Category: South America

World Heritages in Colombia

World Heritages in Colombia

Los Katios National Park

According to computergees, Los Katios National Park, is a protected area (UNESCO World Heritage Site) in northwest Colombia, on the border with Panama, 720 km 2; forms a natural geographical unittogether with the Darién National Park (5,970 km 2) in the east of Panama. The inaccessible marshland of the Río Atrato, which flows into the Gulf of Darién,and the rainforests of the Serrania de Baudo form a protected habitat for endangered species such as puma, jaguar, anteater, sloth and various species of monkeys.

Chiribiquete National Park (World Heritage)

Chiribiquete National Park (World Heritage)

Secluded, untouched, unique: The Chiribiquete National Park in the heart of the Amazon basin is the largest nature reserve in Colombia and a refuge within the rainforest, which is threatened by ongoing deforestation. The landscape is characterized by steeply towering table mountains (tepuis) ​​up to 1000 meters high, deep gorges, raging rivers, lowland rainforests and stony savannah in the higher regions.

Untouched nature: The as yet little explored protected area has a number of different ecosystems with an extraordinarily diverse flora and fauna. These include various vascular plants, a number of bat species, some of which have been newly discovered, more than 350 species of birds and over 200 species of butterflies. Tapirs, giant otters, anteaters, howler monkeys and the brown woolly monkey, jaguars and pink river dolphins live here.

Prehistoric place of worship: In the inaccessible region there are over 75,000 rock paintings, some of which are over 20,000 years old. The pictures show hunting scenes, fights, dances and ceremonial scenes. Many of them are associated with the cult of the jaguar, which was considered a symbol of power and fertility. Today the Chiribiquete is hardly populated. Only a few indigenous groups live in this area, some of them in complete isolation.

Chiribiquete National Park: facts

Official title: Chiribiquete National Park – “The Jaguar’s House”
Natural and cultural monument: Nature reserve with diverse flora and fauna, some of which are endemic and endangered species, as well as over 75,000 rock paintings
Continent: America
Country: Colombia
Location: western part of the Guiana Mountains in southern Colombia
Appointment: 2018
Meaning: Unique example of the diversity of flora and fauna in Guyanese and Amazonian landscapes and cultural testimony to isolated communities since prehistoric times

Malpelo Nature Reserve (World Heritage)

The reserve in the Eastern Pacific includes the small island of Malpelo and an approximately 8,500 km² marine reserve. It is the largest nature reserve in the Eastern Pacific with rare shark and giant bass species.

Malpelo Nature Reserve: facts

Official title: Malpelo nature reserve
Natural monument: Island in the Pacific Ocean with a size of 3.5 km² and an altitude of up to 258 m above sea level; Nature reserve of 8,575 km² with ten smaller rock islands and adjacent bodies of water; largest underwater protection zone in the tropical east Pacific with a large number of threatened marine animals (e.g. sharks and rays) at depths of up to 3,400 meters; extensive underwater reef and cave system; Part of a sea current from the Galapagos Islands to Coiba (Panama) and the Cocos Islands (Costa Rica)
Continent: America
Country: Colombia
Location: Pacific Ocean, 500 km west of Buenaventura
Appointment: 2006
Meaning: Unique marine biosphere and ecological reserve to protect large populations of threatened marine animals
Flora and fauna: Around 200 species of fish, including silk sharks, giant groupers, hammerheads, swordfish, sand tiger sharks, whale sharks, short-nosed saw sharks, eagle rays, manta rays, seahorses, tuna; Sea birds such as fork-tailed gulls, Hawaiian petrels, masked boobies

 

Mompós (World Heritage)

Founded in 1540, Mompós (formerly Santa Cruz de Mompox) has retained the legacy of the Spanish colonial era from the 16th to 19th centuries in its historic center. The city located on the Magdalena River south of Cartagena played a prominent role in the Spanish conquest of South America.

