Category: Europe

Travel to Formentera, Spain

Travel to Formentera, Spain

Formentera (Balearic Islands)

With the boat it takes about half an hour to reach the island of Formentera from Ibiza. Formentera is a Balearic island with a feel-good character and high relaxation value. Calm, enchanting landscape and nature together with crystalline water contribute to this attribute.

Formentera is the fourth largest of the Balearic Islands, the size of thesmallIsland is just 82 square kilometers. Except for two plateaus, it is extremely flat. The two elevations are in the south. These are light chalk hills with the 107 meters high Puig Guillem and the massif of La Mola (192 meters high). Both are located on Cabo de Berbería and are connected by a flat, narrow headland.

The history of Formentera is not as well documented. However, this Balearic island has a multitude of relics from prehistory.

The climate in Formentera is said to be the healthiest in Spain. The air is relatively clean and the climate is temperate. All of the places on the island are no further than 10 km from the sea, so you can feel the well-known balancing effect of the water on the entire island.

The summers are dry and warm, but not too hot, the winters are usually very humid. The time from late spring to early autumn is excellent for a trip to Formentera. Rainfalls can be expected from mid-October to the end of February. When choosing clothing, you should think of sturdy shoes for hiking and in the evening you often need a jacket on the islands, and you shouldn’t forget to wear rain gear. Formentera has only one country road. You can get around the island by rental car, bus, taxi or rent a scooter. If you want to be active, take a bike tour, certainly a nice alternative to enjoy the beauty of the island. The port of La Sabina in Formentera can be reached regularly by ship from Eivissa in Ibiza. In addition, you can translate with a motorboat.

The capital of the island is Sant Francesc Xavier, better known by his Castilian name “San Francisco”. The town hall is here, as well as the main post office and the Formentera police station.

La Savina, a small port settlement on the island, is intended more as a transit station for most visitors to the island. The first impression is modern and a little impersonal. There is also a huge marina in La Savina, which in summer hosts yachts from all over the world. A visit to one of the harbor cafés lets you watch the hustle and bustle when the boats arrive or depart.

A popular anchorage for small boats can be found in the Estany des Peix salt lake which is southwest of La Savina. It is an important resting area for water birds and is also part of a nature reserve under special protection. Bathing is not very tempting here.

The Estany Pudent located east of La Savina. He is also called the “smelly fairy”. This is a brackish lake that develops a disgusting smell on very hot days and also attracts a large number of mosquitoes. To the north of the lake are the Salines Marroig, known as the largest salt pans on the Balearic island of Formentera. The salt pans on the island have been out of service for years, but they are of great importance for the ecosystem and therefore enjoy the status of “Reserva Natural de ses Salines” special protection.

The island has a tourist mecca: “Es Pujols”. Mostly package travelers spend their vacation here, but compared to Ibiza or Mallorca, for example, it has a rather village-like character.

Other attractions include: the Església Sant Francesc Xavier, built in 1726, a small chapel, Sa Tanca Vella, from the 14th century and the Folklore Museum Museu Etnològic with a collection of old costumes, tools and photos. Visit for Spain travel destinations.

Many different habitats on Formentera allow diverse plant species to spread. Especially in spring, the blaze of color is huge and even on “poor” soils, there are real seas of flowers. Numerous herbs and wild flowers grow here, as well as capers, gorse, oleander, dwarf palms and lemons.

The wildlife in Formentera has not much to offer. There is a wide variety of reptiles, birds, and insects. Many butterflies, flamingos, lizards and the osprey are among the residents of the island.

Formentera geography

Formentera belongs to the archipelago of the Balearic Islands and is located in the western Mediterranean in the Gulf of Valencia. It is the fourth largest and at the same time the southernmost island of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. At the same time, Formentera belongs to the independent archipelago of the Pityuses, which consists of the neighboring island of Ibiza and many small rocky islets.

Formentera is about 100 kilometers from mainland Spain and about 250 kilometers from the African continent. The distance to Ibiza is about twelve kilometers. The total area of ​​Formentera is 83 square kilometers. The island is around 14 kilometers long and can have a maximum width of 15 kilometers. Of the The main town of the island is Sant Francesc de Formentera.

Formentera is only separated from its neighboring island of Ibiza by a narrow arm of water. Although the island is not large, it can boast an almost spectacular variety of landscapes. Sandy beaches alternate with steep cliffs, and the interior of the island is characterized by pine forests, barren heather and fertile fields and orchards.

The otherwise rather flat Formentera consists of the two plateaus Cap de Barbària in the southwest and La Mola in the east. A narrow, flat isthmus connects the two small high plateaus. Sa Talaiassa is located on La Mola and, at only 192 meters, is the highest point on Formentera. Overall, the elevation profile is much lower than on Ibiza. The island’s 69-kilometer coastline is characterized by extremely long sandy beaches and very rocky cliffs.

As in Ibiza, Formentera has the salt pan so characteristic of the Pityusen archipelago. This typical landscape for the island emerged about six million years ago, when Formentera, which at that time still consisted of a mountain range, protruded from a desert of salt deposits and salty swamps.

Travel to Formentera, Spain

Bosnia and Herzegovina Human Geography

Bosnia and Herzegovina Human Geography

In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the process of recomposing the ethnic-social identity of the state developed over the course of almost five years of war, which ended with the Dayton agreements (November 21, 1995). The new administrative aggregation has its basis in the ethnic cleansing operations implemented during the conflict, which have determined a clearer territorial division between those ethnic groups that previously lived integrated, even if, obviously, in some areas the presence of the ‘one or the other. The Muslim residents of Bosnia and Herzegovina were the majority to the South of Sarajevo, in the strip of territory between Mostar and the Lim river, and also in the area of ​​Tuzla and to the West of Banja Luka; to the W of Sarajevo they lived together with the Serbs, while they shared with the Croats the area that stretched to the East of this city, become a multi-religious island. In total, Muslims of the entire population were almost half. The Croats, on the other hand, were predominant among the residents of the western part of the country (Dinaric Alps), of the lower valley of the Neretva, as well as in the north in Posavina near the border with the Croatia.

According to iamhigher, Serbs predominated in the remaining parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, ie over half of the territory. On the occasion of the 1991 census, 5.5% of the residents not wanting to recognize himself in any of the three constitutive nations, he declared himself a Yugoslav; the remaining population was made up mostly of Roma, Jews (especially in Sarajevo), and then Hungarians and Romanians, concentrated in the border areas with Vojvodina and, finally, Ruthenians. The data relating to the population concerning the period after the war, the result of estimates only, since a general census has not been carried out since then, may be conditioned by the uncertainty on the number of refugee returns to their pre-war residences, but they are nevertheless useful for provide an overview. A 2000 estimate estimated the population to be approx. 3,972,000 residents and therefore considerably lower than that recorded by the 1991 census (4,377,033 residents). This decrease is attributable to the upheavals brought about by the civil war: it is estimated that, between 1992 and 1995, in addition to more or less 260,000 deaths from war causes, approx. 2,100,000 people were forced to leave their residences and take refuge in Croatia, Yugoslavia and many foreign countries. Since 1998, these refugees have begun to return home, although many have preferred to reside permanently abroad. In 1999, following the bombing of the NATO against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, there was a substantial influx of refugees (80,000 people): Albanians from Kosovo, Muslims towards the Federation, Serbs towards the Serbian Republic. The refugee problem represents one of the most serious social problems in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with very substantial economic and legal implications. The country is characterized by a low population density (75 residents km²), a fertility rate (1.2 in 2008) in line with the values ​​of economically advanced Europe, as well as by a strong housing dispersion, with an urban population of 48 % (2008), one of the lowest percentages in Europe.

In 1991 there were 38 cities with over 10,000 residents, while later the settlement structure changed radically. Many cities (including Sarajevo itself and Tuzla) that served as regional hubs have lost their hinterland traditional, assigned to the other constitutive entity of the state. In fact, after 1995 it was cut by internal borders on the basis of the military situation existing at the time of the signing of the agreements, and not on functional requirements. Capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as of the Federation, as well as of the Croatian-Muslim ethnic group, is the city of Sarajevo, whose population, at the 1991 census, amounted to over 400,000 residents, while subsequently it dropped to 304,065 (2007 estimate). The city, during the conflict of 1992-95, suffered very serious damage both at a structural level and due to the loss of fundamental evidence of its historical memory: an example is the destruction of the National Library. However after the war, benefiting from much more international assistance than other locations in the state, it has largely been rebuilt and renovated. Second city in the country is Banja Luka, capital of the Serbian Republic, followed by other urban centers, all smaller than 100,000 residents, among which the most important are Zenica, Tuzla and Mostar, also known for its ancient bridge bombed in the 1992-95 war and then rebuilt in 2004 thanks to international funding.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Country and People

Travel to Norway

Travel to Norway

Area: 385,207 sq km
Population: 5,328,212 (1 January 2019)
Population density: 14 E / km²
Government: hereditary monarchy
system of government: constitutional monarchy
Neighboring countries: Sweden, Finland, Russia
state capital: Oslo
Language: Norwegian
Regional official languages: Sami, Finnish
82 % Lutheran State Church,
3.7% other Protestants,
1.6% Muslims,
1.1% Catholics,
0.2% Jehovah’s Witnesses,
0.2% Buddhists
Currency: Norwegian krone (NOK)
1 NOK = 100 Øre
Exchange rates:
1 EUR = 10.32 NOK
1 NOK = 0.097 EUR
1 CHF = 9.50 NOK
1 NOK = 0.105 CHF
(rate from 13.07.2021)
Telephone area code: +47
Time zone: UTC + 1 CET
UTC + 2 CEST (March to Oct)

In 2020, 923 Germans officially emigrated to Norway and 694 came back to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 12,464 Germans officially emigrated to Norway and 8,383 moved back to Germany. This Scandinavian country landed on the 7th place on the satisfaction list of all emigration destinations.

Around 700,000 immigrants currently live in Norway and are very welcome here. Many of the 25,287 (in 2020) Germans live especially in the larger cities (Oslo, Bergen, Trondheim, Stavanger) and the metropolitan areas (in and around Fredrikstad and Sarpsborg as well as in and around Drammen and Øvre Eiker). The most densely populated (about 80 percent of the only 5.3 million residents) is the south of the country, as it offers more connections to other countries on the European continent and a milder climate than the rest of the country.

The Scandinavian Mountains, which run parallel to the Atlantic coast from southwest to northeast, divide Norway into two climate zones. The 2,650 km long coastal region has a maritime climate with a lot of precipitation and relatively mild temperatures. The sea is largely ice-free even in winter, as the passing North Atlantic current is quite warm. On the east side of the mountains, the continental climate results in less precipitation, colder winters and warmer summers.

The many narrow and deep bays (fjords) result in an approximately 25,000 km long coastline. In addition, around 150,000 islands surround the country. Large parts of the coast are rocky. There is only a little sandy beach in sheltered places. The landscape of Norway is characterized by the Scandinavian mountains with mountain ranges and barren plateaus. The highest point is Galdhøpiggen at 2,469 meters.

Over 40,000 lakes and far more moors and wetlands in extensive forest areas as well as a lot of untouched nature offer many animals and plants enough living space. Over 1,300 species of seed plants and ferns, 12,000 species of lichen, over 800 species of moss and around 10,000 species of mushrooms live here. Moose, musk ox, arctic fox, reindeer and wolverine are just as indigenous as many bird species.

What makes Norway so popular

According to allcitycodes, Norway is known as a rough country, but for many it is a natural paradise between the fjords, the Arctic Circle and the North Sea. It attracts with very well-paid jobs and a very high standard of living, where you can even put up with the higher prices. A first-class level of education, good social services and excellent medical care ensure stability with the good economy. And besides work, there is still enough serenity, being together with the family and free time in nature.

Family is very important in Norway. There are hardly any couples without children. Several children are also not uncommon. Family-friendly working hours and understanding employers make such a life possible. The school system is also very good, so that the little ones don’t lack anything.

School attendance is compulsory up to the age of 16. Many children then go on to school and attend the preparatory school branch, the upper level of the gymnasium. Alternatively, there is the preparatory school branch, comparable to an apprenticeship and vocational school. You learn in Norwegian. The country offers free language lessons for immigrant children. Each municipality must also provide enough places for foreign children. Most of the studies are in English. Norwegian students are entitled to a student loan for a living. There are also many options for adult education.

There are no big metropolises. Even the largest cities do not have many residents, but they spread a special charm with their branched alleys and small huts or stately wooden houses as well as with their tranquil shops and cafés. The residents spend a lot of time outdoors, hiking or on the terraces. Every sunlight is used. If you drive into the country, you can hike for hours in many places without seeing a person.

As a north Germanic people, the Norwegians are closely related to the Germans. 40% of the words in Norwegian, including many of the most common words, are of Low German origin. This makes it easy to learn Norwegian as a German speaker. German is also taught as a foreign language in schools in many places. Another important foreign language here is English.

Popular cities

You can feel the international flair most clearly in the Oslo conurbation (capital) with its almost 1 million residents. Around 30% of all residents are foreigners. There is the largest range of jobs and leisure opportunities here. Due to the largest university in Norway, many students and young people also live here.

Also Bergen has a university. Almost 300,000 people live in this second largest city in Norway. Bergen is particularly known for its port, from which many cruise ships leave for the Hurtigruten. The small, colorful houses with many shops and souvenir shops running along the quay are unmistakable. The houses have been a World Heritage Site since 1979.

Stavanger, with around 130,000 residents, is often the starting point for one of the many ski areas. Another attraction for tourists is the Pulpit Rock, a large overhanging rock from which you can dangle your legs hundreds of meters deep in the air. Stavanger is also known for its cathedral, the country’s longest sandy beach and the annual jazz festival. As the former European Capital of Culture, Stavanger has a lot to offer culturally.

Trondheim is a city with a good 190,000 residents on the Trondheimer Fjord in central Norway. Many of the approximately 30,000 students are enrolled at the NTNU Technical University. Trondheim is the center for retail in the northern region and an important transport hub where the Hurtigruten ships also dock. The rich cultural offer includes the symphony orchestra, theaters and museums as well as jazz.

General travel regulations (up to the corona pandemic)

EU residents do not need a residence permit or work permit for Norway. You can take up a job or study. For a longer stay, it is advisable to enter the country with a passport, as the identity card is not recognized by many Norwegian authorities.

Travel to Norway

Places to Visit in Riga

Places to Visit in Riga

Latvia – the country in the center of the Baltic States! Because the country is largely forested moraine hill country, it offers many opportunities for hikers. Latvia also has access to the Baltic Sea, where numerous bathing and health resorts await. Do not miss the old Hanseatic city of Riga. During a walk through the capital of Latvia you will discover the Petri Church, the House of the Blackheads, the Baroque Rundale Palace near Bauska and in the New Town you can admire the numerous Art Nouveau houses such as the TV tower, the Palace of Culture and Science or the Central Market. Do not forget the cities of Dünaburg, Libau or Mitau. You will be amazed by a tour of Latvia! Visit thedressexplorer for Top 10 Sights in Latvia.

Riga Cathedral

Cathedral Church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia

Riga Cathedral is a church in Latvia’s capital, Riga. As the cathedral of the Evangelical or Lutheran Church of Latvia, it is the largest church in the Baltic States. The Riga Cathedral was built on the orders of the first Riga Bishop Albert von Buxthoeven. In 1226 it was finished to the point that a synod with William of Modena as the Pope’s legacy could take place in it. For 300 years, the Riga Cathedral was the cathedral of the Riga diocese. The date of consecration of the church could not yet be determined because it has not been recorded.

History and Development

In 1563, with the collapse of Old Livonia in the Livonian War, Riga was also the first Catholic archbishopric to perish. From then on, the Riga Cathedral served the German-speaking, Evangelical-Lutheran population. From 1959 to 1962 the cathedral served as a concert hall. The church and monastery originally stood on a hill outside the city walls. Today it is below the level of the streets because they were piled up several times to reduce the risk of flooding by the river Daugava. The original structure of the cathedral is hardly recognizable today due to multiple, not to be underestimated conversions.

Style and design

The oldest components of the Riga Cathedral are the choir and transept. The nave impresses with its pointed arches, the pillars of which are adorned by pillars with capitals. The cloister in the southern part of the cathedral also dates from Bishop Albert’s time. The north portal, on the other hand, is of Gothic origin. The tower with its height of 90 meters impresses with its design in the baroque style. In 1524, the original design of the church fell victim to the Reformation attackers. In 1547 the fire in the cathedral did the rest. Today the interior of the Riga Cathedral is baroque to mannerist. The baroque carvings on the wooden pulpit, the memorial stone of the small guilds from the 19th century and the grave of Meinhard, the first Livonian bishop, are particularly worth seeing. Another special feature of the Riga Cathedral is its bell made of dawn,

Art Nouveau district in Riga

Art Nouveau architecture is omnipresent in the Latvian capital Riga. Some buildings are witnesses of this art-historical epoch, which was built around the turn of the century (19th to 20th century). The wonderfully decorated facades are magnificent and attract the eyes of the visitors. The historic center of Riga has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Sights in Riga’s Art Nouveau district

Riga is one of the few cities in Europe in which numerous buildings, design objects and art nouveau art have been preserved. Around 800 buildings have been built here in Art Nouveau style. These are especially located in the center of the city, mostly on Albert Straße (Alberta iela). Other beautiful buildings in Art Nouveau style are, for example, on Elisabeth Strasse (Elizabetes iela).

There is also a museum on Albertstrasse that is entirely dedicated to Art Nouveau. The Art Nouveau Museum is in an apartment where Konstantīns Pēkšēns lived until 1907. The well-known architect designed some buildings in Riga – also in the Art Nouveau style. This also includes the building in which he himself lived. In the museum, visitors can see objects from that period. Here you will find, among other things, a fireplace room, a dining room and a bedroom. In addition, the guests of the museum have the opportunity to try on women’s and men’s hats from the Art Nouveau period and to take photos.

Travel to the Art Nouveau district in Riga

Study trips to Riga in Latvia are not only fascinating for those interested in art, but also for everyone who would like to get an impression of the splendid era of Art Nouveau and see the imposing capital of Latvia by the sea.

Places to Visit in Riga

Denmark History

Denmark History

Unification of the empire and the Kalmar Union

After bloody civil wars (from 1131) and turmoil of the throne (from 1146) Waldemar I restored peace and unity to the country in 1157. He and his sons Canute VI. as well as Waldemar II. subjugated the pagan turns of the Mecklenburg-Pomerania Baltic coast, in 1201 the German Holstein and in 1219 Estonia; the Wendish-German conquests were lost again by the defeat against the north German princes at Bornhöved (1227). After the death of Waldemar II (1241) there was again a period of civil wars up to the election of Waldemar IV. Atterdag (1340), who succeeded in regaining the lost territories. In 1346 he sold the Duchy of Estonia to the Teutonic Order, conquered Scania back from Sweden in 1360 and occupied Gotland in 1361 (taking Visby). There were repeated conflicts with the German Hanseatic League, which ended in the Peace of Stralsund in 1370 with the Danish recognition of the dominance of the Hanseatic League in the Baltic Sea. Visit weddinginfashion for Prehistory of Northern Europe.

