourists and locals alike:

  • Arapahoe Basin
  • Aspen Highlands
  • Aspen Mountain
  • Beaver Creek Resort
  • Breckenridge Ski Resort
  • Buttermilk
  • Copper Mountain
  • Crested Butte
  • Durango Mountain Resort
  • Eldora
  • Howelsen
  • Keystone
  • Loveland Ski Area
  • monarch
  • Powderhorn
  • Silverton
  • Ski Cooper
  • Snowmass
  • Solvista
  • Steamboat
  • Sunlight
  • Telluride
  • Vail
  • Winter park

Colorado for Tourists

Activities in Boston

Activities in Boston

Activities in Boston

The city, which is located in the north of New York City, offers many opportunities not only in the center, but also in the surrounding area, to spend entertaining days with the family or without.

  • Shopping: Somehow shopping is part of the American way of life. And as in all American cities, there are also various shops in Boston where you can indulge in shopping pleasure and dress according to your own style and trend. You can let off steam here, for example, in the Mall Cambridgeside in East Cambridge which has a wide variety of shops and restaurants. But also the street Newbury Street Back Bay, Copley Place, Downtown Crossing and Charles Street in Beacon Hill are full of shops and great areas for shopping.
  • Enjoy: dining in style. Boston isn’t exactly cheap. Nonetheless, there are some tips for good food under $ 20 like the ” Dumpling Palace “Or” Tasty burger “. The ” In a pickle “On (especially if you love omelets). Affordable Korean cuisine has the ” Coreanos “On offer in Allston. And if you want to try a real Boston specialty, be sure to try the “ Boston Cream Pie “At the Omni Parker House in downtown. In Inman Square the ” Oleana “To feast and also the food truck” Mei Mei“Audubon Circle is always worth a detour.
  • Nightlife: Those who like to turn night into day should definitely get their money’s worth in Boston. The ” The Grand “Offers over 1,000 square meters of space for dancing and a 20 meter high LED wall that circles the dance floor. And sometimes there are even internationally known DJs on the podium, such as Shaquille O’Neal. Life acts on a big stage has the ” Royale “In the Theater District. The establishment impresses with an elegant, marble foyer, cozy sitting areas and a generally great atmosphere to turn night into day. Latin, House and Hip Hop are part of the ” Icon “In the Theater District on the plan and anyone looking for a huge range of music should definitely visit the” Phoenix Landing “Pay a visit to Central Square.
  • Exercise: Boston is not only culturally on the ball, but also offers everything to meet the physiological needs. In winter you can go to the Frog Pond ice skating on Boston Common and other natural or man-made ice surfaces. There is Cycle City Tours where you can explore the city by bike accompanied by a guide. You can go kayaking on the Charles River. There are two gold courses in Franklin Park that were designed by Donald Ross.

And if you don’t want to play actively, you also have a lot of passive options. There are teams in each team sport and you will definitely find a game to watch the Boston Bruins, Boston Red Sox or Boston Celtics, depending on whether you prefer ice hockey, baseball or basketball. The home ground of the Boston Red Sox, Fenway Park, is also historically interesting. Because the stadium was built between 1911 and 1912 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. So anyone interested in architecture, history and baseball should definitely pay a visit to Fenway Park and watch a game as a spectator. You can watch Boston Bruins games as a spectator in the TD Garden arena. The Boston Celtics have been at TD Garden since 1995.

  • Explore the port: There are several ways to explore Boston Harbor. One option is to take a walk, another is to take part in one Harbour Cruise. The building 470 Atlantik Ave offers a great view of the famous harbor. The Fort Point Channel Tour also starts there. Another route leads to the city center. The downtown tour begins in Christopher Columbus Park, part of the North End district.

Worthwhile day trips from Boston

According to calculatorinc, Boston is located in the northeastern United States of America and offers many possibilities for excursions to popular destinations in the region and the wider area. We have summarized some of them for you here:

  • New York City: The Big Apple is about a four-hour drive and 350 kilometers from Boston. After driving south, you can easily visit the most important sights within a day. In the morning, for example, you can visit the Statue of Liberty and theEmpire State Building, take photos of the Manhattan skyline and spend the afternoon in Central Park before visiting Times Square after dark.
  • Newport on Rhode Island: Newport on Rhode Island in New England is also worth a day trip. Here, too, drive south. Stately mansions can be seen here in just over an hour’s drive (approx. 115 kilometers), especially along Bellevue Avenue. Many of these houses are now museums and give a fascinating insight into history. Definitely worth seeing are ” The Breakers ” and ” Marble House “. Portsmouth, also located on Rhode Island, can be visited on this occasion.
  • Plymouth: Plymouth is definitely worth a day trip. The city was founded by the Pilgrim Fathers on the Atlantic Ocean in Cape Cod Bay in 1620. William Bradford is said to have landed here with the Mayflower. There are several festivals and events spread over the year. The open-air museum ” Plimoth Plantation “Is an exciting excursion, especially with children. Every resident of the village from the 17th century plays his role perfectly and so you feel on a journey back in time and experience the everyday life of the pilgrims. Plymouth is an hour’s drive south of Boston.
  • North Falmouth: This travel destination is located southeast of Boston. North Falmouth on the Cape Cod Peninsula is just an hour’s drive from Boston and offers a beautiful mountain bike trail of around two hours. You can rent bikes at the entrance and then cycle on the former route of the Old Colony Railroad to Wood’s Hole, where the ferry to Martha’s Vineyard leaves.
  • Martha’s Vineyard: Martha’s Vineyard is a half hour ferry ride from Falmouth. The island is the summer destination of many locals, so there is a lot of activity here at this time of the year. Oak Bluffs beckons with “gingerbread houses” and other attractive buildings from the 19th century. The gingerbread houses bear their name because they look like the sugar works of the same name: colorful and decorated with ornaments.
  • Salem: Salem, north of Boston, was the scene of the witch burnings in the 16th century. Even today, tourists make pilgrimages to the city to walk in the footsteps of the events of that time. Salem is in the surrounding area and is only about 30 minutes drive from Boston. In addition to the mystical atmosphere, there is much to discover about the history of the American Navy here in Marblehead, as this place is the birthplace of the American Navy.
  • Broadmoor Wildlife Sancturary Park: Located in Natick, a 40-minute drive west of Boston is the ” Broadmoor Wildlife Sanctuary Park “. The park has 9 miles of trails through fields, forests and moors. Bird lovers get their money’s worth here and can watch the native birds in the wild. In winter you can also take a snowshoeing course here.
  • Philadelphia: If you want to delve deeper into the history of independence in the USA, then you should definitely drive a few more kilometers and visit the city where the declaration of independence was once signed. Philadelphia. The big city is the second largest city on the east coast, is home to around 1.6 million residents and has much more than just Independence Hall, where the Declaration of Independence was signed. In addition to the impressive skyline, you will also find churches worth seeing, other historical sights such as the Liberty Bell and much more. Philadelphia is around 500 kilometers away from Boston. Here you can also take a tour along the east coast at which one z. B. New York City with its impressive skyline and other sights can still be included in the route. This means that you don’t have to spend quite as many kilometers in the car at a time.
  • Rockland: Rockland is a lovely place in Maine on the New England coast and a good place to go if you love lobsters. In many restaurants you can enjoy lobster in all variations, there is a museum dedicated to the animals and this is also regularly found there Maine Lobster Festival instead of. Rockland can be reached by rental car in around three hours from Boston.

Activities in Boston

Study Abroad in University of California, Riverside

Study Abroad in University of California, Riverside

After I had already spent a student exchange in Minnesota, it was clear to me that I would like to spend another longer time in the USA during my studies and decided to do a semester abroad at UC Riverside (UCR).

It was very important to me that my achievements from abroad would also be recognized at my home university, which is why the UCR seemed particularly suitable to me, as its business school is accredited by the AACSB. In September, two weeks before the start of the semester, my fellow student from Munich and I made our way to Riverside.

If you book a flight early, look around to see if you can arrive directly at “Ontario” airport, which is even closer to Riverside than LAX. Back then, I booked a rental car online through Hertz early on and did not use the UCR pick-up option. You don’t need a navigation device under any circumstances, with a little sense of direction and a free map from Hertz you can easily find your way from LAX or Ontario Airport to Riverside.
For the first few days on site, I booked a hotel nearby and kept the rental car for a week so that I could take a look at a few apartments and check out car dealers for a used car.

As I said, I wanted to find my own apartment and not use the UCR dormitory. Dormitory is probably the wrong word here, the whole apartment complex is very chic and modern and is right next to the UCR, but the rooms are VERY expensive. For the same money you can easily get your own apartment near the university.

Invest a day and just drive down the streets near the university, there are tons of apartments. Back then, my fellow student and I opted for the “Boulder Creek Apartments” on Iowa Avenue. The price was perfectly okay, for a 1-room apartment that could easily be inhabited by two, we paid about $ 1000 per month and shared it. I can only recommend the residential complex – the most beautiful pool area of ​​all apartments in Riverside, seriously!

If you decide to have your own apartment, it is essential to have an internet connection. Some apartments offer free WiFi, ours unfortunately not. We decided on the Anbierter “Charter”. With this one can conclude a “contract” for Internet and television without a social security number and also borrow equipment such as WLAN routers and receivers; there is also no minimum contract period. As soon as you leave Riverside, you bring the borrowed equipment back and the “contract” is over. We bought a used television on ebay for $ 20 – it did its job without worries.

Many of the apartments are furnished, but unfortunately not ours, so we bought a piece of furniture from Ikea, which can be found about half an hour from Riverside in Covina.
My biggest tip I can give you: craigslist.com. There you can find everything from wardrobes to skateboards mostly very cheap.
In addition, we decided to buy a car. I really wanted to buy from a used car dealer in order to have a guarantee if something happened to the car.
I would NOT do the same thing again. You’d rather spend a few dollars more and rent a car over time. After a long negotiation I got a guarantee for the car, which then cost us $ 6000, but it was sorely needed. I stood at the dealer in the yard 12 (!) Times to have the car repaired, thank goodness everything was covered by the guarantee. Shortly before the return flight I wanted to sell the car back to the dealer, but they made me a lousy offer and so I had to sell the car to Carmax for $ 2000 (I had expected $ 4000) for better or worse.
But a car is an absolute must if you don’t always want to ask someone to drive you to go shopping. The California distances are definitely not to be underestimated.

