Delaware Overview

Delaware Overview


According to Abbreviationfinder, Delaware is a state located on the Atlantic coast of the United States; It limits the north with Pennsylvania; to the east by the Delaware River, the Bay of Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south and west with Maryland.


With an area of ​​6,446 km², Delaware is the second smallest state in the country. Approximately 95% of the state is located on the Delmarva peninsula, in the Atlantic coastal plain


The soils are generally not very fertile. Throughout the eastern part of the state there are extensive swampy regions; Cedar Swamp is inland, to the south. The extreme north of Delaware, the Piedmont area, is a mountainous area composed of metamorphic rocks, whose soils are somewhat more fertile than those of the coastal plain.


There are no large rivers in the interior of the state; the Delaware River and its estuary (known as the Delaware Bay), shape the northeastern border of the state. Delaware also does not have large lakes, although it does have several small bodies of water where swimming and fishing can be practiced.


Its main cities are Dover (capital), Newark, Milford, Elsmere and Wilmington, which is the largest city in Delaware.

Climate and Precipitation

The state of Delaware has a humid and temperate climate, with slight variations from one place to another.


In terms of flora, the most common species include red and white oak, willow, some varieties of walnut, such as bitter walnut hickory, taeda pine, Virginia pine, and red maple.


White-tailed or Virginia deer, red and gray foxes, raccoons, weasels, cottontail rabbits (see Rabbits and Hares), American marmots, gray squirrels, and muskrats are found in many areas of the state. Delaware Bay is important as the wintering area for waterfowl in the region.

Economic development


The only mineral resources of any importance in the state are sand and gravel, which can be found throughout the territory.


Its beautiful beaches make Delaware a prominent place for outdoor activities such as swimming, rowing, or fishing. Although Rehoboth Beach is considered the first resort in the state, Bethany Beach and Fenwick Island are also very popular.


Lumbering is a small-scale industry, although the state makes significant amounts of wood pulp. In addition to chemicals, other major industries in the state include synthetic fabrics, vehicle parts and motors, processed foods, precision instruments, rubber and plastic items, printing materials, and industrial equipment. All electricity produced in Delaware is generated in coal, natural gas or oil thermoelectric plants.

Social development


In 2006, Delaware had a population of 853,476. The average density in that same year was 169 residents / km². The white population represents 74.6%, and the black population, 19.2%. Apart from other groups, 37,277 people are of Hispanic origin.


The Legislative Assembly of the state of Delaware is in Dover, capital of the state since 1777 and is governed by the Constitution of 1897, with some later amendments. It is the only state in the country that does not require a popular vote to ratify a constitutional amendment. The chief executive is a democratically elected governor for a four-year term, who cannot be reelected for more than two terms.

Members of the Senate and House

At the national level, Delaware sends two senators and one representative to the United States Congress.


In 1796 the state legislature created a public education fund, but the creation of a state education system in Delaware did not come until 1829. Cunado divided the state into different school districts, each having the right to receive up to 300 from the state. dollars annually, thus establishing the first public schools in the state. Until then, children from poor families were forced to study or not study, in schools run by religious institutions (the first were founded during the early seventeenth century). In 1999, the state’s public schools served about 112.8 thousand students, employing approximately 7.3 thousand teachers. Private schools served about 22.8 thousand students, employing approximately 1.8 thousand teachers. The state’s public school system spent about $ 873 million, and public school spending was about $ 8.3 thousand per student. About 88.7% of the state’s residents over the age of 25 have a high school diploma. Delaware’s first library was founded in 1754, in Wilmington. Currently, the state has 57 public library systems, which annually move an average of 5.8 books per resident. Delaware’s first institution of higher education was the present-day Newark College University of Delaware, founded in 1833, in Newark.


  • Delaware is known as the first state, because it was the first of the original 13 colonies to ratify the Constitution of the United States. The Legislative Assembly, pictured, is in Dover, the state capital since 1777.
  • Most of the residents of Delaware (USA), especially those in the northern part of the state, live in urban areas. According to, Wilmington is the largest city in Delaware. It was developed as an important industrial and navigation center of the Delaware River.

Delaware Overview

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