His underage grandson and successor Olaf was under the tutelage of his mother Margarete, who became regent in Denmark and Norway in 1387. After they had also acquired Sweden in 1389, they brought about the Kalmar Union of the Three Kingdoms in 1397, which existed with interruptions until 1521/23. After the queen’s death (1412), her nephew, Erich VII of Pomerania, succeeded her rule in the three countries. He had to wage war against the Holstein counts, who were later supported by the Hanseatic cities. Between 1439 and 1442 King was Erich dropped in all three countries. Eric’s nephew and successor Christoph III. (from Bavaria) could still maintain the union, but after his death (1448) the Swedes elected Charles VIII Knutsson, the Danes Christian I as king.

World War II and post-war period

In 1939 Denmark signed a non-aggression pact with the German Reich; nevertheless it was occupied by German troops on April 9, 1940. The Stauning government protested, but remained in office. In 1941 Denmark joined the Anti-Comintern Pact under German pressure. The policy of negotiation and cooperation with the occupying power were increasingly rejected by the Danish population; In October 1943, in an unprecedented action, the Jews (around 7,000) who were threatened with deportation to extermination camps in their country helped them to flee to Sweden. The Danish Freedom Council, founded in 1943, increasingly coordinated the resistance. A state of emergency was declared on August 29, 1943. The government resigned, King Christian X. was imprisoned at Amalienborg Palace, the army disarmed. The Danish fleet sank itself. At the end of the war, Denmark was recognized as an ally of the victorious powers. In 1944 Iceland dissolved the union with Denmark.

In 1945, Vilhelm Buhl (* 1881, † 1954) formed a government from among the parties and the resistance, which annulled all laws passed under German pressure and took measures against collaborators. In 1945 Denmark was a co-founder of the UN and participated in the occupation of Germany. Under the government of the liberal Knud Kristensen (* 1895, † 1962; 1945-47) efforts to annex parts of Schleswig failed due to the resistance of the Folketing. In 1947 Friedrich IX ascended the throne.

Orientation towards the West and Euroscepticism

1947–50, 1953–55 was headed the government by the social democrat Hans Hedtoft (* 1903, † 1955), 1950–53 by the liberal Erik Eriksen (* 1902, † 1972). During this time the Faroe Islands received self-government (1948), Greenland became part of Denmark (1953) and received self-government in 1979. In 1953 a new constitution came into force (unicameral system, female succession). In 1955, Denmark and the Federal Republic of Germany signed the Bonn-Copenhagen Declaration on the national minorities of both sides. In 1949 Denmark joined the Council of Europe and joined the North Atlantic Pact. In 1960 it became a member of EFTA, but at the same time applied for admission to the European Economic Community.

From 1955–68 the Social Democrats H. C. Hansen (1955–60), Viggo Kampmann (* 1910, † 1976; 1960–62) and J. O. Krag (1962–68) led the government. Contrary to Denmark’s official position to be a nuclear weapon-free territory, the then Prime Minister Hansen had in 1957In a secret letter from the US (only made public in 1995), it allowed the storage of nuclear weapons at its Greenland military base in Thule and the flight over the area with nuclear-armed aircraft. When an American military aircraft of the type B-52 with four hydrogen bombs on board crashed near the base in 1968, the area around the accident site was severely radioactive and hundreds of workers involved in the rescue and clean-up operations were exposed to dangerous radiation (only 1995 decision, to pay severance payments to the 300–400 survivors).

1968–71 Hilmar Baunsgaard (* 1920, † 1989) was Prime Minister (Radical Venstre, Conservative; defense and administrative reform). 1971–72 again led Krag, 1972–73 his social democratic party friend A. Jørgensen, the government 1972 Margaret II ascended the throne. In 1973 Denmark joined the European Communities (at the same time membership of the EFTA expired). After the parliamentary elections of 1973, in which the traditional parties suffered heavy losses in favor of the Progress Party founded in protest against tax legislation, the liberal Poul Hartling (* 1914, † 2000) 1973-75 was Prime Minister of a minority government; he followed 1975-82 Jørgensen as head of government in minority cabinets. In September 1982 Poul Schlüter (* 1920; Conservative Party) replaced him as Prime Minister (resignation in January 1993). Contrary to the positive vote of the Folketing (13.5.1992) on the Maastricht Treaty, the population rejected these contracts by 50.7% in a referendum on June 2, 1992. Only after a summit conference of the EC member states had granted Denmark special conditions in December 1992 (e.g. on questions of the planned monetary union and defense cooperation) did the Danes agree to the Maastricht Treaty with 56.8% in a second referendum on May 18, 1993.

Denmark History

Irish Literature

Irish Literature

Irish literature, Irish literature refers to literature in the Irish language. (Irish literature written in English is to be seen as part of English literature.)

Archaic (400–600) and early (600–1200) epochs

From the archaic epoch there are only a few hundred inscriptions in Ogham script. In early Ireland, despite political particularism, there was already a literary language without dialect differences. The aes dána (class of artists and scholars) occupied a privileged position in hierarchical society. The Filid (learned poets, first “seers”, partly successors of the Druids, Fili) orally preserved the tradition (Senchas) of the families and the tribes and wrote songs of praise and lamentation for their patrons and vilings against their enemies. The oldest datable works in Irish literature are Dallán Forgaill’s (* about 540, † 596) “Amra Choluimb Chille” (lament for the dead of St. Columban) and Colmán Moccu Beognaes († 611) prose work »Apgitir crábaid« (Alphabet of Piety).

The main works of early Irish literature are the sagas. Although only survived in manuscripts from the 12th and 13th centuries, they retain a language form that is centuries older and represent a pagan world that has not yet been touched by Christianity. The oldest manuscripts are “Lebor na h-uidre” (Book of the Dark Cow, around 1100) and the Book of Leinster (around 1150). The form of the heroic saga is the prose epic with insertions in bound or metric form.

While the heroic sagas in old Irish literature were organized according to themes (e.g. adventure, sieges, looting, courtship, kidnappings, banquets), today they are classified according to cycles. 1) Ulster cycle: Its main characters are the youthful hero Cú Chulainn, King Conchobor of Ulster and his hereditary enemies. The central narrative is »The Cow Robbery of Cooley« (Taín Bó Cuailnge). This cycle also includes, inter alia, the story of the tragic lover Deirdre with the Tristan and Isolde motif. The Ulster cycle shows particularly archaic elements, e.g. B. the fight with chariots, the head of the enemy as a trophy and the supernatural work of taboos (Gessa). 2) Mythological cycle: It depicts the battle of a legendary race of supernatural beings, the Tuatha Dé Danann and their king Dagdá, with a race of demons, the Fomorians. These include the stories “Tochmarc Étaíne” (The courtship for Étaín) and “Cath Maige Tuired” (The battle of Mag Tuired). 3) Royal cycle (also historical cycle): In it legends and stories are grouped around a historical or prehistoric king, e.g. B. “Cath Almain” (The Battle of All), “Buile Suibhne” (Suibhne’s madness). 4) Finn cycle (Finn): In his written fixation he belongs to the middle epoch of Irish literature; numerous versions of these myths were passed down orally up to the 19th century and form the most comprehensive folklore collection in the world.

The poetry of the early epoch has only survived in fragments. Particularly noteworthy is the mostly anonymous, sensitive nature poetry. In addition to the poems of the Filid, there were religious poems, e.g. B. “Félire” (calendar of saints, around 800) by Oengus Céile Dé, “Saltair na rann” (stanza psaltery, 10th century) and historical poems, e. B. “Fianna bátar i nEmain” (The warriors who were in Emain) by Cináed Ua Artacáin († 975). The oldest poems are written in a kind of rhythmic alliterative prose. End rhymes and syllable-counting meters appeared in the 8th century, influencing hymns written in Latin.

Furthermore, religious (especially saints’ lives and visions) and scientific prose emerged: medical and legal treatises such as “Senchas már” (Great Old Code), grammatical treatises with well-developed grammatical terminology, “Sanas Cormaic” (Cormac’s glossary), the “Dindshenchas”, a kind of national topography in which the names of well-known places are separated by one History or legend are interpreted, the “Lebor gabála” (Book of Conquests), which contains a speculative description of pre-Christian history of Ireland, as well as various genealogies and annals. Aphoristic literature was also widespread. Another genre was the “Immrama”, fantastic travel descriptions in verse and prose from the 8th or 9th century, including especially “Immram Brain maic Febail” (Seafaring Brans, son of Febal).

Middle Era (1200–1650)

The Anglo-Norman invasion (1171/72) marked the beginning of the end of Ireland’s political and cultural independence. A number of small principalities took the place of kingship.

With the kingship, the office of the filid died out. The poetry was now the responsibility of the bards originally subordinate to the filid. These were in the service of princes, on whose behalf they wrote songs of praise and songs of mockery (directed against their enemies). A special feature of Irish bard poetry is the extraordinarily complicated metric technique (Dán direach). Outstanding bards were Tadhg Dall Ó hUiginn (* 1550, † 1591) and several members of the Ó Dálaigh family, especially Muireadhach Albanach Ó Dálaigh (1st half of the 13th century). The Norman influence was immediately noticeable in the “Dánta grádha”, elegant love poems in the succession of the Provencal “amour courtois”.

Most of the prose literature of this period belongs to the Finn cycle, the fourth great Irish saga cycle. His fairytale-like fabrics interspersed with folkloric elements were passed down orally for centuries before they were written down. In addition to prose, the form of the ballad soon appeared, with verse forms that were considerably simplified compared to the bardic poetry. These ballads are seen as the beginning of popular Irish literature. The main work of the Finn cycle is the story “Acallam na senórach” (The conversation of the ancients; end of the 12th century). This cycle also includes the stories about Diarmaid and Gráinne.

Late era (1650-1850)

This section of Irish literature is marked by the suppression of the Irish language by the English. Expropriation and expulsion of the local nobility led to the extinction of the bard class. The previously standardized literary language was broken down into dialects. The English banned the printing of Irish-language books, and Irish literature only circulated in manuscripts, which prevented it from being widely circulated.

The most important lyric poet of this era was Dáibhidh Ó Bruadair (* around 1625, † 1698), who was partly still in the tradition of bard poetry. Instead of professional bard poetry, in the 17th and 18th centuries, Century, especially in the province of Munster (southern Ireland), one of farmers, artisans, teachers and others. worn folk poetry. Popular ballad verses (Amhráin) replaced the strict meters of bard poetry. The most important works of Munster poetry are the verses Aodhagán Ó Rathailles (* around 1670, † 1729), the aisling (vision poem) “Cúirt an mhéan-oíche” (Midnight Court) by Brian Merriman (* around 1749, † 1805) and “Caoineadh Airt Uí «(mortuary lament for Art O’Leary), mostly his widow Attributed to Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill (* around 1743, † around 1800).

The prose works of the 17th century include historical and archeological collections of high historical value: “Annála rioghachta Éireann” (Annals of the Four Masters) by Mícheál Ó Cléirigh (* around 1575, † around 1643) and “Foras feasa ar Éirinn” (History Ireland) by Seathrún Céitinn (G. Keating).

Under pressure from the English (continued printing ban for Irish books) and the effects of the “Great Famine” (1845–49), all literary activity ceased in the course of the 19th century. On the other hand, the macaronic folk ballads, in which Irish and English were mixed up, were a makeshift and at the same time an expression of the increasing contact between the languages.

Modern era

With the establishment of the Gaelic League by D.  Hyde in 1893, a renewal of the Irish language and culture began. See politicsezine for Dublin of Ireland.

The Gaeltacht (area with Irish as a mother tongue) offered rich narrative material, but no literature in the narrower sense. Only Peter O’Leary (* 1839, † 1920; Cork-Irish), P. Pearse and Pádraic Ó Conaire (* 1882, † 1928; Connemara-Irish) combined the Gaeltacht heritage with a certain literary education.

The Irish Literary Theater, founded in 1899 by W. B. Yeats and Lady Gregory, performed the first Irish drama, Casadh an t-súgáin by Hyde, in 1901, which Lady Gregory translated into English as “The twisting of the rope”.

Although the Irish theater (with centers in Dublin and Galway as well as in the Gaeltacht of Donegal and Connemara) has produced a considerable number of authors and dramas since then, prose stands in the foreground with the short story as the dominant manifestation. Tomás Ó Criomhthain (* 1856, † 1937), Peig Sayers and Muiris O’Súileabháin (* 1904, † 1950) appeared with autobiographies, the brothers Séamus Ó Grianna (* 1889, † 1969) and Seosamh Mac Grianna (* 1901) with novels , † 1990).

A new phase began after 1939 with the work of the poet Máirtín Ó Direáin (* 1910, † 1988), who described the beauty and integrity of the native Aran Islands and at the same time criticized contemporary Irish society. and with M. Ó Cadhain, who became known through short stories and the satirical novel »Cré na cille« (1949; »Friedhofserde«). Among the poets of this time are Seán Ó Ríordáin (* 1917, † 1977), who v. a. turned to moral problems, and the poet Máire Mhac to tSaoí (* 1922)emerged, whose style denotes epigrammatic brevity and solidarity with tradition. Dónall Mac Amhlaigh (* 1926, † 1989) and Breandán Ó hEithir (* 1930, † 1990) became known as authors of satirical prose. A number of writers created works in Irish and English, including L. O’Flaherty, M. MacLiammóir, F. O’Brien, and B. Behan.

The latest poetry is characterized in form and subject by a strong opening to the outside world. Especially the group around the magazine “Innti” – including Gabriel Rosenstock (* 1949) and Nuala Ní Dhomhnaill (* 1952)  - but also Cathal Ó Searcaigh (* 1956) and the Belfast performance poet Gearóid Mac Lochlainn each deal with Asian spirituality, Feminism and folklore motifs, homosexuality or the experience of political conflicts. The newer prose authors include Alan Titley (* 1947), Liam Mac Coil (* 1948) and Micheál Ó Congghaile (* 1962).

Irish Literature

Germany History: from Ludovico IL Germanico to Federico II

Germany History: from Ludovico IL Germanico to Federico II

It was during the wars fought between Charlemagne’s successors that a German state emerged for the first time, autonomous and comprising in a unitary political organism all the Germanic populations east of the Rhine: the kingdom known as the Eastern Franks (later also regnum Theutonicum, or Saxonorum), recognized by the Treaty of Verdun (843) to Louis the German, grandson of Charlemagne, the year following that Strasbourg oath which, due to its bilingual redaction (Old French and Old High German), is proof of the existence of an autonomous and distinct German nationality within the Frankish world, albeit through the internal differences of customs, habits and in part also of language that were still found among the ancient populations. The German nation confirmed and consolidated in the following centuries its achieved unity with its own civilization which made its influence felt throughout Europe; the construction of a national state proved to be much more difficult. Under the reign of the last Carolingians the compactness of the political formation that had been created was severely tested both by the contrasts (and by the subdivisions) between Ludovico’s successors, and by the recurring aspirations for a reunification of Charlemagne’s Empire. Between the end of the century. Furthermore, during the reigns of Arnolfo of Carinthia and Ludovico il Fanciullo, continuous invasions by Hungarians, Slavs and Danes followed one another.

This situation of serious weakness of central power resulted in the strengthening of those ethnic-based particularisms that were linked to the traditions of the ancient peoples subdued by the Franks and determined the formation of political units governed by leaders who took the name of dukes, the national duchies. of Saxony, Franconia, Swabia and Bavaria, which was later joined by that of Lorraine, not corresponding to an ethnic group, but to the constituent territories of ancient Lotharingia, definitively incorporated into the German kingdom starting from 925. The extinction of the Carolingians of Germany (911) made the dukes – who had previously recognized at least nominally the authority of the sovereigns and their hereditary monarchy – arbitrators of the situation: they gave life to a national monarchy, in which the elective principle was tempered by the tendency to choose the sovereign at the interior of a single lineage (dynasties of Saxony, from 919 to 1024; of Franconia, from 1024 to 1125; of the Hohenstaufen, from 1138 to 1250). With Henry the Bird, first of the house of Saxony, and above all with his son, Otto I, the German state was strengthened thanks to the creation of a rudimentary administrative structure (palatine and ministerial counts), to the support of the bishops, appointed by the king and in charge of important political functions, and to that of the minor nobility, which was favored over the great feudal lords. A policy of founding frontier marches along the Elbe (of the Billunghi, from the North, from Lusatia, from Merseburg, from Meissen; and, further south, Orientale, of Carinthia, of Carniola) which not only ensured the defense of the German territory against the invaders (the Hungarians had been beaten at Riade in 933 and on the Lech in 955; the Slavs stopped near the Recknitz in 955), but also laid the foundations for expansion towards the East (Drang nach Osten) of the German settlement and for the Christianization of the Slavs, through the creation of a new series of bishoprics: Schleswig, Oldenburg, Brandenburg, Meissen, Prague, Olmütz, etc., subjected to the metropolitan see of Magdeburg and Mainz. However, even with Otto I emerged (or re-emerged, if we think of the Carolingian matrix of the German state) those imperial and universalist aspirations which then conditioned the action of the German sovereigns for centuries.

In 962, according to globalsciencellc, Ottone encircled the imperial crown in Rome and inaugurated a policy of constant intervention in the political events of the Italian peninsula, which would have required ever new commitment and energy from his successors. The Italian policy of Otto I was made with Otto II and with Otto III also Mediterranean and Eastern, even arousing the utopian program of a renovatio imperii; the ever closer relations with the Church and with the papacy involved the Empire in the exhausting struggle of investitures, from the middle of the century. XI to 1122 (Concordat of Worms); the same political program of Frederick I, centered on the restoration of state power, was conceived within the framework of a universal empire, with Rome as its capital and Italy as its center, and forced the Hohenstaufen to clash with the Italian communes and the papacy; and when in 1194 Henry VI inherited the crown of the Kingdom of Sicily, the ancient mirage of a dominium mundi flashed once again, extended to Byzantium and the Levant. This policy required enormous financial commitments for the recruitment of armies, forced the sovereigns to continually descend into Italy, to long and frequent absences from Germany; above all it prevented them from creating strong structures of government and from opposing the development of particularistic forces: the urban centers, which always claimed new autonomy, the nobility, which by now began to found its power, feudality, on territorial bases, which, far from constituting that hierarchical system of links between the emperor and the potentos hoped for by Barbarossa, it turned out to be the most serious element of disintegration. Thus, while in the West, and above all in France and England, the national monarchies – albeit through a bitter and long struggle – promoted the construction of an increasingly centralized and unitary state organism, ordering and regulating cities and local lordships, large principalities and autonomous provinces, in that slow process that leads to the formation of the modern state, the German monarchy wore out its energies and its authority in pursuit of the dream of a universal empire.

