Ecuador Arts and Music

Ecuador Arts and Music


The most ancient finds date back to the Formative period (3200-500 BC), in which the ceramic, engraved or painted, in some cases has an affinity with the Japanese one of the Jōmon period. The vases of the late Formative are painted with beautiful iridescent colors, obtained with a particular technique. After 500 a. C. numerous regional cultures developed, with which a great flowering of artistic styles began: ceramics, which are influenced by Mesoamerican influences, reached very high levels. Starting from 700 d. C. large urban centers were formed and, while pottery declined due to the vast mass production, metallurgy flourished, increased by the demand on the part of the noble classes for objects and ornaments in precious metal. In the second half of the century. XV, following the Inca invasion, the local styles gave way to a purely Andean type of art. The arrival of the Spaniards brought a taste for the Baroque to Ecuador, still rich in late Renaissance influences. Churches and convents arose and for the whole century. Pleiades of sculptors and decorators trained in the missions or following the example of the sculptors Diego de Robles, Father Carlos, Bernardo de Lagarda, the Caspicara and the Pampite, the painters Pedro Bédon, Miguel de Santiago, Nicolas Javier de Goríbar acted in the 16th and 17th centuries. After a long period of decline, the interest in painting was reborn in the mid-nineteenth century with the romantic Antonio Salas, and immediately after with E. Kingman, G. Paredes and Bolívar Mena, while in the century. XX must be remembered the expressionist Oswaldo Guayasamín (1919-1999), hosted in the major museums of the world, Enrique Guerrero and Jaime Villa, in the context of social realism; Nelson Roman (b. 1945), Washington Iza and Ramiro Jácome (1948-2001) among the exponents of the new figurativism; Mariela García (b.1950), Rafael Valdez (b.1949), Jorge Artieda (b.1946) adhere instead to abstract currents, while maintaining a formal rigor of the pictorial sign. Also noteworthy is the work of the abstract artist Tabara. The sculpture of the twentieth century does not offer names and works of great importance, while in Ecuador a widespread art form, in the true sense of the term, is that of graffiti, which decorate, for example, part of the city of Quito. According to 3rjewelry, Ecuador is a country in Central America.


All traces of the dramatic events of the pre-Columbian era have almost completely disappeared. The subsequent theatrical activity, not relevant and essentially tributary of the European lesson, includes performances staged since the century. XVII by the Spanish Jesuits with catechetical intentions, tournées (from the nineteenth century) by Spanish, French and Italian companies, more or less experimental shows presented in the century. XX by groups of amateurs organized since 1944 under the aegis of the Ecuadorian Casa de la cultura. A valid contribution was made, again in the twentieth century, by writers of the literary movement known as “of 1925” (D. Aguilera Malta, H. Salvador, J. Icaza) and by actors such as Marina Moncayo, María Teresa Montoya, Ernesto Albán. Of particular interest is the Teatro de ensayo, later Ecuadorian pupular theater, which, founded in 1964 by the Italian Fabio Pacchioni, presents performances in the Indian villages that end with a debate on the problems of the various communities. The major theatrical centers are the cities of Quito and Guayaquil: the former is home to the Sucre theaters (which also hosts an annual season of operates and is among the most important in South America) and Bolívar and the National Symphony Orchestra; the second is home to the Olmedo Theater (founded in 1857) and the Symphony Orchestra of the Nucleo del Guayas. The birth of theaters and the Symphony Orchestra also gave way to productions, concerts and regular seasons in the musical field. Cultured music, like much literature, arrived in Ecuador thanks to the Europeans, even if only towards the end of the 19th century, reaching its peak with the works of composers such as Pedro Pablo Traversari (1874-1956), a fundamental figure also in quality musicologist and music critic, and Luis H. Salgado, author of symphonic music and ballets as well as works that have become internationally famous, such as Cumandá (1954).


The films of the Ecuadornon are among the most renowned and popular cinemas, however some directors have achieved recognition at international festivals. Among the best works, ranging from documentary to comedy to historical film, we mention Ratas, ratones y rateros (1999), by Sebastián Cordero, De cuando la muerte nos visitó (2002) by Yanara Guayasamin, Cara o Cruz (2003) and 1809-1810 Mientras llega el día (2004) by Camilo Luzu.

Ecuador Arts and Music

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