Tag: Michigan

US 31 in Michigan

US 31 in Michigan


US 31
Get started Niles
End Mackinaw City
Length 356 mi
Length 573 km

Buchanan / Niles


South Berrien Springs

Berrien Springs

Eau Claire


Benton Harbor

Benton Harbor – Holland:


Grand Haven

Spring Lake


Van Wagoner Street

fruit port

Sternberg Road

Muskegon Heights


Downtown Muskegon

North Muskegon

North Muskegon





New Era




Bass Lake

South Ludington




Traverse City



Mackinaw City

According to foodezine, US 31 is a US Highway in the US state of Michigan. The road forms a north-south route along the entire west coast of Lake Michigan and is a highway on some stretches. The total route is 573 kilometers long and runs from the Indiana border to Interstate 75 in Mackinaw City.

Travel directions

US 31 at Pentwater.

Just north of South Bend, Indiana, US 31 crosses the border between the two states and is immediately a freeway here. The highway heads north here and crosses US 12 at Niles. East of Benton Harbor, US 31 terminates at a junction with Interstate 94 and then continues over Interstate 196 to Holland. In Holland the road branches off from I-196 and then runs through the city to the north, as a 2×2 divided highway to the town of Muskegon. From Grand Haven, the road becomes a freeway again and one crosses Interstate 96, which begins here and heads toward Grand Rapids and Detroit.

One then passes along the east side of the 40,000 inhabitants town of Muskegon. US 31 here is a highway for 110 kilometers that runs parallel to the shoreline of Lake Michigan to the north. To the north, the area becomes increasingly forested. The highway section lasts until Ludington, after which it crosses US 10. US 31 continues north and passes through the town of Manistee. Along the route are several smaller lakes that are a stone’s throw from Lake Michigan. US 31 then jumps a little east and passes through Traverse City, which sits on Grand Traverse Bay, an estuary of Lake Michigan. One passes over several isthmuses along lakes. One passes through Petoskey, where US 131ends. US 31 then continues a little further north, to Interstate 75 at Mackinaw City. This is the northern end of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula.


US 31 at Muskegon.

According to bittranslators, US 31 was created in 1926 and originally ended just a little further north at St. Ignace. Since 1940, the route has ended in Mackinaw City and was shortened to I-75 in 1960 just south of Mackinaw City.

St Joseph Valley Parkway

The St. Joseph Valley Parkway is the highway stretch from the Indiana border to Benton Harbor in southwestern Michigan.

Already in the early 1950s there were plans for a highway in southwest Michigan, especially to relieve the town of Niles. Progress on the plan was slow, and it wasn’t until 1967 that studies began to extend the bypass from South Bend, Indiana, into Michigan. It was not until 1977 that construction began on this section, the first section of which was opened in 1979 from the Indiana border to US 12 south of Niles. The Niles bypass opened in 1987 and was extended north of Berrien Springs in November 1992 as a divided highway with at-grade intersections. In 1996-1997 this part was made grade-separated. It was originally planned to direct US 31 into Interstate 196to flow at Benton Harbor, but environmental problems caused US 31 to terminate just a few miles south. The last section from Berrien Springs to Benton Harbor opened on August 27, 2003.

Near Benton Harbor, the US 31 freeway had been interrupted for four kilometers for decades. The interstate from South Bend ended 2.5 miles south of the interchange between I-94 and I-196, requiring traffic to exit and enter I-94 via a five – lane center turn lane. Traffic between South Bend and Holland/Grand Rapids had to make three turns to follow the route.

Construction of the interstate highway between Niles and I-94/I-196 at Benton Harbor stems from the adoption of an environmental impact statementin 1981. This provided for the phased construction of the 30 kilometer long freeway. The highway was then opened in phases up to Benton Harbor, but with a missing link of 4 kilometers to I-94/I-196. In 2003, the penultimate section opened to Napier Avenue east of Benton Harbor. In more recent years, several alternatives have been studied, including a deflection from the freeway to an interchange with I-94 at Main Street. Only one alternative followed the original plan directly north to the interchange between I-94 and I-196. Ultimately, it was decided to turn to the west where US 31 connects to Exit 33 (Main Street) of I-94 as an interchange.

Construction of the missing link began in September 2020 and opened 2 years later on September 26, 2022.

Opening history
From Unpleasant Length Date
Indiana state line Niles (US 12) 5 km 00-00-1979
Niles (US 12) Niles (Walton Road) 6 km 00-00-1987
Niles (Walton Road) Berrien Springs 14 km 00-11-1992
Berrien Springs Benton Harbor 14 km 27-08-2003
Benton Harbor I-94 4 km 26-09-2022

Grand Haven – Ludington Freeway

Construction of the freeway from Grand Haven to Ludington started quite early. The first section to open was a six-lane bridge between Grand Haven and Ferrysburg in 1959 and later that year to downtown Muskegon. In 1964 another fairly long section opened up to Montague, further north. Construction then slowed, and the remainder of the route to Ludington was opened from south to north in phases between 1975 and 1990.

