Tag: Nebraska

Nebraska Overview

Nebraska Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Nebraska is a state of the United States, is located in the middle region west of the nation. Its state capital is the city of Lincoln. Bounded by the state of South Dakota to the north, with the state of Iowa to the east, with the state of Missouri to the southeast, with the state of Kansas to the south, and with Colorado to the southwest, and with Wyoming to the west. It is located in a geographical position between coordinates 40 o to 43 north latitude and 95 or 25 ‘to 104 west longitude. It has a population of 1 774 571 (2010) residents in an area of ​​200 346 km 2. The state was founded on March 1, 1867.

History

In 1803, Nebraska became a possession of the United States as a result of the Louisiana Purchase. Between 1804 and 1806, the Lewis and Clark expedition recognized a part of the territory. In 1807, the Spanish Manuel Lisa established the area’s first permanent white settlement.

The Oregon and California routes to the West, which crossed Nebraska, allowed a gradual settlement of pioneers in the region, despite the fact that, in 1834, the federal government had declared Nebraska part of Indian Territory, which meant the exclusion of all the white settlers. In 1854, it became the Nebraska Territory.

Immigration to this area increased with the passing of several federal laws; in 1867, Nebraska achieved statehood and the capital was established at Lincoln. In the last decades of the 19th century, powerful agrarian organizations emerged.

During the Great Depression of the 1930s, many farmers, unable to meet their mortgage payments, lost their properties. Agricultural production increased again after World War II, thanks to the construction of reservoirs promoted by the federal government to control floods, which favored Nebraska and other states irrigated by the waters of the Missouri River.

Geography

Nebraska, a state in the central United States; It borders South Dakota to the north, Iowa and Missouri to the east, Kansas to the south, Colorado to the southwest, and Wyoming to the west. The Missouri River forms the eastern border. According to CountryAAH.com, Nebraska most important cities are Lincoln (the capital), Omaha, Grand Island, Bellevue and Kearney.

With an area of ​​200,346 km², Nebraska is divided into three major geographic regions: the dissected plains of Till, which, as the name suggests, are composed of deposits of till (a mixture of clay and other rocks as a result of glacial action), the Great Plains and the plains of loes. The eastern sector of the state was in the past covered by glaciers, which deposited a thick layer of till on which fine silts accumulated that had a wind transport (loes).

Four-fifths of western Nebraska falls within the Great Plains region; the surface of this region was formed mostly by water currents from the Rocky Mountains to the west, which deposited sand, gravel, silt and mud on its beds. In the southern area of ​​the state are the fertile plains of the loes; north of the Platte River lie low hills, which are ancient sand dunes.

The Missouri River and its tributaries drain the waters of the entire territory. The state’s main river, the Platte, is formed by the confluence of the North Platte and South Platte rivers.

Climate

Nebraska has a continental climate, with hot summers and harsh winters. During the summer, the warm and humid masses from the Gulf of Mexico cause frequent storms, hailstorms and occasional tornadoes.

Flora and fauna

The vegetation original Nebraska are grasslands, and only 3% of the total area is covered by forest.

Among the wildlife include the presence of coyotes, antelope, deer, foxes, badgers and prairie dogs. Just over a hundred years ago, the Nebraska prairies were the grazing grounds of millions of bison; at present the bison is found only in isolated reserves.

Economic development

Nebraska’s main mineral resource is oil, although small amounts of natural gas are also extracted.

More than 95% of the total area of ​​the state is dedicated to agricultural activity, accounting for almost two-thirds of annual agricultural income from livestock products. Nebraska is among the top three beef producing states in the country, although pigs, sheep and poultry are also an important source of income.

The main crops are corn, sorghum, soybeans (soybeans), hay, barley, rye, oats, millet, sugar beets, kidney beans (beans) and potatoes (potatoes).

The main industry focuses on the production of processed foods, especially meat.

Social development

Population

Nebraska had 1,774,571 residents in 2010. Most of the population is concentrated in a corridor that borders the eastern border and in a strip that runs along the Platte and North Platte rivers. 89.6% of the population is made up of whites, while blacks account for 4%. 94,425 residents are considered to be of Hispanic descent.

The chief executive is a governor, elected by the people for a period of four years; their mandate is limited to a maximum of two consecutive elections. Nebraska is the only state that has a unicameral legislative body. It is represented by two senators and three representatives in the United States Congress.

Nebraska Overview