Mompós: facts

Official title: Historic center of Mompós (formerly Santa Cruz de Mompox)
Cultural monument: Former Spanish colonial city named after its founder, Juan de Santa Cruz, governor of Cartagena, and known to this day for goldsmithing; Old town center with the Iglesia Santa Bárbara, the Iglesia San Agustín, the Iglesia San Francisco, the Iglesia Santa Domingo and the Cathedral La Concepción
Continent: America
Country: Colombia
Location: Mompós, on the Magdalena River, southeast of Cartagena
Appointment: 1995
Meaning: A colonial “open-air museum” that once played an important role in the Spanish conquest of northern South America

Mompós (World Heritage)

Peninsula Valdés (World Heritage)

Peninsula Valdés (World Heritage)

Peninsula Valdés (World Heritage), the Peninsula Valdés, around 1400 km south of Buenos Aires, is an important protected area for marine mammals such as sea lions and elephant seals.

Southern right whales and orcas also cavort in the coastal waters. Inside you will encounter rheas, wild llamas and pampas hares.

Peninsula Valdés: facts

Official title: Peninsula Valdés
Natural monument: Marine reserve Golfo San José, nature reserves Punta Norte, Isla de Los Pájaros, Punta Pirámide, Caleta Valdés, Punta Delgada, Península Valdés, partly under protection since 1983, since 1985 special protection for the southern right whale, area 3600 km² with heights between 35 and 100 m, semi-arid climate with average rainfall of up to 240 mm, first discovered in 1779
Continent: America
Country: Argentina, Patagonia
Location: Península Valdés between Golfo Nuevo and Golfo San Matías, northeast of Rawson and southeast of Puerto Lobos Significance: Of global importance for the conservation of marine mammals such as the southern elephant seal and southern right whale (southern right whale)
Appointment: 1999
Meaning: of global importance for the conservation of marine mammals such as the southern elephant seal and southern right whale (southern right whale)
Flora and fauna: 130 plant species, 38 of which only occur in Argentina; approximately 2,700 southern right whale, southern elephant seal, orca, peales’ dolphin, dark dolphin, Commerson’s dolphin, long-fin pilot whale, pampas hare, magellan fox, 80,000 sheep; 118 bird species, including 66 migratory bird species and 40,000 nesting sites for Magellanic penguins, 6,000 nesting sites for Dominican gulls, as well as common tern, red knot and American godwit

A zoo without guards and bars

The massive, black body rises slowly from the depths of the sea. As if in slow motion, as if lifted up by telluric forces, the mighty baleen whale rears up and falls back into the water with fountains hissing in all directions. Another flips over downwards. The five-meter-wide tail fin floats majestically in the air for a moment and then slowly dives away. From boats that lie silently in the bay, spectators watch the fascinating dance of the fifty-toners. Every year in the late autumn of the southern hemisphere, i.e. in April / May, hundreds of southern right whales come from Antarctic waters to the mild and calm bays of the Valdés peninsula: the Golfo Nuevo and the Golfo San José. They stay in this immense natural “zoo” for six to seven months, in which there is no need for bars or guards. They indulge in the eternal game of creation, give birth to their young and then withdraw to the cold south again towards the end of the year.

From observation towers that have been erected here and there on the flat headland covered with barren scrub and steppe grass, visitors can watch the flocks of wildly screeching seagulls, stoically waiting herons and cormorants through binoculars. Every now and then an Argentine gray fox or a guanaco can be seen. On the east coast, which faces the Atlantic, numerous colonies of southern elephant seals and southern sea lions can be found from Punta Norte to Punta Delgada. Hundreds of them lie on the beach like nowhere else on the mainland and do not let themselves be disturbed during their siesta. With large, dark eyes, females and young animals peer into the cameras, which they photograph from a suitable distance. Meanwhile, »machos« weighing tons are waging their power struggles among themselves.

