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Bangkok, Thailand

Bangkok, Thailand

According to abbreviationfinder, Bangkok is the capital and most populous city in Thailand and the third in Southeast Asia, only preceded by Jakarta and Manila. It is also considered as the political, social and economic center not only of Thailand and but of the Indochinapeninsula. The city is located at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River and has a population of 6,355,144 residents while the Greater Bangkok area has 11,971,000 residents (according to the 2008 census).

The full ceremonial name of Bangkok is Krungthepmahanakhon Amonrattanakosin Mahintharayutthaya Mahadilokphop Noppharatratchathaniburirom Udomratchaniwetmahasathan Amonphimanawatansathit Sakkathattiyawitsanukamprasit, which means’ City of angels, the great gem of the eternal city, the beautiful capital city of the undiminished gems, the magnificent city of the undying world, the magnificent city of the eternal precious jewel, the happy city, which abounds in a colossal Royal Palace that resembles the divine abode where the reincarnated gods reign, a city offered by Indra and built by Vishnukam ‘. To facilitate conversations, the locals refer to him as Krung Thep Maha Nakhon.

In recent years, the city’s influence on art, politics, fashion, education, sports and entertainment, as well as the strong foray into the business world, has given Bangkok the status of a global city. . Bangkok is not really the name of the capital, although it is the one used universally as it was its ancient name and it is perpetual to this day. This name means “wild plum village” which in turn comes from the name of a part of the west side of the Chao Phraya River called Thon Buri. In Thaithe city is known as Krung Thep Mahanakhon which means “the city of angels”. Bangkok is subdivided into 50 districts called khet or amphoe.


Bangkok is located at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River, exactly located between the coordinates 13 ° 45′08 ″ N 100 ° 29′38 ″ E. Bangkok’s Special Administrative Area covers 1,568.7 km 2, making it the 68th largest province in Thailand. Most of this area is occupied by the city of Bangkok, making it one of the largest cities in the world.

The relief of Bangkok and its surroundings is predominantly flat and its main landform is the Chao Phraya River, which covers 372 km and empties into Bangkok Bay.

The city is about two meters above sea level, which causes flooding during the monsoon season. It is common that after a downpour, the water in the canals and the river flood part of the city, sometimes causing it to provoke, for which reason more dams have recently been installed next to some canals to prevent the water levels from reaching the urban level.

It is said that because the city is built on a swamp it sinks an average of two centimeters a year.


Bangkok’s climate is classified as dry tropical. The highest temperature recorded in the city was 40 ° C in May 1983, while the lowest recorded occurred in January 1955, when it was recorded 9.9 ° C.

The coldest daytime temperature was 19.9 ° C in December 1992.

In 1997 was the hottest year in Bangkok in which an average temperature of 30 ° C and the cooler was registered 1975 with an average temperature of 26.3 ° C.


The city has a population of 6,355,144 residents while the Greater Bangkok area has 11,971,000 residents (according to the January 2008 census) and has gone from being a homogeneous Thai population to a mixture of people of other nationalities that include Westerners., which gives the city a cosmopolitan status. Among the most significant immigrant groups are those from India and China. See population of Thailand.


The city of Bangkok is the economic center of all Thailand and the country’s Stock Exchange is located there. Among its main sources of income is tourism and among the main exports are processed food, wood, and textiles. The city has excellent industrial plants including mills rice mills, cement, lumber mills, refineries oil and shipyards.

We must also emphasize that the city is a famous jewelry center, especially in relation to the purchase and sale of silver and bronze pieces and the Chao Phraya River allows Bangkok to function as a port.

Education and culture

The educational and cultural facilities of Bangkok include several universities such as the University of Bangkok, the Asian Institute of Technology, the Bangkok Thonburi College, the SAE Institute Bangkok, among others, it also includes an academy of fine arts, a national theater and a national museum..

The city has many Buddhist temples, known in Thai as Wats, among the best known are Wat Pho and Wat Arun.

The seal of the city is based on a painting made by Somdej Chaofa Kromphraya Narisra-nuwattiwong and shows the god Indra who rides in the clouds on Erawan (Airavata), which is a mythological creature in the shape of an elephant often represented with three heads. . In his hand Indra holds a lightning bolt as a weapon to ward off drought. The tree symbol of Bangkok is the ficus benjamina.

Bangkok, Thailand