Nigeria Main Cities

Nigeria Main Cities

Due to the tense security situation due to the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram, the electoral commission postponed the election date for the presidential and parliamentary elections from February to March 28, 2015. According to oxfordastronomy, the presidential elections in Nigeria were won by former military ruler and APC candidate M. Buhari , who is in the The 2003, 2007 and 2011 elections were not able to get through. He received around 54% of the vote. Incumbent G. Jonathan  got around 45% of the vote. In the parliamentary elections held at the same time, the APC won 225 of the 360 ​​seats in the House of Representatives, the PDP won 125 seats. After the new president changed the army command in mid-July 2015 and achieved some military successes with support from Cameroon and Niger, Boko Haram relied even more strongly than before on attacks against civilian targets. In mid-February 2016, Cameroonian soldiers took control of the city of Goshi, which was occupied by Boko Haram, in the state of Borno, and freed around 100 hostages. More than 800 people kidnapped by Boko Haram were released in further military operations in northeastern Nigeria at the end of March. According to its own information, the Nigerian army was able to free another 455 hostages in mid-April 2016. At the end of July 2016, Boko Haram fighters attacked a UN aid convoy in Borno. At least 17,000 people have been killed and 2.5 million displaced since the conflict with Boko Haram began in 2009.

In 2016, the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) movement frequently mobilized demonstrations for the formation of a state in the south-east in the Niger Delta region. There were also acts of sabotage against oil production there. At the beginning of August 2016, the army launched air strikes against secessionist rebels, killing more than 100 people according to their own statements.

In the presidential elections on February 23/24, 2019 incumbent M. Buhari prevailed with 55.6% of the votes, opposition leader A. Abubakar (* 1946) received 41.2% of the votes. The APC was also able to prevail against the PDP in the House of Representatives elected at the same time. The opposition then spoke of electoral fraud.

Port Harcourt

Port Harcourt [p ɔ ː t h ɑ ː kət], capital of the state Rivers, Nigeria, on the eastern edge of the Niger Delta, 2.08 million people; catholic bishopric; two universities (founded in 1975 and 1980) and other colleges; Truck and bicycle assembly plant, aluminum rolling mill, metal processing, tire, petrochemical, canning, cigarette, shoe, cement, glass industry, palm oil, wheat mill, fish processing; nearby oil refineries. Port Harcourt is one of the most important ports in Nigeria (accessible for ocean-going ships), railway terminus, international airport.

Port Harcourt was founded in 1912 as a coal export port and experienced a rapid upswing from 1958 onwards with the development of oil discoveries.

Abuja

Abuja [ -d ʒ – ], capital of Nigeria, on the Niger, with 2.94 million residents. The city, laid out since 1979, replaced Lagos as the capital in 1991.

Abuja

Abuja [-d ʒ -], capital of Nigeria, north of the confluence of the Benue in the Niger, 2.94 million residents, as Federal Capital Territory (FCT) 7,315 km 2 and (2016) 2.94 million residents.

University (founded in 1988), several private universities and colleges; Service center with numerous banks, embassies, government and administrative institutions; international Airport.

Cityscape

Abuja shows a modern cityscape loosened up by several parks. The most famous buildings are the National Mosque (opened in 1984) and the National Church (opened in 2005) in the Central District. The cultural center with Millenium Tower (160 m high; under construction since 2006) has not yet been completed for cost reasons. The 400 m high granite rock Aso Rock is located near the Presidential Palace. The 725 m high Zuma Rock northwest of the city is shrouded in mythological legends.

The strong population growth has created several satellite cities in the vicinity of Abuja.

History

Abuja is a planned city that was deliberately created on the border of the predominantly Islamic north and the predominantly Christian south. It was built from 1979 onwards according to the designs of the Japanese architect and city planner Kenzō Tange; Abuja has been the official capital of the country since December 31, 1991.

Ibadan

Ibadan [ ɪ ː ba ː da ː n ɪ ː ba ː da ː n ɪ bædən], capital of the state Oyo, Nigeria, in the southwest of the country, the center of a cocoa growing region, 196 m above sea level (2016) 3.16 million residents (mainly Yoruba).

Ibadan is a Catholic and Anglican bishopric. As an important educational center, the city has had a university since 1962 (founded as University College in 1948), a polytechnic, agricultural school, Nigerian Academy of Sciences (founded in 1977), International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, national archive, libraries, university museum (Yoruba art). In addition to a varied traditional handicraft, a modern industry was able to develop: car assembly, manufacture of sanitary ware and tiles, cigarettes and canned fruit, processing of cocoa, cotton, palm products, wood and plastics. Ibadan is a trading center and road junction on the Lagos – Kano railway. A regional airport is located west of the city. – Ibadan is a center for contemporary African art.

Lagos

Lagos, largest city and most important port in Nigeria, on the Gulf of Guinea, with (2016) 13.7 million residents. Lagos is the country’s leading economic and cultural center, has a university, other colleges, and a national library and museum. The influx of people from the interior of the country and the neighboring states has led to a haphazard expansion of the urban area with slums, while modern high-rise buildings made of glass, steel and concrete can be found in the city center. – Lagos was the capital of Nigeria (now Abuja )from 1954–91.

Lagos

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