The Golfo San José, on the northern shore of the peninsula, is once a year, around March, the meeting place for killer whales, also known as orcas or (unfortunately) as »killer whales«. Fish, penguins, seals, even sea turtles and sharks all show them respect. Because they all belong to the menu of these mammals, which, unlike the other whales, have sharp teeth with 44 pointed, hook-shaped teeth.

The fact that the diverse fauna on the Valdés peninsula and in the adjacent waters can feel safe is thanks to a law from the late 1960s, which declared this area an open nature reserve. The observation of baleen whales on boats that only leave the small town of Puerto Pirámides has since been subject to strict regulations and controls. This is to guarantee an undisturbed reproduction of the species.

In earlier centuries, scientists estimate that around 100,000 southern right whales populated the oceans of the southern hemisphere. The merciless hunt of the whalers almost completely wiped them out. For this reason, they were first included in the 1936 International Whaling Agreement, along with bowhead whales, northern capers and other species. In the case of the southern right whales outside Argentina’s territory, however, according to ezinereligion, the extermination campaign lasted until the mid-1980s. Local researchers have recently been busy identifying the giant mammals. This is possible thanks to the existence of light skin bulges on the head, which have a different shape for each specimen. This characteristic is already visible when the animals are born and does not change over the course of their 60 to 70 years of life.

Peninsula Valdés (World Heritage)

Chile Culture

Chile Culture

In the desert-like north of Chile there are archaeological sites of the pre-Columbian Chinchorro culture (around 6000 to 2000 BC). Already 3000 years before the Egyptians this used mummification in the funeral. In the 16th century, the Spaniards conquered the area, destroyed the Inca Empire and also shaped the country culturally. Elements of the Inca culture have been preserved in the north in folk music and dance as well as in customs and handicrafts. The architecture of the colonial era is still visible today in churches, houses and the chessboard-like floor plans of old cities.

Easter Island, which has belonged to Chile since 1888 according to neovideogames, occupies a special position. The culture of the Rapa-Nui left about a thousand mysterious stone sculptures there: up to 10 m high figures (“Moai”) made of tuff stone, facing the sea.

In 1945 the first Latin American Nobel Prize for Literature went to the Chilean poet G. Mistral . This award was also given in 1971 to Fr Neruda , who became the most popular lyric poet of the subcontinent with his politically committed poems. Not all of the authors who went into exile after the 1973 military coup returned in the mid-1980s. Some, like the bestselling author I. Allende (” Das Geisterhaus “, 1982), stayed abroad. The setting of world literature are the Juan Fernández Islandsin the Pacific, which belong to Chile. The Scottish seaman A. Selkirk stayed there from 1704-09, whose fate D. Defoe wrote about the novel » Robinson Crusoe ”(1719). The music genre »Nueva Canción Chilena« (Spanish: »New Chilean Song«) is widespread. She combines traditional Ibero-American folklore with modern instruments and socially critical texts. The founder of the style was the singer-songwriter Violeta Parra (* 1917, † 1967), well-known is the band Inti-Illimani.

The renowned documentary filmmaker Patricio Gúzman (* 1941) made an outstanding contribution to coping with Chilean history in film art. In »Der Perlmuttknopf« (2015) he describes the fate of the indigenous population under the Pinochet dictatorship. It is the second part of his film trilogy, which began in 2010 with “Nostalgia of Light”. The pianist C. Arrau became internationally famous with his outstanding interpretations of classical and romantic piano music (Beethoven , Schubert , Liszt , Brahms ). The most popular sports are soccer and the Chilean rodeo.

Chile Culture

World Heritage Sites in Chile

World Heritage Sites

  • Rapa Nui National Park on Easter Island (1995)
  • Wooden churches on Chiloé (2000)
  • Historic district of Valparaíso (2003)
  • Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (2005)
  • Sewell copper mining town (2006)
  • Great Inca Road »Qhapaq Ñan« in the Andes (2014)

Sewell copper mining town (World Heritage)

The copper mining town in the Andes was laid out in 1905 for the miners of El Teniente, the world’s largest underground copper mine. It is a testimony to the industrialization of Chile at the beginning of the 20th century. In the 1960s the city lost its importance, today it is deserted.