Opening history
From Unpleasant Length Date
Grand Haven Ferrysburg 2 km 12-06-1959
Ferrysburg Muskegon Southeast 10 km 24-07-1959
Muskegon Southeast Downtown Muskegon 6 km 22-10-1959
Downtown Muskegon Montague 27 km 30-06-1964
Montague New Era 14 km 00-00-1975
New Era Heart 14 km 00-00-1976
Heart pentwater 8 km 00-00-1978
pentwater Bass Lake 6 km 16-10-1980
Bass Lake South Ludington 13 km 00-00-1989
South Ludington Ludington 5 km 00-00-1990

Traffic intensities

The highway section between Niles and Benton Harbor is not very busy with 12,000 vehicles per day. At Muskegon, it peaks at 47,000 vehicles, before declining to 7,000 vehicles at the north end of the highway at Ludington. After that, the US 31 forms a quiet tourist road with about 5,000 to 10,000 vehicles per day.

US 31 in Michigan

Lansing, Michigan

Lansing, Michigan

According to CountryAAH.com, Lansing is a city located in Ingham County, although small portions of the city extend into Eaton County. It is located in the US state of Michigan, and is the capital of that state. In the 2010 Census it had a population of 114,297 residents and a population density of 1,203.28 people per km². Template: Census data.


Lansing is located at coordinates 42 ° 42′35 N ° 84′33. According to the United States Census Bureau, Lansing has a total area of ​​94.99 km², of which 93.37 km² correspond to land and (1.71%) 1.62 km² is water. Template: Census data


Lansing has a humid temperate climate (Köppen Dfa climate classification), with four well-defined seasons. The state’s summers are mild due to the presence of large bodies of water in the region, while winters are cold. The temperature drops as you travel north. During the winter, the average temperature in the southern Lansing region is -6 ° C, -9 ° C in the central region, and -12 ° C in the Upper Peninsula. The average of the minimums in the state is -10 ° C, and the average of the maximums is -1 ° C. The minimums vary between -40 ° C and 8 ° C, and the maximums between -35 ° C and 15 ° C. The lowest recorded temperature in the state is -46 ° C, in Vanderbilt, on February 9, 1934.

In summer, the average temperature is 22 ° C in the extreme south, 20 ° C in the central region and 18 ° C in the Upper Peninsula. The average of the minimums is 14 ° C, and the average of the maximums is 26 ° C. The maximums can reach up to 40 ° C in the southern region, and 34 ° C in the Upper Peninsula. The highest temperature recorded in the state was 44 ° C, in Mio, on July 13, 1932.


According to Abbreviationfinder, Lansing’s annual mean rainfall rate is 80 centimeters, ranging from 95 centimeters per year in the Upper Peninsula and in the extreme southwest of the state, to 68 centimeters in the northeast of the state. Average annual snowfall rates range from 100 centimeters in the south to more than 400 centimeters in the north of the state.


According to the 2010 census, Template: Census Data there were 114,297 people residing in Lansing. The population density was 1,203.28 residents / km². Of the 114,297 residents, Lansing was made up of 61.23% White, 23.74% were African American, 0.77% were Amerindian, 3.72% were Asian, 0.05% were Pacific Islanders, 4.3% were of other races and 6.18 % belonged to two or more races. Of the total population, 12.5% ​​were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Sister cities

  • Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico
  • Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
  • Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico

Brother Town

  • Aporo, (Michoacán, Mexico)

Famous people

  • Basketball player Magic Johnson was born in this city
  • Actor Burt Reynolds was born in this city
  • Actor Steven Seagal was born in this city


The Lansing-Ishii Agreement was a diplomatic note signed by the United States and the Empire of Japan on Template: Date regarding their differences from China.

In the text of the Agreement that was published – signed by the Secretary of State of the United States Robert Lansing and the Japanese special envoy Ishii Kikujirō – both parties pledged to maintain the open door policy in China regarding its territorial and administrative integrity.. However, the United States government also recognized that Japan had certain “special interests” in China due to its geographical proximity, especially in the areas of China closest to Japanese territory, which in practice contradicted the aforementioned open door policy..

In a secret protocol attached to the Public Agreement, both parties agreed not to take advantage of possible opportunities arising from World War I to try to obtain special rights or privileges in China at the expense of other allied nations in the war against Germany.

At the time, the Lansing-Ishii Agreement stood as proof that Japan and the United States had buried their increasingly bitter rivalry over China, and the agreement was celebrated as a milestone in US-Japan relations. However, critics realized the vague wording and the different possible interpretations of the Agreement, which meant that nothing had been decided after two months of talks. The Lansing-Ishii Agreement was superseded in April 1923 by the Nine Powers Treaty.

For the Japanese, while the Lansing-Ishii Agreement of 1917, which recognized Tokyo’s special interests in part of China, did not imply equality with Western powers, it was proof that Japan could no longer be ignored in international affairs..


According to the 2010 census of the United States Census Bureau, the population of Lansing in that year was 114,297 residents, a growth of 6.5% in relation to the population of the state in 1990, of 9,328. 784 residents.

The natural growth of the Lansing population between 2000 and 2010 was 182,380 residents, 691,897 births and 456,137 deaths, the population growth caused by immigration was 122,901 residents, while interstate migration resulted in a decrease of 165,084 residents. Between 2000 and 2010, Lansing’s population grew by 182,380 residents, and between 2004 and 2005, by 16,654 residents.

About 82% of Lansing’s population lives in 9 different metropolitan regions: Ann Arbor, Benton Harbor, Detroit, Flint, Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland, Jackson, Kalamazoo-Battle Creek, Lansing-East Lansing and Saginaw-Bay City- Midland.

Most of the population lives in the Lower Peninsula of the state. The average population density of the state is 17 residents per square kilometer. However, in the Lower Peninsula, this average is 230. In the Lower Peninsula, the average density is only 8 residents / km².

Lansing, Michigan