Germany History - from Ludovico IL Germanico to Federico II

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (11)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (11)

Why did you even go abroad during your studies? – I hear this question a lot.

I had actually planned to spend a while abroad after graduating from high school, but at the age of 18 I just didn’t have the courage to take this step into practice. Now, a few years later, I still had great respect for living in another country for four months, as I had lived exclusively at home up until that point, but I wanted to take on this challenge.

I’m studying communication management and in the fifth semester there wasn’t much on the curriculum anyway. The timing seemed perfect! But where should the journey go? Since I made the decision to study abroad with reservations, I decided to definitely do the semester in Europe. Since I am studying communication management, it is very important to speak fluent English, but I was also very excited to learn another language.

The Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona appeared with their Pre-Established Program, which offers courses in both English and Spanish, perfect for my project. No sooner said than done: I inquired, applied through MicroEDU and received an offer for a place at university. It quickly became clear: From September 2016 I will be going to Spain for just under 4 months !

The apartment search

First of all, it should be said that looking for an apartment in Barcelona is anything but easy. A fellow student of mine had also decided to do a semester abroad at the UAB and so we looked for an apartment together. However, perplexity quickly spread, as many forums and housing agencies were either super overpriced or anything but serious. Often we were advised to fly over there one or two weeks before the start of studies and look for an apartment on site, but without any knowledge of Spanish we were rather skeptical. Ultimately, we joined all kinds of Facebook groups and, with a lot of luck, were able to temporarily rent an apartment from a German couple. Five minutes’ walk to the nearest metro station and 10 minutes to the beach – it couldn’t be more perfect!

Here we go

On 08/30/2016 the time had come. I made my way to the airport full of anticipation, but also full of concerns. We arrived in Barcelona late in the evening and drove to Placa Catalunya, where we were picked up by our landlady. The first impressions were just overwhelming. When I finally lay in bed in the evening, however, I felt a strange feeling again. I fell asleep wondering whether that was the right decision. This feeling didn’t last long, however. The city was just overwhelming and I quickly got to know new people at university. I was lucky that my courses were well laid out and so I only had to go to university on Mondays and Wednesdays. Otherwise I had a lot of free time to discover the city.

Life in Spain is very different than in Germany and it took some getting used to for me at first. At home I’ve never had a late dinner – but in Spain you start at 8 p.m. at the earliest. Well, I wanted to get to know a different culture and I couldn’t change it anyway, as most of the kitchens had closed beforehand. But you got used to it really quickly.

The time in Spain was like vacation. The weather was amazing, even in December there were days when I could still lie on the beach at 20 degrees. It was just fantastic. In general, we spent a large part of our day on the beach. When the sun was gone, we went to the Spanish streets to eat tapas and drink sangria. Read more student reviews on Act-test-centers.

I had the feeling that even the Spaniards were in a permanent holiday mood in their beautiful city. For routes that you drive by car in Germany, you simply put on your sunglasses in Barcelona and walked. Right from the start I noticed that there is so much that is so amazing to discover in this city and that the time of just under four months will never be enough. In addition, the Spaniards always have something to celebrate – it feels like a “fiesta” takes place every other day and the whole city is in a lively atmosphere.

The Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona is just impressive as it is in the old St. Pau Hospital. The lectures were great fun and I met people from all over the world. In general, you couldn’t compare the course with the German one. The way of learning was completely different. More playful and more academic, but still effective.

Life in Barcelona is comparable in price to Germany. Housing prices are the same as in major German cities and leisure activities are also comparably expensive. The metro card cost me about 100 € for the entire time, which was fine. Eating out and, above all, fresh purchases were even significantly cheaper than in Germany, but you still didn’t save because you eat out more often in Spain than in Germany.

My personal highlights definitely included the sunsets on the Bunkers del Carmel, the many small bars and cafes, where one was sweeter and more beautiful than the other, the fountains on Placa Espanya, the many weekend trips to different Spanish cities, the evenings, where I got to know the Korean culture because the Koreans cooked for us and much, much more.


All in all, I can say it was the best time of my life and all concerns were in vain. In the four months I got to know and love an amazing city and incredibly lovely people. I really enjoyed Spanish life and culture ! Everything is much more relaxed and it was appreciated for trying to speak Spanish. Personally, I grew a lot during this time, which simply passed far too quickly. One thing is certain: Barcelona – you will see me again!

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 11

Poland Overview

Poland Overview

Poland, officially Polish Rzeczpospolita Polska [ ʒ εt ʃ p ɔ s p ɔ lita -], German Republic of Poland, State in Central Eastern Europe (2018) 38.0 million residents; The capital is Warsaw.

National symbols

The national flag comes from the Duchy of Warsaw (1772) and was legally established on November 11, 1918 for the newly established Republic of Poland. The flag is divided into two equal stripes of white over red.

The coat of arms can be traced back to the 13th century. It shows a gold armored and crowned white eagle on a red shield. On December 29, 1989 it was decided that the crown removed under communist rule would be added to the heraldic animal again.

National holidays: Since 1990 (as in 1918–39), May 3rd commemorates the first constitution of 1791. November 11th, Independence Day, commemorates the regaining of independence in 1918.


Since the democratic transformation of Poland and the self-dissolution of the communist Polish United Workers’ Party (PZPR), which had supported the state until then, in January 1990, a broad spectrum of political parties, groups and alliances has emerged. Important parties are the Civic Platform (PO; founded 2001, conservative-liberal), the Law and Justice party (PiS; founded 2001, conservative-national), the Kukiz’15 party (K; founded 2015, populist), the Modern Party (N; founded in 2015, economically liberal), the Polish People’s and Peasants’ Party (PSL; founded in 1990 from predecessor organizations), the Alliance of the Democratic Left (SLD; emerged in 1999 as a party from the movement of the same name, founded in 1991, which comprised almost 30 left-wing groups and above all by the successor organization of the PZPR, the Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland [SdRP], which existed until 1999). The Alliance of the Democratic Left joined forces with other groups on the United Left (ZL) for the 2015 parliamentary elections. – The German minority, which has no party of its own nationwide, relies on ethnic group organizations and is exempt from the electoral threshold.


In the early 1990s around three quarters of the workers were union members, now only around 10% are unionized. In addition to the NSZZ Solidarność (Independent Self-Governing Trade Union Solidarity; founded in 1980), the OPZZ (All-Poland Trade Union Alliance; founded in 1984) and Forum FZZ (founded in 2002) there are numerous small local individual trade unions.


The total strength of the professional army (2010 abolition of compulsory military service) is around 100,000 men. The army (48,200 soldiers) is divided into two army corps with three mechanized infantry divisions, one armored division, two artillery, engineer and airmobile brigades, three reconnaissance regiments, two army aviation regiments, one engineer regiment and one regiment for anti-C weapons. The Air Force has 16,600 and the Navy 7,700. Around 3,000 soldiers belong to the special forces, 14,300 paramilitary units.


At the regional level, there have been 16 voivodeships since the administrative reform that came into force in 1999, headed by the voivode appointed by the head of government. In October 1998, regional parliaments (with their own budget law) were elected for the first time for the voivodships to shape independent local politics; its executive body is the management with a marshal. On the second regional level, there are 380 districts (powiaty), the local political body of which is the district council. The local level of municipal self-government is represented by 2,478 municipalities.

Administrative division in Poland

Administrative structure (December 31, 2018)
Voivodeship Area (in km 2) Population (in 1,000) Residents (per km 2) capital city
Warmia-Masuria 24 173 1,429.0 59 Olsztyn
Greater Poland 29 827 3,494.0 116 Poznan
Holy Cross 11 711 1,241.5 106 Kielce
Lesser Poland 15 183 3,400.6 224 Krakow (Kraków)
Kuyavian Pomeranian 17 971 2,077.8 116 Bydgoszcz 1), Toruń 2)
Lebus 13,988 1,014.5 73 Gorzów Wielkopolski 1), Zielona Góra 2)
Lodz 18 219 2,466.3 135 Lodz (Łódź)
Lublin 25 122 2,117.6 84 Lublin
Mazovia 35 558 5,403.4 152 Warsaw
Lower Silesia 19 947 2,901.2 145 Wroclaw (Wroclaw)
Opole 9 412 986.5 105 Opole
Podlaskie 20 187 1,181.5 59 Białystok
Pomerania 18 322 2,333.5 127 Gdańsk
Silesia 12 333 4,533.6 368 Katowice
Subcarpathian 17 846 2 129.0 119 Rzeszów
West Pomerania 22 897 1,701.0 74 Szczecin
1) Seat of the voivod.2) Seat of the Parliament (Sejmik) of the Voivodeship.


In 2017, Poland implemented an educational reform. Compulsory schooling was reduced by one year. It lasts from 8 to 16 years of age. According to topschoolsintheusa, the eight-year primary school follows the well-developed, non-compulsory elementary area. Afterwards, either the four-year lyceum (general higher education entrance qualification), the five-year technical college (technical college) or the three-year vocational school can be attended. Graduates of the vocational school have the opportunity to acquire the higher education entrance qualification after completing the two-year supplementary lyceum. The grammar schools introduced in 1999, which had to be attended after a six-year primary school, were abolished in 2017. This means that the school system is only two-tiered.

In the higher education sector there are 19 universities as well as numerous other public, church and private academies and higher education institutions. The oldest universities are the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (founded in 1364) and the Universities of Wroclaw (founded in 1702, re-established as a Polish university in 1945) and Warsaw (1818).


The media landscape is diverse and reporting is free. Foreign media groups have a strong presence, including Axel Springer SE, Bauer Media Group and Verlagsgruppe Passau (regional newspapers).

Press: Among the 45 daily newspapers with the highest circulation, in addition to various free papers, are the tabloids »Fakt« (founded in 2003) and »Super Express« (founded in 1991) as well as the »Gazeta Wyborcza« (founded in 1989), which emerged from the Solidarność trade union movement, the conservative » Rzeczpospolita “(founded in 1982), the business newspaper” Dziennik-Gazeta Prawna “(founded in 2002) and the Warsaw newspaper” Życie Warszawy “. News magazines are “Newsweek Polska” (founded in 2001), “Polityka” (founded in 1957), and “Wprost” (founded in 1982).

News agencies: Polska Agencja Prasowa (PAP), Katolicka Agencja Informacyjna (KAI, founded in 1992).

Broadcasting: Public broadcasting consists of Telewizja Polska (TVP) and Polskie Radio (PR). TVP broadcasts three full programs nationwide and, in addition to several special interest channels, also operates »TV Polonia« for Poland abroad; »TVP Regionalna« is the cover for 16 regional studios. The largest private television stations are »Polsat TV«, »TVN« (with news channel »TVN 24«) and the Catholic »TV Puls«. Pay TV is very important. Polskie Radio includes four national radio stations, 17 regional companies and “Polskie Radio dla Zagraniczy” (Polish radio for foreign countries). The most popular private radio stations are “Radio Muzyka Fakty” (RMF FM) and “Radio Zet” as well as the Catholic “Radio Maryja”.

Poland Overview

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (10)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (10)

My time at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Spring 2011)

To make it easier, I would best describe my semester abroad in chronological order:

As a business administration graduate student, I started looking for a program that would fit perfectly into my course of study in terms of time and would also give me the opportunity to improve another language (besides English). I took a practical semester time off at the university and began an internship in July 2010, which I completed by the end of the year. After extensive research on the Internet and the choice of language to be Spanish (as I had already learned Spanish at school for 3 years), the Pre-Established Study Abroad Program offered me the best possible conditions. In terms of time, it also fit perfectly into my semester planning, as I could start right after the internship and was back at my home university in the second week of the new semester. Read more student reviews on Andyeducation.

August / September 2010 – application (preparation) and choice of subjects

Since I wanted to submit my application on time, I have already requested all the necessary documents after MicroEDUs had sent me all the relevant forms and documents. I was able to send all the documents for the “check” to Münster in advance and was also informed about the expected start of the application. Since I had read beforehand that the places in this program are in great demand, I submitted my documents right at the start of the application and had no further problems.

I chose my subjects according to my main interests, as I couldn’t expect any credits. In retrospect, I can especially recommend the “International Marketing” course and of course the Spanish language course. I had 4 subjects including the language course and felt very well occupied and still had time to enjoy Barcelona to the fullest.

December 2010 – looking for an apartment

Luckily, shortly before it started, I had already been promised an apartment through a good friend. Therefore, unfortunately, I cannot tell you how you can find a good place to stay in Barcelona quickly and easily. During the time I lived in Barcelona in the “El Born” district. This was a direct hit for me in every respect, as it is only a few minutes’ walk to the beach, the Ramblas and only a few stops by underground to the two university buildings of the program. Therefore, I would recommend this district without hesitation and can say that there is a lot to discover and experience in addition to many small bars, restaurants and cafes.

From my friends there, I can say that Eixample is also a recommendable residential area. Central, well located for the university and also with a wide range of options for going out.

The standard of the apartments was on average below that of the German, the rooms were smaller, but the whole city had a different flair. Many old buildings, small alleys and the people make Barcelona a cozy, modern and diverse metropolis.

January 2010 – Uni, life, enjoyment

About the university:
The Eixample campus is centrally located and modern. The opposite is the Sant Pau campus, which is also a real insider tip for tourists thanks to its architecture and history. I had fans in both places, which means a bit of “pendulum”, but it is quite bearable.
I particularly liked that the courses were small, the proportion of project work and group work in the semester was large and the exams were fair at the end. So you shouldn’t have any problems passing courses there. Instruction is required in almost every course, but is not 100% checked and also allows some absenteeism. AND: Friday is really a day off there! The lecturers are friendly, personal and committed to the matter. Above all, they also know that in the semester abroad you want to experience so much more besides university and are therefore not that strict.

To the city:
party, beach, culture, history and big city feeling – Barcelona unites all of this. The range of parties and nightlife options is almost endless and offers something new every day. For sunny days, a visit to the beach is a good idea, where you can quickly forget that you live in a big city. Museums and various festivals as well as a large number of excursion possibilities do not make a Sunday boring. It is a good idea to plan an excursion destination in or around Barcelona for each week in order to get to know the city and the country in peace and with good preparation.

About life: In
terms of quality of life, the Spanish food deserves a special mention! The many small restaurants and bars offer tapas as well as many other inexpensive surprises and delights! Just go to one of the small restaurants in the side streets and try it out! In addition to the food, the Spanish cava is also a must-have that I really miss in Germany. In the supermarket and in larger department store chains there is everything your heart desires. You should definitely buy fruit and vegetables at Boqueria! The prices are comparable to those here in Germany and of course differ in a few cases due to availability. All in all, apart from the rent, life there was not particularly more expensive than in Germany.

For living:
Prices for a room (6-10 m²) are, in my experience, between 300 and 500 €. In any case, it is important to note the proximity to the subway, the distance to the university and, in winter, the availability of heating! This is not a matter of course for many landlords. Otherwise it may well be that you get or move into an apartment without a rental agreement.

About the language:
First of all: NO, the Catalans also speak Spanish and are friendly when you are! In my time I never had any problems communicating and after a while you quickly learn to use “everyday sentences”. The daily language course is really helpful and has given me a solid language base. The language in the university is English and for a few subjects and advanced students also Spanish. However, 90% of the courses are American, which is why we speak English in class or in group work.

April 2011 – conclusion

I am very happy with my choice and still benefit from the impressions and experiences in these almost 4 months. The only point of criticism that you should bear in mind when making your choice is that no Spanish students are admitted to this program. This means that you are only among “internationals” and that you will mostly speak English. I benefited from both and during this time I was able to improve my English in addition to Spanish. However, it is more difficult to get to know locals or Spaniards if you don’t have them at university.

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 10

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (9)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (9)

I completed my semester abroad as part of my dual business administration degree (focus on trade) at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. In Germany, this winter semester (January-March) corresponded to my third theory semester, which in retrospect was not that cheap, as I have to rewrite many exams at home after my return. Nevertheless, I would recommend the semester abroad in Barcelona to anyone who is interested in international (mostly US-American) encounters and still doesn’t want to get a culture shock.

The application process

The application process was very easy, I didn’t really have to clarify a lot in advance. At my home university in Heidenheim I used the International Office to find out which partner universities are offered and finally I decided on the UAB. The decisive factor here was the duration: a semester only lasts three and a half months – and not a full six months as at other universities (which would not have been an option for my training company). Unfortunately, the UAB is not the cheapest choice in terms of price: you pay around 600-1000 euros per module that you occupy.

When the decision was made, I worked with the International Office to collect the necessary registration forms (transcript of records, copy of ID and a few other small items). The contact to MicroEDU was then established via the International Office and I only had to wait until their contact person got in touch with me by email.

MicroEDU then guided me through the further registration process and sent the documents to the university in Barcelona. I have to mention here: the agency’s employees (especially Ms. Ezerskyte) are extremely friendly and always remain polite and helpful, no matter how frequently you ask ! Thanks a lot for this!

That’s about it, MicroEDU informed me that I was accepted (of course: if you pay the deposit of a few hundred euros on time, you will probably not just be refused…) and I was able to book my outward flight for January 4th. The semester started on January 7th, so I had a few stress-free days to look for accommodation from my hotel.

The accommodation

I looked for my accommodation on site – and without any knowledge of Spanish! I definitely want to encourage you to do the same! If you book a room in advance without having viewed it, there is a good chance that you will be nastily surprised when you arrive…

For me it was no stress at all to find a small room in a four-person shared apartment near the Sagrada Familia. I registered with idealista on the first day and looked for offers there. Already on the following day there were two appointments for viewing and to be honest? You can also communicate with your hands and feet if the other person doesn’t speak good English and you don’t speak Spanish yourself.

I definitely recommend the Eixample districts (here in particular near the Sagrada Familia or Sant Antoni) and Gracia. I would personally advise against Poble Sec and Gotico, but that only depends on my experience.

The University

I won’t tell you anything new – anyone who has read through a few testimonials from the university will quickly find that this semester abroad consists of everything but skipping courses, studying with local students and just lazing around. If you want to get good German grades here (and thanks to the Spanish grading system they are really hard to achieve), you have to move to every lecture and sit on your butt even after “school” (yes, you study in small groups) and do homeworks, assignments or book readings. Those who stick with it as in the dual study course should, however, be able to keep their grades in Germany (at least to some extent).