Copper mining town of Sewell: facts

Official title: Sewell copper mining town
Cultural monument: Mining settlement built in the Andes in central Chile in 1905, abandoned since the 1970s; At an altitude of 2,000 m for approx. 15,000 miners, a workers’ town designed for copper mining (still operated there today) in the largest underground copper mine in the world, El Teniente; established by the US group Braden Copper Company, named after its first president (Barton Sewell); American timber frame houses in red, green, blue, and yellow as dwellings, equipped with copper roofs and six-bed rooms; extensive infrastructure with hospital, catholic church, cinema, theater, school; extensive staircase system (“city of stairs”) because of the inaccessible hillside location
Continent: America
Country: Chile
Location: Machiali, province of Cachapoal (central Chile), approx. 100 km southeast of Santiago
Appointment: 2006
Meaning: Outstanding example of an artificially constructed working and living environment in a climatically and topographically difficult environment; impressive testimony to the special living conditions and consequences of the industrial extraction of raw materials; exceptional example of extensive industrial use of local labor with imported infrastructure

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (World Heritage)

In the Atacama Desert, an important saltpetre industry with around 200 plants emerged from 1880. At the beginning of the 1930s, the saltpetre market collapsed with the introduction of artificially extracted saltpetre. Many of the works from that time and their adjoining settlements have been preserved; they are evidence of the industrial history of Chile. They have been on the red list since 2005.

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works: Facts

Official title: Humberstone and Santa Laura saltpeter works
Cultural monument: Over 200 former saltpetre factories in northern Chile with homes for workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia for over 60 years (since 1880); Place of communal life with own culture and language; once the world’s largest production site for the saltpetre industry; Classified as World Heritage in Danger due to the consequences of an earthquake in 2005
Continent: America
Country: Chile
Location: Atacama Desert, Northern Chile
Appointment: 2005
Meaning: Exceptional testimony to the industrial history as well as the cultural and social change in Chile at the end of the 19th century.

 

Peru Culture

Peru Culture

Like Ecuador and Bolivia, Peru is one of the most »indigenous« countries in South America. Quechua, the language of the Inca, is the country’s second official language. On the territory of pre-Columbian Peru there were since 2500 BC. Chr. Settlements with houses. State organizations developed such as the Nazca culture, the Huari culture, the Tiahuanaco empire and, in the middle highlands, the Inca empire from around 1200 AD.

The high-ranking Inca civilization had a road network (Qhapaq Ñan) that was larger than that of the Romans. The fortress-like city complex of Machu Picchu in the Andes, built around 1450, is evidence of its architecture. Characteristic of her art are figures made of gold or silver, which mainly represent people and llamas. On the hunt for the legendary treasures of the golden land Pirú, the conquistador Francisco Pizarro conquered in 1532with a small army the Inca state weakened by internal turmoil. According to physicscat, Peru became the political and cultural center of the Spanish colonial empire on the South American subcontinent. This is still reflected today in the impressive colonial buildings of the conquerors, 600 of which have been preserved in the capital Lima alone. In them, European building forms merge with indigenous style elements to create an artful colonial baroque (Peruvian art, Latin American art).

The most important writer is M. Vargas Llosa , who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2010. He is one of the most important representatives of the boom in Latin American literature that began in the 1960s, in which he played a major role with his novel “La ciudad y los perros” (1963; German “The city and the dogs”). Vargas Llosa’s works are often based on real events or autobiographical experiences and give a picture of Latin American society (Peruvian literature) through detailed observation.

