Pyongyang, North Korea

Pyongyang, North Korea

According to abbreviationfinder, Pyongyang is the capital and most important city of North Korea. It is located southwest of the central part of Korea. In the period of the Korean war (1950 – 1953) the US imperialists dropped more than 428 thousand bombs on the city, a figure greater than its population at that time, reducing it to ashes. However, the heroic Korean people completely restored the wounds of the war in less than ten years.


Pyongyang’s history as a city began in the early 30th century BC According to legends, the city was founded in 2333 BC as Wanggŏmsŏng. during the Ko-Josŏn Dynasty it grew to become an important city. In 427 Koguryŏ made it a capital. The Tang and Silla Dynasty defeated Goguryŏ in 668, being taken by Silla in 676 until the Koryŏ Dynasty, when it was revitalized as Sŏgyŏng (the capital of the west, but it was not the capital). The city became the capital of the P’yŏngan Province during the Josŏn Dynasty.

becoming the provisional capital of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, hoping to regain the official capital, Seoul, occupied by South Korean forces.

In August (1945) of the Juche era, President Kim Il Sung restored the Homeland and founded the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, and its new history as the capital of a sovereign and independent state began.

In the period of the Korean war (1950 – 1953) the US imperialists dropped more than 428 thousand bombs on the city, a figure greater than its population at that time, reducing it to ashes. However, the heroic Korean people fully restored the wounds of the war in less than ten years.

Today Pyonyang has risen as an emerging modern city, center of the country’s politics, economy and culture. The downtown area of the city extends with the People’s Study Palace situated on Namsan Hill as its architectural axis and Kim Il Sung Square in front of it as the center.

The avenues formed from the center to the suburbs of the capital have been built to ensure the conditions of work, residence and rest for citizens. Since the 1970s, the avenues of Chollima, Munsu, Changgwang, Kwangbok, Thongil, Chongchun, etc. have been built one after another, completely renewing the physiognomy of Pyongyang.

Mangyongdae Revolution Historic Place, Kumsusan Memorial Palace, Korean Revolution Museum, Mansudae Hill Great Monument, Juche Idea Monument, Triumphal Arch, Party Foundation Monument and other places Revolution history and monuments show the proud fighting traditions and history of the Korean people.

Pyongyang, once a consumer city with backward handicrafts, agriculture and commerce, has become a productive one with modern heavy and light industries and agriculture. Here are magnificent institutions of education, science, culture and public health and sports facilities.

Pyongyang is one of the cradles of the culture of humanity, that is, that of the “Culture of Taedonggang,” one of the five great cultures of the world, where there are the historical remains of Komunmoru of the Sangwon district, and other relics of primitive society of a million years ago and of the ancient and medieval ages. Thanks to the great urbanization project of the Leader Kim Jong Il Pyongyang is transformed as the days go by in a typical city that combines classic and modern beauties.

Administrative division

Pyongyang is made up of 19 districts (“Kuyŏk” or “guyŏk”) and 4 counties (“Kun” or “gun”).

· Chung-guyŏk· P’yŏngch’ŏn-guyŏk

· Pot’onggang-guyŏk

· Moranbong-guyŏk

· Sŏsŏng-guyŏk

· Sŏn’gyo-guyŏk

· Tongdaewŏn-guyŏk

· Taedonggang-guyŏk

· Sadong-guyŏk

· Taesŏng-guyŏk

· Man’gyŏngdae-guyŏk

· Hyŏngjesan-guyŏk

· Ryongsŏng-guyŏk· Samsŏk-guyŏk

· Sŭngho-guyŏk

· Ryŏkp’o-guyŏk

· Rakrang-guyŏk

· Sunan-guyŏk

· Ŭnjŏng-guyŏk

· Kangnam-gun

· Chunghwa-gun

· Sangwŏn-gun

· Kangdong-gun


Pyongyang is the capital of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. It is located southwest of the central part of Korea and has an average height above sea level of 84 meters. The harmony offered by the low elevation hills spread like screens, the countryside, the crystal clear waters of the Taedong River has made Pyongyang recognized since ancient times as a pleasant place.


Pyongyang is located in the central west of the country a few kilometers from the coast. The Taedong River passes near the city limits.


Pyongyang’s climate is continental with hot summers and cold winters. The maximum temperatures are at 24 degrees and the minimum temperatures drop below zero. The precipitations usually take place mainly in the summer months.


Pyongyang’s population is mostly Buddhist or Confucian, although there are also Christians. Despite this, the public practice of religion is practically non-existent. See population of North Korea.

Economic development

Pyongyang is a very important industrial center in North Korea and almost a quarter of the country’s industry is in this city. They are dedicated to iron, steel, locomotives or railroad cars.


Among the tourist visits are usually: The Museum of the Korean Revolution, the Tombs of the Revolutionary Heroes and the Triumphal Arch, built with marble and granite and with a height of sixty meters.



Korean fabrics are highly sought after by visitors.


North Korea ‘s main diet is summarized in the meat, the fish and poultry flocks.

As in the south, kimchi, which is a stew made from spicy marinated vegetables, and pulgogi are the traditional prepared dishes of his kitchen.

Holidays and traditions

The most important days of celebration are:

  • On January 1: With the arrival of the new year, the first two days become a continuous family reunion.
  • The April 15th: the National Day. The anniversary of the birth of Kim Il-Sung, former president of North Korea, who died in 1994, is commemorated.
  • On October 3: Day of the Foundation of the Nation. Carried out by Tangun, in 2333 BC

Places of interest

  • Triumphal arch.
  • Tombs of the Revolutionary Heroes.
  • Korean Revolution Museum


As part of public transportation, Pyongyang has a Metro system (metropolitan subway train – Pyongyang subway) consisting of 2 lines and 17 stations.

There is also a tram that runs for 53 kilometers and a trolley bus service with 150 kilometers.

The city has an international train service that connects it with the cities of Beijing and Moscow. Pyongyang is also connected to the Trans-Siberian.

Pyongyang, North Korea

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