What was also a bit disappointing: The UAB emphasizes the high degree of international students. Contrary to what I expected, I found myself in all four courses with 95% students from the USA. Basically, of course, that didn’t bother me, I also formed a close friendship with two girls from New York. But unfortunately the semester abroad is only half as “multicultural” as one had hoped it would…

My courses taken

I took four courses: International Marketing Strategies, International Finance, International Economics and Strategic Behavior in Business and Economics.

International Marketing

I had International Marketing Strategies at Dr. Vera Butkouskaya and that was my absolute favorite module ! Vera was always in a good mood and with her funny manner she was super personable for all students! She also knew that we would like to enjoy our semester abroad instead of just looking at things and therefore hardly gave us any homework or assignments. The material itself was also very interesting, albeit a bit dry from time to time.

International Finance

International finance was a tough counterpart to marketing: I was mostly in the course with finance majors and of course they also had previous knowledge. Unfortunately, I didn’t and so the lessons with Myriam went a bit too fast for me and I had to learn a lot. However, anyone who enjoys financial topics is in good hands here. The exams were also very fair, so that even a beginner could achieve good grades with a learning curve.

International Economics

International economics was similarly difficult. David Castell was convinced that each of his international students should read a book of at least 200 pages during that time and also buy the “ABSOLUTELY BASIC” book to accompany the lectures so that you are at home (because you are only in Barcelona to study ) can read on and deepen his Econ knowledge independently… the expectations took a lot of getting used to and that should have been the reason why I did by far the worst in this subject out of all four modules.

Strategic Behavior

Strategic behavior at Ivanna Ferdinandova was… unhappy. The lecture was on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 9 am, which implies tired students. The fact that the transmission of the content was THAT cumbersome didn’t make the whole thing any better. My neighbor at the bank regularly fell asleep and the other students also preferred to go to the next European travel destinations with their MacBooks rather than listening to Ivanna’s words. The material – Decision Theory and Game Theory – was very interesting! However, you only noticed this when you yourself have dealt with the homeworks or the final presentation yourself at home.

Language course

I would definitely not recommend a UAB Spanish course as it is way too expensive! Right around the corner from the campus in Eixample there is a language school – LinguaSchools – which offers the same number of courses per week (twice a week from 7 am to 9 pm) and is significantly cheaper. Instead of 1000 euros like the UAB, this language school only charges around 300 euros and learning success is also guaranteed if you are willing to deal with the new language! It made it easy for me to learn the basics of Spanish. Read more student reviews on Anycountyprivateschools.

Please, please don’t think I want to talk you through the semester in Barcelona because I almost only report negative things here! Barcelona itself is a beautiful city and there is so much to experience over the weekend (especially because Fridays are always free!)! The city offers much more than just the typical tourist attractions!


The three and a half months in Barcelona passed far too quickly! Every single weekend is worth gold and you shouldn’t waste any of it in a bad mood at home! I almost never saw clouds or even rain in my winter semester, which made it all the easier to leave the apartment and have fun on the streets of Barcelona!

You can really get home quickly by public transport at any time of the day or night, which was a great benefit for me as a country man. In addition, you have the beach, beautiful parks and mountains all rolled into one: what more could you want? I spent differently every weekend and got infected by the American wanderlust. From El Prat Airport in Barcelona we went to three different destinations: Seville, Lisbon and ( my absolute highlight! ) Ibiza.

I can only recommend you to explore the surrounding area and look out for cheap deals on flights, because it’s worth it! Ibiza in particular is amazing out of season! All the clubs were closed and there was almost no sign of tourists. The four of us rented a car for a weekend and then we are completely around the island – always following the sun towards hidden beaches and the perfect spots for the sunset over the sea.

My final message to you: don’t be afraid to fly to Barcelona for a semester abroad! The advantages clearly outweigh the disadvantages (for example the high costs), I really enjoyed this time in Spain and I will definitely come back there again!

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 9

Germany Population and Religion

Germany Population and Religion


Germany is the most populous state within the European Union. The number of residents shows a slightly increasing tendency due to migration gains. Nevertheless, according to projections, it will decrease continuously from around 2030, mainly due to the low birth rate (2019: 1.54). The rising number of births (from 2012) contrasts with a rapidly growing number of deaths, so that the gap between those born and those who died is widening. Demographic change is particularly evident in increasing aging (overaging) and a decline in the labor force. The number will probably be lower than the number of people over 65 by 2030.

Population development in Germany

year total (million) 1) Territory – old federal states Territory – new federal states and East Berlin
1939 59.7 43.0 16.7
1947 65.9 2) 45.4 20.5 3)
1950 68.4 50.0 18.4
1956 70.7 53.0 17.7
1960 72.7 55.4 17.2
1965 75.6 58.6 17.0
1970 77.7 60.7 17.1
1975 78.7 61.8 16.8
1980 78.3 61.5 16.7
1985 77.6 61.0 16.6
1990 79.4 63.3 16.1
1995 81.7 66.2 15.5
2000 82.2 67.1 15.1
2005 82.4 65.7 16.7 3)
2010 82.1 65.7 16.4 3)
2014 80.8 64.8 15.9 3)
2019 83.2 67.0 16.2 3)
1) According to the territorial status of 1971.2) Of these 1.13 million displaced persons, disarmed members of the armed forces and civil internees.

3) Including all of Berlin.

Births and deaths in Germany

Per 1,000 residents
year Live born Died
1946 14.3 15.5
1950 16.3 10.9
1955 15.8 11.3
1960 17.3 12.0
1965 17.5 12.0
1970 13.5 12.6
1975 9.9 12.6
1980 11.0 12.1
1985 10.5 12.0
1990 11.4 11.6
1995 9.4 10.8
2000 9.3 10.2
2005 8.3 10.1
2010 8.3 10.5
2014 8.8 10.7
2019 9.4 11.3

Development: Until 1939, almost exclusively Germans lived in Germany; the strongest minority were Poles. After the Second World War, the continuous growth of the population in the western federal states was mainly due to an influx of people from outside, in addition to an initial surplus of births. By 1953, around 10.6 million displaced persons and refugees had come from the former German eastern regions and states of east-central and south-eastern Europe. Up until 1961, immigration from the GDR played a major role in the growth in the West. Since the 1960s, the cyclical immigration of foreign workers (“guest workers”) has played the greatest role. As of 1972 there was a surplus of deaths.

In the area of ​​the GDR, the population initially increased after the end of the war as a result of the influx of refugees and resettlement from the east, but then decreased until the second half of the 1970s. The strong emigration of workers to the Federal Republic of Germany until 1961 (construction of the Berlin Wall) and a high surplus of women as a result of the war contributed to this. A total of almost 900,000 people went to West Germany and West Berlin in 1961–88. After the democratic change in 1989/90 (German unity) once again a large number of residents, especially those of working age, left the eastern German parts of the country. 1991-2018 a total of 3.8 million people migrated from East to West Germany, in the opposite direction there were 2.5 million removals. The migration balance has been almost balanced since 2014, after the East German migration losses had already declined since 2001.

Immigration from abroad fell from a peak in 1992 (1.5 million people); In 2008, Germany recorded a loss of migration for the first time since 1984. From 2010, however, the number of immigrants again exceeded that of emigrants. A total of around 11.2 million people with foreign citizenship were living in Germany at the end of 2019. More than twice as many residents had a migration background. Almost 70% of the foreigners came from European countries, 43% from EU countries, primarily Poland, Romania and Italy. At around 13%, the highest proportion of foreigners was made up of Turkish citizens. The number of German repatriates fell significantly in the 1990s (Russian Germans). Belong to the national minorities Sinti and Roma, Danes in southern Schleswig, Lusatian Sorbs and Frisians.

Distribution: The average population density of 233 residents per km 2 in 2019 was almost twice as high as the average in the European Union. The population distribution is quite different, mainly due to the continued growth of the economic and urban agglomerations for around 100 years. The largest conurbation is the Ruhr area. Other areas of population concentration are the Rhine-Neckar area, the Rhine-Main area, the Saarland, Hanover, Munich and Nuremberg / Fürth. In the heavily industrialized south of the East German federal states, three densely populated areas stand out: Halle – Leipzig, Chemnitz – Zwickau and the Dresden area. Overall, the East German settlement structure is more rural than the West German one.

After the Second World War, cities in particular experienced above-average growth, so that a noticeable lack of living space became apparent, even if many families with children in particular migrated to the outskirts (suburbanization). One third of the population lives in each of the 81 large cities (100,000 residents and more) and in municipalities between 10,000 and 50,000 residents.

The biggest cities in Germany

Residents (December 31, 2019)
Berlin 3 669 500
Hamburg 1,847,300
Munich 1 484 200
Cologne 1,087,900
Frankfurt am Main 763 400
Stuttgart 635 900
Dusseldorf 621 900
Leipzig 593 100
Dortmund 588 300
meal 582 800
Bremen 567 600
Dresden 556 800


The Basic Law (Articles 4 and 140) obliges the state to tolerance, neutrality and parity towards all religions and religious societies and guarantees freedom of belief, conscience and belief, subject to general state laws. The Catholic Church and the member churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) have the status of a corporation under public law, as do most of the free churches. The Catholic Church (2019) has around 22.6 million members, the EKD member churches 20.7 million. The numbers of registered members of both denominational groups are precisely recorded at regular intervals; they are steadily falling. More than half of the population in Germany belongs to Christian denominations, including groups that refer to Christian-Biblical traditions, such as the New Apostolic Church and Jehovah’s Witnesses.

According to mysteryaround, the largest non-Christian religious community is Islam with an estimated 5 million members. The majority of the Sunni Muslims are of Turkish origin. Hundreds of thousands of Muslims have organized themselves in mosque associations or other Islamic associations. The largest local Islamic community are the Muslims in Berlin (around 250,000–300,000 believers).

The Jewish religious communities have a total of almost 95,000 members (2019); Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt am Main and Düsseldorf have the largest individual Jewish communities. The umbrella organization of Jewish communities and associations is the Central Council of Jews in Germany.

Under the umbrella of the German Buddhist Union – Buddhist Religious Community (DBU; founded in 1955) 62 member communities came together (2019). It is estimated that around 0.3% of the population actively follow Buddhism. The assumed total number of Hindus living in Germany is around 0.1% of the population. One of the largest Hindu temples in Europe is located in Hamm.

Germany Population and Religion

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (8)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (8)

1. Application process

The application process for Barcelona is very simple. After I was sure that I wanted to go to Barcelona, ​​I applied through the free agency “ MicroEDU ”. The semester abroad started on September 3rd and I applied in March, right at the beginning of the application phase. I applied for the “Pre-established study abroad program”, in which almost all courses are in English and the university campus is right in the center of Barcelona.

All I had to do to apply was submit the following documents:

  • List of selected courses
  • Copy of the certificate of enrollment
  • Copy of the transcript of records
  • Copy of an identification document
  • Passport photo
  • English test (the DAAD test is sufficient)

The agency then sends the complete application to Barcelona and you don’t have to worry about anything.

After you have received an acceptance you have to pay 500 €. This should be done quickly, as the students who pay first also get into their desired courses. This was not a problem for me and I was able to take the courses I wanted. Depending on the course chosen, the remaining tuition fees are due approximately 4 weeks before the start of the semester.

At the beginning of the semester there is the so-called “add-and-drop period”, where you can try to swap places in courses with other students. I wouldn’t rely on that, however.

2. Description of the city and region

Barcelona is located in the north-eastern part of Spain and directly on the Mediterranean Sea. It is the capital of the region of Catalonia and around 1.6 million people live within the urban area. In my opinion, Barcelona is one of the most beautiful cities around. It offers endless possibilities for exploring and of course the beach is a huge plus. I found the people to be consistently open-minded. Everyone was helpful, open and friendly.

The German weather cannot be compared with the Spanish weather. In my 4 months I only had 4 rainy days and never had clouds in the sky. Even in mid-November we could still lie on the beach in bikinis. So you have a completely different and more positive outlook on life in Barcelona.

3. Finding accommodation

Finding an apartment in Barcelona has turned out to be very easy, living rather complicated. There are countless pages on the Internet and also many groups on Facebook where you can search for apartments / shared flats. These include, for example, idealista,, wg-sucht and pisocompartido. I checked the Internet beforehand and made viewing appointments for the first few days.

First of all, I have to say that the Spanish standard does not correspond to the German and I was a bit shocked at first. After a few visits, I found a small room in a shared apartment near the Sagrada Familia with 2 South Americans and an Indian and moved into it on the same day. There are an infinite number of free rooms in Barcelona and you can find a free room very quickly. In retrospect, I would prefer to live in the old town and I also found the “Raval” district, which was considered a bit dangerous, to be very beautiful.

In general, when looking for an apartment, I would also recommend paying attention to whether there is a functioning heating system and how noisy it is in the room. In Barcelona, ​​garbage collectors etc. always come at night and it can be very noisy and in winter without heating it can also be cold. Many of my friends and I had problems in the rooms / apartments, but many also felt very comfortable.

In the end I didn’t get along with my landlords and I moved for December without further ado. I would recommend having everything confirmed in writing. To insist on rent as well as deposit and, if necessary, on a written rental agreement.

4. Description of the university / faculty

The Autonomous University of Barcelona is divided into several locations.

The main campus is about 30 km from Barcelona. There are 2 buildings in the city where the courses of the “Pre-established” program take place. Only foreign students take part in this program, not Spaniards. Generally there are around 70% Americans, a lot of Brazilians, Dutch, Germans etc. The first campus is called “Sant Pau” and is a really nice building in Barcelona that also has a library.

The second campus, “Eixample” is located right in the city center and is rather simple, smaller and modern. My courses all took place on this campus. The classrooms are comparable to German classrooms in schools. There are around 20/25 students per course and it’s all very personal. A lecture lasts 1:40 hours and the first lesson begins at 9 a.m. There is a 20 minute break between each hour and a 1 hour break at noon. The last lecture lasts until 7:25 p.m.

5. Integration in the course of studies (BA)

The “Pre-established” program offers a large number of courses for foreign students. 6 credits are recognized per course. The semester at the UAB can only be taken in September, as the 1st semester always starts in January. Overall, the integration turned out to be very easy.

6. Description of the courses taken

The courses at UAB are very similar to those at school. Attendance is compulsory and you should collaborate orally. Unlike in Germany, there were not only exams at the end of the semester, but the grades were made up of many individual assessments. Most subjects have a final and a midterm exam, as well as many case studies and presentations.

Overall, it is “more stressful” during your studies than in Germany because you have to work continuously. On the other hand, it is significantly less at the end of the semester. A course takes place on Mondays and Wednesdays or Tuesdays and Thursdays. Friday is free and therefore everything is very easy to do.

I took 4 courses on site:

a) Doing business in emerging markets

In this course we dealt with economically emerging countries and markets. The course consisted of two parts. At the beginning of the semester we were assigned a partner and a country and had to present news from this country on a weekly basis. In addition to theory, we did a case study every week and also handed it in. After the midterm, each team had to give a presentation on the entry of a Spanish company into our emerging country.

There was both a midterm and a final exam in this course. The lecturer was very nice and it was very important that people not learn by heart but understand. I liked the course very much.

b) Cross-Cultural Management

This course was my favorite course. We discussed different cultural dimensions and due to the many nationalities in the class it was never boring and always interesting. We had to give and submit an individual presentation, a group presentation including a term paper, and at the end we wrote an exam.

c) Managerial Skills for International Business

I also really enjoyed this course. The lecturer was really very good and, in addition to theory, we also did a lot of role plays to consolidate the theory. It was mainly about “everyday” situations in professional life and how best to cope with them. This included, for example, time management and leadership skills. The lecturer varied between many media, so it was always interesting. There was a midterm and a final term.

d) International Marketing Strategies

I am also very satisfied with this course choice. It was the most time-consuming course for me with MicroEDUM. In addition to theories, we worked on a lot of case studies and applied marketing strategies. Within the course we had to write a midterm and a final exam. In addition, we worked out a term paper in groups and each had to give two presentations. Every week we were introduced to a new company and its strategy, about which we had to answer and submit questions.

Overall, I really enjoyed all of the courses. There is a clear difference when the teacher knows all students by name. In addition, it is a change that both attendance and participation are included in the final grade. It was a very personal atmosphere and I really took away a lot. I liked the fact that it was mostly less theoretical than in Germany. I can definitely recommend these courses and especially as a European (mostly hardworking and punctual in contrast to many Americans) it is really easy to get a good grade.

7. Statement of costs and financing options

Since the UAB is not a partner university of our university, I had to pay the tuition fees myself. I took 4 courses (24 ECTS) on site and paid € 2605.

I paid 370 € for the rent in the first 3 months and another 200 € for December because I wasn’t there for the whole month. I would definitely recommend asking the landlord whether it is possible to reduce the rent if you are no longer on site for a full month. Many landlords are very accommodating. Here I would also give the tip to have this confirmed in writing.

The public transport network in Barcelona is very well developed. Under 25s can buy a 3-month ticket for € 105, which I would definitely recommend. With this you can use the metro, the bus, the night bus and the tram.

I spent around € 400 a month on living, eating and drinking. I have to say that we went to dinner very often, tried a lot, went to many museums and exhibitions. If you cook yourself a lot, it is probably a lot cheaper.

I was in Barcelona most of the time and only visited a friend over the weekend in Valencia once. So I spent very little on trips.

For trips I can recommend everyone to use the long-distance bus, which, like in Germany, are very cheap.

Statement of costs

  • 4 courses: € 2605
  • Rent for 4 months: 1310 €
  • 3-month ticket: € 105
  • 1-month ticket: € 50
  • Living / eating / drinking: 400 € / month
  • Trips: 60 €
  • Security deposit: € 370
  • Flights: € 150
  • Spanish teacher: 400 €
  • Total: 6650 € (including deposit)

If you want to apply for BAföG abroad, you should do so as early as possible.

8. Professional and personal experience

I think Barcelona has brought me a lot, both professionally and personally.

The lessons were not predominantly theoretical, as in most German universities, but theories were often presented on the basis of cases, exercises, presentations or films and then analyzed. This made it possible to understand a lot of the material during the semester and you had to study less for exams. Read more student reviews on Educationvv.

Personally, Barcelona also brought me a lot. For me it was the first time to “stand on my own two feet” and live alone. I have become much more independent and open.

9. Tips for those interested

There is so much to see and discover in Barcelona. I would especially recommend the following places / restaurants:

  • Bunkers del Carmel (a must-do !!)
  • Restaurant “La Luna” (Carrer Abaixadors 10)
  • Bun Bo (Vietnamese) and Rosa Negra (Mexican) restaurants
  • La Xampaneyeria and for the best paella O’toxo tres hermanos
  • Girona (Dali Museum), Montserrat Monastery (day trip)
  • FC Barcelona football match
  • Sitges (or Costa Brava for beautiful beaches)

I can absolutely recommend Barcelona as a semester abroad !