The country’s music is influenced by the Inca heritage with its pan and queña flutes and ancient trumpets. It mixes with Hispanic influences and modern pop music to create a distinctive style. Puno on Lake Titicaca is a folklore capital. Many typical dances come from this region and are performed by dancers in colorful costumes. The colorful weaving products from the highlands are well known. The traditional clothes of the women are colored skirts, the Peruvian poncho is used to protect against rain and indigenous people in particular wear the typical hats made of wool.

Peru Culture

The national sport is football, but equestrian sports and surfing are also very popular. Mountaineering in the Andes is mainly practiced by tourists.

World Heritage Sites in Peru

World Heritage Sites (K) and World Natural Heritage Sites (N)

  • City of Cuzco (K; 1983)
  • Ruins of the city-like Inca mountain fortress Machu Picchu (K / N; 1983)
  • Ruined city of Chavin (K; 1985)
  • Huascarán National Park (N; 1985)
  • Ruined city of Chan Chan (K; 1986)
  • Manú National Park (N; 1987)
  • Historic city center of Lima with the San Francisco Monastery (K; 1988)
  • Río Abiseo National Park (C / N; 1990)
  • Lines and floor drawings (scratches) from Nasca and Pampas de Jumana (K; 1994)
  • Historic city center of Arequipa (K; 2000)
  • Holy City of Caral-Supe (K; 2009)
  • Great Inca Road »Qhapaq Ñan« in the Andes (K; 2014)

Arequipa Old Town (World Heritage)

Arequipa is located in the south of Peru at an altitude of around 2400 m at the foot of the 5842 m high Misti volcano. The cityscape presents a mixture of European and indigenous building techniques. The most interesting complex besides Arequipa Cathedral is the spacious Santa Catalina Monastery from 1579, which has preserved its cultural and architectural heritage in a unique way.

Arequipa Old Town: Facts

Official title: Historic city center of Arequipa
Cultural monument: Historical center; Mixture of European and native building techniques by colonial masters and Creole or Indian masons; Colonial buildings, partly made of white tuff: La Compañía monastery with beautiful cloister, church with richly designed baroque facade (1698); Santo Domingo Church (around 1664), Santa Catalina Monastery (founded 1580); among other things arcades, vaults, inner courtyards, baroque facades
Continent: America
Country: Peru
Location: Arequipa
Appointment: 2000
Meaning: Masterpiece of the creative fusion of European and local architecture; impressive example of colonial settlements

Holy City of Caral-Supe (World Heritage)

Caral-Supe, 200 km north of Lima, is an outstanding monument of human cultural history. It shows that there was already a flourishing civilization in America 1000 years before the Egyptian civilization. It originated around 5,000 years ago and is considered the oldest urban settlement on the American continent. The ruins consist of six monumental pyramid-like complexes, temples and palaces. Settlement ended around 1200 BC. Chr.

Holy city of Caral-Supe: facts

Official title: Holy city of Caral-Supe
Cultural monument: Archaeological site of an area of ​​approx. 0.6 km² in a desert-like plateau above the fertile valley of the Supe River; one of the oldest known settlements in America with a proven age of over 4,500 years; monumental, ceremonial architecture made of stone and earthworks, in the center six pyramids (with gigantic monoliths on the Great Temple, the largest pyramid); urban structure (with upper and lower town) with accommodation, work houses, sophisticated irrigation systems, burial mounds, round buildings (such as amphitheaters from a later phase with finds of musical instruments) and public spaces; Finds of woolen knot cords, so-called »Quipus«, aids for documentation and transmission of numerical data;
Continent: America
Country: Peru
Location: about 190 km north of Lima
Appointment: 2009
Meaning: Unique testimony to an early American high culture, outstanding example of the development of civilization on the Peruvian coast; outstanding finds of early architecture and urban planning in the Andes; exceptional examples of early counting systems

 

Semester Abroad in Peru

Semester Abroad in Peru

Peru – the land of the Incas and the Andes, the Amazon rainforests and the alpacas. Hardly any other area offers such a diverse culture and landscape as the third largest country in South America.

