Tag: New Jersey

New Jersey Overview

New Jersey Overview

New Jersey (short for NJ) is one of the 50 states of the United States, located in the Atlantic Coast and Northeast regions of the country. It is bordered to the north by the state of New York, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southwest by the state of Delaware and to the west by the state of Pennsylvania.

History

Originally inhabited by tribes of the Lenape, New Jersey was colonized by the Dutch in the beginning of the seventeenth century, and was part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, which included parts of which are Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey today. Some Swedes also lived in southwestern New Jersey, which was part of the Swedish colony of New Sweden before the Dutch took it in 1655.

In 1664, the English took control of the colony, which was divided into several parts. Two members of the English nobility, George Carteret and John Berkeley, received the land from the Hudson River and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Delaware River, and the region acquired the name Jersey, in reference to the Isle of Jersey, a dependency of the Crown. British on the French coast of the English Channel. For 28 years, the area was governed as two separate territories: West Jersey with its capital at Burlington, and East Jersey with its capital at Perth Amboy.

In 1702, the two colonies were united into a single English royal colony of New Jersey with its capital at Perth Amboy. New Jersey was one of the Thirteen English Coloniesthat rebelled against the British government in the American War of Independence.

It was the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution on December 18, 1787.

New Jersey today

The state of New Jersey is one of the wealthiest and most advanced in the United States. Its wealth is due to the proximity of the cities of New York and Philadelphia. Its 8.4 million residents are very diverse. It is an important destination for foreign immigrants to the United States. There is a large Hispanic population, and also many Chinese and Haitians. New Jersey is also home to one of the largest Italian communities in the nation. New Jersey has a reputation for being one of the most liberal and tolerant states in the nation. New Jersey revoked the death penalty in December 2007.

Demography

Currently the state of New Jersey has a population of 8,724,560 people, of which: 62.3% are white (European or of European descent).

  • 6% are Latino or Hispanic (among which Mexicans predominate).
  • 6% are black.
  • 5% are Asian.

The rest are made up of people of other ethnic groups. The population of Latino / Hispanic origin is the fastest growing, due to the high fertility rate of Latina women residing in the United States, and also due to legal and illegal immigration from Latin America and the Caribbean.

Government and economy

The city of Trenton was designated the state capital in 1792. The state is divided into 21 counties and has 13 representatives and 2 senators in the United States Congress. Its current governor is Chris Christie. The Legislative Power is made up of two Chambers: a Senate and a General Assembly, with 40 and 80 members, respectively. Its headquarters are in the city of Trenton. As far as the Judiciary is concerned, there are 7 justices on the State Supreme Court who are currently: James R. Zazzali, Virginia Long, Jaynee LaVecchia, Barry T. Albin, John E. Wallace Jr, Roberto A. Rivera -Soto, Helen E. Hoens. Its agricultural products include vegetables and fruits (specifically eggplant and blueberries), seafood, and dairy products. Its primary industrial products are: pharmaceutical and chemical products, and tourism.

Counties

Atlantic, Bergen, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Essex, Gloucester, Hudson, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, Monmouth, Morris, Ocean, Passaic, Salem, Somerse, t Sussex, Union, Warre.

Transport

New Jersey is the hub of several major highways and rail lines, especially the Northeast Corridor. The “New Jersey Turnpike” one of the best known and most used expressways in the United States. Commonly referred to as “The Turnpike” (pronounced “Ternpaik”), it is also known for its numerous rest areas, individually named after prominent natural citizens of the state, as diverse as inventor Thomas Edison; the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, Alexander Hamilton; Presidents of the United States such as Grover Cleveland and Woodrow Wilson; writers James Fenimore Cooper, Joyce Kilmer among others.

The “Garden State Parkway”, or simply “The Parkway” (pronounced Parkuei), carries much more state traffic and runs through the state from the town of Montvale (in northern New Jersey), to the southernmost tip of Cape May by a total of 172.4 miles. It is the main road that connects New York with Atlantic City. Other freeways in New Jersey include the “Atlantic City Expressway”, the “Palisades Interstate Parkway”, Interstate 76, Interstate 78, Interstate 80, Interstate 195, Interstate 280, Interstate 287, and Interstate 295. There is also, a state corporation (NJ Transit) which runs many buses and trains throughout the state.

New Jersey Overview