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 8

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (7)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (7)


If you decide to do a semester abroad, there are almost endless possibilities where you can do it. My choice fell on Spain and ultimately on Barcelona, ​​which I can really recommend to everyone. In addition to Barcelona, ​​Paris and Madrid were also shortlisted, but these were dropped due to the limited number of students. For this reason, I finally applied for a semester abroad in Barcelona at the UAB.

When the decision was made that I would like to do my semester abroad in Barcelona, the preparations for this somewhat exciting phase of life began. MicroEDU took over the organization and was the contact person for questions about the application and communication with the UAB. The registration process was very smooth and went without any major problems.

After the registration was carried out and the tuition fees paid, there was not much more organizational work to do. Only health insurance, credit card, identity card and possibly the international accident protection were checked again for validity. Then it was time to book a flight and find an apartment.

Finding accommodation in Barcelona

The finding accommodation in Barcelona is very difficult and the opinions on this are very different. The on-site search offers a number of possibilities, but the online search should not be underestimated either. If you take care of yourself on site and arrange a viewing, then you can spot any damage / fraudsters directly and decide against the apartment.

I found and booked my apartment together with my girlfriend through the agency SH Barcelona. Real estate agencies do have service fees, but they are very professional and provide good service and support. Our apartment was really very clean, nicely decorated and well located in the Eixample district.

Studied at the UAB

Studies at the UAB essentially consist of lectures, group work and presentations. The different courses, which were chosen in advance, bring interesting topics, but also a lot of work with them. However, the workload differs from course to course. Read more student reviews on Ehuacom.

The course selection at the UAB in Barcelona was already made with the binding registration at the university. The available courses with course descriptions could be accessed and compared via the university’s website. After consulting with the course director in Heidenheim, I decided on the courses in International Finance, International Business and International Economics. The courses were recorded and confirmed with the learning agreement.

With the beginning of the stay abroad, the division of the courses, the introduction by the head of the program and the handover of the timetables followed. The briefing was structured and without any further problems. The courses started the same week. In summary, the courses chosen were very structured, interesting and demanded high standards. I liked International Business best. This subject will be particularly helpful for my later work, as we have covered basic concepts and strategies that explain international cooperation between companies.

During the four months there were various offers of the UAB for cultural exchange and leisure activities together with Spanish students of the UAB. There was also the opportunity to attend lectures and meetings with entrepreneurs and business people from Barcelona. In general, the support from the host university was really very good. The administrators’ office was manned around the clock and they were available to answer any questions.


Life outside of university in Barcelona mainly took place on the beach, in the great squares, in small bars and cafes. Barcelona has a lot to offer here and it never gets boring. Street festivals, open-air concerts, watching sunsets – in Barcelona you feel like you’re on vacation.

In addition to Barcelona, ​​Spain also has other beautiful cities and landscapes to offer. During my stay I visited Madrid, Seville, Sitges and the mountains around Montserrat, the largest mountain in Catalonia. If the urge to travel is even greater, there are other destinations in Spain available.

The relaxed Spanish way of life is particularly noticeable in everyday life. Compared to the German attitude, it is very different and very challenging in some life situations. But in general the Spaniards, and especially the Catalans, are friendly people.


The study abroad should generate new ways of thinking and approaches to problems and general international experience for me. These goals were met in each case. Studying abroad was a great experience and helped me advance as a person. I would recommend it to anyone who wants to break out of their usual comfort zone. Because only then can you have these experiences.

The experience abroad also helps me academically and adds an international aspect to my studies so far. Personally, I also appreciate my decision to go abroad. Another good foundation stone has been laid for my further professional and academic development.

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 7

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (6)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (6)

Application process

From the beginning I wanted to go to Spain and get to know the language and the culture better. Since there is no good program in Spain at my university, I came across MicroEDU relatively through recommendations. Among other things, the Universidad Autonoma in Barcelona was proposed there. I already considered the city with its cultural possibilities and the location (Mediterranean Sea) to be perfect and the university is very respected and well rated. I chose the pre-established program because I didn’t have a good knowledge of Spanish, but also because I wanted to live in the center, but both programs certainly have their advantages and disadvantages. Everyone has to decide for themselves. Now I just had to apply that it turned out to be really not complicated. MicroEDU tells you exactly what to submit and when, so there were no further complications.


Since I really wanted to learn the language better as soon as possible, I improved my Spanish with Babbel and with a few courses at the university in the semester before that so that I can at least express myself. That was important to me personally, but in general you can get by very well with English. Sometimes it was just helpful to be able to speak and understand a little. Otherwise I didn’t have to prepare myself like that. If you had forgotten anything in terms of clothing, etc., you could easily buy it in Barcelona.


However, a big topic on the agenda was the search for accommodation. I wanted to come into contact with other people and so I wanted to move into a shared apartment. In advance, I heard from many that it is easy to organize apartments on site. So, shortly before I left, I set up an account with Idealista and arranged to view my apartment. Read more student reviews on Hetongdiy.

When I arrived in Barcelona, ​​I first spent time in a hostel. The search for an apartment was not as easy as I had imagined. I had a lot of bad luck and after a few days I had already visited over 20 apartments without success. In the end I found an apartment in a perfect location (Placa Catalunya), albeit a little more expensive. In retrospect I am glad that I did it on site, because on the one hand I was able to get to know the roommates and on the other hand I couldn’t be surprised like many of my friends. It is stressful at the beginning, but you have to go through it.

Study in Barcelona and courses

My studies in Barcelona were very different from what I know from Germany. It was more like school. Attendance was compulsory for at least 80% of the courses. Nevertheless, I had a relatively relaxed schedule. In general, you only had university from Monday to Thursday and I had it twice a week from 9:00 a.m. to 12:40 p.m. and twice a week from 9:00 a.m. to 3:20 p.m. If you have free periods, I would try in the add and drop period to arrange my courses in such a way that they are in one piece, otherwise you cannot relax on the beach but have to pay attention to the time due to the lessons. I have taken the following five courses:

1. Spanish Elementary 45

As already mentioned, I wanted to learn Spanish and took the opportunity to go to a Spanish course. My professor was Chelo Aribas and she was super nice. She was very empathetic and fully engaged with the level of the course. She tried hard to give everyone a good grade. If you have a little feel for the language and have participated a little, you could get a very good grade. I would definitely choose this course again.

2. International Finance

That was my favorite course, but certainly because I also liked the subjects. If math or finance is not for you, I would advise against choosing the course. You should be careful and understand everything, as you can quickly get lost. My professor’s name was Myriam H. and she was also very cool and friendly.

3. International Marketing

Here, too, Myriam was my professor. Like the other, the course was a bit more work-intensive. She builds in various projects and case studies that should be presented in small groups. Everything is not so demanding but still involves work. In the exams you had to learn by heart. If you go through with it, however, you can get very good grades here as well.

4. Managerial skills

It was a little harder for me to get excited about this course. A lot of things were taught that are actually very banal. But I really liked the way my professor Maydo tried to put the material on an interesting level with stories from her own life or with games.

5. Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation

I expected a lot from this course because it actually sounded very interesting. I was a little disappointed, but it was also a little bit because it was my only afternoon course. The professor Ortila Driga was very nice, but in my opinion was not able to convey the material in an interesting way.


As a city, Barcelona has an incredible amount to offer. I was able to get a bike relatively at the beginning and rode around town, on the beach or wherever with my friends. As in Germany, the train is very well connected, which is why you can also take the train to visit the beautiful regions of Spain on a weekendcan explore. However, this is not absolutely necessary as you never get bored in Barcelona. I would recommend going out as much as possible. At the beginning it is often said that it is advised to be very careful because of the high crime rate. I can confirm that, but I was told so often at the beginning that I thought I was going to a city full of criminals. So there should be no fear and if you are careful and keep your eyes open and don’t go into a dark alley alone in the evening, nothing should happen to you.


In summary, I can say that Barcelona was an incredibly good time for me that I would repeat immediately. I have really taken Barcelona to my heart and will definitely be back often. Although I suffered a bit of a culture shock from the violent independence movements, I felt safe and welcome. I envy everyone who still has the great time ahead of them!

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 6

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (5)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (5)

Application process

From the beginning I wanted to go to Spain and get to know the language and the culture better. Since there is no good program in Spain at my university, I came across MicroEDU relatively through recommendations. Among other things, the Universidad Autonoma in Barcelona was proposed there. I already considered the city with its cultural possibilities and the location (Mediterranean Sea) to be perfect and the university is very respected and well rated. I chose the pre-established program because I didn’t have a good knowledge of Spanish, but also because I wanted to live in the center, but both programs certainly have their advantages and disadvantages. Everyone has to decide for themselves. Now I just had to apply that it turned out to be really not complicated. MicroEDU tells you exactly what to submit and when, so there were no further complications.


Since I really wanted to learn the language better as soon as possible, I improved my Spanish with Babbel and with a few courses at the university in the semester before that so that I can at least express myself. That was important to me personally, but in general you can get by very well with English. Sometimes it was just helpful to be able to speak and understand a little. Otherwise I didn’t have to prepare myself like that. If you had forgotten anything in terms of clothing, etc., you could easily buy it in Barcelona.


However, a big topic on the agenda was the search for accommodation. I wanted to come into contact with other people and so I wanted to move into a shared apartment. In advance, I heard from many that it is easy to organize apartments on site. So, shortly before I left, I set up an account with Idealista and arranged to view my apartment.

When I arrived in Barcelona, ​​I first spent time in a hostel. The search for an apartment was not as easy as I had imagined. I had a lot of bad luck and after a few days I had already visited over 20 apartments without success. In the end I found an apartment in a perfect location (Placa Catalunya), albeit a little more expensive. In retrospect I am glad that I did it on site, because on the one hand I was able to get to know the roommates and on the other hand I couldn’t be surprised like many of my friends. It is stressful at the beginning, but you have to go through it.

Study in Barcelona and courses

My studies in Barcelona were very different from what I know from Germany. It was more like school. Attendance was compulsory for at least 80% of the courses. Nevertheless, I had a relatively relaxed schedule. In general, you only had university from Monday to Thursday and I had it twice a week from 9:00 a.m. to 12:40 p.m. and twice a week from 9:00 a.m. to 3:20 p.m. If you have free periods, I would try in the add and drop period to arrange my courses in such a way that they are in one piece, otherwise you cannot relax on the beach but have to pay attention to the time due to the lessons. I have taken the following five courses:

1. Spanish Elementary 45

As already mentioned, I wanted to learn Spanish and took the opportunity to go to a Spanish course. My professor was Chelo Aribas and she was super nice. She was very empathetic and fully engaged with the level of the course. She tried hard to give everyone a good grade. If you have a little feel for the language and have participated a little, you could get a very good grade. I would definitely choose this course again.

2. International Finance

That was my favorite course, but certainly because I also liked the subjects. If math or finance is not for you, I would advise against choosing the course. You should be careful and understand everything, as you can quickly get lost. My professor’s name was Myriam H. and she was also very cool and friendly.

3. International Marketing

Here, too, Myriam was my professor. Like the other, the course was a bit more work-intensive. She builds in various projects and case studies that should be presented in small groups. Everything is not so demanding but still involves work. In the exams you had to learn by heart. If you go through with it, however, you can get very good grades here as well.

4. Managerial skills

It was a little harder for me to get excited about this course. A lot of things were taught that are actually very banal. But I really liked the way my professor Maydo tried to put the material on an interesting level with stories from her own life or with games.

5. Entrepreneurship and New Venture Creation

I expected a lot from this course because it actually sounded very interesting. I was a little disappointed, but it was also a little bit because it was my only afternoon course. The professor Ortila Driga was very nice, but in my opinion was not able to convey the material in an interesting way.


As a city, Barcelona has an incredible amount to offer. I was able to get a bike relatively at the beginning and rode around town, on the beach or wherever with my friends. As in Germany, the train is very well connected, which is why you can also take the train to visit the beautiful regions of Spain on a weekend can explore. However, this is not absolutely necessary as you never get bored in Barcelona. I would recommend going out as much as possible. At the beginning it is often said that it is advised to be very careful because of the high crime rate. I can confirm that, but I was told so often at the beginning that I thought I was going to a city full of criminals. So there should be no fear and if you are careful and keep your eyes open and don’t go into a dark alley alone in the evening, nothing should happen to you. Read more student reviews on Iamaccepted.


In summary, I can say that Barcelona was an incredibly good time for me that I would repeat immediately. I have really taken Barcelona to my heart and will definitely be back often. Although I suffered a bit of a culture shock from the violent independence movements, I felt safe and welcome. I envy everyone who still has the great time ahead of them!

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 5

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (4)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (4)

1. Application process

To apply to UAB, I used the help of the free placement agency MicroEDU. You can request information material in advance on the website and get advice on your favorite universities by email or telephone. At first I wasn’t sure where to go for the semester abroad, so I asked the MicroEDU Team for advice on the semester abroad in the USA and Spain.It quickly became clear to me, mainly because of the lower costs, that I wanted to apply to the UAB. The agency has really been of great help here. I always received a detailed answer very quickly to all questions and uncertainties about the university, the application or the choice of course. When you have decided on a university, you first fill out the complete application documents (general application form, English résumé, transcript of records, passport photo…) and send them to MicroEDU in Münster, observing the application deadline. The application is checked here and then forwarded to the UAB if it is complete and correct.

Basically, you have two options at UAB. Either you apply for the normal Study Abroad Program, which takes place at the main Bellaterra campus and in Spanish, or you decide, like me, for the pre-established Study Abroad Program. This is explicitly aimed at internationals, ie the courses are held in English and only at 2 separate campuses in the city.

I received the confirmation from the UAB after just 2 weeks. As soon as a deposit of 500 euros has been made, you will receive a binding confirmation and the study place is guaranteed. You should do this as quickly as possible to secure his place, however, as the UAB only a limited number of study places has

Through MicroEDU, a contact list of all other MicroEDU exchange students in Barcelona was also published, as well as a Facebook group for previous exchanges.

2. Finding accommodation

The search for an apartment in Barcelona is a little different than in Germany. Renting a room, for example, is possible at much shorter notice, so that you can only look for an apartment on site. In general, you have the choice of applying for a dormitory or a host family, or renting a room.Since I previously lived in Bonn, where the rental prices are also very high, the rental prices were comparable for me. Anyone who spends 400 – 500 euros for a room in a shared apartment will usually find a good room. There are also some rooms around 300 euros, but they are often further outside or are very small. In addition, interior rooms are also often rented in Spain, ie the room faces the inner courtyard or hallway, so there is no window to the outside. These are then usually a little cheaper.

I decided to look for a room in a shared apartment. After reading the recommendation in many field reports to look for the apartment on site, I decided to look in Barcelona first. However, I can say in advance that you should have strong nerves to search on site! Most Germans have already looked for their room in Germany. Most Americans stayed in student dormitories or home stays. As a student residence, the RESA houses should be very good. If you apply in good time and secure a place in the student dormitory, you will definitely save yourself a lot of work looking for an apartment. However, I was too late with my request, so I decided to look for a shared apartment.

I booked a pension for the first 3 nights. Here I can highly recommend the Pension Villanueva on Placa Real. There are many websites, such as Idealista and Easy Piso, where you can find rooms. You can also find a lot of recruitment agencies, but they charge high agency fees. I got to know some who had booked their room in advance through an agency and were also satisfied.

On the first day I wrote to a lot of landlords on Easy Piso and Idealista and only got back sporadic answers. I can definitely recommend calling the landlord directly in order to arrange a viewing appointment immediately and not have to wait for an answer by email. So you can better plan the viewing day. I was able to look at some of the rooms and unfortunately had to accept some disappointments. In the first 4 days there was nothing suitable, so that, to my desperation, I had to spend another night in the guesthouse. You should plan a week for looking for an apartment on site and don’t rent a room out of fear that you don’t like. In general there is no housing shortage in Barcelona, but the demand is particularly high at the end of August / beginning of September, as many students and internationals are looking for a room during this time. You should be prepared for the fact that very often you only get to know the landlord and don’t know who else lives in the shared apartment. In addition, in Barcelona, ​​every additional square meter that is not used is often rented out. This means that very small rooms à la Harry Potter are often rented out. For example, I visited a 4 square meter room. Often families also rent out a single room in their apartment, which is usually not immediately apparent.

In general, you should also lower your standard a bit, as the apartments in Barcelona are often very outdated. In the course of the semester, some of my friends also had to deal with bed bugs, especially in the typical Erasmus apartments, this is a common problem. If you find a room that you really like, it is best to agree to it directly or during the day.Most landlords rent out the apartments on the “first come, first serve” principle. Fortunately, it worked for me on the 5th day and I found a room in a great location in Eixample, near the Plaza Universitats (wanted for a flat share). Unfortunately, this was an interior room, which was absolutely okay for the short stay of 4 months. You are always on the move a lot and apart from that, my flat share was great and I felt comfortable from the first day. I lived with a young Spanish couple and another German. If you have the chance, look for a flat share with Spaniards. So you get a lot more of the culture and can even speak Spanish.

Even if it took a lot of nerve to look for my room on site, I don’t regret this decision. In the end I found a great flat share that was also very central. When looking for an apartment, I had many interesting encounters and experienced the cultural differences directly. I also got to know a very good friend, with whom I always did a lot throughout the semester.

Others, who were looking for their room from Germany, were sometimes negatively surprised by the condition, the location of the apartment or the flatmates upon arrival. In the worst case, you even end up with a fraudster.

However, if you decide to search locally, you should take enough time and not put yourself under pressure. Everyone I met who was looking for their room in Barcelona found a room within a week.

3. Description of the university / faculty

The Autonomous University of Barcelona is a state university founded in 1968. Their main campus, Bellaterra, is around 30 km from Barcelona. In total, over 50,000 students study at the UAB. 77 different courses are offered.

Internationals who complete the “Pre-established study abroad program” do not study together with the locals at the Bellaterra Campus. The program is aimed exclusively at internationals. In small groups of a maximum of 30 people, courses from the fields of Business, Economics, Politics, Mediterranean Studies and Spanish can be chosen. Most of the students come from the USA or Germany. However, there were also a few Dutch, Belgians, Canadians and Koreans in my courses. There are 2 different campuses in Barcelona itself for the program : the Eixample campus and the Sant Pau campus.

The Eixample Campus is located in the heart of the city, in the beautiful Eixample district. Mainly the economic courses and some language courses take place here. All my lectures took place here exclusively. Unfortunately, this is not a classic campus, but a building that is reminiscent of a residential building. The perfect location, in the immediate vicinity of Passeig de Gracias, the magnificent boulevard Barcelona makes up for it. The lunch break or a longer break between lectures is ideal to go into town for a little shopping tour or to pay a visit to one of the numerous cafes and restaurants.