Daily Life:

There are numerous supermarkets in Riverside, my tip: Food 4 Less, more of a kind of wholesale market and much cheaper than other supermarkets. There are also enough banks. To get cash free of charge, you either do one of the following: With cards from Deutsche Bank, you can get cash free of charge at Bank of America; alternatively open an account on site, it costs nothing and you get a soccer ball for free ;-); get a credit card. You definitely need it, because firstly in America you can easily pay for any chewing gum with a credit card, but it is also often irreplaceable for paying bills (internet, garbage,…) over the internet. With many free credit cards that are offered in Germany, you can withdraw cash from ATMs internationally free of charge.
Get a cell phone! Tip: Kmart, $ 30 including cell phone and free minutes. Don’t be surprised: even if someone calls you, you pay with American prepaid cards.


The great thing about Riverside is the location! It is an hour to downtown LA, 1.5 hours to the beaches and 1.5 hours to San Diego. San Diego is my all time favorite here! Pack a few people in the car on the weekend, rent a cheap hotel and go to a few clubs in the Gaslamp Quarter – great! Downtown LA is definitely a must-see, but the whole thing seemed rather dingy to me during the day and rather dangerous in the evening. Since having to party with San Diego much better. An absolute must, especially New Year’s Eve, but only if you are over 21: Vegas! As I said, it’s really only worth it if you are over 21, the bouncers understand their job, believe me.
Travel around, discover California (insider tip: Santa Barbara and the district “Isla Vista”: you haven’t seen anything like this before, what’s going on there on a Saturday evening!). Whatever you do: DO NOT go to Tijuana! It used to be a party hotspot for San Diego students, now it’s just dangerous and what’s there to see is not worth it.

Uni life:

You read again and again how difficult it must have been for some students from abroad to get their desired course at the UCR. There is a simple rule here: keep calm and speak genuinely and kindly to the right people. If you kindly explain that it is very important for you to come to this course, because you need it for your university at home, even the fullest course can be done at once with a little bit of negotiation skills. You hardly need to send emails, unfortunately they are rarely answered, go straight to the consultation hour.
After you have completed your course selection, studying at the UCR is a lot of fun. I had three courses – a business course and two economics courses. The schedule was put together just right. You will notice a difference to your German university: More homework and unannounced smaller tests, but slightly easier tests in the middle and at the end of the semester. My tip: If you have the chance and the interest: choose a course from Dr. Sean D. Jasso – the best professor I have ever seen!
Use the Recreation Center: The whole thing costs about $ 75 for a quarter, but you have a gym, tennis and squash courts, you can borrow equipment for free and, and, and… it’s worth it!


If you feel like studying a quarter at the UCR – do it! You will have incomparable experiences and have the fun of your life.
To recap: Craigslist.com should be your best friend, rent a car, meet as many people as possible and just have fun, but that’s almost guaranteed!

Many thanks to Aline Meyer for her always friendly and helpful support!

University of California, Riverside 1

Study Abroad in San Jose State University

Study Abroad in San Jose State University

Preparation for the stay abroad:

The application process via MicroEDU went like clockwork – if you can put it that way. The team is available to answer any questions at any time, and these tend to pile up at the beginning when putting together the application documents. CoCo also checks all documents and details again before the application is sent to the SDSU. With the help of the checklists provided, you always have an overview of the application process and which steps still need to be taken. Obtaining the F1 student visa , which I processed at the embassy in Frankfurt, is particularly important and also a bit time-consuming.

Arrival and accommodation:

I only flew to San Diego shortly before the beginning of the semester and therefore didn’t have the opportunity to get to know the whole city or to travel. In my opinion, that didn’t mean I had any disadvantage at all. Since I had already organized accommodation from Germany, I didn’t have to move into the hostel like many other students and look for an apartment on site.

Unlike most students, I live with a fellow student in a private house near the campus. We got the contact from a friend who previously lived there during her own semester abroad at SDSU. I was super satisfied with the accommodation. We both had our own, sufficiently large room and the rest of the house was well furnished. The landlord lived in the house himself, but only shared the kitchen with us. He has a separate bedroom with bathroom in a small annex in the garden. The location of the house was also ideal. The university was within walking distance and the “Boulevard63” dormitory, where most of the (international) students lived, was just seven minutes away on foot. There were also numerous supermarkets and restaurants nearby.

The typical question that everyone has to answer for themselves is. “Would I prefer to live close to the university or close to the beach?” Since the SDSU is inland, you have to weigh your preferences. Both choices definitely have their advantages. I decided to be close to the campus and I was really very satisfied with it. My fellow student and I rented a car from Dirt Cheap and so we were well equipped for trips to the beach after university. In addition, the majority of the international students lived in the student residences close to the campus, so that it was easiest to meet again on campus or at home for group work.


The San Diego State has a wonderful campus to offer, which invites you to linger and study in the park areas thanks to the almost consistently good weather. Every Thursday there is also a food market and a wide range of fast food / restaurant chains and small student supermarkets.

The courses:

BA350 – Multinational Business & Organizational Behavior:

Very interesting content, very good lecturer (Prof. Blue), interactive lectures.
There was a group project in which a country of our choice was to be presented in terms of culture, politics and economy. However, this presentation had to be embedded in a creative concept and be interactive. That took time to prepare accordingly. The exams each consisted of 50 multiple-choice questions. For the exams, 6-7 chapters of the course book had to be read or memorized. The reading and learning effort was accordingly high, but the content was very interesting and mostly very easy to understand. I would recommend this course to others.

MGT352 – Human Resource Management:

Very interesting in terms of content, you learn a lot about the rights of employees and the application and selection process of companies. The lecturer (Pro f. Del Castillo) is very competent and brings a lot of knowledge from his job as an HR expert. However, in my opinion, he lacks the skills to really prepare his course for the exams and exams. The three exams each consisted of 40 multiple choice questions and four short answer questions, whereby the expected answer length is by no means “short”. Some of the questions were asked very comprehensively, so that at least three quarters to a full page had to be answered, which in view of the time was sometimes quite tight. In addition, there were 5 unannounced inclass activities over the course of the semester, each of which brought 20 points and could not be made up in the absence (also excused). Overall, a very interesting course in terms of content, but which quickly caused frustration due to the lecturer and his expectations. Recommended only for people who actually see their future in human resources.

MGT357 – Multinational Business & Comparative Management:

A very interesting course format that I have never experienced before. In this special session the course founded its own company (a consulting company)and associated social media channels. Everyone from the course was assigned to a department depending on the focus of study and interests, so that at the end there was the departments Finance, HR, Marketing, IT and Operations, as well as a CEO and Vice President. In our course there was a girl who made bracelets from pearls as a hobby. We as a consulting company then helped her with the creation of the bracelets and the marketing. So this course was about practical work and a project that was supervised by everyone. The final exam consisted of a DIN-A4 page about what one had learned during the semester in this course. Attendance and the preparation of current news, which were presented and discussed at the beginning of each event, also flowed into the grade.I would recommend the course because of its uniqueness.

BA370 – Marketing:

A very good course with a great lecturer (Prof Haddock). Also very high reading effort for the exams, but easy to manage with only 50 multiple choice questions each. I would choose this course again.


San Diego and the university itself have a lot to offer for recreational activities. In addition to the numerous offers of the SDSU to student groups in the fields of sport, music, etc., the university offers its students a free membership in the campus fitness studio, as well as access to the Aztecs swimming complex, the Gaslamp Quarter in downtown, Point Loma, the Sunset Cliffs or even Coronado Island. The zoo, the USS Midway Museum, Seaport Village and Old Town are also highly recommended.

In addition, San Diego has three beaches to offer: Pacific Beach, also known as Party Beach, has numerous restaurants and bars. In any case, you have to have taken part in the “Duck Dive” on Taco Tuesday, where the internationals meet every Tuesday to eat taco and then party, when a DJ plays from 9 a.m. and the happy hour begins. This is located on Mission Beach Belmont Park, a small old amusement park, which can convince with its location on the beach and the view from the wooden roller coaster. Ocean Beach also has restaurants and beach stalls, but takes it easy. Particularly recommended for all dog lovers, because there is a whole stretch of beach here only for four-legged friends and their masters.

For day trips, Mexico, Los Angeles , the cities along the coast to LA or the beautiful little town of Julien, which is located in the mountains inland, are ideal.

If you have a few more days off, you should of course not forget San Francisco, Las Vegas, the Grand Canyon and other national parks.

Please make sure to use the free tickets to the games of the SDSU teams ! Don’t miss the tailgate before a football game.

Tips and conclusion:

I definitely recommend leaving plenty of space in your suitcase on arrival. In the first few days you may have a little less clothing to choose from than usual, but you can find such good bargains and prices in the outlets and shopping malls in the USA that you would look in vain in Germany.

However, it is best to take enough cosmetic products etc. with you. Contrary to my expectations, products such as deodorant, shampoo and so on were disproportionate and unexpectedly expensive (8 € for deodorant), so it is best to buy enough stock here at DM.

I had an amazing time in San Diego that I will remember fondly for a long time. I’ve met an incredible number of people and seen places that have all shaped me. The SDSU, as a highly regarded university, and the location of San Diego, located by the sea with many sunny days and a lot to experience, offer a great combination for a stay abroad. My English has also improved again through the stay and I am much more self-confident and become more independent.

I take a lot with me from my time in San Diego and can only recommend the semester abroad in California to every sun lover. It’s not for nothing that San Diego is also known as the “Americas finest City” !!

San Jose State University

USA People, Language and Religion

USA People, Language and Religion


US society can be roughly divided into 6 social classes.

According to sociologists, in 1998 there were about 1 percent prominent, wealthy citizens (upper class), about 15 percent highly qualified professionals such as doctors, professors, lawyers (upper middle class), about 32 percent well-trained professionals such as school teachers and craftsmen (lower middle class), about 32 percent Industrial workers, wage workers and simple employees (working class) and about 20 percent part-time poor or non-working who are dependent on public welfare.

Around 82 percent of the people living in the USA are white, around 13 percent black and mulatto, around 4 percent Asians and around 1 percent Indians. Visit handbagpicks for United States Tour Plan.

