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Climate in Luanda, Angola

Climate in Luanda, Angola

Luanda, the capital and largest city of Angola, is situated on the country’s Atlantic Ocean coast in southwestern Africa. The city’s climate is characterized as tropical wet and dry, with distinct wet and dry seasons. To provide a comprehensive description of the climate in Luanda, it is essential to examine various aspects, including temperature, precipitation, humidity, and seasonal variations.

Geographical Location and Altitude:

According to andyeducation, Luanda is located in the northwestern part of Angola, along the shoreline of the Atlantic Ocean. The city’s geographical location at sea level and its proximity to the ocean play a significant role in shaping its climate. Luanda’s latitude is approximately 8.8 degrees south of the equator.

Seasonal Overview:

Luanda experiences two primary seasons: a wet season and a dry season. These seasons are associated with the movement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which influences the city’s weather patterns.

Wet Season (October to April):

The wet season in Luanda typically begins in October and continues through April. During this period, Luanda experiences warm and humid conditions, with the prevailing wind coming from the Atlantic Ocean. This moist air mass brings increased humidity and precipitation to the region.

Dry Season (May to September):

The dry season in Luanda usually begins in May and extends through September. During this period, the city experiences drier and less humid conditions, with cooler temperatures compared to the wet season. The dominant wind direction shifts, with winds originating from the southeast, carrying dry continental air from the interior.


Luanda enjoys warm temperatures throughout the year due to its tropical location. However, there are noticeable temperature differences between the wet and dry seasons.

During the wet season (October to April), Luanda experiences warmer temperatures, with average high temperatures ranging from 29°C to 32°C (84°F to 90°F). Nights are milder, with lows generally between 22°C and 25°C (72°F to 77°F).

In contrast, the dry season (May to September) brings slightly cooler temperatures, with average high temperatures ranging from 25°C to 28°C (77°F to 82°F). Nights can be cooler, with lows ranging from 17°C to 20°C (63°F to 68°F). These cooler temperatures are due to the influence of the dry continental air mass from the interior of the African continent.


Precipitation patterns in Luanda are strongly influenced by the wet and dry seasons. The city experiences a distinct rainfall pattern throughout the year.

During the wet season (October to April), Luanda receives the majority of its annual rainfall. Rainfall is heavy and regular, with average monthly precipitation ranging from 40 millimeters (1.6 inches) to 100 millimeters (3.9 inches) or more. The wettest months are typically March and April, with occasional heavy downpours and thunderstorms. These rains contribute to the lush greenery and vegetation in and around the city.

Conversely, the dry season (May to September) is characterized by minimal precipitation. Rainfall during this period is scarce, with some months receiving only trace amounts of rain or none at all. The driest months are usually June, July, and August. The dry season contributes to a noticeable decrease in vegetation, and the landscape becomes drier and dustier.

Humidity and Wind:

According to existingcountries, Luanda experiences high humidity levels, especially during the wet season when moist air from the Atlantic Ocean prevails. Humidity levels often exceed 80% during this period, contributing to the muggy and sticky feeling in the city.

In contrast, the dry season brings lower humidity levels, with values often dropping below 60%. The shift in wind direction during the dry season, bringing dry continental air, contributes to the reduced humidity.

Winds in Luanda vary throughout the year due to the changing seasons and prevailing weather patterns. During the wet season, the prevailing winds come from the ocean, while the dry season brings winds from the southeast, carrying drier air from the interior.

Climate Variability and Extreme Weather Events:

Luanda is prone to extreme weather events, particularly during the wet season. Heavy rainfall can lead to localized flooding and mudslides in some areas, as the city’s infrastructure may struggle to handle the volume of water. Additionally, thunderstorms and occasional tropical cyclones or disturbances in the Atlantic Ocean can bring strong winds and heavy rains, potentially causing damage and disruptions.

Tropical cyclones that form in the South Atlantic Ocean can occasionally impact Angola’s coastline, including Luanda, bringing strong winds, heavy rainfall, and the risk of storm surges. While these events are relatively rare, they have the potential to cause significant damage and pose risks to the city’s residents and infrastructure.


In summary, Luanda, Angola, experiences a tropical wet and dry climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. The wet season, from October to April, brings warm and humid conditions with heavy rainfall, contributing to lush vegetation. In contrast, the dry season, from May to September, features cooler temperatures and minimal precipitation, resulting in drier and dustier conditions. Luanda’s climate is strongly influenced by the movement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and the prevailing winds from the Atlantic Ocean and the interior of the African continent. While the city enjoys warm temperatures year-round, it is susceptible to extreme weather events, particularly during the wet season, which can lead to localized flooding and other weather-related challenges.