The Sant Pau campus is a bit further out, but is also well connected to the metro network. The campus is beautiful and a lot bigger than the one in Eixample. It is an old building belonging to the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau. In contrast to the Eixample Campus, the Sant Pau Campus also has a library with PCs and a small cafe. Unfortunately, I didn’t have a course here, because the arts and social sciences are the main subjects here. However, some fellow students had courses at both campuses. Thanks to the good metro connection, these can be reached quickly within 20 minutes.

The introductory event at the beginning of the semester also takes place on the Sant Pau Campus. But you should definitely go to the Sant Pau Campus for a day and look around. Then you can also pay a visit to the magnificent main part of the Hospital Santa Creu i Sant Pau. The building is really impressive. You can learn a lot about history here and you can also visit some of the former hospital rooms.

4. Description of the region / city

Barcelona is just great !!! The city has so much to offer that you can never get bored.

The Catalan city with its Mediterranean buildings simply has charm. If you have seen the impressive main sights, such as the Gaudi houses, Passeig de Gracia, Park Guell or the Sagrada Familia, there are still so many great squares, streets and alleys to discover. I also often just strolled through the city and let the beautiful buildings work on me.

The Bunkers del Carmel were a highlight for me. These are located on a mountain on the outskirts of the city near Park Guell. Especially in the summer months it was great to sit here and enjoy the sunset and great views of the whole city. In the city there are 2 other mountains with great views. On the one hand the mountain Montjuic, where the Castell de Montjuic is located and to which the cable car also goes. The “Brunch in the Parc” electrical festival takes place here once a month during the summer months. An excursion should definitely also go to the Tibidabo mountain. There is a small amusement park right at the top. The park is not particularly spectacular, but the view and the flair are unique.

Due to the Mediterranean climate, Barcelona offers a very high quality of life. Most of the life takes place outside. In the first two months in particular, I was almost only in my flat to sleep.

When I arrived in Barcelona at the end of August, it was still very warm, so I spent a lot of time on the beach, especially in August and September. During the main tourist season, the Barceloneta beach is unfortunately very overcrowded. However, if you drive to the beach sections of Mar Bella, this is much more pleasant. I can also highly recommend taking the bus to Gava Mar, near Castelldefels, as you will find a really great and spacious beach here.

Until mid-October the temperatures are still pretty summery and even in November there were always a few really warm days. In general, the sun shines very often, which has had a very positive effect on my mood and entrepreneurship. Barcelona also has a lot to offer in culinary terms. There are so many cafés, restaurants and tapas bars that unfortunately you cannot try all of them in such a short time. The Spaniards usually go out a lot, so full restaurants and bars are perfectly normal even during the week.

Barcelona has a very good nightlife with many bars and clubs, which thanks to the countless guest lists of the promoters as an international, you can almost always get in for free. At the beginning of September, for example, Zedd was in the Opium and, thanks to the guest list, you didn’t have to pay any admission here either. The beach clubs (Opium, Pacha, Shoko..) are also very popular with tourists, so they are almost always very full. But there are so many other party locations that you should definitely try out. In addition, there are many free dinners in the clubs, especially at the beginning of the semester, where you can eat tapas for free and then party.

There are also a lot of cozy bars, especially in the beautiful El Born district. There are always cool events taking place, such as Stand Up Comedy Nights or Magic Mic Nights. I also went to a language exchange a couple of times, where you had the opportunity to talk to locals and improve your Spanish. I can only recommend this to everyone because you only study with internationals at the university.

“La Merce” will take place in Barcelona at the end of September. This is the Fiesta Mayor, the largest city festival. Over 500 events take place here over several days. These include the typical program items such as the impressive and well-known human towers, “Castellers”, and the fire games “Correfoc”. There are also several fireworks and concerts. The highlight of the event in 2016 was the Manu Chao concert.

Due to the popularity of Barcelona, ​​you should definitely check out what concerts are taking place. For example, I was at a Red Hot Chilli Peppers, which was a special highlight of the semester abroad for me. Should you ever need a break from Barcelona, ​​the surrounding cities are definitely worth a trip.I can highly recommend Sitges, Girona and Tarragona, which can be easily reached by train in under an hour. Sitges is a very cute town with lots of little boutiques and a really great beach. Girona is particularly attractive due to the historical, medieval old town and Tarragona is also highly recommended because of the historic city center with Roman monuments. A trip to the Montserrat mountains with some very adventurous hiking trails should not be missed either.

As you can see, Barcelona offers endless opportunities to spend your free time that you can hardly grasp in such a short time!

5. Description of the courses taken

I have chosen a total of 3 business courses, which I credit for my major in “International Management”. I also took a Spanish course. Each course takes place twice a week (Mon / Wed, or Tue / Thu) for 100 minutes each. The first course starts at 9 a.m. and the last one ends at 7:20 p.m. There is always a lunch break from 12:40 p.m. to 1:40 p.m. There is also a break of 20 minutes between each course. Friday is generally always free. The courses are selected when applying before the start of the semester. However, in the first few weeks in the add and drop period, you still have the option of adding courses, or deselecting and exchanging courses. However, this only works if there are still free places in the course.

However, I did not take advantage of this because I was satisfied with the choice of course.

On Mondays and Wednesdays I only had Crosscultural Management from 5:45 p.m. to 7:15 p.m. and on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 9:00 a.m. to 5:20 p.m. Along with the lunch break, however, I was free from 12:40 p.m. to 3:40 p.m. and was always able to make good use of the time to do my homework or to test out the cafes in the area.

Crosscultural Management

Crosscultural Management aims to increase awareness and competence in dealing with other cultures. In terms of content, Hofstede’s cultural dimensions are dealt with. The first topic was, for example, Individualism vs. Collectivisim. The different extremes are defined and explained with examples. You learn the different characteristics of each dimension and then you can classify different countries in terms of their characteristics. Jean Philippe has a lot of experience in dealing with different cultures and always brings a lot of interesting practical examples, as well as helpful information on dealing with foreign cultures in everyday life and in the working world. His anecdotes, some of which are very funny, are always very entertaining and varied. In addition to the theoretical part, articles are worked on and discussed and there are 1 – 2 group work in almost every teaching unit. In addition, texts on “Cultural Metaphors” were distributed, which were worked on in groups of three. In a 30-minute presentation, each group should present their cultural metaphor. The presentation should have the character of a discussion, such as the simulation of a TV show. In the last third of the semester, there were 10-minute individual presentations on previously edited texts. Both presentations together make up 20% of the overall grade.

There is no midterm exam in this course, so the final exam makes up 40% of the overall grade. On the day of the finals, we also have to hand in a short term paper on the subject of “My personal orientation”, in which we have classified ourselves in every cultural dimension. This paper counts 20%. There is often homework, but it is not very time consuming. This and the oral participation then make up the remaining 20% ​​of the overall grade.

I really enjoyed the course. It was very interesting to receive in-depth information about the cultural differences and to become aware of the characteristics of one’s own culture. I have learned a lot of new and interesting things that help me in everyday life and in my professional life. The discussions in the multicultural group were particularly interesting.

The workload for the course is well distributed and therefore never particularly high. The preparation of the presentations was the most time-consuming, but also counted the least afterwards.

Managerial Skills for International Business

Managerial skills at Maydo were also very interesting and varied. Maydo studied psychology and has since worked in management positions in several companies. She brings very interesting examples from the HR department. With her honest manner, she always provides entertainment in the course. Thematically, topics related to management and leadership are dealt with, e.g. characteristics of a good manager. A total of 16 different topics were worked out, eg leadership, time management, emotional intelligence, foreign assignments with employees … The various topics were very varied and were worked out interactively. Maydo uploads various documents to a dropbox. A script is available for every topic, as well as some articles, some of which are worked out as homework or in groups. Various scenes from films are also analyzed for almost every topic. The theories and concepts learned are to be applied here. Maydo also includes many outdoor activities and team building measures that take place again and again in the neighboring park and ensure confused looks and lots of fun.

As a team building measure at the beginning of the semester, Maydo organized an “Activity at the Beach” day. Here everyone could register voluntarily for 10 euros and play beach volleyball and soccer on Gava Mar beach (approx. 20 minutes by bus from Placa Espanya), as well as go paddle boating.

There is a midterm exam and a final exam in this course, each making up 25% of the overall grade. Getting a good grade is really very easy as it is a 15 minute test with true / false questions. However, you should always be present, as there are also many questions about the group activities and discussions and Maydo always checks the presence. The remaining 50% of the grade is made up of oral participation, homework, punctuality, work ethic and participation in group activities. Maydo is really very fair and rates very nicely.

International Marketing Strategies

This course was very chaotic, but in retrospect I really enjoyed it. I was in Chengcheng Li’s course. She is from China and has been living in Spain for some time, where she is currently doing her MBA. Since it was her first course with “real” students, otherwise she only teaches executives and professionals, she was very excited and wanted to do everything perfectly. She is really really nice and really wants us all to learn something for life. Instead, she likes to talk about her personal experiences and about setting up her own company, or about the economy and attitudes in China. I always found these real insights very interesting. Chengcheng is highly motivated and is trying the course for oneInspiring marketing career. The not particularly good knowledge of English is not an obstacle, with hands and feet and many new words and grammar creations, Chencheng raves about marketing and entertains the course very much. Thematically, however, the structure and the concept were missing in the course. Some in the course had very little previous marketing knowledge. Chengcheng then completely overturned her initially planned concept in the first hour and came up with a new one within 5 minutes. She has prepared a script with marketing topics for each lesson, but always liked to wander quickly and spontaneously put in a discussion or had a “very good idea” from group work, which was then brought forward. The end of the course always came very suddenly for them, so that we sometimes did longer or postponed the content to the next unit, which was then again similar. In groups or as homework, some case studies on interesting marketing cases were worked on, for example a case study on the “brand” Lady Gaga.In International Marketing Studies we did not write a midterm or a final. At the beginning, groups were drawn that had to give 4 presentations in the semester. Chengcheng always let us know at very short notice when the presentations would take place and never gave us a structure. Since the majority of the course participants came from the USA and the Americans traveled through Europe almost every weekend, most of the presentations were then prepared at the last minute. The preparation was really always a mess. Chengcheng’s rigorous evaluation and high expectations came as a huge shock to many after the initial presentation. In the course of time, however, one has adjusted to their type and approach, so that the next presentations were also much better. It was important to Chengcheng to provide us with real issues. For example, we had to develop a Louis Vuitton Christmas campaign that, thanks to Chengcheng’s good connections, was passed on to a Louis Vuitton employee who then rated it and gave us feedback. For a Project with a real estate agency for luxury properties from Barcelona Chengcheng invited them to give a lecture with us and interviews were also carried out so that we should see them as our “customers” and develop a concept for them. The 4 group presentations each counted 10%. Participation and attendance were not included in the final grade. The last presentation was a solo presentation that counted 60%. But since the end of the semester came very suddenly again and it was impossible for 30 course participants to present their concept, Chengcheng changed the concept once again. Everyone had to send her the presentation and write it down and could present it voluntarily for 5 minutes. The presentation was therefore not rated at all and only led to additional points.

As you can see, this course was very chaotic and I could write a novel here. Due to the practical relevance, the interesting projects and personal contributions from Chengcheng, the course was nevertheless instructive and I was able to take a lot with me. Chengcheng is genuinely interested in getting students excited about working in marketing. After Christmas, for example, she sent an email to the entire course with an offer for an internship at Louis Vuitton.

Spanish Elementary

You can choose either the 45-hour Spanish course or the 90-hour course that takes place every day. I chose the 45-hour one.

An online test must be completed beforehand, in which the previous knowledge is checked in order to determine the language level and then to be placed in the correct course. If you have no previous knowledge, the test is skipped and you will be placed in the Spanish beginner course. Since I already had Spanish in school, I was, to my amazement, placed in the Low Intermediate (B1 level). I always had Spanish on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 1:40 p.m. to 3:20 p.m. But it quickly became apparent that the test was not that accurate. In the first Spanish lessons, the lecturers carry out a few more tests to determine the level of the students. After that, a number of students switched to another Spanish course, including myself. I was recommended to change the Spanish course to level A2.But since we were only 6 people in total, this course was really very intensive and I was able to definitely improve my Spanish.We stuck to the book very closely, but also did a lot of speaking exercises. We had several Spanish tests during the semester in which reading comprehension, listening comprehension, written expression and speaking skills were tested. All of this flowed into the final grade along with participation, homework and attendance. What counted most was the final exam, which consisted of a grammar, a written and an oral part. The final exam was definitely doable and really not difficult. Some of my friends, some of whom were even in a Spanish course with 30 participants, did not find it particularly effective and were very annoyed in retrospect, mainly because of the high financial cost (1000 €). Since I really wanted to improve my Spanish, I am glad that I chose the course. The course is actually quite expensive, so I am convinced that for the money you can certainly take a more intensive Spanish course with another provider.

6. Comparison to our courses

Compared to the courses in Germany, the courses in Barcelona were even more practice-oriented. Much less material was dealt with, but it was always enriched with interesting practical experience and tips from the lecturers. I found the level of my events to be lower than in Germany. However, some courses, such as International Business and Emerging Markets, are said to have been more demanding and complex. The effort in my courses was low and definitely feasible. I never sat on my homework for long and only had a midterm exam. The preparation for the finals was the most complex, but definitely not to be compared with the exam preparation in Germany.I still had a lot of free time and I wasn’t stressed about exams. The small courses and the classroom setting made you feel more like you were in school. The fact that there was homework, the oral participation and attendance were assessed, reminded even more of the school days and was initially a big change for most Germans. The courses are all held in English, so you should have a good command of English in order to be able to follow the course content.The events in Germany are much more theoretical and science-oriented. Some theories learned in Barcelona, ​​especially in the field of psychology, sounded very questionable to me in terms of their empirical foundation and would certainly not have been taught in Germany. The Study Abroad Program is particularly good with regard to the development of intercultural skills and cultural understanding. I really got a lot of insights into different cultures and my desire to travel and interest in foreign cultures was increased even more. My course combination was very varied and I was very satisfied with my courses and lecturers.

7. Statement of costs and financing options

A semester abroad represents a high financial expense, which is a deterrent at first. One has but definitely some ways the costs reduce or get grants. At first I really wanted to do my semester abroad in the USA, but that was way too expensive for me, so I decided to go to Spain. I have not regretted the decision!

The expenses for home and leisure are in their own hands, so it is difficult to say how much each individual ultimately spends. The same applies to excursions and trips. In general, food prices are to be equated with those in Germany. Going out is about as expensive as in Germany.

I went on a couple of trips during the semester. This is a good idea, because Friday is always free. So I went to San Sebastian, Valencia and Rome during the semester and went on a few day trips (Girona, Tarragona, Sitges, Montserrat…). As a result, I spent a lot on travel. Since I went out a lot more often and wanted to really discover the city of Barcelona, ​​I also spent more on free time than in Germany.

In general, however, you should also take the time and enjoy life in Barcelona. Especially the non-Europeans were in a different place almost every weekend and therefore often did not get much of the Spanish culture.

Here is a rough list of the costs:

Deposit + 3 courses + Spanish course 3010 €
apartment 400 – 500 € monthly
flight Approx. 150 €
Monthly Expenses (free time, shopping, eating, going out, traveling) Depending on your own lifestyle

Even if the semester was a high financial expense, the experience was simply priceless!

Funding options:

It is advisable to apply for BAFÖG abroad. The assessment limit is a lot higher here and the BAFÖG office pays the tuition fee up to € 4600 in full (without repayment) and you also receive a monthly amount. Unfortunately I didn’t get one.

There are a few scholarships that one can apply for. However, you should inform yourself in good time, as the application deadline for some scholarships expires well in advance.

You can apply for the DAAD scholarship through the university, where you will receive a travel allowance. Usually everyone gets this.

In some cases, the university also offers free places that you can apply for.

I applied for the MicroEDU Scholarship and would recommend anyone going abroad with MicroEDU to do so. A scholarship of 1000 euros is awarded per department. In the application, you should present your motivation and expectations of the course in a medium of your choice. There are no limits to creativity. I already had a lot of fun processing the application and triggered a huge motivation kick. Once you get inside yourself and really become aware of what you are hoping for from your stay abroad, you can hardly wait for it to finally start. The effort has paid off and I was thrilled to receive the MicroEDU scholarship for my department.

Before the semester abroad, a telephone interview was done in which I introduced myself and disclosed my reasons for the semester abroad, as well as my expectations and my plans to use the money. This was in an article in which the semester scholarship presented, were published on the MicroEDU page. Read more student reviews on Jibin123.

Another interview was carried out in the semester in which I reported on my previous experiences.

8. Professional and personal experience

The semester abroad in Barcelona has brought me a lot, both professionally and personally. I can recommend everyone to take the chance of a semester abroad. I enjoyed every day of the semester abroad to the full and would have had no problem staying any longer!

For me the time is one of the best of my life. It was a great experience to experience the Spanish culture.The Spaniards are mostly very friendly and open and enjoy their life much more than most Germans. Punctuality and the attitude to work are frightening at first, but you learn very quickly to get involved with the new culture. For most Spaniards, family and friends take priority over work and luxury. Going out and spending time with loved ones is more important than working all day. I found out for myself that you should definitely take time for yourself and your friends and family, rather than career and work, and have been living much more consciously ever since. After you have successfully mastered situations such as looking for an apartment or some communication problems, this has a positive effect on self-confidence and self-confidence. Before starting the semester abroad, I had some doubts and fear of being homesick or of not being able to cope with the situation in a foreign country. These were completely unfounded. I really haven’t been homesick in the whole time and have always felt good.When there were problems, I met so many helpful people. Since then, I have trusted myself a lot more and look forward to further stays abroad or longer trips.

Since the “Pre-established Study Abroad Program” is very international, I found it very interesting to get to know other cultures besides Spanish. For example, I made friends with a Korean woman and always found it very interesting to learn more about the way of life and attitudes in South Korea. Things that we take for granted are by no means taken for granted in other cultures. You definitely learn to deal with other cultures, which is particularly advantageous in the age of globalization.

I was very satisfied with my choice of course and thus had very varied, different courses.

The lecturers were always able to bring many practical examples with them and give us some tips for our working life.

I can only recommend everyone to leave their comfort zone, think outside the box and gain a foothold in a foreign country. Even if it is difficult at first, there are so many great experiences and challenges waiting for you. Those who master all of this can only grow personally, professionally and culturally and broaden their horizons.

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 4

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (3)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (3)

We became aware of MicroEDU through a friend who had already completed a semester abroad with MicroEDU. The application process and the submission of the documents were extremely quick and easy. Of particular note is that getting a contact of MicroEDU was available to us to answer questions and help us. The MicroEDU team also offered us to take care of matters such as changing course, which we did not have to take advantage of.


