Tag: Qatar

Doha, Qatar

Doha, Qatar

According to abbreviationfinder, Doha is the capital of Qatar, and is located on the Qatari peninsula in the Persian Gulf. Its main economic activities are the oil and fishing industry. Its estimated population is 998,651 residents (2009) and its geographical position is located between the coordinates 25.3 ° N 51.5333 ° E. In the city is the headquarters of the Al-Jazeera television network, one of the main international media. in Arabic language.

In this city the first meeting at the ministerial level on the negotiations of the World Trade Organization with the purpose of liberalizing world trade was held. Which was called the Doha Round and materialized in 2001.

History

Doha was founded in 1825 with the name of Al-Vida, in that same year, during the war between Qatar and Bahrain, Doha had been severely damaged and Abu Dhabi, was helping Bahrain.

The name “Doha” is believed to come from the Arabic word Ad-Dawhah which means: “The Great Tree”. Alluding to a prominent tree that must have grown on the spot. It is also said that it may have been a derivative of “Dohat” which in Arabic means bay or gulf.

In 1765 Al Bida appears for the first time reflected on an English map.

In the 19th century, Doha was little more than a small town known as Al Vida routinely attacked by Bedouin nomads.

In 1821 the town was bombed by the British ship Vestal in 1821, after the city considered broken a general peace treaty.

In 1841 the town was bombed again after Al-Suwaidi, the leader of the Sudanese who later ruled Al Bida, was accused of being outside the law.

In 1847 the town was destroyed after its leader – Bin Tarif Bin Salamah – died in battle against the Caliph of Bahrain near Fuweirat.

Doha was a city close to Al Bida, and between Al Bida and Doha, the British resident decided to establish that the capital of Qatar was to be Doha or Al Wakra.

In 1867 the Qataris were attacked again by Bahrain who had the help of Abu Dhabi, after that Doha and Al Wakra tried to retaliate in a very bloody naval battle, but the British, who wanted to keep the trade calm and stable in the Annoyed that the caliphs of Bahrain had broken the treaty prohibiting maritime warfare in the area, they arrived in Qatar and were received by the head of Al Bida, Sahikh Mohamad Bin Thani. At this meeting it was to lead Qatar and turn it into a nation-state under Al Thanis.

In 1882, Al Rayyan built the fortress of Al Wajbah in the southwest of Doha and the following year, Sheikh Qassim led a Qatari army to victory against the Ottomans.

With the approval of Qassim Al-Thani, who had an interest in consolidating his control of the area, the Ottomans took control of the country, based in Doha. However, disagreement over tributes and interference in internal affairs led to the battle of 1893 where the Ottomans were defeated and withdrew to their outpost in central Doha, from where they were driven during the First World War.

As a result of the departure of the Ottomans as early as 1916 Qatar was a formal British protectorate with Doha as the country’s capital.

In 1917, the Al-Kout Fortress, which is located in the center of the city, was built by Sheikh Abdulla Bin Qasim Al-Thani.

In 1930 after the introduction of cultured pearls by Japan the entire region, including the city of Doha, suffered a very strong depression and Qatar sank into poverty because during the 20th century, a large part of the Qatari economy depended on fishing and pearl gathering, and the introduction of these pearls brought a debacle to the economy, however in the late 1930s, important oil deposits were discovered in the country that despite the fact that they could not be exploited to a great extent Due to the Second World War already today, the nation as a whole produces thousands of barrels of oil per day.

In 1971 the country gained its independence.

After the second world war the exploitation of the oil reserves of Qatar were pushed to save the city. However, the emirs of Qatar waited a long time to develop and expand the exploitation of the newly discovered wealth, after which there was a coupled development of the entire city, but as in other countries in the region, in the desire to modernize much of the country’s heritage was lost.

In 1973, the University of Qatar opened its doors.

In 1996 the Arab satellite Al-Jazeera television (news channel) began to broadcast from Doha.

By 2010 Qatar was already considered one of the fastest developing countries not only in the Arab world but also on a planetary level.

Geography

Doha is located on the Arabian Peninsula, specifically on the Qatari peninsula in the Persian Gulf between the coordinates 25.3 ° N 51.5333 ° E.

Climate

The prevailing climate in the city of Doha is warm and very arid but cold at night, the average temperature is over 48 ° C from May to September, and the humidity is variable. In summer, temperatures often reach 60 ° C or more.

Precipitation

During the summer months there is almost no precipitation and the rest of the months there is no precipitation, with an average of 0 mm per year, with drizzles falling on isolated days, especially between October and March.

Winters are hot during the day and cold at night, although the temperature rarely drops below -3 ° C.

Population

The population of Doha is composed mostly of foreign residents, predominantly those from South Asian countries, mainly Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, the Philippines, Bangladesh and Indonesia, there are also a large number of people from Arab countries from the East Coast and North Africa, and East Asia as well as expatriates from the UK, USA, Canada, France, South Africa and Australia, and from many other countries around the world. See population of Qatar.

Due to heavy immigration, Doha has witnessed one of the most extraordinary population growth rates and currently stands at over one million residents.

Economy

Doha, is the economic center of Qatar and where the wealth obtained from oil and natural gas is reflected, which are the bases of its economy and the country, it is the headquarters of the largest oil and gas companies in the country, including Qatar Petroleum, Qatargas, Ras Gas.

The city on par with the country is rapidly trying to diversify the economy in order to get away from this dependence on oil. So it is experiencing a very big boom, especially as a result of the Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa modernization program.

Like the nearby city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, Doha’s economy is moving away from its dependence on oil and natural gas, although unlike Dubai, Doha’s main focus is not tourism. Doha due to its extraordinary population growth is experiencing a boom in the real estate sector with the rise in real estate prices.

This growth rate has led to projects such as the Lusail Ciudad project, which is being built north of Doha, which will house 200,000 people.

Construction is also booming in Doha as a result of increased business and commercial activity in Doha.

Districts

Doha main districts:

  • Al Bida
  • Bin mahmoud
  • Al Dafna
  • Al Hilal
  • Madinat khalifa
  • Al Mamoura
  • Al Markhiya
  • Al Nasr
  • Old Airport
  • Onaiza
  • Qutaifiya
  • Ras Abu Aboud
  • Al sadd
  • Rumeilah
  • Al Waab
  • Wadi Al Sail
  • West Bay

Education

Education has been a very important focus of attention for the Qatari government in recent years. The government has requested the creation of other universities apart from the University of Qatar, established since 1973 and to create the famous City of Education.

The Education City is one of the major non-profit projects sponsored by the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, which has also launched the World Education Innovation Summit (global forum that brings together educational actors, opinion leaders and decision makers from around the world to discuss educational issues).

Doha is also home to countless international schools established for immigrant communities.

Doha, Qatar