Oklahoma History

Oklahoma History

According to Abbreviationfinder, the State of Oklahoma is located in the southern part of the Central Plains region of the United States. It limits the north with the states of Colorado and Kansas; to the east, with those of Missouri and Arkansas; to the south, with that of Texas; and to the west, with those of Texas and New Mexico. The Red River traces most of its southern border. According to CountryAAH.com, Oklahoma most important cities are: Oklahoma, Tulsa, Lawton, Norman and Broken Arrow.


Evidence suggests that indigenous peoples traveled through Oklahoma since the last ice age. [1] The ancestors of the Wichita, Kichai, Teyas, Escanjaques, and Caddo lived in what is now Oklahoma. The villagers of the southern plains lived in the central and western part of the state, with a subgroup, the people of the Panhandle culture who lived in the Panhandle region. The people of the Caddoan culture of Mississippi lived in the eastern part of the state. Spiro Mounds, in what is now Spiro, Oklahoma, was a major Mississippi mound complex that flourished between AD 850 and 1450. [2] [3]

In 1541, the Spanish conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado was the first European to reach Oklahoma. French trappers began to arrive in the 16th and 17th centuries. In 1803, due to the Louisiana Purchase, all of Oklahoma, except for the panhandle, became part of the United States. In 1817, the federal government began sending large groups of Native Americans from Alabama, Georgia, Florida, and Mississippi to the region. Oklahoma was divided into the Five Civilized Nations, consisting of the Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminoles. In 1834, the region was transformed into the Indian Territory.

During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the Indian tribes of the territory supported the Confederates. After the war, indigenous nations were forced to cede the western half of their territory to the United States to host other tribes. President Rutherford Birchard Hayes issued orders in 1879 and 1880 prohibiting colonization of the territory. In 1885, Congress authorized the president to begin negotiations with the Creek and Seminole tribes to open up uninhabited areas so that they could be colonized. The negotiations concluded favorably in 1889.

In 1890, the federal government recognized the Oklahoma Territory, which consisted of lands in the southern part of the region and the western part of the Indian Territory, along with the panhandle plateau. In 1907, the two territories became part of the Union.

During the period before and during World War I, Oklahoma had the strongest Socialist Party in the United States, but the movement was crushed due to the aftermath of the Green Corn Rebellion (Oklahoma) and the repression of all leftists in the state. [4]

Until the middle of the 20th century, Oklahoma’s economy suffered severe ups and downs. Oil production was progressively gaining importance, especially in the 1920s, when remarkable deposits of oil and natural gas were discovered. In the early 1950s, strong measures were taken to control floods, increase irrigation and create new diversified industries, ranging from the production of electronic and space equipment to the manufacture of mobile homes (trailers or caravans).


The Oklahoma state flag honors more than 60 groups of Native Americans and their ancestors. The blue field comes from a flag carried by Choctaw soldiers during the civil war. The shield in the center is the Osage Warriors Battle Shield which is made of buffalo hide and adorned with eagle feathers. Two symbols of peace pierce the shield. One is a calumet, or pipe of peace. The other is an olive branch. The crosses on the shield are Native American signs for the stars, representing high ideals.

Capital City: Oklahoma City

Admitted to state: November 16, 1907.

Bordering States: Arkansas Colorado Kansas Missouri New Mexico Texas.

Motto: Work conquers all things. It was adopted in 1906 as part of the state seal.

People: Oklahomeños

Cognómento: The Fastest State.

Origin of the name of the state: Word of the Choctaw Indians that means Red Man.

State Seal

The Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma is a tribute to the state’s Indian heritage and is hope for the future. The central design consists of a large star, representing the state of Oklahoma, surrounded by 45 small stars, representing each of the other states in the union. The large Star that symbolizes the characteristics of Oklahoma that have the five shields at their points, one for each of the Indian nations. The top ray is for the Chickasaw Nation, and it supports a warrior with a bow and shield.

The upper right ray represents the Choctaw nation, with a bow, three arrows, and a tomahawk. The lower right ray represents the Seminole nation, with a hunter in a canoe. The bottom left spoke is for Creek Nation, and it holds a sheaf of wheat and a plow. And the upper left ray is the seal of the Cherokee Nation, with a seven-pointed star and an oak wreath.

The center of the main star shows an Indian shaking hands with a white man, symbolizing the combination of cultures. The olive green branches surround this image, representing the hope of peace. The state motto “Labor Omina Vincit”, or “Labor Conquers All”, displays on the stamp, and the entire stamp is ringed with the “Great Seal of the State of Oklahoma 1907 “.

Oklahoma History

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