Tag: Kentucky

Ironton-Russell Bridge, Kentucky

Ironton-Russell Bridge, Kentucky


Ironton-Russell Bridge
Spans Ohio River
Lanes 1×2
Total length ~800 meters
Main span 274 meters
Bridge deck height ? meter
Opening 21-08-1922 / 23-11-2016
Traffic intensity 3,700 mvt/day
Location Map

According to transporthint, the Ironton-Russell Bridge is a cable- stayed bridge in the United States, located on the border of the states of Kentucky and Ohio. The bridge spans the Ohio River between Ironton, Ohio and Russell, Kentucky.


The bridge is a concrete cable- stayed bridge with two A-shaped pylons. The entire bridge is approximately 800 meters long and is located in a bend from the Ohio side and crosses the Ohio River obliquely. The actual main bridge is 501 meters long and has a main span of 274 meters and two side spans of 113 meters. The bridge deck is 9.8 meters wide. The bridge is an extension of 2nd Street in Ironton, Ohio and opens to an intersection with US 23 in Kentucky, just east of Russell. The bridge also spans a railway line on both sides of the river. It is only one of two bridges over the Ohio River that are also operated by the Ohio Department of Transportation.


The original Ironton-Russell Bridge (1922-2016).

The original bridge at this location was a truss bridge with a length of 731 meters and a main span of 221 meters. The bridge was opened on August 21, 1922 and was one of the first bridges over the Ohio River in the region. At the time, it was the first road bridge over the Ohio River between Parkersburg and Cincinnati. The bridge was an extension of Main Street in Russell and Vernon Street in Ironton, although the connecting roads led to Willow Avenue in Russell and Adams Street in Ironton. The bridge was a toll road for some time. The bridge was reinforced in the 1970s.

Construction of the new bridge in 2015.

The 1922 bridge was in poor condition and had the status of ‘structurally deficient’. In addition to the poor condition of the bridge, the bridge was also outdated in design requirements, with a narrow 4 mile road and a sharp bend on the Ironton side. In 2000, a study was carried out to replace the bridge. In 2003 the design was chosen, a concrete cable-stayed bridge, which comes about 1 kilometer upstream from the old bridge. The project was originally scheduled to start around 2006, but the high demand for concrete after Hurricane Katrina resulted in an inflated cost of $110 million. The project has since been scaled down slightly from three to two lanes and cost $81 million. The new bridge is a cable-stayed bridge with two A-shaped pylons. The new bridge is 501 meters long with a main span of 274 meters and two side spans of 113 meters. The bridge deck is 9.8 meters wide, more than three meters wider than the old bridge. The pylons are 91.6 meters high. The bridge was constructed between March 2012 and November 2016. In June 2016, the last concrete was poured and the bridge deck closed on both sides. The bridge opened to traffic on November 23, 2016. On May 17, 2017, the old bridge from 1922 was blown up.

Traffic intensities

Approximately 3,700 vehicles use the bridge every day. The bridge is primarily used by local traffic between both banks of the Ohio River.

John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge

John A. RoeblingSuspension Bridge
Spans Ohio River
Lanes 1×2
Total length 659 meters
Main span 322 meters
Bridge deck height ? meter
Opening 01-12-1866
Traffic intensity 9,200 mvt/day
Location Map

According to travelationary, the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge is a truss structure suspension bridge in the United States, located on the border of the states of Kentucky and Ohio. The bridge spans the Ohio River in Cincinnati.


The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge is a total of 659 meters long, with a main span of 322 meters in length. The bridge has two sandstone pylons, with a half-timbered construction hanging from cables. The bridge deck is 7.6 meters wide, with one lane in each direction. The bridge connects downtown Cincinnati with downtown Covington in Kentucky. The bridge is toll-free.



In the mid-19th century, Cincinnati flourished as a port and trading city on the Ohio River. This created the need for a fixed bridge connection. One problem was that the Ohio River in Cincinnati is wide, wider than, say, the Wheeling Suspension Bridge in West Virginia, opened in 1849. In 1846 the Covington and Cincinnati Bridge Company was created to carry out the construction.

The first plans of engineer John A. Roebling envisaged a bridge of 370 meters in length with a vertical clearance of 30 meters. This one had one major drawback, a large pylon in the middle of the Ohio River. A bridge with a span of 430 meters was later planned, but the collapse of a suspension bridge in Newport over the Licking River meant that no investors could be found. In 1856 sufficient funds became available and the span plans were shortened to a more feasible 300 metres.


Construction began in September 1856 with the foundation of the pylon on the Covington side. On the Cincinnati side there were problems with the soil conditions and a hole was dug down to the hard soil under the Ohio River. Construction was halted for a long time in the winter and spring and was not resumed until July 1857. Later that year there was the “panic of 1857” and people ran out of money, so that construction was halted for a year. Work on the pylon resumed in July 1858, but work was halted again in 1859-1860 due to the death of the chairman of the Covington and Cincinnati Bridge Company.

In 1861 the American Civil War broke out. A pontoon bridge was hastily built near Cincinnati to defend the city from Confederate troops. It became clear what advantages a fixed bridge had, so that money became available again for construction. Work on the bridge resumed in the spring of 1864. The tethers were manufactured in Manchester, England. This is because the English cables were considered to be of better quality than the American ones. In 1865-1866 the cables over the river were installed between the pylons. Then the bridge deck was installed, which consisted of iron girders and wooden planks. On December 1, 1866, the bridge opened to pedestrians. When opened, it was the longest suspension bridge in the world.


