Tag: New York

New York City, New York

New York City, New York

According to CountryAAH.com, New York is the most populous city in the State of New York, the United States of America and the second largest urban agglomeration on the continent. It is the center of the New York metropolitan area, which is among the largest urban agglomerations in the world. Since the end of the 19th century it has been one of the main world centers of commerce and finance.

New York is considered a global city given its worldwide influences in media, politics, education, entertainment, and fashion. The artistic and cultural influence of the city is one of the strongest in the country. In addition, it is the headquarters of the United Nations, which makes it an important point of international relations.

The city is made up of five neighborhoods (sometimes translated as boroughs or communes) each of which coincides with a borough: the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. With more than 8.4 million New Yorkers in an urban area of ​​830 square kilometers (320 mi²), New York is the second most densely populated city in the United States, behind Union City, New Jersey, located across the Hudson River.

The city has many neighborhoods and buildings recognized all over the world. For example, the Statue of Liberty, located on the island of the same name, and Ellis Island, which received millions of immigrants who came to the United States in the late 19thand early 20th centuries. Wall Street has been one of the major global centers of finance since World War II and is the home of the New York Stock Exchange.

According to Abbreviationfinder, the city has also home to many of the tallest buildings in the world, including the Empire State Building and the twin towers of the World Trade Center, which were toppled in the attacks of September 11, 2001.

The city is also the birthplace of many American cultural movements, such as the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual arts, Abstract Expressionism (also known as the New York School) in painting, and hip hop, punk, and Tin Pan Alley in music. In 2005, nearly 170 languages ​​were spoken in the city, and 36% of its population was born outside of the United States.

With its subway running 24 hours a day and the constant movement of traffic and people, New York is known as “the city that never sleeps.” The A Eighth Avenue Express(” A Eighth Avenue Express ” line, in Spanish) is a “New York City Subway” subway service.

History

At the time of its discovery in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, the region was inhabited by around 5,000 aborigines from the Lenape tribe. This Italian explorer in the service of the French crown called it Nouvelle Angoulême (New Angouleme).

European colonization began in 1614 at the hands of the Dutch and in 1626, the head of the colony, Peter Minuit, bought the island of Manhattan. The place would be renamed New Amsterdam and would specialize in the fur trade.

In 1664, the English conquered the city and renamed it New York in honor of the Duke of York and Albany.

New York City gained importance as a commercial port under the British Empire. As early as 1754, the city’s first university, Columbia University, was founded.

During the American War of Independence, the city emerged as the scene of a series of major battles known as “The New York and New Jersey Campaign.” After the war ended, the Continental Congress met in New York, and in 1789, the first president of the United States, George Washington, was proclaimed in Federal Hall on Wall Street.

New York was the capital of the United States until 1790. In the 19th century, immigration and development transformed the city. A visionary development proposal, the Commissioners ‘ Plan of 1811, expanded the city street grid to the entire island of Manhattan, and the opening in 1819 of the Erie Canal connected the Atlantic port to the vast agricultural markets within North America.

By 1835, New York City had surpassed Philadelphia as the largest city in the United States. Local politics had fallen under the rule of Tammany Hall, a system of political patronage supported by Irish immigrants.

Members of the former merchant aristocracy contributed to the establishment of Central Park, which became the first landscape park in an American city in 1857.

On the other hand, a major abolitionist movement existed in Manhattan and Brooklyn, and although slaves existed in New York in the 1820s, by the following decade New York became the center of abolitionist activism in the North.

Between 13 and 16 of July of 1863 opposition to the military draft during the American Civil War (1861 – 1865) caused a series of violent demonstrations known as Draft Riots or Draft Week; These events are considered one of the worst civil uprisings in American history.

In 1898, modern New York City was formed with the annexation to Manhattan of Brooklyn and municipalities of other boroughs thanks to projects such as the Brooklyn Bridge. The opening of the metro in 1904 helped unite the city. Through the first half of the 20th century, the city became a world center for industry, commerce, and communications.

In the 1920s, New York would become the main destination for African Americans during the so-called “Great Migration” from the American South.

September 11 attacks

New York City was one of the targets of the attacks of September 11, 2001, in which almost 3,000 people were killed in the terrorist attacks that were carried out against the twin towers of the World Trade Center, causing their collapse for two hours. after.

New York City, New York