Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis, Tennessee

Memphis is located in the southern state of Tennessee, on the banks of the Mississippi River, and is known throughout the world for being the most famous city in the world when it comes to rock and roll, since it is the birthplace of one of the great , Elvis Presley, and there is his Graceland mansion. However, its connection to art and music does not end with this character, since since its foundation it has been intimately linked to culture and all its manifestations.


The first residents of Memphis were the Native American Indians who lived along the Mississippi River. The first Europeans to see the river from Memphis were the Spanish Hernando deSoto, who crossed the Mississippi near Memphis in 1541. A century later the French explorers Marquette and Joliet. These were followed by others until in 1763, after the war between the French and the Indians, Europe gained control of the area. In 1790, Memphis became a territory of the United States and went on to have provided State in 1796.

Although in theory the land belonged to the natives, the colonizers gradually conquered it. General Andrew Jackson, General James Winchester, and Judge John Overton are considered the founders of the city. The city was designed in 1819. At that time, the city had a population of about 50 people. Marcus winchester, the general’s son, was named first best (mayor). The first immigrants to Memphis were Germans and Irish who built some of the first churches in Memphis and thanks to whom some of the first neighborhoods were formed, including the Pinch District. El Pinch is an area that years later has undergone a renaissance with the construction of some of the most emblematic buildings in the city, such as the Pyramid, the sports and entertainment palaces and the tram that connects the Pinch with other districts.


Geographic location

Memphis is located at 35º7’3 N, 89º58’16 W. According to the US Census Bureau, the city has 763.4 km², of which 5.24% is water surface.


Its population in 2000 was 650,100 people but this city began with only 364 residents in 1820 and by 1900 it already had more than 100,000.


The city of Memphis has an average annual temperature of about 16.6ºC

To get an idea of ​​temperatures in winter and summer, we can tell you that in January the average is approximately 5ºC and in July it is slightly over 27ºC. The highest temperature reached in the history of Memphis has been 42.2ºC. July 13, 1980 and the lowest, that of -25ºC on December 24, 1963.

Average annual rainfall is 48.6 inches.

Economic development

The economy of Memphis is diverse. Memphis-centric services include banking and finance (First Tennessee, National Commerce Bancorp, Union Planters), real estate (Belz Enterprises, Boyle Investment Co., and Weston Co.), the world’s largest non-profit including waterfowl and the wetland conservation organization (Ducks Unlimited), and a chain of restaurants (Hamburger Yard). Science and technology business is very well represented in Memphis; Brother Industries USA, Buckman Laboratories, Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Morgan Keegan-, Sharp Manufacturing of America, Smith & Nephew, and Wright Medical Technologies are all based there. Memphis is considered a commercial center in the mid- South and an attractive tourist destination. Its initial and continued role as a major cotton market makes agribusiness an economic mainstay in Memphis. Forty percent of the country’s cotton crop is traded in Memphis, home to three of the world’s largest cotton distributors: Dunavant Companies, Hohenburg Brothers (now Cargill Cotton), and the Allenberg Company. Memphis is important in other areas of agribusiness.

The city has always been established as a prime trading center for hardwood, as well as wood and paper products. Memphis also refers to the major processors of soy, meats, and other foods. Enhancing Memphis’s position in the center of agribusiness is AgriCenter International, a $ 8,000,000, 140,000-square-meter agricultural exhibition center exhibition, experimentation and information exchange. It brings together the most technologically advanced methods of agriculture and available farm machinery in one place.

The showroom, where independent companies related to agriculture- (refers to chemicals, irrigation companies, farm management companies, etc.) rental space, is fully computerized, allows farmers and consumers to request specific information from the computer and receive specific responses. The facility also includes about 1,000 hectares of farmland, 120 hectares of field of view, and a 600-seat amphitheater. AgriCenter, a non-profit entity operating under a management contract with the Shelby County AgriCenter Commission, was built amid 2,000 acres of old Shelby County penal farmland, in the eastern section of the province about 30 minutes from downtown Memphis.

Social development


It is the home of the NBA team, the Memphis Grizzlies. In it, two Spanish players, Pau Gasol, and Juan Carlos Navarro, came to play together, until Gasol was transferred to Los Angeles Laker

Tourist sites

The city also offers several places where you can enjoy live music and several theaters and companies that offer dance, opera etc., such as the Germantown Performing Arts Center, the Poplar Pike Playhouse, the Rodes College-McCoy Theater, the Orpheum Theater, among others.


Culture occupies an important place in the city that has several interesting museums for visitors, such as the Chucalissa Museum and its Indian village (Indian village), where you can see the archaeological remains of a Native American settlement dating back to from the 15th century and even participate in the excavations. On the other hand, the National Museum of Civil Rights, with an area of ​​more than 10,000 square feet, is located in a poor neighborhood of the city and allows to know the way through the history of the movement for civil rights and in close related to this, the old Lorraine Motel, where Martin Luther King was assassinated It was restored and is dedicated to making known the history of the civil rights movement.


Interstates I-40, I-240 and I-55 are the main highways in the area. Future I-22 and I-69 are expected to end in the city. Public transportation in the metropolitan area is run by the Memphis Area Transit Authority, and is made up of buses and streetcars.

Memphis, Tennessee

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