The mysterious ruined city of Machu Picchu and the old Inca capital Cusco are impressive examples of the lost culture of the Incas. The legacy of the Spanish conquerors can still be felt in the former colonial cities with their baroque cathedrals and churches. And the mysterious, giant scratches in the Nazca desert are still a mystery today.

Peru: one country – four landscapes

The cultural treasures of Peru are embedded in a breathtaking landscape: behind the narrow and dry coastal region “La Costa” with its desert landscapes and fishing villages, the Andes rise majestically: “La Sierra”. Their plateaus are up to 4,000 meters high here. The highest mountain in Peru, Huascarán, is over 6,700 meters high. However, half of Peru is made up of “La Selva”, the rainforest, and “La Montana”, the cloud forest. The deep green Amazon basin in particular, with its numerous rivers and pristine jungle, is home to countless animal and bird species.

Of the 30 million people in Peru, more than half are of indigenous descent. Many of the indigenous people still follow their traditional way of life. They speak the indigenous languages Quechua or Aymara, which, along with Spanish, are the Peruvian national languages. In the big cities, the customs of the Indians have mixed with the Catholic traditions of the colonial powers.

According to searchforpublicschools, the capital Lima is the cultural and economic center of Peru. There you will find magnificent buildings from the colonial era, colorful markets, shady plazas, old churches and excellent museums. The beaches close to the city, a colorful nightlife and the warmth and hospitality of the residents ensure that there is no boredom in the noisy metropolis.

Semester in Peru: special semester programs

For students who want to see the countless cultural and natural wonders of Peru with their own eyes, some Peruvian universities offer special study opportunities. Programs like Semester in Lima International Program or Semester in Cusco International Exchange Program represent a unique opportunity to get to know this fascinating country during a semester abroad.

The state universities in Peru teach almost exclusively in Spanish. Private universities, such as the Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, often have courses in English as well as courses in Spanish. These are not intended exclusively for international students. They are also aimed at local students who value perfecting their English skills as part of their studies.

This is of course very practical for international students whose knowledge of Spanish is not that advanced. At the same time, many Peruvian universities also offer Spanish courses. At some universities there is even the option of learning the basics of Aymara or Quechua as part of a semester abroad in Peru.

The exact structure of the semester programs in Peru differs from university to university. At some universities you can take courses from the university’s general range of lectures together with local students during your semester abroad in Peru. Other universities offer international students mainly country-specific courses on Peruvian history, nature, art and culture, as well as Spanish courses. These programs aim to provide international students with a deep understanding of Peruvian culture during their semester.

The study system in Peru is predominantly based on the Spanish system, with some universities also using the North American system as a model. The universities usually award credit points within the specially designed semester programs. This means that you can often have your academic achievements recognized during the semester in Peru easily recognized by your home university. However, you should clarify this in advance with your home examination office.

Requirements and application

The application process for a semester abroad in Peru is simple. To be able to participate in the semester program of a Peruvian university, you only need the (technical) high school diploma. In most cases, universities do not require formal proof of language skills. Nevertheless, you should of course have sufficient knowledge of Spanish or at least English for your semester in Peru.

Costs and financing options for a semester abroad in Peru

Peruvian universities are financed through tuition fees. These vary from university to university and can be up to US $ 5,500 per semester. The cost of living is far below the German level. Anyone who adapts to the Peruvian way of life gets along well with living expenses of EUR 450 per month. The cost of a room in a shared apartment in the capital Lima, for example, is around EUR 120-280 per month. You only have to plan around EUR 100 per month for accommodation with a host family. A warm meal is often available in Peru for the equivalent of three euros.