The United States is a popular immigration country, as can be seen in the more than 50 million immigrants who have immigrated since the beginning of the 19th century. These include Europeans, Central Americans and Asians. This ethnic diversity is still reflected today in the specific traditions that have been preserved and cultivated.

The descendants of the indigenous people are one of the socially weakest groups. More than half of them live in one of the approx. 300 reserves. In Alaska, the Indians and Eskimos make up around 16% of the population, the rest are whites.

And whites make up a third of the population in Hawaii. Otherwise, Japanese, residents of Polynesian descent and groups of Chinese, Koreans, blacks and Filipinos live there together.


The most widely spoken language is American English (it is slightly different from British English). There are many Spanish-speaking residents in the state of New Mexico who only speak their native language. That is why Spanish is the second official language there.

In addition to German, French, Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese and Polish are also common in the USA. Many of the over one hundred Indian languages ​​are threatened with extinction.

English language courses

Among the multitude of language courses, I recommend multimedia language courses because you learn very quickly with this method. The link below provides you with a professional language course with which you can learn English quickly and easily:

  • American English language course


The government does not keep a register of the religious status of residents. Through the history of immigration, different religions are represented in a variety of ways.

A good half of the total population is committed to one of the more than 240 Protestant churches. The proportion of Catholics is tending to increase due to ongoing immigration.

Judaism and Islam are also major religions in the country. Buddhists, Hinduists, Mormons and others are represented on a relatively large scale.

Because of their tradition of non-interference (regulated by the constitution) in religious affairs, many smaller denominations have found refuge in the states, such as the Amish, who live mainly in Pennsylvania and the neighboring states. For generations they have been practicing the simple life without any modern technology.


Sport is very important in America. In addition to American football, the national sports include baseball, basketball, ice hockey and soccer.

The numerous immigrant groups have of course brought their cultures and traditions with them. That’s why American culture is quite diverse.


The film is one of the most important entertainment media in the United States. And who doesn’t know Hollywood films?

A very popular pastime for many Americans is to go to the movies. Walt Disney cartoons were also produced in the USA and are known worldwide.

The music is very important here. The music channel MTV was born in the USA.

The press plays an important role as the guardian of democracy, backed up by the first amendment to the American Constitution, which came into force in 1789. This article states that Congress cannot pass laws restricting the freedom of the press.


Education varies across states. There is general compulsory schooling from 6/7. Age up to the age of 16.

Under certain conditions one can also give one’s children home schooling (homeschooling). About 1-2 percent of parents choose this option for reasons such as religious views, special needs of the children or because of problems such as bullying or drugs.

Most parents send their children to state schools for which the parents do not have to pay school fees. Only about 10% of US students attend private schools. An annual fee must be paid for this.

Over 3,000 universities and colleges are available. The most famous private universities include Princeton, Harvard and Stanford. Half of them are in private hands.

Three percent of the population over the age of 15 cannot read or write.

The grades in the United States are not numbers, but letters from A – F. A is the top grade. F usually means ‘failed’. The grades can be further differentiated with a plus or a minus.


Elementary School from Kindergarten – Grades from Kindergarten to fourth, fifth or sixth grade (depending on the school district). The class size is around 18–24 children.

Junior High School and Middle School – include grades 5–8, but mostly only grades 6–8.

The high school is a kind of unified school with a course system. It covers grades 9 to 12 and is completed with the high school diploma.

USA People, Language and Religion

Manhattan Overview

Manhattan Overview

Manhattan. Name of an island belonging to the United States located at the mouth of the Hudson River in the north of New York Harbor. It is one of the five metropolitan districts (boroughs) that make up New York City. The metropolitan district has the same boundaries as New York County and includes the island of Manhattan as well as several smaller islands (Roosevelt, Randall, among others), as well as a small portion of mainland land (Marble Hill, which is geographically in the Bronx, but politically belongs to the county of New York).


The name Manhattan comes from the languages ​​of the primitive residents of the area. The story presents a popular interpretation that emphasizes how this island was bought by Dutch settlers from the natives for $ 24 on May 24, 1626 and the establishment of some 30 Dutch families two years later, when they founded the city of Niew Amsterdam where now downtown is. This city became the capital of the territory of New Holland, a short-lived Dutch colony. In 1664 it happened to the English administration after a relatively weak resistance of the Dutch, partly due to the discontent of the population with the governor Peter Stuyvesant.

The English changed the name of the city to New York, named in honor of the Duke of York, who would later become the Catholic King James II of England. New York County is one of the original twelve counties of the State of New York, created in 1683. At the time of its creation, it was the same size as New York City and occupied the entire island of Manhattan, the same area that occupies today. In 1873, the western part of present-day Bronx County was transferred to New York County from Westchester County and in 1895, the remaining part of the Bronx was also transferred to the county. In 1914, those parts constituted the new county of the Bronx. See topschoolsintheusa for LSAT test centers in New York.

In 1898, Manhattan was united with the four remaining districts forming the second largest city in the world, and from there it became the Mecca of culture, entertainment and finance for all of North America. The city benefited from the arrival of thousands of immigrants who were looking for improvements in their living conditions. This caused a cultural miscegenation that has enriched the city, transforming it into an incomparable point for the visitor. Currently 80 different languages ​​are spoken.

New York City now encompasses four separate, though not from a distinct geological view, areas, namely the City of Manhattan (Manhattan), the Borough of the Bronx, the City of Richmond (Staten Island), and the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens (Brooklyn, Jamaica, Flat Bush-and Long Island City). Of these, the District of Manhattan and the Borough of the Bronx have a common geological expression, the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens are identical in geological character, and carry their most typical boundary to the drift zone so greatly reduced in the island of Manhattan by municipal changes, while the Richmond district has an individual geological structure imply peculiar characteristics not observed in the others.

In geological affinities, if the term can be used, Manhattan and the Bronx have allied themselves in the north or primordial, even arching structures; Richmond, kings and queens of the south and the last, however, in fact, in Richmond there is a problematic core similar to those on the island of Manhattan. In view of this diversity of features, the discussion of the topographical conditions and geological nature of New York City naturally fall into three sections: first, that of Manhattan Island, with an appendix briefly covering similar construction of the borough of the Bronx, in second place, that of Brooklyn and Queens, and in third place, that of Richmond.


The borough of Manhattan and New York County have the same boundaries (they are coextensive). As part of New York City, the county has no other political subdivisions. It occupies the entire island of Manhattan, surrounded by the East River, the Harlem River, and the Hudson River. It also includes some smaller islands such as Roosevelt Island(formerly Welfare Island, and previously still “Blackwell Island”), U Thant Island (officially known as Belmont Island), and a small portion of the North American mainland (Marble Hill ) adjoining the Bronx. Marble Hill was originally part of Manhattan Island; but the Harlem River canal, excavated in the 19th century To improve navigation on the Harlem River, he separated it from Manhattan.

Manhattan Island is approximately 22 km long and 3.6 km wide at its widest point and less than 1.6 km at its narrowest point. With the exception of the large green rectangle that is Central Park, it is almost entirely covered by buildings and streets.

Manhattan is connected by bridges and tunnels to New Jersey in the west and to three New York boroughs: The Bronx in the northeast and Queens and Brooklyn on Long Island to the east and south. Its only direct connection to the city’s fifth district is the “Staten Island Ferry,” whose terminal is in Battery Park at its southern end.

Every May 28 and July 12, both at sunrise and sunset, the sun is visible on the horizon from street level as it is aligned with its path.


The most densely populated county in the United States is New York, with a total of 1,537,195 people, 738,644 heads of household, and 302,105 families residing in 2000. The population density is 25,835.21 residents / km². With a figure of 798,144 houses with a density of 13,414.18 dwellings / km². The county’s ethnic makeup is 54.36% White, 17.39% Black, 9.40% Asian, 0.07% Oceanic, 0.50% Native American, 14.14% other ethnicities, and 4.14 % mestizos. 27.18% of the total population are Hispanics, who can be of any ethnicity.

There are 738,644 heads of households, of which 17.1% have minors in their care, 25.2% are married couples who live together, 12.6% are single women, and 59.1% are not families In the county, 16.8% of the population is under 18, 10.2% is between 18 and 24, 38.3% is between 25 and 44, 22.6% is between 45 and 64, and 12.2% are over 65 years old. The average age is 36 years. For every 100 women there are 90.3 men and for every 100 underage women, there are 87.9 men.

The average annual income of a head of household is $ 47,030, and the average income per family is $ 50,229. Men have an income of around $ 51,856 compared to $ 45,712 for women. The median per capita income for the county is 42,922. 20.0% of the population and 17.6% of families are below the poverty line. Of the total number of people living in this situation, 31.8% are minors and 18.9% are over 65 years of age.

Spoken languages

In Manhattan there are registered speakers of dissimilar origin, being an approximate of 96 different languages. The majority of the population is English-speaking, this being the predominant spoken language with 59.1% of the speakers; while Spanish is the second language, with 24.9% of speakers. Chinese has 5% and the rest of the languages ​​do not reach 1% of speakers.

Government and legislation

As in other counties in New York City, there is no county government, but there are county courts and other authorities, such as the county attorney. Each metropolitan district in New York elects a President but this office does not have much power, de facto. The office of the District President (Borough President) was created with the consolidation of the five counties, to balance the balance of these, with respect to the central municipal government. Each district president had an important role, having a vote in the New York City Board of Estimate, presenting and approving municipal budgets and making proposals for spatial planning. In 1989, the United States Supreme Court declared this Board unconstitutional, because Brooklyn, the most populous county in the borough, it had no more votes than Staten Island, the county with the smallest population. This constituted a violation of the Equality Protection Clause, according to the Fourteenth Amendment (or addition) to the United States Constitution, passed in 1964 according to the rule that each person has the right to one vote.

