Chicago, Illinois

Chicago, Illinois

According to, Chicago is located in the state of Illinois, along the southwestern shore of Lake Michigan. It is part of Chicago land, a conurbation also made up of outlying counties.


The climate in Chicago is defined as continental climate and therefore it is very varied, since in summer maximum temperatures can be registered between 30 and 35 ° C, and minimums from 15 to 20 ° C. In winter the maximum temperatures range from -10 ° to 5 ° C and the minimum from -20 ° C to -5 ° C. The lake only tempers the weather slightly. Maximum rainfall is concentrated in the spring and summer months, with August being the wettest month in general; although the precipitations are distributed throughout the year. Snowfalls or blizzards are frequent during late autumn and winter and can be very intense, being found in the middle of the North American subcontinent, and near the lands of Canada.

Due to the flatness of the area, rainwater must be accumulated in underground tunnels temporarily, in a system known as TARP (Tunnel and Reservoir Program) that has 168 km of tunnels, between 90 and 100 meters deep, between 3 and 11 meters in diameter, with a capacity for one million m3 each.

The climate in Chicago is continental, but this is very marked by its geographical location, since Chicago is precisely located between the Central Sierra and the Atlantic Ocean. This causes the climate in Chicago to be characterized by extremely cold winters, hot summers and in-between, that is, spring and autumn, quite cloudy, with frequent rainfall and sometimes accompanied by strong winds.


According to the accounts of the Spanish explorers of the 17th century, the Indians of Illinois (Potawatomis) were the first to claim a territory that they called ” Chicaugou “, and which means powerful, strong or great, and that was used by many tribal chiefs to mean they were “big” bosses. In 1795 the area was ceded by the Native Americans to the United States by the Treaty of Greenville for their military use.

The first European explorers to set foot in the place destined to become Chicago were Louis Joliet and Fr. Jacques Marquette. The two explorers were commissioned by the French Government in 1673. Father Marquette returned to the area only a year later to establish an Indian mission.

According to Abbreviationfinder, Chicago’s first European colonizer, Jean Baptiste Point DuSable, arrived in the area around 1780. He married a Potawatomi Indian named Kittihawa and had two children, Jean and Susanne. In 1779 he left Peoria and explored north to an area called Eschikagou, (Chicago) by the Indians. DuSable, recognizing its potential, decided to settle in Chicago and built the first permanent home on the banks of the river.

He established a trading post that became the main supply point for traders and trappers going west. The post of Du Sable prospered much and he became quite wealthy. In 1796 a granddaughter was born, becoming the first child born in the newly created Chicago.

Although Chicago suffered from a number of problems, including the Fort Dearbornmassacre by a hostile Indian tribe and the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain, it managed to maintain its territorial holdings and expand its boundaries.

Fort Dearborn – Chicago 1803 With the development of the railroad and the Illinois / Michigan canal (in 1848 the Illinois and Michigan canals were built, interconnecting the Great Lakes with the Mississippi River ), Chicago became the leader in the cattle, chip, and chip industries. wood, firewood and wheat. Word spread that the city was full of opportunity, and by the mid- 1850s, as many as 100,000 immigrants were coming to the city annually looking for land and work.

In 1860, Chicago hosted the Republican National Convention which named Abraham Lincoln himself, as the presidential candidate. A year later, during his tenure, the Civil War began.

Postwar Chicago was unstoppable. Population grew, grain shipments doubled, and merchants prospered.

The October of October of 1871, the Great Chicago Fire destroyed most of the central area of the city. It started in the lumber district in the western part of the city. They say Mrs. O’Leary’s cow hit a kerosene lamp that started the fire. By October 10, the fire had destroyed almost four miles of the city, claimed at least 250 lives and left 100,000 residents homeless. More than 17,000 buildings were destroyed and the damaged properties were estimated at $ 200 million.

After the fire, a larger Chicago emerged. Architects of international fame came to the city for its reconstruction. Within a few years, Chicago resurfaced and was chosen to host the [[| 1893 | 1893]] Columbian World Exposition for two and a half million visitors.

In 1933 and 1934, the Chicago World’s Fair, known as “A Century of Progress,” was organized as a non-profit society in January 1928. Its purpose was to hold a world fair in Chicago in 1933.

The “A Century of Progress” exhibit was conceived as a centennial commemorating the city of Chicago and a testament to the scientific and industrial achievements of that time.

Located south of Navy Pier (Navy Pier) in Chicago, This exhibition, “A century of Progress”, had 112 ha on the shore of the Lake and was made up of two artificial lagoons and Notherly Island.

The fair was inaugurated on 27 of maypole of 1933 with the lighting of the lights with the rays of the star Arcturus. The rays were concentrated in photoelectric cells in a series of astronomical observatories and then transformed into electrical energy that was transmitted to Chicago.

Unlike any previous fair, ‘A Century of Progress’ celebrated color and lighting. The architecture of the fair was influenced by the Great Depression of the time. Rather than focusing on architecture, the fair focused on scientific and technological progress and related manufacturing processes.

The “A Century of Progress Exposition” was an unprecedented success and welcomed more than 48 million visitors in the two years it lasted. It offered an encouraging glimpse into a future embodied by technology while honoring the achievements of the past.

Today, Chicago is a dynamic and culturally diverse city. It is an international center for business and leisure travel, due in part to the city’s accessibility through transportation, a thriving business community, and hotels, restaurants, shopping venues, etc.

In this city of Illinois lived the famous mobster Al Capone who ruled in the eastern sector of Chicago.

Chicago, Illinois

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