There are different ways to finance the semester abroad in Peru. On the one hand, many German students receive funding from the Auslands-BAföG. This includes a subsidy for tuition fees of up to EUR 4,600 and additional subsidies for living and travel expenses. Students who are not entitled to BAföG in Germany may also receive funding, as the assessment limits for BAföG abroad are higher. So it is definitely worth it to find out about the possibilities at the BAföG office in Bremen, which is responsible for Latin America.

For some students, a scholarship can also be considered to finance a semester abroad in Peru, for example from the DAAD or other foundations. Student loans are also a financing option.

Foreign students are also allowed to work during the semester break in order to top up their travel budget. To do this, you have to apply for a work permit at the Peruvian embassy in advance.

Semester Abroad in Peru

Visa and entry to Peru

Anyone planning to spend a semester abroad in Peru must apply for a student visa. However, these are not issued by the Peruvian consulates in Germany. There are two ways to get the visa anyway:

  • The university at which you are enrolled has the visa processed by the Ministry of Interior’s Immigration Service (DIGEMIN).
  • You enter Peru on a tourist visa and have this converted into a student visa at DIGEMIN.

For a student visa you have to

  • the certificate of enrollment,
  • proof of sufficient financial resources and
  • the return tickets

In any case, you need adequate international health insurance for your semester stay in Peru.

Exchange Study in Argentina

Exchange Study in Argentina

The recipe for South America is simple. Start with the joy of life and hospitality. Then add a mix of modern cities and relics from the Inca Empire. Sprinkle with fascinating wildlife and unique scenery. Then you have a bit of what a stay as an exchange student in Argentina gives you.

If you come to live in Argentina, you will meet a lot of nice people who welcome you with hugs – and you will easily make new friends. You will surely be seduced by their passion for football, beef and tango. Argentines love to dance and eat out – especially on the weekends – but in everyday life, family life is the most important thing. As an exchange student, you will feel the close family relationships of your host family and experience the European influence, which is largely expressed in the capital Buenos Aires and a high level of education.

As a country that begins with letter A according to Trackaah, Argentina is known for its nature. From the giant Iguazu Falls on the Brazilian border and ice-covered mountain peaks in the east to the lush rainforests in the northeast and penguin colonies in the south. It is both magnificent and varied.

An exchange stay in Argentina opens your mind! Are you ready to go on an adventure?

  • CAPITAL CITY: Buenos Aires
  • LANGUAGE: Spanish
  • CURRENCY: Peso (ARS)
  • AREA: 2,780,400 km2 (ARG)
  • POPULATION: 43,417,000 (ARG)

People and community

Argentina People and community

Young people in Argentina are very socially minded. They meet in friends’ homes, in the city center, go out to eat, go to the cinema, go out and dance or hang out at a local café. Most students join sports teams or go to a gym in the afternoon. Many also study another language at a language school. As a means of transport, young people often use their bicycle or walk, but in big cities, public transport is often used.

Parents and children usually have an open relationship where they discuss opinions and plans, but parents usually get the last word. Do not miss family dinners and the opportunity to improve your Spanish while talking about the day’s events.

Schooling

Argentina Schooling

According to TopSchoolsintheUSA, the school week runs from Monday to Friday. The classes can be located in the morning (from 08-13) or in the afternoon (from 13-18). The school year starts in March and ends in December. Usually there are about 35 students in each class and it is standard that the students wear school uniform.

Language

In Argentina, the official language is Spanish, but many also speak English, Italian, German, French or Portuguese. If you know basic Spanish, it will undoubtedly be an advantage, although it is not a requirement to get to Argentina. However, you are encouraged to take language lessons, and the local AFS volunteers will possibly help arrange an independent language learning for you during the first months.

Food

Argentina Food

Beef, like culinary, sticks together, and you can find it in dishes like milanesas (a kind of beef schnitzel), chivito and empanadas , all of which testify to a great influence of Italian cuisine. Unlike the cuisines of other Latin American countries, the food in Argentina is not spicy. Argentines are known for drinking mate, a local green tea, which is often a social event.

Argentina