The powers of the Board of Estimate were transferred to the Board of Councilors (City Council, with 51 members, in charge of the legislative power in the city), thus increasing the centralized power in the New York municipality. Manhattan has ten councilors on the New York City Council. Since 1990, the District President has served as an advocate for the county’s interests with the mayoral agencies, city councils, New York state government, and corporations. The President of the District of Manhattan is Scott M. Stringer. The District Attorney for the New York District (known as District Attorney or simply DA, in the original English) is Robert M. Morgenthau. It also has 12 administrative districts, each served by a local Community Board. These Boards are the representative bodies that collect citizen complaints and serve as defenders of the residents of their area, before the City Council. New York is officially designated as the county seat of New York, which is totally irrelevant for all practical purposes since there are no other cities or towns in the county.

Manhattan Overview

American History: from Jackson to Lincoln

American History: from Jackson to Lincoln


The “era of good feelings” ended in 1829, when it was replaced by the “reign of Jackson”, so called by the name of A. Jackson, president from 1829 to 1837. Western man, the first typical representative of the ” American America ”to take office in the White House, Jackson definitively democratized the United States, placing the “common man” at the forefront, but under his own strong personal leadership. He had been elected as the representative of the Democrats-Republicans (or more simply Democrats, as they are still called), supporters of a liberal-progressive orientation, as opposed to the conservative address of the Republicans-nationals: an opposition that was concretely articulated around some big problems posed by the development of the United States itself. Thus for the communication routes, roads and even more channels, it was debated whether it was up to the Union or the states to equip them; as regards customs tariffs, the contrast between the North advocating protectionism and the opposite South persisted; as for the National Bank, reconstituted in 1816, J. Calhoun (vice-president with Adams and then with Jackson) in the thesis of the nullity of federal laws that invade the field of “state rights”.

According to usaers, the crisis culminated in 1832: in contrast to the “Nullity Ordinance” issued by South Carolina Jackson threatened the use of force, choosing to protect the cause of the Union rather than that of the freedom of states, he who was also a Democrat. During Jackson’s second presidency, while the question of tariffs alienated the southerners from the president, the conflict for the National Bank (whose “charter” was not renewed) pitted him against the republicans-nationals, now bearers of the interests of the industrial East and financial. These two very different groups, united only by their common aversion to Jackson, since c. 1834. they began to call themselves Whigs, analogous to the English Whigs who opposed George III’s personal rule. If in the elections of 1836 they failed to present a single candidate, so that M. Van Buren (1837-41), Jackson’s heir, was elected, in 1840 the only Whig candidate B. Harrison (who died just a month after took office; he was succeeded by Vice President Tyler, 1841-45). During the 1940s, the thrust to the west resumed vigorously, as far as the Pacific, then on territories that belonged to Mexico. Texas, where the residents of Anglo-Saxon origin were more numerous than those of Spanish origin, had already proclaimed itself independent in 1836, then annexed, in 1845, to the United States. The war between the United States and Mexico (1846-48) ensued, won by the former, who with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (February 2, 1848) obtained the cession of Texas, California and all the intermediate territory, New Mexico. Meanwhile, in 1846, a treaty with Great Britain had resolved the condominium on Oregon, giving the United States the territory up to the 49th parallel. Thus was fulfilled the Manifest Destiny, that “continental” destiny that the United States had pursued since its very foundation.

By 1850, rapidly populated for the “gold rush”, California was already admitted to the Union as a state. In the middle of the century XIX (between 1845 and 1861 James Knox Polk, Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, James Buchanan succeeded each other as president) not only territorial expansion marked the development of the United States. The population increased, which in 1850 had exceeded 23 million; economic activities flourished, favored by the construction of railways, by the introduction of steam navigation, by the application of new technical discoveries. In the same 1850 for the first time the annual value of industrial production was higher than that of agricultural production. And with industrialization, democratization progressed, even on the cultural level (popular newspapers, public and free schools, that is, non-denominational). Yet a crisis loomed over the United States, the largest in its history, aggravated by some of the same fundamental aspects of progress. L’ industrialization widened the gap and consequently the contrast between the agricultural South and the industrial North, including that part of the West, around the Lakes region, which was being industrialized. The further expansion to the west, then, acutely posed the problem of whether or not slavery was extended to the new territories and states. Set aside, rather than truly resolved, with the “Missouri compromise” of 1820, postponed with yet another compromise, of 1850, this problem broke out in all its gravity in 1854, when the “Kansas-Nebraska law” was passed, two territories located north of the line marked as the limit of slavery by the “Missouri compromise”. Once the compromise was revoked, the law established the principle of “popular sovereignty”, entrusting the decision of the residents of a territory if it, becoming a state, should he be a free-market or a slaveholder. The law provoked violent reactions from the adversaries of slavery; locally, in Kansas, there was bloody clashes. On the national level, by far the most important consequence was the founding (1854) of the Republican Party (the one that has continued to exist over the centuries), in which theanti- slavery whigs united with some democratic elements and with the followers of the Free-Soil Party. The Democrats still managed to win the presidential elections of 1852 and 1856, but in 1860 they did not agree on a single candidacy and so was elected the Republican A. Lincoln (1861-65).

American History - from Jackson to Lincoln

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Philadelphia (in English Philadelphia, also nicknamed Philly) is the largest city in the state of Pennsylvania, located in the northeast of the United States, between New York and Washington DC. It is the fifth city in the country by population, Philadelphia County has 1,450,000 residents in its commune (Philadelphia City) and 5,950,000 in its metropolitan area. It is the largest historical, cultural and artistic center in the United States, and in the same way an important industrial port on the Delaware River, which extends to the Atlantic Ocean. Founded in 1682, it was during the 18th century the most populous city of the Thirteen colonies and the third most populous city in the British Empire (after London and Dublin), before temporarily becoming the capital city of the United States. It was quickly overtaken by New York and gave its capital status to the brand new city of Washington DC Today, Philadelphia is the main metropolis of Pennsylvania, whose capital is Harrisburg, and also the seat of the government of Pennsylvania. The name of the city, chosen by William Penn, means “the city of brotherly love”, as it was desired to be a haven of religious tolerance. See topschoolsintheusa for high school codes in Pennsylvania.

Established in 1682, it is one of the oldest cities in the country, and as the original capital and largest colonial city, it enjoyed greater political and social importance than Boston, Massachusetts, or New York. In 1776, the Continental Congress of the 13 colonies met in Philadelphia and on July 4 of that year, declared independence from Great Britain. Perhaps the most famous citizen of Philadelphia was Benjamin Franklin, writer, scientist, and politician.

The American Revolution

The Carpenters’ Hall hosted the First Continental Congress in 1774

In the 1770s, Philadelphia became one of the major centers of the American Revolution. The Sons of Liberty, an organization of American patriots, were very active in the city: they resisted the fiscal measures imposed by the metropolis and incited the colonists to boycott English merchandise.

Philadelphia was chosen, because of its central position within the Thirteen Colonies, to host the First Continental Congress which met from September 5 to October 26, 1774 in Carpenters’ Hall. The Second Continental Congress lasted between 1775 and 1781, the date of the Declaration of Independence and the ratification of the Articles of Confederation. During the war of independence, this assembly organized the continental army, issued paper money, and dealt with the country’s international relations. The delegates signed the Declaration of Dependence on July 4, 1776 In this city. However, in response to the American defeat of Brandywine in 1777, Congress had to leave the city, as well as 2/3 of the population. The residents must have hidden the ” liberty bell “.

Many battles between the US forces commanded by George Washington and the Redcoats. Having conquered the city in September of 1777, the British concentrated 9,000 soldiers in the German district, Germantown. In June of 1778, the British left Philadelphia to protect New York, exposed to the French ships. In July, Congress returned to Philadelphia. A constitutional convention met in the city in 1781 to draft a constitution. This text, organizer of the institutions of the new country, was signed in Independence Hall in September of 1781. It was in Congress Hall that the Bill of Rights was produced in 1790, the first ten sections of the American constitution. The Continental Congress was installed in New York City in 1785, but, under pressure from Thomas Jefferson, it returned to Philadelphia in 1790, which was made the provisional capital of the United States, while Washington DC was being built. Philadelphia ceased to be the capital of the colonies in 1799.


Baldwin Locomotive Works plaque

Philadelphia’s maritime trade was disrupted by the Embargo Act of 1807, which led to the War of 1812 against England. After this event, New York surpassed the city and the port of Pennsylvania.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Philadelphia experienced significant economic growth thanks to its agricultural and mining wealth (coal) present in its territory; the construction of roads, canals and railways allowed the city to maintain its position in the Industrial Revolution. The textile industry, the clothing industry, the metallurgy, the manufacture of paper and railway material, the shipbuilding in shipyards and the agricultural industry were the main industries of the 19th century. Philadelphia was at once a major financial center. During the Civil War, the factories of the city supplied the armies of the Union. Hospitals also played an important role in accommodating many wounded as a result of the conflict.

Due to the mechanization of agriculture in the South of the United States, thousands of African Americans began to migrate north and Philadelphia became one of the privileged destinations of these tributaries. As in other American cities, the years preceding the Civil War were marked by violence against immigrants, such as the anti-Catholic riots of May and June 1884.
The riots of 1844 in Philadelphia

With the Act of Consolidation of 1854, the city of Philadelphia annexed many districts, settlements, and outlying neighborhoods. This decision made it possible to align the city limits with those of the county and improve the management of urban problems. However, the republican municipality continued its corruption and fraud and intimidation in the elections were frequent.

In 1876, Philadelphia was the site of the first universal exhibition organized on American territory (The Centennial International Exhibition for its name in English). It commemorated the first centennial of the American Declaration of Independence and was located above Fairmount Park, near the Schuylkill River. It attracted 9,789,392 visitors.. The vast majority of the exhibition buildings were preserved by the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, DC. Among the innovations that were shown to the public, we can mention the Alexander Graham Bell telephone, the Remington typewriter, the Heinz Ketchup or even the Root beer.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

New Mexico Overview

New Mexico Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, New Mexico is one of the states with the most personality in the United States. Its geography, its history and the variety of its cultures and its residents give it a unique character within the set of states that make up this huge country.

It is a state in the southwestern United States of America. It limits to the north with the state of Colorado, to the northeast with the state of Oklahoma, to the east and southeast with the state of Texas, to the southwest with the states of Chihuahua and Sonora (Mexico), to the west with the state of Arizona and to the northwest with the state of Utah being one of the so-called “Four Corners States”.