I traveled with two fellow students from Fulda. We agreed in advance to go looking for an apartment in Barcelona so that we could visit it. I would advise everyone to do the same, as we noticed on site that the images on real estate websites like Idealista often do not correspond to reality. We arrived at the end of August and rented a central apartment through Airbnb for the first week. That week we looked extensively for apartments. The offer is extremely large, so it shouldn’t be a problem to find an apartment upon arrival. In retrospect, the apartment we found turned out to be a real stroke of luck. Three of us paid1200 euros per month, including fixed costs, for an apartment which was only one block away from the shopping street La Rambla and which was also modernly furnished. From the stories of other students at the UAB, however, we realized that we were extremely lucky with the apartment. Read more student reviews on Liuxers.


The lectures started in the first week of September with an introductory event in which the students were welcomed and the basic things about the city and the university were suggested to them. We chose the courses for the semester in advance. So we decided on:

  • International Marketing Strategies
  • Managerial Skills for International Business
  • Strategic Behavior in Business and Economics
  • The creative economy

On the whole, we were completely satisfied with the courses we chose. In International Marketing Strategies, however, similar to the course The Creative Economy, the workload is relatively high, as there are many presentations and projects to be worked on over the entire semester. However, I have to say that the lecturer in The Creative Economy stuck in my mind with his enthusiastic and funny manner. In Strategic Behavior in Business and Economics, it is all about probability calculations, this course is likely meant a heavy workload for anybody. Probably the lowest workload was in the Managerial Skills for International Business course. This course is characterized by role play and outdoor activities. The exams in general are much easier than at German colleges and universities, and you hardly have to study for these exams. However, there are projects, homework or presentations in every course that have to be worked on bit by bit over the entire period. Since each of these small tasks is assessed, it is almost impossible to fail a course.


Of course, free time should not be neglected in a semester abroad. Barcelona offers an extremely wide range of activities that you can do in your free time. Otherwise, Barcelona offers a rather unique lifestyle, as the city only wakes up around noon. Also, unlike in Germany, the nightlife doesn’t start until after midnight. The clubs on the beach like Shoko or Opium are extremely touristy, so look for other local clubs. One should definitely see the Bunkers del Carmel as a sight. It’s best to take something to eat and drink with you and enjoy the magnificent view. For everyone who likes fishThe best paella in town can be found at the Olympic harbor in the restaurant La Fonda del Port Olímpic. Furthermore, it is definitely worth going to a FC Barcelona game while Messi is still on the pitch. (Live Messi is even more blatant). I can also recommend trips to the Costa Brava, these areas are not as crowded as Barcelona and offer beautiful beaches.

To get from A to B, it is best to use the metro and buy a T-Jove ticket for around 80 euros at the beginning of your stay. You can then drive indefinitely for ninety days. The ticket is definitely worth it, as a ten ticket costs around 11 euros. This means that you can use the metro for almost the entire duration of your stay.

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 3

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (2)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (2)

Planning (application)

Through my compulsory study abroad in Barcelona, ​​I hoped for extensive personal and professional development. In addition to consolidating my Spanish skills, I mainly wanted to learn more about the Spanish and Catalan culture, which was very possible despite a very international study environment with many internationally renowned universities. The Mediterranean climate, the location directly on the Mediterranean Sea and the multitude of monuments and sights also convinced me to spend a semester abroad in Barcelona. Since the Trier University of Applied Sciences has no partnership with the UAB, I applied as a freemover. MicroEDU acted as a free agent and contact person. It was meComprehensive information and helpful advice were made available, which made the application process relatively easy. In addition to good academic performance, a language test was also necessary (in my case TOEFL iBT) in order to be accepted into the UAB’s Pre-Established Program. Read more student reviews on Mcat-test-centers.



Although I had never been to Spain before my stay in Barcelona, ​​I went into my first semester abroad relatively unprepared. Due to the advantages of the European Union, this wasn’t a big disadvantage either, as I didn’t need a visa. However, since I planned to be in Spain for more than three months within six monthsTo stay, however, it was necessary to acquire a so-called NIE (Número de Identidad de Extranjero), a foreigner identification number. This is also required for the purchase of various services such as the bike rental system or the T-Jove of the metro in Barcelona. If you have enough lead time, you can apply to a Spanish consulate in Germany, which avoids uncomfortable waiting times or complicated official calls in Spanish. In addition, appointments in Barcelona are only given on Mondays at exactly 8:00 a.m. on the website of the immigration authorities, which causes a large rush of only a few appointments each week and several attempts may be necessary. Since the NIE theoretically has to be applied for by all foreign students in Spain (which is far from the reality),


Finding accommodation in Barcelona is entirely possible, but depending on personal preferences, it can be nerve-wracking. Many of my fellow students flew to Spain one to two weeks in advance to look for accommodation on site. This promises a higher degree of certainty about the correctness of the landlord’s information, but is not recommended without sufficient knowledge of Spanish. Many landlords do not respond to emails or messages at all on popular portals such as Idealista, which is why fluent communication in Spanish over the phone is necessary. Although most of the locals in Barcelona have a relatively good command of English, this is by no means the case for all Spaniards.

I personally booked my apartment through HousingAnywhere and RentRoomBarcelona, ​​which I can only recommend. Due to the very central location in Eixample right next to a UAB campus, my accommodation was relatively expensive, which is why I would recommend other areas to others. Safe and cheaper areas with good locations are Gracia, Poble Sec or El Born. I would rather avoid Gotic, the old town of Barcelona, ​​due to the tourist crowds and the lack of quiet at night. I can only advise against an apartment in El Raval, one of the more popular nightlife areas in Barcelona. Although I really enjoy being a guest in one of the many different bars and restaurantswas there, it can be very dangerous there at night. Many foreign students from my circle of friends underestimated the potential dangers of Barcelona, ​​which they unfortunately often had to pay for with the loss of their valuables. Other helpful portals when looking for accommodation are ResaHousing, Spotahome or Idealista. I obtained my international health insurance from ERGO travel insurance, which offered the best price-performance ratio in comparison.

Situation on site


Through MicroEDU, I was relatively well informed about the requirements and courses on site. I also got access to a WhatsApp group in which all students who came to UAB via MicroEDU were included. This made it possible to make initial contacts before the start of the semester. One week before the start of the lecture, there was an introductory event on the Sant Pau campus of the UAB, at which all participants of the Study Abroad program were present. Since I received my “timetable” before I left for Spain, we were only briefly informed about the UAB and Barcelona itself in order to have a good start to the semesterto enable. Unfortunately, this event was kept relatively short, with many students criticizing the lack of networking opportunities. As the pre-established program only takes place on the Eixample and Sant Pau campuses, a visit to the main campus in Bellaterra was not necessary. Leisure and sports facilities were only available on the main campus, and the library in Sant Pau is relatively small and does not offer many workplaces. The library of the Pompeu Fabra University is particularly recommended here.


I took the courses in Managing Services, Human Resource Management, E-Commerce and Online Businesses and Spanish A2, which I can thoroughly recommend. Thanks to the project-based structure of the courses, you can quickly come into contact with other international students and develop new content yourself. Submission deadlines were divided into a mid-term and a final week. By constantly working in groups, the workload is felt to be higher during the semester, but this avoids a nerve-wracking exam phase.


I made social contacts mainly through living in a shared apartment and ESN, which is why I definitely recommend purchasing the ESN card at the beginning of the semester. The Erasmus Student Network offers many discounts for students, such as cheaper flights including luggage with RyanAir, discounts on bus or train tickets and reduced prices for drinks in various bars. ESN also offers various excursions into the surrounding area of ​​Barcelona, which are difficult to achieve without your own or rented car. An incredibly cheap and trustworthy car rental company in Barcelona for us was Centauro Rental (at the airport!), With which we never had any problems.

A major criticism of my study abroad in Barcelona, ​​however, is the large number of tourists in Barcelona, ​​which brings the city to its limits. Many residents also seem annoyed by tourists who are causing apartment prices in Barcelona to rise exponentially through portals like AirBnB. In addition, it was sometimes difficult to improve my Spanish skills, as many people also consider foreign students to be tourists and therefore switch to English relatively quickly. Due to the Catalan culture in and around Barcelona, ​​the spread of the Catalan language, which is preferred to Spanish in many places, should not be underestimated.

The fact that Barcelona is a tourist city can be seen above all from the apartment prices. I paid € 650 a month for my exterior room in La Dreta de l’Eixample, which was relatively simply furnished. When looking for an apartment, it should be noted that in Spain a distinction is made between exterior and interior rooms. Exterior rooms have a window with daylight, while interior rooms usually have a window into the hallway or a shaft inside the building. You can shop cheaply at Aldi, Lidl or Mercadona, which can be compared in price with the discounters in Germany. Carrefour, a French supermarket chain, is roughly at an Edeka or Rewe price level, but rarely available in the city center.

Go out

Going out in Barcelona is possible in many ways, but I would advise against tourist traps. Under no circumstances can I recommend the clubs and bars on the beach (for example Pacha or Opium), as the prices and the chance of stolen valuables are both very high. Recommended areas for bars are Raval or Gotic, and Poble Sec in particular offers almost unlimited possibilities for tapas. Poble Nou is often ignored by many students and tourists, but with the club and concert location Razzmatazz and various bars it offers a very good opportunity to go out. Other recommended locations are above all on the Poble Espanyol site (La Terrrazza, Input, Hivernacle), Sala Apollo or the City Hall. There are also many outdoor events in summer such as Brunch in the Park or La Merce, the city festival of Barcelona that takes place in September.

Situation after return (findings)

At my university there were no problems with the recognition of the ECTS obtained abroad, as I recorded the courses and their contents beforehand with a foreign supervisor. Due to the lack of a partnership between the Trier University of Applied Sciences and the UAB, no learning agreement via Erasmus was necessary. Since two study-integrated stays abroad are mandatory in my course, I was already prepared for the international experience in previous semesters. However, it was still very exciting for me to be able to gain new experience at a university other than my home university. I have certainly been able to improve my Spanish skills and have personally taken a lot of knowledge back to Germany with me. Above all, this includes knowledge of the Catalan culture and Spanish way of life, which offers some differences compared to the German mentality. However, as soon as you get used to the initially unstructured processes, studying in Spain is highly recommended in terms of quality.

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 2

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (1)

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (1)

Everyone is talking about Barcelona and rightly so! If you are toying with the idea of ​​spending a semester abroad in one of the hippest metropolises in Europe, then now is exactly the right time to lose yourself in the pulsating nightlife of Barcelona and explore the endless cultural offerings of one of the most traditional cities in Spain. Even if that might sound more like an advertising slogan to you, it is exactly what Barcelona can offer you. In the following experience report, I would like to tell you in chronological order about my semester abroad in Barcelona, one of the most beautiful adventures I have been able to experience so far.

1. Application

The university of my choice was the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona. A friend had previously completed his semester abroad at this university and in order to avoid possible surprises regarding the degree of difficulty of the courses, I followed his course advice. The application process is very simple and seems more of a formality. However, it is crucial to choose your courses wisely, as changing courses at a later date is possible but can only be done for academic reasons. In addition, there is a no refund policy if you should decide that you no longer want to take a course. MicroEDU also guides you through the entire application process very wellso that you submit all documents correctly and on time.

2. Choice of subjects

In retrospect, it is very important to first go deeper into your choice of subjects and ask yourself what you expect from your semester abroad in terms of free time, academic challenges and grades. Since this semester was my last semester of study, I had to pass 4 subjects of 6 CP, possibly with very good grades, but at the same time I wanted to experience as much Barcelona as possible. Read more student reviews on Toppharmacyschools.

In general, it applies to all subjects that, in principle, all German students were of the opinion that the material taught was easier than at their home universities. I think that this feeling is mainly due to a different exam structure. In contrast to German universities, where you are always tested for the entire material at the end of a semester in business courses, at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona tests are carried out at very regular intervals. Subjects such as international business and doing business in emerging markets have a clear focus on homeworks such as analyzing newspaper articles.

Every 1-2 weeks there is a small test and a lot of homework plus 1 large exam per month. Subjects such as International Economics, on the other hand, are tested in 3 large exams, which are then much more demanding, but are more reminiscent of the German examination system. Nevertheless , all lecturers are friendly to you and are interested in ensuring that you get the best possible grades if you submit and edit everything.

Another special feature is that all subjects require compulsory attendance, which can take some getting used to for German students, as the lessons are more reminiscent of school than university. In each subject, there is a fixed number of absent hours, which triggers a worsening of the final grade, and a number that automatically leads to a failure of the course. The former is determined by the respective professor, the latter by the university itself.

One course that I would like to highlight at this point is International Marketing. The lecturer is also the owner of her own marketing agency and designs really extraordinary lessons. During the semester you slip into the role of a marketing agency, which is confronted with various problems and then pitches solution concepts or marketing campaigns to its clients. Most of the customers are real companies. In our case, our pitches were rated by Louis Vuitton, Shang Xia and Habitat Barcelona, ​​among others. The main objective of the course is to develop the ability to recognize opportunities in a creative way and, above all, to become very confident in presenting. The course is very labor-intensive, but incredibly interesting and productive for anyone who wants to gain an insight into practical marketing.

3. Finding accommodation

The campus is located in the beautiful Eixample district, right in the city center. Make sure to include this in your apartment planning! After a long night, you will definitely look forward to a short distance to the university the next day. The best parts of the city are: Barrio Gotico, Raval and el Born, which together make up the Ciutat Vella. Eixample is also nice but further away from the beach, but close to the university. In the districts mentioned above, the rent for a room in a shared apartment is between € 380 and € 550. This is very expensive, but you will be able to experience almost everything, because everything from clubs, bars, restaurants to museums and the beach to shopping streets is right in front of your nose. Apartments in Barcelona are quickly taken, so it is necessary to be there in order to be able to take spontaneous viewing appointments.

I arrived 1 week before the start of university and stayed in a great hostel called Hostal paraiso in Raval. From here you look for an apartment via the Idealista platform. Ideally, prepare a universal personal request and set up a notification ticker so that you are informed about every new advertisement that goes online and meets your criteria. Experience has shown that you have a time window of approx. 2 days from publication until the shared apartment has made a selection, so you don’t have to contact old advertisements.

4. The first day

Here, the UAB reveals a real shortcoming, which has led to great irritation among the students. There is an information event on the first day, but no introductory activities. So if you don’t already start with well-known fellow students at UAB, you should make as many contacts as possible during the short time window before and after the introductory event. But do not worry, everyone is looking for a connection, which is why you can approach all other students without further ado !

5. The semester (university)

In terms of support , the UAB is really exemplary. A contact person will always be available to assist you with any questions that may arise. The online system is very simple and you can always get an overview of the number of hours you have missed and your current grades. In addition, all course materials are also made available via the online portal. The UAB puts together an all-round carefree package for you.

6. The semester (free time)

Barcelona has it all. The nightlife exists 7 days a week without exception. There is a festival every weekend in summer. Be sure to go to the Brunch im Park Events! The city is a stronghold of jazz, every evening you will find at least 5 bars where concerts take place. There are more museums in Barcelona than you can explore during your semester abroad. I’ve been around a lot but the choice of restaurants and bars is absolutely breathtaking. Go in search of the secret bar in the secret bar, which can be entered through a refrigerator in a Pastrami restaurant! And be sure to stop by the oldest bar in Barcelona and drink an absinthe. Rent a car or a scooter to explore the truly must-see places around Barcelona! Especially the beaches of the Costa Brava are amazing. I could continue the recommendations endlessly at this point, but your stay will be absolutely individual in one way or another and the only important thing here is the certainty that Barcelona will certainly not disappoint you.


Both in terms of university and the adventures you have experienced, Barcelona is simply a dream. The freedom to do so many things every day is just breathtaking. The university is not cheap, but it offers a setting in which you can get really good grades while you fully immerse yourself in life in Barcelona.

Study in Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona 1

Application Form for Studying Abroad Part 2

Application Form for Studying Abroad Part 2

It is also important to memorize or write down the newly created access data. This is the only way applicants have access to their data and can change it later if necessary.

However, at some universities it is not possible to temporarily save the application form or to edit it after it has been sent. This means that any input errors often go unnoticed. This can lead to the processing of the application being delayed, as the target university may have questions. In the worst case, this will result in exclusion from the application process.

To avoid such scenarios, we have developed a paper version of the online application form for many partner universities. Students can fill out the document and send it to the placement agency.

As part of the free service offer, the experienced student advisors check the information and make suggestions for corrections if necessary. You then transfer the data to the online form for the relevant university. This ensures that the application will be processed as quickly as possible.

Special case: Collected application forms for studying abroad

The universities of some countries have outsourced their online application process to a central registration office. In these countries, interested parties apply for a bachelor ‘s and / or master’ s degree via a central registration process.

Instead of an individual application for individual universities, students usually submit a central application. This applies to several universities and courses at the same time. Accordingly, documents such as the application form, letter of motivation or letters of recommendation refer to several universities and are therefore sometimes more general.

For example, there is a central, state coordination and awarding office in

  • Great Britain: UCAS (Universities and Colleges Admissions Service) (Bachelor’s degree)
  • Ireland: CAO (Central Applications Office) (Bachelor’s degree)
  • Denmark:
    • KOT (Coordinated Admission) in combination with the online platform Optagelse (Bachelor’s degree)
    • STADS DANS (master’s degree)
  • Netherlands: Studielink (Bachelor and Master degree)

The maximum number of courses that applicants can apply for depends on the system in question. Applicants for a Bachelor’s degree in Ireland can enter up to ten different courses on the application form. In the UK, it is possible to apply for up to five degree programs at up to five universities through UCAS.

The exact application process differs from system to system. It is therefore advisable to find out about the application deadlines and the application process in good time.

Examples of system-specific features: from KOT to UCAS

In addition, there are specific peculiarities to consider with each registration process.

When applying for a bachelor’s degree in Denmark, for example, a so-called signature page is generated based on the completed application form in the KOT – and this for each university to which the student wants to apply. This document must be printed out and sent to the relevant universities, signed.

In the case of a Bachelor’s degree in Ireland, the age of the applicant is a factor. Prospective students under 23 usually apply via the CAO and have to fill out an additional application form for studying abroad for certain universities. For older applicants, however, a direct application to the university of your choice is required.

Great Britain: UCAS

The registration process via UCAS in Great Britain has the advantage that applicants can enter a so-called buzzword when registering. This links the application to a specific organization or agency.

Recruitment agencies can then see the status of the respective application. This gives you the opportunity to check the application form and other documents and, if necessary, make suggestions for corrections. The student advisors can also see whether the applicant has to submit additional documents or whether they have already been accepted.

USA: Common Application

There is no central agency for the allocation of study places in the USA. However, with Common Application there is an organization in which more than 600 state and private US colleges and universities have come together.

