Florida Overview

Florida Overview

According to Abbreviationfinder, Florida borders the Gulf of Mexico to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and Georgia and Alabama to the north. Florida is made up of a plain that runs along the northern Gulf of Mexico and a peninsula with the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Gulf of Mexico to the west. It limits the north with the states of Georgia and Alabama. Among the Parks, the Biscayne National Park stands out.


Florida’s economy relies heavily on tourism. The mild climate for most of the year and the many miles of beaches attract many tourists from all over the world. The Walt Disney theme park, the largest in the chain, located near Orlando, drives the activity in the area, along with other theme parks that have been gradually installed, such as Universal Studios.

The large amount of sales tax the state collects is what allows Florida to have no income tax. Other important industries are citrus and juice production, banking, and phosphate mining. With the arrival of the space program at the Kennedy Space Center in the 1960s, Florida has attracted numerous aerospace and military industries.

Florida’s economy is based on tourism: almost one million work in this area of ​​the 18.8 million people who inhabit the state. Amelia Island is a very visited place for its beaches, its central historic district and the ability to see nests of turtles and whales swimming on the shores.

Florida does not collect income taxes and relies on sales taxes, in which tourism contributes a high percentage. For example, in Amelia Island County, 35% of taxes come from tourism, although that of the other counties hovers around 17%.

According to CountryAAH.com, Florida has the following major cities and districts:

  • Adventure
  • Boca Raton
  • Bradenton
  • Cape Coral
  • Cardal
  • Casupe
  • Cerro Colorado
  • Clearwater
  • Dade County
  • Coral gables
  • Coral springs
  • Davie
  • Florida
  • Fort Lauderdale
  • Fort myers
  • Friar Marcos
  • Gainesville
  • Hallandale
  • Hialeah
  • Hollywood
  • Homestead
  • Jacksonville
  • Key Biscayne
  • Kissimmee
  • Lakeland
  • Melbourne
  • Miami
  • Miami beach
  • Miramar
  • Naples
  • Nico Perez
  • North Miami
  • North Miami Beach
  • Ocala
  • Orlando
  • Palm coast
  • Panama City
  • Pembroke Pines
  • Pensacola
  • Plantation
  • Pompano beach
  • Port Saint Lucie
  • Saint Augustine
  • Saint Petersburg
  • Sarandi Big
  • Sarasota
  • Sunny isles beach
  • Tallahassee
  • Tampa
  • August 25
  • Twenty five of May
  • West Palm Beach
  • Weston

Recent History

Reconquest of Florida by Spain

The second period under Spanish sovereignty occurred during the United States War of Independence when the Spanish regained West Florida in 1779 after the battles of Baton Rouge, Fort Charlotte, San Fernando de Omoa and Mobila and East Florida after the famous victory. in the Battle of Pensacola (March-May 1781), in which Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish governor of La Luisiana (Spanish since 1763) and to face the English, gathered troops from different parts of the Empire and additional supplies of Cuba, Louisiana… increasing its army to about 7,000 men, which, for the time, was considerable. This army defeats the English troops of John Campbell, achieving a decisive victory.

As Jamaica was the last major English stronghold in the Caribbean, Gálvez set out to organize a landing on the island and add it to the territories under Spanish sovereignty, but in the middle of the preparations, he was surprised by the end of the war. At the end of the war, Florida (eastern and western Florida) was officially returned to Spain by the Treaty of Versailles of 1783, it also maintained the recovered territories of Menorca and recovered the coasts of Nicaragua, Honduras (Mosquito Coast) and Campeche. Spanish sovereignty over the Providencia colony was recognized.

Florida Overview

Florida independence and US invasion

In small West Florida, the Spanish had to evacuate their troops from Mobile (Alabama) in April 1813 to the capital Pensacola and the United States seized the city, in the context of the Anglo-American War of 1812 – 1815, claiming it as part of the Louisiana Purchase from the French a few years earlier.

Given the precarious situation of the colony, the 29 of June of 1817, General Gregorio MacGregor, militarily took the town of Amelia, in eastern Florida, located on the island of the same located name on the northeastern coast of Florida, 35 miles north of Vacapilatca (now Jacksonville) on the Georgia border. Days later, Florida insurgents north of Vacapilatca called on the population to proclaim independence from Spain and declare the “Republic of Florida”, establishing their capital in the fortified town of Fernandina.

Taking advantage of these events, the US President, James Monroe and his Secretary of State, John Quincy Adams, ordered a land and sea invasion to take over Florida. In September 1817, a great US military deployment supported by Spanish troops from Havana, landed in Amelia and from there they went to Fernandina to subject the rebels to blood and fire, arresting the authorities who were defending the insurgency in Florida..

In 1818, Andrew Jackson intervened in East Florida in what later American history called the First Seminole War, and this fact earned him popular support in his country and that of the Government.

The Spanish presence in the Floridas (West Florida and East Florida) came to an end after the beginning of negotiation, the Adams-Onís Treaty, in 1819, by which Spain was forced to sell the Floridas to the United States government (with President Monroe and Secretary of State John Quincy Adams), in exchange for preserving its borders in Western North America and five million dollars.

The vast majority of the Spanish population in Florida emigrated to Cuba and the Spanish footprint ended up being diluted, being today scarce (churches, government buildings, fortresses…) and their descendants numbered.

Confederate State

White settlers began to establish cotton plantations in Florida, which required numerous workers. In 1860 Florida there were only 140,424 people, of which 44% were slaves. There were fewer than 1,000 free black people before the Civil War.

On January 10, [[ 1861 ]], before the start of the Civil War, Florida declared its secession from the Union, ten days later, the state became a founding member of the Confederate States of America.

During the war the Battle of Olustee took place, carried out near Lake City (Florida), on February 20, 1864, it was the largest battle that occurred in the state of Florida during the war, with victory for the confederation.

The war ended in 1865. The 25 of June of 1868, representing Florida in the US Congress was restored.

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