The total population of the state is about 2 million residents. 47.5% of the population is of Hispanic origin. Most of the Hispanic residents are descendants of the Spaniards who, coming from Mexico, arrived in the 16th and 17th centuries. There are also immigrants who arrived from Mexico more recently. It is a migratory flow that still continues.

Another 9.1% of the residents are Native Americans, descendants of the primitive settlers of these lands. This is the state with the largest indigenous population in the United States. The New Mexico Indians belong to one of the following tribes: Navajos, Pueblo Indians, spread over 21 independent towns, and Apaches. A large part of the Indians live on reservations scattered throughout the state. The Pueblo Indians are the ones who became the most Hispanized and the most mixed with the descendants of the Spaniards. Most of the rest of the state’s residents are Anglo-Americans, descendants of those who arrived after 1848, the year in which New Mexico became a territory of the United States.

According to CountryAAH.com,the most populated cities in the New Mexico are Albuquerque (450,000 residents), Las Cruces (80,000 residents) and Santa Fe (66,000 residents). These figures refer only to the urban area, not including the rest of the residents of each county. In the case of Albuquerque, the metropolitan area is 750,000 and that of Santa Fe, 150,000.


The type of flora of the state is nearctic and neotropical, in the higher areas there are species that survive snowy rains and droughts such as blue spruce, stiff cone pine and shrubs; in the Hudsonian zone of mountain ranges and gorges are the spruce, the trembling pine and the ponderosa pine. Going down in height you can find oaks, junipers, oyameles, Douglas pines, alamillos, Canadian poplars., the columbine, the pennyroyal and the horse grass, maple and wild flowers due to the humidity that descends from the snowy mountains having a great color during the fall. In much more arid areas, the following stand out: grasslands or zacatales; the stone pine; the oak; the Alamo; the olive; the cedar; the huizache; the chollas or biznagas; the nopales or prickly pears; the cardones; the magueys or agaves; and great variety of cacti.


The American black bear is a symbol of the state of New Mexico. The fauna of the state is very diverse, here are species typical of the high mountains that predominate in Canada or animal species that predominate in subtropical regions of Mexico. Among the mammals, you can find the American black bear that is a symbol of this state; Other mammals that inhabit here are mountain lions, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, deer, marmots or smaller rodents such as the kangaroo rat and endangered species such as the Mexican wolf, the American bison and the pronghorn. . Among the birds we have the colorful wild turkey, the roadrunner, wild ducks, quail, centzontles, woodpeckers, etc. Among the reptiles, rattlesnakes and coral snakes stand out, among others.

Primary and secondary education

There are important efforts for the recovery of the Spanish language in the state of New Mexico, bilingual education is essential for the population due to its linguistic diversity. Not only Spanish is in recovery, but also the native languages ​​of the state such as Navajo, Zuñi, Comanche among others.

Spanish and bilingual education

Virtually all New Mexicans speak and communicate normally in English. Only part of the recently arrived immigrant population from Mexico or Central America, and some elderly native Hispanic New Mexicans, speak only Spanish. Some indigenous groups living in New Mexico still speak their own languages. You can also find very old people who only speak some of the Indian languages ​​of the state. According to the 2000 Census data, 28.76% of the population over 5 years old spoke Spanish at home, while 4.07% spoke Navajo.

Although the New Mexico Constitution of 1912 reflects the intention to protect the languages ​​and cultures of New Mexicans, the use of Spanish as a medium of instruction in public schools, as well as its social use, declined dramatically throughout the years. throughout most of the rest of the 20th century. There were some institutional efforts by the Senate to have the Spanish language taught in all public schools in the early 1940s. However, it was in 1968 when the first statement in support of bilingual education was produced by the “State Board of Education”. That declaration materialized with the signing of the “Bilingual Multicultural Act” in 1973.

Neo-Mexican Spanish is a unique variety within the Hispanic linguistic panorama due to the isolation of New Mexico since the early times of the colony and for this reason it has been able to preserve traits of medieval Spanish, in addition to making use of a large number of indigenisms (from Nahuatl first and of local languages ​​later) and Anglicisms (after American annexation in 1848).


The rodeo is par excellence the favorite sport of the New Mexicans, its colonial origin has made it a tradition that it shares with other neighboring states and in the same way with the Mexicans, the lot of mounts and ropes are essential elements among the participants. In the state of New Mexico you can practice snow skiing and it also has an excellent infrastructure that allows the practice of this sport almost most of the year where national tourists and Mexican tourists come due to the proximity to the alpine ski areas. Ice hockey is another of the sports that is practiced in this state, mountain biking, fishing, hiking, baseball, basketball and American football, whose state team is called Lobos de Nuevo México.

New Mexico Overview

New Jersey Overview

New Jersey Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, New Jersey (short for NJ) is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the Atlantic Coast and Northeast regions of the country. It is bordered to the north by the state of New York, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest by the state of Delaware and to the west by the state of Pennsylvania.


Originally inhabited by tribes of the Lenape, New Jersey was colonized by the Dutch in the beginning of the seventeenth century, and was part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, which included parts of which are Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey today. Some Swedes also lived in southwestern New Jersey, which was part of the Swedish colony of New Sweden before the Dutch took it in 1655.

In 1664, the English took control of the colony, which was divided into several parts. Two members of the English nobility, George Carteret and John Berkeley, received the land from the Hudson River and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Delaware River, and the region acquired the name Jersey, in reference to the Isle of Jersey, a dependency of the Crown. British on the French coast of the English Channel. For 28 years, the area was governed as two separate territories: West Jersey with its capital at Burlington, and East Jersey with its capital at Perth Amboy.

In 1702, the two colonies were united into a single English royal colony of New Jersey with its capital at Perth Amboy. New Jersey was one of the Thirteen English Coloniesthat rebelled against the British government in the American War of Independence.

It was the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution on December 18, 1787.

New Jersey today

The state of New Jersey is one of the wealthiest and most advanced in the United States. Its wealth is due to the proximity of the cities of New York and Philadelphia. Its 8.4 million residents are very diverse. It is an important destination for foreign immigrants to the United States. There is a large Hispanic population, and also many Chinese and Haitians. New Jersey is also home to one of the largest Italian communities in the nation. New Jersey has a reputation for being one of the most liberal and tolerant states in the nation. New Jersey revoked the death penalty in December 2007.


Currently the state of New Jersey has a population of 8,724,560 people, of which: 62.3% are white (European or of European descent).

  • 6% are Latino or Hispanic (among which Mexicans predominate).
  • 6% are black.
  • 5% are Asian.

The rest are made up of people of other ethnic groups. The population of Latino / Hispanic origin is the fastest growing, due to the high fertility rate of Latina women residing in the United States, and also due to legal and illegal immigration from Latin America and the Caribbean.

Government and economy

According to CountryAAH.com, the city of Trenton was designated the state capital in 1792. The state is divided into 21 counties and has 13 representatives and 2 senators in the United States Congress. Its current governor is Chris Christie. The Legislative Power is made up of two Chambers: a Senate and a General Assembly, with 40 and 80 members, respectively. Its headquarters are in the city of Trenton. As far as the Judiciary is concerned, there are 7 justices on the State Supreme Court who are currently: James R. Zazzali, Virginia Long, Jaynee LaVecchia, Barry T. Albin, John E. Wallace Jr, Roberto A. Rivera -Soto, Helen E. Hoens. Its agricultural products include vegetables and fruits (specifically eggplant and blueberries), seafood, and dairy products. Its primary industrial products are: pharmaceutical and chemical products, and tourism.


Atlantic, Bergen, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Essex, Gloucester, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Salem, Somerse, t Sussex, Union, Warre.


New Jersey is the hub of several major highways and rail lines, especially the Northeast Corridor. The “New Jersey Turnpike” one of the best known and most used expressways in the United States. Commonly referred to as “The Turnpike” (pronounced “Ternpaik”), it is also known for its numerous rest areas, individually named after prominent natural citizens of the state, as diverse as inventor Thomas Edison; the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, Alexander Hamilton; Presidents of the United States such as Grover Cleveland and Woodrow Wilson; writers James Fenimore Cooper, Joyce Kilmer among others.

The “Garden State Parkway”, or simply “The Parkway” (pronounced Parkuei), carries much more state traffic and runs through the state from the town of Montvale (in northern New Jersey), to the southernmost tip of Cape May by a total of 172.4 miles. It is the main road that connects New York with Atlantic City. Other freeways in New Jersey include the “Atlantic City Expressway”, the “Palisades Interstate Parkway”, Interstate 76, Interstate 78, Interstate 80, Interstate 195, Interstate 280, Interstate 287, and Interstate 295. There is also, a state corporation (NJ Transit) which runs many buses and trains throughout the state.

New Jersey Overview

New Hampshire Overview

New Hampshire Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, New Hampshire is a United States state in the New England region. In the west it borders on the state of Vermont, in the east on Maine, in the south on Massachusetts and in the north on the Canadian province of Québec. With an area of ​​24,216 km², the state has around 1.3 million inhabitants. The majority of the population lives in the south of the state, the north is characterized by low mountain ranges. According to CountryAAH.com, the capital is Concord with almost 43,000 inhabitants, however, the largest city is Manchester with 110,000.

The first traces of human settlement go back over 10,000 years. The vast majority of the population is of European descent, there have only been a few Indians since the 1740s. From the 1630s onwards, contacts with Europeans led to severe population losses among the indigenous people, mainly due to the smallpox epidemics, and finally battles with the Iroquois and the English drove the survivors to Maine and Canada.

Since 1629 England appeared as a colonial power, the colony was named after the English Hampshire. According to the principles of English feudalism, the land was assigned and settlers appointed. From 1641 to 1679, New Hampshire belonged to Massachusetts, was then directly subordinate to the king for two decades and came back to Massachusetts from 1691 to 1741, whose governors were responsible for the northern neighbors.

In 1776, New Hampshire became the first colony to establish a government and constitution, and became independent with the newly formed United States. In 1808 Concord became its capital. An independent republic existed on the Canadian border from 1832 to 1835; Great Britain did not give up its claims until 1836. The state benefited economically from industrialization and the civil war, but major branches of industry collapsed with the global economic crisis. Only the connection to the economic area Boston brought new branches of industry, especially in the south of New Hampshire.

