Cleveland, Ohio

Cleveland, Ohio

According to Abbreviationfinder, Cleveland is located in the most populous county in the state of Ohio in the United States, Cuyahoga of which it is the seat. As such, it constitutes a municipality located in the northeast of that state, specifically on the southern shore of Lake Erie, about 100 km west of Pennsylvania. Due to its location at the entrance of numerous canals and rail lines, Cleveland from its origins became a very important manufacturing center in the country, which was affected to some extent by the decline in heavy manufacturing, which is why the economy it has diversified and spread strongly in the service sector.

According to, the city is ranked as the thirty-sixth largest city in the country and the second largest in Ohio and is recognized for large investments made in arts and cultural institutions and a robust public library system that have contributed greatly to increased tourism.. According to studies conducted by The Economist in 2005, Cleveland and Pittsburgh are the most livable cities in the United States, and ranked as the best city for business meetings in the continental United States.


Cleveland was founded on 22 of July of 1796 in the vicinity of the mouth of the river Cuyahoga, and takes its name when the experts of the Connecticut Land Company drew the Western Reserve of Connecticut in municipalities and a capital city they named “Cleaveland” in honor of its leader, General Moses Cleaveland. Lorenzo Carter was the first settler to settle in Cleveland on the banks of the Cuyahoga River, but the town of Cleaveland was incorporated on December 23, 1814, later in 1831 Looking for the way that the name would fit in the head of a newspaper, a spelling arrangement was made to the name of the city, deleting an “a” and from then on being called “Cleveland”.

In its beginnings, due to the approach to low and swampy lands and harsh winters, the area was not very populated but as railway development increased and especially after the construction of the Ohio and Erie Canal in 1832, there was a rapid and sustained growth that made the city a key connection between the Ohio River and the Great Lakesas well as between the Atlantic Ocean through the St. Lawrence Canal and the Gulf of Mexico through the Mississippi River, all of which contributed to the incorporation of Cleveland as city ​​in 1836.

Because of its location in the middle of the road for the iron ore coming from Minnesota across the Great Lakes and for the coal and other raw materials coming by rail from the south of the country, the area quickly prospered and Cleveland thus became a one of the largest manufacturing and populated centers in the United States, establishing itself by 1920 as the fifth largest city in the country.

After World War II, the city grew slightly and businesses proclaimed that Cleveland was the “best place in the nation” and in 1949 it was named an All-America City for the first time, however by 1960 the heavy industries began to decline. and residents sought out new areas of the economy on the outskirts.


Cleveland is located in the northeast of the state of Ohio, on the southern shore of Lake Erie, about 100 km west of Pennsylvania. Exactly 41 ° 28′56 ″ N 81 ° 40′11 ″ W? /? 41.48222, -81.66972. The city has a total area of ​​213.5 km². Of which 201.0 km² is land and 12.5 km² is water.


The main contributor to snow and the main pillar of Cleveland’s weather, is the so-called lake effect, which is strongly reflected in the eastern part, due to the proximity of Lake Erie which from mid- November begins to cool until the surface of the lake freezes between late January or early February. This effect causes the total amount of snow to vary greatly between different parts of the city.

The maximum temperature recorded in Cleveland was 40 ° C and occurred on June 25, 1988, and the minimum temperature was −29 ° C on January 19, 1994. July is the hottest month with an average temperature of 22.2 ° C, and the coldest is January, with an average temperature of −3.5 ° C. Average annual rainfall is 930 mm.


The architecture of Cleveland is varied, highlighting many buildings that share a common neoclassical architecture among which are government and civil buildings such as the City Hall, the Cuyahoga County courthouse, the Cleveland Public Library, and the Public Auditorium all clustered around an open mall. These were built in the early 1900s and are one of the finest examples of City Beautiful design in the United States.

Among the notable examples are the Terminal Tower, built in 1930, and converted for the time into the tallest building in the country outside of New York until 1967 and the tallest in the city until 1991. The two new skyscrapers in the downtown plaza, Key Tower, which is currently the tallest building in Ohio, and the BP Building, feature Art Deco architectural elements with postmodern designs. Another of the achievements and architectural jewel of Cleveland is The Arcade, which is an arcade built in 1890 and renovated in 2001 as the Hyatt Regency Hotel..

Another notable example is Euclid Avenue, which for its prestige and splendor once rivaled New York’s Fifth Avenue, becoming famous as the home of internationally known names such as Rockefeller, Hanna and Hay.

Cleveland, Ohio

Comments are closed.