The bridge deck was of inferior quality due to the inflation of the American Civil War, but the pylons were built to support a much heavier bridge deck. In 1896 the bridge was significantly modified, the bridge deck was reinforced with steel and the bridge on the Cincinnati side was modified.

The bridge was originally a toll bridge. The bridge was originally privately owned until 1953, when the state of Kentucky took over the bridge. The toll was scrapped in 1963, when the Brent Spence Bridge off Interstate 75 opened. The bridge got its current name in 1983. Between 2006 and 2008 the bridge was renovated. The maximum permissible weight was also reduced to 11 tons. A renovation followed in 2021, during which the bridge was closed for almost the entire year.

Traffic intensities

9,400 vehicles cross the bridge every day. This makes it the busiest non-motorway bridge in the region.

John A. Roebling Suspension

Kentucky Geography

Kentucky Geography

Kentucky. It is part of the American geography, being one of the 50 states that make up the United States, with Frankfor being its capital.

Rivers and lakes

Kentucky has more than 140,000 km of river currents that provide one of the largest and most complex river systems in the United States. among which are:

  • Lake Cumberland, the largest man-made lake east of the Mississippi by volume of water.
  • Kentucky Lake the largest in area.

Kentucky is the only American state that has three rivers as a border with other states.

  • The Mississippi River to the west
  • The Ohio River to the north.
  • The Big Sandy River to the east.

Its main internal channels include the Kentucky, Tennessee, Cumberland, Verde and Licking rivers, although it has only three major natural lakes, many man-made lakes are located in the state. Kentucky also has more navigable kilometers of water than any other state in the US., After Alaska.


According to Abbreviationfinder, Kentucky has a temperate climate, with hot summers and relatively cold winters. The temperature in the state does not vary much from one region to another.

In winter, the average temperatures of 2 ° C, while the center-north has an average temperature of -1 ° C. The lowest temperature recorded was -37 ° C, in Shelbyville, on January 28, 1963.

During the summer, the highest temperatures are recorded in the west, the average temperature in the summer, in the western tip of Kentucky, is 28 ° C. The highest temperature recorded in Kentucky was 46 ° C, in Greensburg, on July 28, 1930.

Races and ethnicities

The racial composition of the Kentucky population is made up of:

  • Whites
  • African American
  • Asian
  • American natives.

The median age of the population is 37.3 years, the five largest groups in Kentucky by descent are: Americans, who make up 20.9% of the population (the vast majority are of English and Scottish descent), Germans (12.7%) Irish (10.5%), English (9.7%) and African American (7.3%).


There is a wide religious culture, since a large number of denominations are registered in this state:

  • Evangelical Churches Southern Baptist Convention.
  • Independent Christian Churches.
  • Church of Christ.
  • Protestant Churches United Methodist Church.
  • Disciples of Christ.
  • Eastern churches.

Main cities

According to CountryAAH.com, Kentucky’s most populous cities, as well as most of the fastest growing counties, are concentrated in an area known as the Golden Triangle, in the Bluegrass region, in the north-central part of the state. The exceptions are Hardin, LaRue and Meade counties, located in the southwest of the state.

  • The most populous city in Kentucky is Louisville.
  • The second is Lexington, which it owned, with its metropolitan region.
  • The seven counties located in the extreme north, in the region called Northern Kentucky, which is part of the metropolitan region of Cincinnati (a city located in the neighboring state of Ohio).


Among the most relevant educational centers in Kentucky are:

  • Kentucky Colleges
  • Kentucky Business Schools
  • Kentucky Art Schools
  • Kentucky Community Colleges


The Economy is marked in several sectors:

  • The primary sector we can find agriculture and livestock, the main agricultural products of the state are horses, cattle, tobacco, dairy products, pigs, soybeans and corn.
  • The secondary sector is industrialized and mining, where the main products are transport equipment, chemical products, electrical equipment, machinery, food going in procession, tobacco products, coal, tourism.
  • The third sector that marks the Kentucky economy, falls on community and personal services, tourism as the main one, financial services and real estate.

About 97% of the electricity generated in the state is produced by coal-fired thermoelectric plants, and the rest is produced mostly in natural gas thermoelectric plants.



Currently in Kentucky about 160 newspapers are published, of which about 20 are daily.

  • The Kentucky Gazette, was the first newspaper published in Kentucky, first published in Lexington in 1787.
  • The Advertiser, Kentucky’s oldest newspaper still in circulation, was first published in 1818, in Louisville.

Radio stations

Kentucky owns about 200 radio stations, Kentucky’s first radio station was founded in 1922, in Louisville.

TV station

Currently, there are approximately 30 television stations, the first television station in the state was founded in 1948, also in Louisville.

Kentucky Geography


It is generally considered within Kentucky culture, horse racing and gambling.

  • The main horse racing day, the Kentucky Derby, is preceded by the two-week “Kentucky Derby Festival.”
  • Louisville is also the host of the Kentucky State Fair, the “Kentucky Shakespeare Festival”, and the featured National Quartets Convention “Gospel of the South” festival.
  • Owensboro, Kentucky’s third largest city, credits its self-styled nickname of the Barbecue Capital of the World by hosting the “International Bar-BQ Festival” each year.
  • Bowling Green, Kentucky’s fifth-largest city and home to the only assembly plant in the world that makes the Chevrolet Corvette, opened the National Corvette Museum in 1994.
  • The small town of Hodgenville, birthplace of Abraham Lincoln, receives the annual celebration of the “Day of Lincoln” and also held in February of 2008 the implementation of the “National Celebration of the Bicentennial of Abraham Lincoln ” commemoration that will celebrate throughout the country for two years.