The state is due to its quarries and The Granite State ( ” Granite called -State”). At the same time, the nickname also reflects the preservation of traditions and the history of an economical government. There are no general VAT or income taxes, which corresponds to the state motto ” Live or die free “.


The Pennacooks, members of the Algonquian culture, were among the ancient Aboriginal groups that inhabited New Hampshire. The first European to explore the region was the English captain Martin Pring, who in 1603 anchored in the port of Piscataqua. Two years later, the French explorer Samuel de Champlain sailed along the coast and reached the Isles of Shoals.

In 1620, the region was granted to the Council of New England, the formerly known as the Plymouth Company, by James I Stuart, King of England. In 1629, the province was divided and the English colonist John Mason was granted the part between the Piscataqua and Merrimack rivers; the title of the concession was New Hampshire. In 1635, the Council of New England was dissolved and the British Crown confirmed Mason in all his concessions; in addition, it was given another 40,500 ha located west of the Kennebec River. In 1638, John Wheelwright, a clergyman who had been expelled from Massachusetts, founded the Exeter settlement. From 1686 to 1689, the province of New Hampshire was part of the Dominion of New England.

In 1776, New Hampshire became the first colony to adopt its own Constitution, and it became the ninth state in the country in 1788 upon ratifying the United States Constitution.

During the years before the American Civil War (1861 – 1865), movements that advocated the abolition of slavery gained strength in the state. After the civil war, the industry (especially textiles, transport and communications) expanded rapidly. During the second half of the 19th century The massive influx of French Canadians altered the ethnic composition of the population, which until then had been mostly English, Scottish and Irish. In the 1970s, industry remained the most important economic sector, but tourism, which had played a prominent role since the turn of the century, expanded rapidly during the 1970s and 1980s and gained weight in the economy of New Hampshire, thanks to measures taken by the state government against environmental pollution.

Territory and resources

84% of New Hampshire’s land area is covered by forest. The most common trees are white pine, oak, white birch, spruce, white ash, balsam fir, yellow birch, sugar maple, and other maple species. Common mammals that inhabit the state include white-tailed or Virginia deer, beavers, muskrats, chipmunks and other species of squirrels, foxes, rabbits, raccoons, porcupines, skunks, and the groundhogs of America. Some black and brown bears are found in the mountains.

New Hampshire has a small mining industry, which exploits salt, gravel, granite, and mica. The agricultural sector is also small; almost half of its income comes from the sale of livestock and livestock products. Forests provide significant amounts of wood and pulp. The state also has some fishing industry; Its main catches are lobsters, shrimp, cod and tuna.

The most prominent manufactures include industrial machinery, precision instruments, electronic equipment, rubber and plastic articles, printed matter, paper, primary metals, and textiles.


The prevailing winds from the west and northwest are mainly responsible for the continental climate of the state. For their part, the east and northeast winds cause the biggest rain and snow storms.

New Hampshire Overview

Wyoming Overview

Wyoming Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Wyoming is the 44th state of the United States, located in the Great Plains region. According to CountryAAH.com, the state capital is Cheyenne and the most important cities are Casper, Laramie, Rock Springs and Gillette. Its territory occupies an area of ​​253,337 km², occupying the tenth place at the national level, and it is the least populated state in the country, with 563,626 residents in 2010.


The peoples that lived in present-day Wyoming before the arrival of the Europeans were the Shoshone, the Crow, the Cheyenne, and the Arapajo. In 1830, the United States acquired from France the land located east of the Continental Divide or North American mountain range, as part of the territory that made up Louisiana. The first white man to enter the Wyoming region was John Colter, a fur hunter who in 1807 traveled up the Bighorn River.

In 1811, the region was explored by Wilson Price Hunt. The following year some members of the same expedition returned to the region and probably crossed the southern pass through the mountains; this pass later became an important part of the Oregon Trail. In 1834, when Fort Laramie was built in eastern Wyoming, the pass was used by numerous fur hunters and, in the 1840s, by immigrants and gold prospectors heading to Oregon, California, or Salt Lake City in Utah. In the wake of the Mexican-American War (1848), Mexico delivered southwestern Wyoming to the United States. In 1868, Wyoming, with a population of 60,000, became a territory.

The construction of the Union Pacific Railroad in 1867 and 1868, the discovery of gold, and the ease of obtaining cheap land legally stimulated their colonization. In the following years, Wyoming became a major cattle breeding region.

Admission as state

Wyoming was admitted to the Union as one more state on July 10, 1890. From the beginning, Wyoming’s vast, sparsely populated expanse produced an enormous amount of wood and oil, as well as other agricultural and livestock products. Its already flourishing economy enjoyed a marked development thanks to the discovery, after World War II, of trona and uranium minerals. In 1960, a major missile base was built in the Cheyenne region.

Natural resources

Wyoming has a generally cold and semi-arid climate; it is one of the driest states in the United States. Since the 1970s, water preservation has been one of the state’s biggest problems. A distinctive feature of its climate is the high and persistent winds of the Wyoming Basin.

Forests cover about one sixth of Wyoming’s total land area. The main tree species are lodgepole pine and spruce, which cohabit with ferns.

Animal life is varied and includes the elk, the mountain sheep, the mountain goat, the American black bear, the brown bear, the cougar, the antelope, the coyote, the badger, the rabbit and the prairie dog.

The most frequent birds are hawks, hawks and eagles, while trout is the most common species in rivers.

Mining contributes 23% of the gross annual product and has long been one of the most important activities in the state. The main minerals are oil, coal, natural gas, and sodium compounds. Wyoming is the nation’s leading producer of dairy and wool. Regarding livestock, the raising of sheep and cattle stands out, while agriculture is based on the crops of hay, sugar beets (beets), barley and wheat.

Manufacturing companies contribute only about 4% of gross annual product. The most prominent manufactured articles are petroleum derivatives, chemical products, industrial machinery, wood and its derivatives, food products and printed matter.


Wyoming’s Supreme Court, with five judges, is the highest judicial body at the state level. The state’s judiciary is unusual in that the relatively sparsely populated state of Wyoming lacks an intermediate level of appellate courts, and the Supreme Court is therefore the only higher instance.


Wyoming’s only university is the University of Wyoming in Laramie. Together with the private Wyoming Catholic College in Lander, it is one of two institutions that provide longer college education. In addition to these, there are also seven community colleges that provide shorter and preparatory higher education.


Wyoming is a sparsely populated state where agriculture and livestock farming have traditionally been important industries. Ever since the arrival of the railway, coal mining has also played an important role in the local economy. In modern times, the energy industry and the tourism sector have taken over the role of leading industries from the agricultural sector, although agriculture continues to play an important role in large parts of the state. Among US states, Wyoming has the largest coal mine, the second largest natural gas production and the fifth largest oil production. Wind power is also a growing part of the energy industry due to the favorable wind conditions in the state.

Wyoming Overview

Carson City, Nevada

Carson City, Nevada

According to CountryAAH.com, Carson City is a city of great natural beauty, with charm, history and typical western hospitality, it gets its name from a legendary hunter and explorer, Kit Carson. Visiting this city is like a live history lesson. Just follow the Kit Carson Trail, a path that passes old mansions, courthouses, a station and a brewery, to experience the life of the Wild West.

Also downtown, the Capitol, built in 1870, offers insight into the birth of Nevada as a state and Carson City as its capital. Other historical monuments, cultural heritage centers and museums dot the landscape that surrounds the city, not to mention its nightclubs.

The city is known for the Divine Nine, a group of premium golf courses designed by professionals such as Arnold Palmer, Johnny Millar and John Harbottle and nestled in the magnificent Sierra Mountains. After golfing, gambling, or visiting the many attractions, relax at the Carson City Hot Springs. You will feel relaxed, rejuvenated and ready to experience new emotions.


The eastern Sierra habitat must have been a welcome haven for explorers Kit Carson and John C. Fremont, as they traveled in Eagle Valley during their search to map the West in the 1840s.

To the east, long stretches of desert mark the difficult terrain settlers have had to endure to get here. To the west, the Sierra Nevada extends like a gate to the Pacific. During that time, northern Nevada saw its first wave of white settlers. The Bidwell-Bartleson part is believed to have made its way through the area in 1841. West traffic increased, fueled by the great boom of 1848 – 1849, when the discovery of California gold ignited the spirit and the frontier transformed Eagle Valley.

In 1851, Eagle Station, a small and trading post on the Carson Ranch of the California Trail Emigrants Branch, served as a stopover for weary trips for gold seekers. According to historical accounts, the station and its surrounding valley took its name from an eagle shot by Frank Hall with his Colt ball-and-cap and mounted on the back wall of trade. Frank, brother WL Hall and George Jollenshee run the ranch, located on the present site of Fifth and Thompson streets.

In 1858, Abraham Curry Eagle purchased the station when he found lots that were presented in Genoa, Nevada to be too expensive. Carson City’s future designation as a capital company was largely the fruit of Curry’s workforce. He left a ten-acre plaza in the center of the city for its planned location of the State Capitol and plans for the city of the future. In 1859, prospectors hit silver in the hills east of Carson City. The Comstock LODE, as it was called, was the largest silver find in the history of the world. Tens of thousands of miners will pour into Carson City and neighboring Virginia City.

In the 1860s, Carson City was a station for the Pony Express and overland mail under the Chorpenning, Butterfield, and Wells Fargo. In 1861, true to Curry’s prediction, and largely due to his shrewd maneuvering, Carson City became the capital of the Nevada Territory.

Despite its small population and expansive territory (Nevada is the seventh largest state), statehood was unavoidable. War was brewing in the East, Nevada, and wealth, as well as their Congressional votes, would prove vital to the Union war effort. Nevada was granted statehood on October 31, 1864. Every year Nevada “Battle of Birth” roots are celebrated in Carson City with the Nevada Day Parade.


According to Abbreviationfinder, the city limits of Carson City cover 155.7 square kilometers, making it one of the largest cities in terms of area in the state. Downtown Carson City is located in Eagle Valley, which is surrounded by the Sierra Nevada to western Virginia and the range to the East. Snow Valley Peak, rising 9214 feet from the Sierra Nevada, is the highest point in the city. The border city limits Lake Tahoe to the west and the Carson River passes through the city to the east.


Carson City is located in the high desert valley approximately 4730 feet above sea level. There are four quite distinct seasons, all of which are relatively mild compared to many parts of the country. Winters see snow, however it is rarely heavy. Most of the precipitations take place in winter and spring, summer and fall being extremely dry, like neighbors of California. Typically high mid-summers in the upper 90s, however temperatures of 100 degrees and above do occur from time to time. Low humidity and high altitude generally make even the hottest and coldest days quite bearable. Julyaverage high and low temperatures at 91 and 51, respectively, while in January this drops to 45 and 22.


As of the 2000 census, there are 52,457 people, 20171 households, and 13,252 families residing in the city. The population density is 141 / km² (366 / mi²). There are 21,283 housing units at an average density of 57 / km² (148 / mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 85.30% White, 1.80% Black or African American, 2.40% Native American, 1.77% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 6.46% Other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. 14.23% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.


Western Nevada Community College is a regionally accredited, two-year institution that is part of the Nevada System of Higher Education. The college has an enrollment of approximately 6,000 degrees-seeking students attending classes on campuses in Carson City, Fallon, and Douglas County and teaching centers in Dayton, Fernley, Hawthorne, Lake Tahoe, Lovelock, Smith Valley, and Yerington. It has an extensive prison education program, which offers undergraduate classes to search for five inmates in correctional institutions (four men and one woman).

The University of Nevada is also in the area, located 30 miles north of Reno. Carson City has six public elementary schools: Bordewich / Bray, Empire, Fremont, Fritsch, Mark Twain, and Seeliger.


Carson City is one of five state capitals not served by an interstate (Dover, Delaware; Jefferson City, Missouri; Juneau, Alaska, and Pierre, South Dakota are the other four). This soon change as Interstate 580, also known as the City of Carson Freeway, is currently under construction. The Washoe County Regional Transportation System (RTC) provides public transportation service between Reno and Carson City, and on October 3, 2005, Carson City’s first bus system, Explore Carson (JAC) opened its doors to the public.

Carson City, Nevada

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

According to CountryAAH.com, Wisconsin is a state in the Midwest of the United States . The state’s economy was originally based on fur, then logging, farming, and cattle raising. Industrialization began in the late 19th century in the southeast, with Milwaukee being a major centre. In recent decades, service industries, especially education and medicine, have grown quite rapidly.

Since the founding of the state, Wisconsin has been a multiracial community. The Americans were the first group of people to migrate here from New York and New England . They dominate in heavy industry, finance, politics, and education. Later, many Europeans arrived, including Germans, mostly between 1850 and 1900, Scandinavians (mostly Norwegians) and a small number of Belgians, Dutch, Swiss, and Finnish, Irelandand other ethnicities. By the 20th century, a large number of Poles and descendants of slaves arrived, most of which settled in Milwaukee.

Milwaukee is the capital city of the state of Wisconsin, in the United States. It is a commercial and industrial center and one of the main ports of entry to the Great Lakes system – San Lorenzo canal. The city is number 22 in terms of population in the United States, and is located in the southwestern sector of the state, on the western shore of Lake Michigan.


First settlers

Various Native American groups lived in this place; French missionaries, who arrived at the end of the 17th century, encountered people of the Sauk, Ojibwa, Menomini, Fox, Mascuten and Potawatomi ethnic groups in the lands formerly occupied by the Winnebago. In 1818, the French Solomon Juneau settled in the area. He bought his father-in-law’s business and in 1833 founded a town on the east side of the Milwaukee River.


In 1846, the town of Juneau merged with two nearby towns to become the city of Milwaukee: Kilbourntown in the west, founded by Byron Kilbourn, and Walker’s Point in the south, founded by George H. Walker. Juneau was the first mayor of Milwaukee. The immigration German helped increase the population of the city from the early 1840s. To this day Milwaukee has a considerable German-American population.

Late 19th century

From the late 19th century to the 1950s, Milwaukee, like many other northern industrial cities, received large numbers of immigrants from Germany, Hungary, Poland, and other central European countries, as well as a significant number of African-Americans from the states. from the south. This helped Milwaukee become one of the 15 largest cities in the country, and by the mid-1960s the population reached 750,000. However, beginning in the late 1990s, Milwaukee, like many other cities in the Great Lakes area, saw its population decline due to several factors.


In recent times the city has made an effort to improve its economy, its neighborhoods and its image, resulting in the revitalization of sectors such as Third Ward, East Side and, more recently, Bay View, along with attracting new businesses to its downtown area.. While the city still faces a declining population, it continues to make plans to improve its future through various projects.

Economic development

According to Abbreviationfinder, Milwaukee manufactures non-electrical machinery, metal and food products, printing materials, electrical and electronic equipment, and chemicals. Milwaukee is also the commercial center of the prosperous agricultural region in which it is located and in which dairy products are made and wheat and fruits are grown; it also has an important beer production.

Social development


The population of Milwaukee, estimated in 2005 is 578,887 residents.


The Milwaukee area contains many cultural facilities and several historical sites. Cultural centers include the Milwaukee Public Museum, featuring exhibits on natural history and Milwaukee history, and the Milwaukee Museum of Art. The Basilica of Saint Josaphat (1897-1901) is the only one of Polish origin in North America.


Among its institutions of higher learning are Marquette University (1864), the University of Wisconsin Milwaukee (1955), Concordia University of Wisconsin (1881), the Wisconsin School of Medicine (1970), the Institute of Arts and Milwaukee Design (1974) and Milwaukee School of Engineering (1903).

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Fun facts

  • Milwaukee is the hometown of William Harley and Arthur Davidson, creators of the Harley Davidson motorcycle brand.
  • In Milwaukee, Jack Finney was born in 1911, a famous author of works of, among other narrative genres, science fiction and horror.
  • In 2003, the centenary of the factory’s creation was celebrated. On that date, the city of Milwaukee hosted the largest Harley-Davidson event in history.
  • Milwaukee Mile is the oldest active racetrack in the world.
  • Milwaukee is where WWE Diva Candice Michelle lives
  • The Kinto Sol group is based
Nebraska Overview

Nebraska Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Nebraska is a state of the United States, is located in the middle region west of the nation. Its state capital is the city of Lincoln. Bounded by the state of South Dakota to the north, with the state of Iowa to the east, with the state of Missouri to the southeast, with the state of Kansas to the south, and with Colorado to the southwest, and with Wyoming to the west. It is located in a geographical position between coordinates 40 o to 43 north latitude and 95 or 25 ‘to 104 west longitude. It has a population of 1 774 571 (2010) residents in an area of ​​200 346 km 2. The state was founded on March 1, 1867.


In 1803, Nebraska became a possession of the United States as a result of the Louisiana Purchase. Between 1804 and 1806, the Lewis and Clark expedition recognized a part of the territory. In 1807, the Spanish Manuel Lisa established the area’s first permanent white settlement.

The Oregon and California routes to the West, which crossed Nebraska, allowed a gradual settlement of pioneers in the region, despite the fact that, in 1834, the federal government had declared Nebraska part of Indian Territory, which meant the exclusion of all the white settlers. In 1854, it became the Nebraska Territory.

Immigration to this area increased with the passing of several federal laws; in 1867, Nebraska achieved statehood and the capital was established at Lincoln. In the last decades of the 19th century, powerful agrarian organizations emerged.

During the Great Depression of the 1930s, many farmers, unable to meet their mortgage payments, lost their properties. Agricultural production increased again after World War II, thanks to the construction of reservoirs promoted by the federal government to control floods, which favored Nebraska and other states irrigated by the waters of the Missouri River.


Nebraska, a state in the central United States; It borders South Dakota to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the east, Kansas to the south, Colorado to the southwest, and Wyoming to the west. The Missouri River forms the eastern border. According to CountryAAH.com, Nebraska most important cities are Lincoln (the capital), Omaha, Grand Island, Bellevue and Kearney.

With an area of ​​200,346 km², Nebraska is divided into three major geographic regions: the dissected plains of Till, which, as the name suggests, are composed of deposits of till (a mixture of clay and other rocks as a result of glacial action), the Great Plains and the plains of loes. The eastern sector of the state was in the past covered by glaciers, which deposited a thick layer of till on which fine silts accumulated that had a wind transport (loes).

Four-fifths of western Nebraska falls within the Great Plains region; the surface of this region was formed mostly by water currents from the Rocky Mountains to the west, which deposited sand, gravel, silt and mud on its beds. In the southern area of ​​the state are the fertile plains of the loes; north of the Platte River lie low hills, which are ancient sand dunes.

The Missouri River and its tributaries drain the waters of the entire territory. The state’s main river, the Platte, is formed by the confluence of the North Platte and South Platte rivers.


Nebraska has a continental climate, with hot summers and harsh winters. During the summer, the warm and humid masses from the Gulf of Mexico cause frequent storms, hailstorms and occasional tornadoes.

Flora and fauna

The vegetation original Nebraska are grasslands, and only 3% of the total area is covered by forest.

Among the wildlife include the presence of coyotes, antelope, deer, foxes, badgers and prairie dogs. Just over a hundred years ago, the Nebraska prairies were the grazing grounds of millions of bison; at present the bison is found only in isolated reserves.

Economic development

Nebraska’s main mineral resource is oil, although small amounts of natural gas are also extracted.

More than 95% of the total area of ​​the state is dedicated to agricultural activity, accounting for almost two-thirds of annual agricultural income from livestock products. Nebraska is among the top three beef producing states in the country, although pigs, sheep and poultry are also an important source of income.

The main crops are corn, sorghum, soybeans (soybeans), hay, barley, rye, oats, millet, sugar beets, kidney beans (beans) and potatoes (potatoes).

The main industry focuses on the production of processed foods, especially meat.

Social development


Nebraska had 1,774,571 residents in 2010. Most of the population is concentrated in a corridor that borders the eastern border and in a strip that runs along the Platte and North Platte rivers. 89.6% of the population is made up of whites, while blacks account for 4%. 94,425 residents are considered to be of Hispanic descent.

The chief executive is a governor, elected by the people for a period of four years; their mandate is limited to a maximum of two consecutive elections. Nebraska is the only state that has a unicameral legislative body. It is represented by two senators and three representatives in the United States Congress.

Nebraska Overview

West Virginia Overview

West Virginia Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, West Virginia is the northeastern state of the United States; It borders Ohio and Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the northeast, Virginia to the east and south, and Kentucky and Ohio to the west. The Potomac River shapes the northeast border of West Virginia; the waterways of the Tug Fork and Big Shandy establish almost the entire southwestern boundary, and the Ohio River does the same for the western and northwestern boundaries. According to CountryAAH.com, West Virginia main cities are Charleston (the capital), Huntington, Wheeling, Parkersburg and Morganton.


Archaeological remains show that the Adena culture (c. 1000-100 BC) flourished along the Ohio and Kanawha rivers, and that West Virginia was occupied by Aboriginal peoples in the mid-17th century. The state territory became the scene of wars when the Shawnee of neighboring Ohio tried to stop the advance of the white settlers.

East and West Virginia could have settled their differences amicably, as it seemed they were doing in the 1850s, had it not been for the outbreak of the American Civil War.. The unionists opposed the separation of Virginia and, before their military conquests in June and July 1861, the separatist leaders organized first the so-called restored government of Virginia (whose headquarters was in Wheeling), followed, later, by a state government independent, which entered the Union as West Virginia on June 20, 1863.

The bituminous coal industry — which lies under roughly two-thirds of the state — has shaped West Virginia’s history since the 1870s. The development of mining unions and the resistance of mine owners to their demands led to sporadic fierce fighting. between 1912 and 1954. Later, West Virginia tended to diversify its economy.

Territory and resources

West Virginia has an area of ​​62,755 km². The altitude of the territory varies from 73 m, along the Potomac River, to 1,482 m at the top of the Spruce Knob.

The entire western part of the state lies on folded sedimentary rocks. Two are the physiographic regions of West Virginia: the Valley and Ridge region and the Allegheny Mountains. In the first, to the east, the limestone rocks are strongly folded, creating narrow and jagged mountain ranges. The Allegheny Mountains straddle the eastern edge of the Appalachian system. The main rivers are the Ohio, the Monongahela and the Kanawha.

West Virginia has a humid continental climate. Summer storms sometimes cause severe flooding. About three-quarters of West Virginia is covered with forests. Dominant tree species are beech, tree tulip, the maple sugar, the chestnut, the red oak, the white oak, the hemlock, the hickory, the Virginia pine and pitch pine.

In terms of fauna, large mammals include the white-tailed or Virginia deer and the American black bear, and among the smallest, the red and gray fox, the badger, the raccoon, the cottontail rabbit, the gray squirrel and the American marmot.

Mining is focused on the extraction of bituminous coal. The state has remained in the top two or three for the nation’s annual coal production since the early 1900s. Besides coal, other important minerals are oil and natural gas. Due to its rugged topography, West Virginia does not have significant agricultural production. The most prominent agricultural products are: cattle (veal), poultry and turkey breeding, dairy products, and the cultivation of apples, corn and hay; the production of eggs, the raising of pigs and sheep, as well as the cultivation of oats, wheat, tobacco, peaches (peach trees), cherry trees and mulberry trees are equally important. Wood from second-growth oak, yellow poplar, beech, and other hardwoods are exploited in large quantities.

The most prominent manufacturing industries are primary metals (especially iron, steel,and aluminum), glass, ceramics, industrial machinery, printing materials, wood products, processed foods, electronic equipment, textiles, and clothing.

The chief executive is a governor popularly elected for a period of four years and who cannot serve more than two consecutive terms. At the national level, West Virginia sends two senators and three representatives to the United States Congress.


West Virginia is one of the poorest states in the United States. Due to its strongly unionized political tradition, it was traditionally associated with the Democratic Party , which is why it was mostly represented by Democratic senators, governors and representatives, such as Robert Byrd , who died in June 2010 , the doyen of the Democratic Senate faction and senator with the longest term in office to date . Representatives in the United States Senate until 2014 were Jay Rockefeller and former Governor Joe Manchin . At the midterm elections in November 2014, Rockefeller’s Senate seat fell to the Republican Shelley Moore Capito . This means that West Virginia will be represented by a woman for the first time and again by a Republican senator in 55 years. The Democrat Manchin was re-elected in 2018 and is thus elected to the Senate until 2024 ..  In presidential elections , West Virginia was also considered to belong to the Democratic camp until 2000; it was one of only six states to vote for Jimmy Carter and against Ronald Reagan in 1980 . However, the state, the inhabitants of which, in addition to the economically political left, also largely represented a conservative position in socio-political matters and evangelicals ,are close to free churches, have always voted for the candidate of the Republican Party in presidential elections since 2000 and can therefore now be counted among the Red States.

In the 2016 US presidential election , 67.9% of West Virginia voters voted for Republican candidate Donald Trump. This was the highest proportion nationwide.

West Virginia Overview

Montana Geography

Montana Geography

With an area of ​​376,978 km², according to Abbreviationfinder, Montana is the fourth largest state in the United States(after Alaska, Texas and California). In the north, Montana has an international border with Canada – 877 km of border, the longest border in the world without defense -, bordering the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan, more provinces than any other US state. In addition, Montana borders the states of North Dakota and part of South Dakota to the east; with Wyoming to the south and Idaho to the west.


The relief of the state is diverse, but very defined by the continental divide of the Americas, which runs through the state in a diagonal direction crossing it from the northwest to the center-south, and dividing it into two different areas: the eastern regions, and the regions of the West. Montana is well known for its mountainous western part, most of which is geologically and geographically part of the Rocky Mountains. However, about 60% of the state is actually prairie, part of the northern Great Plains. Despite this, to the east of the Continental Divide and the Rocky Mountain Front, there are numerous microclimate areas where grasslands are abundant.

Between the mountain ranges there are numerous valleys, rich in agricultural resources and rivers, and possess multiple opportunities for tourism and leisure. Among the best known areas are the valleys of Flathead, Bitterroot, Great Hole and the Gallatin Valley.

The east and north of this transition zone is commonly known as the northern plains, with prairies and plateaus, with some mountains and badlands, and it spans the Dakotas, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Wyoming.

The small and rare mountains that are organized east of the continental divide are:

  1. The Crazy Mountains,
  2. The Little Belt Mountains,
  3. The Snowy Mountains,
  4. The Sweet Grass Hills,
  5. The Bull Mountains and, in the southeastern corner of the state, near Ekalaka, the Long Pines and the Short Pines.

The eastern part of this area, in the north central area of ​​the state, is known as Missouri Breaks. Here, near Great Falls, you can find three buttes (in Spanish, “volcanic neck”, mountain or small hill with vertical walls), in addition to impressive cliffs. These three, Square butte, Corona butte, and Shaw’s butte, are made of very dense magmatic rock and have resisted erosion for a very long time. The fundamental surface is composed of slate. Many areas around these buttes are covered by clay. These lands are derived from the Colorado Formation. In the far east, areas such as Makoshika State Park, near Glendive, and Medicinal Rocks State Park near Ekalaka are also prominent badlands in Montana.


Montana also has many rivers, many of them known as the “blue belt”, which are suitable for trout fishing, but they also supply water to most of the residents, as well as hydraulic power. Montana is the only state that has rivers that will flow into the three great American watersheds: the Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Hudson Bay, which are divided by the Triple Division Peak, in Glacier National Park.

East of the divide, the Missouri River, formed by the confluence of the Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin Rivers, crosses the central part of the state, flows through the Missouri Breaks, and enters North Dakota. The Yellowstone River begins in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, flows north to Livingston in Montana, where it turns east and runs through the state until it empties into the Missouri River, a few miles east of the North Dakota border. Other important tributaries of the Missouri River that flow through Montana are the Milk River, the Marías River, the Tongue River, and the Musselshell River. Montana also claims the title of having the “smallest river in the world,” the River Roe, just outside Great Falls. All these rivers end at Mississippi River, and therefore, to the Gulf of Mexico.

Water is of vital importance to this state, both for agriculture and for hydropower. In addition to rivers, this state is home to Lake Flathead, the largest natural freshwater lake west of the Great Lakes. Many reservoirs have been built, the largest being Fort Peck, built on the Missouri River.

Economic development

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that the GDP of the state of Montana was 26 billion dollars in 2003. The income per capita in this same year was 25,406, 47th in the United States. However, this number is growing faster and faster. According to the Missoulian, the economy has grown rapidly since 2003. In 2005, Montana ranked 39th in the country with a per capita income of $ 29,387.

The economy is based mainly on agriculture – wheat, barley, beets, oats, rye, potatoes, honey and cherries – sheep farming and very significant extraction of wood and minerals (gold, coal, silver, talc and vermiculite.

Tourism is also very important to the economy with millions of visitors a year to Glacier National Park, Flathead Lake, the Little Big Horn battlefield and Yellowstone National Park.

Montana income tax rates range from 1% to 6.9%. This state does not have taxes on sales. In Montana, buildings are exempt from property taxes. However, these taxes apply to livestock, farm machinery, heavy equipment, cars, trucks, and business equipment. The amount of the property tax is not determined solely by the property value.


In 2005, Montana had an estimated population of 935,670, which represents an increase of 8,750 residents, or 0.9% over the previous year, and an increase of 33,475 residents and 3.7% since 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 13,674 (58,001 births minus 44,327 deaths) and another due to the immigration of 21,074 people to this state. Immigration from outside the United States has provided an increase of 2,141 residents, and immigration from the same country to this state is 18,933 people. 16,500 of the residents of this state were born abroad, accounting for 1.8% of the total population. According to CountryAAH.com, Helena is the state capital of the U.S. state of Montana and the county seat of Lewis and Clark County.

While German ancestry is the most numerous among the Euro-American groups, residents of Scandinavian descent predominate in the areas where there is farm, the north and the east, on the prairie. There are also several counties where Amerindians predominate, mostly around each of the seven Indian reservations.

Historically, mining oriented western Montana communities like Butte to have a wider range of ethnic groups, particularly people from Eastern Europe and Irish Americans, as well as people who migrated from English mining regions, such as Cornwall. Montana is the second state in the United States (only surpassed by South Dakota), with several colonies spread throughout the territory. Montana’s Hispanic population is mostly located around the Billings area, and in Beaverhead County, in the south-central and south-western part of the state, and the highest density of African Americans is located in Great Falls.

Montana Geography