The universities use a joint application process. This allows students to apply for undergraduate studies at multiple US universities at the same time. There is no maximum number of admissible applications.

More than two thirds of the participating universities request further information from applicants, for example essays or other application documents. An application via Common Application may therefore involve a higher organizational effort for students.

State or university level registrars

In parallel to the state-wide organization for awarding university places, in some states there are comparable institutions at the state or university level. One example is the US online platform CSUMentor. Interested parties can use this to apply for a bachelor’s or master’s degree at the universities of California’s California State University System.

For students who organize their studies in the USA, the agency takes over the communication with the US partner universities. As a result, applicants are usually guaranteed a largely uncomplicated and regulated application process.


Application Form for Studying Abroad 2

Application Form for Studying Abroad

Application Form for Studying Abroad

The application is one of the least popular tasks on the to-do list for studying abroad or for a semester abroad. This is not least due to the fact that the application modalities differ depending on the country and university. Applicants have no choice but to find out about the exact conditions at their chosen university in advance.

The differences start with the application form – one of the most important documents when applying to study abroad. The following advisory text reveals what needs to be considered with regard to the application form for studying abroad and which general information applicants should heed.

Contents of an application form for studying abroad

The form of the application form differs from university to university and there are often different forms for different study programs. Nevertheless, application forms for a study abroad or semester abroad are usually structured similarly and consist of the following components:

  • Personal data: An application form includes personal information, such as contact details, place and date of birth, nationality and gender. As a rule, the naming of an emergency contact is also required.
  • Academic data: In a section of the form, applicants provide information about their previous school and, if applicable, academic career. When applying for a semester abroad, students state the name of their home university, the major and minor subject and the academic year in which they are studying. Anyone applying for a master’s degree abroad must also provide information about the degree.
  • Information on the target university and degree program: For a full degree, applicants write down their desired degree program. In the case of semester programs, they often already indicate their desired courses or the department from which the courses to be taken come from. In addition, applicants must provide information about which semester they want to start their studies in and whether they want to study several semesters abroad at the university.
  • Information on language skills: If required, applicants provide information about their results in a common language test and provide scores in the TOEFL or IELTS, for example.
  • Further information: In addition, payment information is requested in the application form for studying abroad. Depending on the country, university and type of study, applicants must also provide information on reference providers or explain how they finance the study abroad. There may also be sections on choosing your accommodation or on visa matters.

Some universities use an application form for different study programs, so that certain fields of the form can be left blank, depending on the type of study.

It cannot always be assumed that a university will use a standardized application form. There are universities that are made up of several independent faculties and therefore have different application forms and application procedures as well as application deadlines.

As part of the application service, we provide students with extensive application instructions for various study programs at its partner universities. The instructions can be downloaded free of charge using the “Info package” button on the respective university’s website. Among other things, applicants will find information on how to fill out the application form correctly and what information is required.

Method of application: paper and online applications

So-called paper (based) applications, i.e. applications in paper form, are common at many universities abroad. It is important that applicants fill out the form legibly in block letters and check that the information is complete.

It is also important to remember that the English language does not recognize umlauts and that ä, ö, ü and ß must be spelled out. This also applies to online applications.

In addition, there may be other special features depending on the destination country. For example, in the United States, dates are month / day / year (MM / DD / YY).

In addition, applicants should use the American spelling of numbers 1 and 7 when completing the study abroad application form. In the USA it is common to write the 1 without a stroke and to represent it only as a stroke. The number 7 is written without a slash. Otherwise, misunderstandings may arise and the 1 may be incorrectly interpreted as 7 and the 7 as 4.

An application form for studying abroad is only valid with the applicant’s signature and the original must be submitted.

Online application forms

Instead of the traditional version of paper applications, more and more universities are turning to online application forms. This has the advantage that the foreign universities do not have to enter the applicant’s data separately and saves time.

However, online applications also have disadvantages. When applying online, there is a risk that the application process will be interrupted after a certain period of time and the data entered will be lost. Applicants should therefore save their entries temporarily if possible.

Application Form for Studying Abroad

Bachelor in Denmark

Bachelor in Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark attracts with its coast and one of the most livable cities in the world – its capital Copenhagen. Reason enough to pay a visit to the country. Denmark is not only an attractive destination for holidaymakers, but also for international students. For example, they can do a bachelor’s degree at a university in Denmark.

Reasons for a Bachelor in Denmark

Why should students go to Denmark for a bachelor’s degree? This question is easy to answer:

  • Together with its Scandinavian neighbors Sweden and Finland Denmark is in global rankings the top places in the field of higher education.
  • The study programs are innovative and are characterized by a high level of practical relevance.
  • The universities are modernly equipped and the student support is exemplary.
  • A large number of universities attach great importance to internationality. That is why many courses are taught in English.
  • Like the Danes themselves, EU citizens, Swiss citizens and citizens of states belonging to the European Economic Area (EEA) do not have to pay tuition fees in Denmark. International students from these countries can therefore enjoy a first-class higher education in one of the most progressive countries in Europe with relatively little financial outlay.
  • The international experience is not only used for personal development. A bachelor’s degree abroad also signals to future employers initiative, commitment and independence. The foreign language skills and intercultural skills acquired in Denmark are certainly a plus point for every application.

The Bachelor in Denmark at a glance

According to searchforpublicschools, the study system in Denmark is similar to that in Germany. The Bachelor’s degree can be followed by a Master’s degree in Denmark or a Candidatus degree. This in turn is a prerequisite for a doctorate. An academic year in Denmark has two semesters. Many courses only start in autumn.

In Denmark, universities, but also so-called vocational schoolr, offer the possibility of a bachelor’s degree. The bachelor’s degree at a university in Denmark is research-based and lasts six semesters. In the first two semesters of a bachelor’s degree in Denmark, basic knowledge is imparted in the chosen subject. In the following semesters, students can specialize in a sub-area of the subject. At the end of the bachelor’s degree, students have to take both a written and an oral exam. This is a housework and its defense. Bachelor graduates can enter professional life or a master’s or candidate status-Complete your degree.

The bachelor’s degree at a vocational school is job-related and combines theory and practice. It takes between three and four and a half years. It prepares you for a direct entry into the profession.

In addition to courses in Danish, there are also a large number of English-language courses at universities in Denmark. These include, for example, Sustainable Biotechnology, Robotics or IT, Communication and New Media.

Requirements for a bachelor’s degree in Denmark

Applicants for a bachelor’s degree at a university in Denmark usually have to have a general higher education entrance qualification or a subject-specific higher education entrance qualification. Studying at a vocational school requires a high school diploma. As in Germany, many subjects in Denmark have an NC.

In addition, there may be other admission criteria, such as good grades in certain school subjects or passing entrance exams. Anyone interested in a bachelor’s degree in Denmark should inquire about this individually in advance.

Bachelor in Denmark

linguistic proficiency

A good knowledge of English is an important criterion. Applicants for courses in English can prove this in a standardized language test such as the IELTS or TOEFL.

Applicants who would like to complete their bachelor’s degree in Danish should already have the appropriate language skills in advance. This is the only way they can follow the lectures during their studies, for example. Applicants must prove their knowledge in language tests. You should successfully complete this no later than three months before the start of your studies. At the university, students can then take additional language courses and further improve their Danish skills.

Costs and financing options for the Bachelor in Denmark

Since EU citizens as well as citizens of EEA member states and Switzerland do not have to pay tuition fees in Denmark, the costs for the bachelor’s degree in Denmark are limited to travel and living expenses. The latter are slightly higher than in Germany. Students can estimate around EUR 800 to EUR 1100 per month, depending on their lifestyle.

Foreign BAföG, scholarships and educational loans

There are several ways to cover the costs of a bachelor’s degree in Denmark. For example, German students can for a bachelor’s program in the EU by the BAföG encouraged. This pays subsidies for travel expenses, living expenses and insurance. Researching the responsible office can pay off: In some cases, students also receive BAföG abroad who cannot receive BAföG in Germany because their parents’ income is too high.

Scholarships are another funding option for a Bachelor’s degree in Denmark. Students can also take out a low-interest education loan for their studies in Denmark.

Jobs in Denmark

Another possibility to finance a bachelor’s degree in Denmark is a part-time job in the country of study. As EU citizens, Germans do not have to apply for a work permit. Those who work in Denmark alongside their studies can also get to know the country and its people better and improve their knowledge of Danish.

Useful information about visas and entry into Denmark

No visa is required to enter Denmark. If the stay is to last longer than three months, it is necessary to apply for a residence permit at the immigration authorities. You can then register with the residents’ registration office. It is even easier to apply for a residence permit before you travel to Denmark. This is possible at the Danish embassy or a diplomatic or consular mission of the state of Denmark in Germany.

Health insurance in Denmark

There are social security agreements between the member states of the EU. Therefore, students who are insured with a German statutory health insurance company are also insured during their stay in Denmark. To do this, they need the European Health Insurance Card and, if they stay in Denmark for more than three months, have to register there in order to gain access to Danish health care services. You should also find out in detail what to do in the event of illness or an accident.

Students who are privately insured should inquire with the health insurance company which services are covered in Denmark. If necessary, it can make sense for both private and statutory insured persons to take out additional private international health insurance that covers all costs that may arise.

Study Dentistry in the Czech Republic

Study Dentistry in the Czech Republic

Many young people dream of studying dentistry. But in order to achieve this, German universities need an excellent grade in the Abitur due to the high numerus clausus. Dozens of applicants wait years for a place to study and quite a few try to file a lawsuit. It is more effective and time-saving to look for study opportunities abroad. Studying dentistry in the Czech Republic has become a good alternative for more and more students from Germany, because the Abitur grade is not important when applying. The lessons are also held entirely in English. And also about the professional recognition of the study abroad in Germany you don’t have to worry.

We currently have three partner universities in the Czech Republic that have an English-language degree in dentistry in their program and for which we provide application assistance. Here you will find the most important information about the application process, the structure of the course, the costs and financing options and on the subject of recognition.

Application and admission requirements

Whether you are studying human medicine in the Czech Republic or studying dentistry: the admission requirements and the application process are the same. The basic requirement here is of course the Abitur – but with the essential difference that the Abitur grade does not play a role at all. Successful completion of a written entrance examination and, if necessary, an oral examination is decisive for admission.

The entrance exam for studying dentistry in the Czech Republic

According to localcollegeexplorer, applicants for a degree in dentistry at a Czech university pass the same entrance examination as applicants for a degree in human medicine. In the exam, the scientific disciplines biology, chemistry and optionally physics or mathematics at the upper school level (or at the level of the British A-Levels) are tested. Each medical faculty presents its own examination, although these are generally very similar in terms of content. For this reason alone, you should take several entrance exams, because this way you increase your chances enormously without additional effort. Because you have to prepare yourself anyway. Apart from that, you will need the requested knowledge in your dental studies at the latest.

All exams of the individual faculties are completely in English and in the form of multiple choice questions. There are no substantial differences between the exams at the individual universities in terms of content, but there are differences in the assessment. The various universities in the Czech Republic are more or less strict about this. While at one university the overall result counts and you can compensate for a worse area with a better area, the other university demands good results in all areas. Those who have successfully passed the written exam may, depending on the university, still have to take an oral exam. The task here is, for example, the interpretation of a scientific article. Most of the time, however, by and large it is primarily about the applicant’s personal motivation and less about specific specialist knowledge.

Preparation for the entrance exams to Czech universities

Good preparation is essential! You should start with this as early as possible. The start of studies is always possible in the winter semester of the academic year in the Czech Republic and the entrance exams take place in May or June. The application can usually be submitted up to a week before the exam date. On their websites, the medical faculties of the Czech universities provide information about which content is relevant in the exams. Here you can also often download the exams from the last few years, which you can use as mock exams. Also in the experience reports of German (dental) medical students in the Czech Republic you will find one or the other tip and literature recommendations for good preparation.

If you want to prepare very intensively for the entrance exam, you could also complete a pre-semester in medicine. There are various providers in Germany for this. The universities in the Czech Republic also offer preparatory courses (online or face-to-face courses). Here you can not only close your educational gaps in the relevant scientific areas, but also test whether scientific learning suits you at all.

Development of a degree in dentistry in the Czech Republic

In the study system in the Czech Republic, as in Germany, the study of dentistry is not divided into a bachelor’s and master’s degree. This five-year full-time course is a so-called long-cycle master’s degree, at the end of which there are state final exams. Nevertheless, the ECTS point system has also been introduced in dental courses in the Czech Republic in order to facilitate the academic recognition of individual study achievements and to promote international exchange.

Study Dentistry in the Czech Republic

Study Nutritional Science Abroad

Study Nutritional Science Abroad

In our hectic society, many people find it difficult to have a balanced diet : During the lunch break we quickly go to the fast food restaurant, in between there is a chocolate bar and in the evening a frozen meal. The consequences are obesity, diabetes and heart and circulatory diseases.

But even those who watch their diet have a hard time choosing good products. There are additives hidden everywhere, such as colorings and flavor enhancers, which have a negative impact on our health and can be responsible for food allergies.

What is ecotrophology?

According to, nutritionists can help with all of these problems. They advise people on healthy eating habits and conduct research in all areas related to our diet.

To become a nutrition expert, one has to study ecotrophology. This term comes from the Greek and literally means the “doctrine of household and nutrition”.

Anyone interested in studying should have good school grades in science subjects. Knowledge of English is also desirable in order to understand some of the English-language specialist literature.

Course content in ecotrophology

Nutritional science can be studied at universities and technical colleges. The courses at the universities of applied sciences are often characterized by a higher degree of practical relevance . A comparison of the degree programs is also worthwhile in other respects. Many universities have their own research focus, such as molecular aspects of nutrition.

The course is divided into the two areas of household sciences and nutritional sciences . The latter deals with the physiological, technological and economic fundamentals of our diet.

The household sciences, on the other hand, deals with business management and technical issues in the management of households, canteens and canteens. At most universities, however, this area only occurs marginally.

In the bachelor’s degree

In the bachelor’s program, on the one hand, the scientific and medical subjects are on the curriculum that are necessary to properly understand the various aspects of our diet . Subjects are biology , anatomy, biochemistry or medicine . Didactic methods also impart knowledge to the students on how to optimally advise people later.

In addition, the economic and social science aspects of nutrition are dealt with, for example in economics , sociology or statistics . Depending on the university, there are also courses in the field of household sciences, such as business administration or personnel management. At most universities, students can specialize in the higher semesters in a part of nutritional science that interests them particularly. You can choose from nutritional advice or the food industry.

In the master’s degree

Anyone who would like to work in management positions later or pursue a career in research should follow up with a master’s degree. In this, the content from the bachelor’s degree is deepened. In addition, students have the opportunity to further specialize in areas such as food science, the nutrition industry or public health care.

Jobs for nutrition experts

In view of the increasing number of patients with diet-related diseases and food allergies, the specialist knowledge of nutritionists is in demand . Most graduates work in the field of nutritional counseling:

  • Clinics
  • Consumer advice centers
  • Health insurances
  • Self-employed
  • Marketing and PR departments

The nutritionists advise people on all matters relating to nutrition, develop diet concepts and help with diet changes. In the course of health prevention, training in hospitals, schools or kindergartens is also becoming increasingly important.

Alternative employers

Many nutritionists also work in the food industry . For example, you develop new foods such as frozen meals or convenience products or you are employed in the areas of hygiene and quality management.

Another field of work is the tourism and catering industry . For example, ecotrophologists put together menus in wellness hotels or carry out detox cures with guests. It is also possible to work as a specialist journalist or in agencies for press and public relations work .

University career

In addition, ecotrophologists are also employed by organic inspection bodies, where they check the ingredients and the quality standard of organic food. A career in science is also possible with a master’s degree. Nutritionists conduct basic research at universities or are involved in clinical research . A doctorate is usually required for this.

Studying nutritional science internationally

The course offers a good opportunity to gain experience abroad . One or more semesters at a foreign university not only enrich your own wealth of experience, but also offer many other advantages.

On the one hand, you can gain experience with other teaching and learning methods and sharpen your scientific profile by learning new course content. On the other hand, you improve your foreign language skills and collect intercultural competencies and soft skills that can be helpful for later applications. These include, for example, the ability to make contacts in a short time, flexibility, assertiveness and organizational talent.

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Study Public Relations Abroad

Study Public Relations Abroad

The basic rules of journalism are already an issue at school. Everyone is familiar with advertising. But PR? You come across the word more and more often and PR agencies seem to spring up like mushrooms. What the people who work there are a mystery to many.

The word itself provides an explanation: PR stands for Public Relations – that means something like “relationship with the public”. In fact, the work with the public is not in the foreground, as the term public relations might suggest. Rather, it is about the relationship between the public and the company .

PR: Between journalism and advertising

According to, the aim of various PR measures is to present a company, a person or an organization positively in public. This does not happen through disdainful advertising measures. Rather, PR specialists operate at the interface between journalism and advertising . You write press releases for newspapers, take care of the company’s appearance on the World Wide Web or communicate with business partners and customers.

Paths into the PR industry

As is well known, many roads lead to Rome. In the past, studying humanities or cultural studies followed by a traineeship offered good opportunities to land in a PR department or PR agency.

Since public relations are more important today, there are now several options to find work in the PR area:

  • Independent courses in which students learn the craft of a PR specialist
  • A degree in communication or media studies with a focus on public relations

Bachelor’s degree in PR

Independent bachelor’s degree programs in the field of PR and public relations are made up of communication and media science as well as business management topics .

The students get to know the basics of journalistic work, which they need to write press releases, for example. You will learn how media content can be designed in an appealing way, how to organize events or maintain a company’s appearance on the social web. Seminars on topics such as marketing or business administration round off the course.

Master’s degree in PR

For those striving for a management position, it is worthwhile to add a master’s degree to the bachelor’s degree. The master’s courses in PR are also open to graduates of related bachelor ’s programs , for example communication scientists .

Most universities offer the opportunity to specialize in a sub-area of ​​PR or public relations. Possible specializations are

  • Corporate communication
  • Internal communication
  • International public relations
  • Media technologies
  • Campaign management
  • Online media

Requirements for a degree in PR

The Public Relations course is offered at universities and technical colleges. The basic requirement for the course is a high level of communication skills . In the later job, creativity and writing skills are also required.

PR agency or company? Possible occupational fields

The courses in PR / Public Relations prepare students for work in the PR industry. Classic employers are PR and advertising agencies as well as the PR departments of large commercial companies . Students who have gained professional experience in their first degree or during an internship may increase their chances of being hired.

Cities, associations, cultural institutions, universities and other organizations also have their own public relations departments. PR specialists are also in demand there. For example, you work as a PR specialist or press officer .

Advantages of a stay abroad

A PR professional should be able to speak foreign languages . English is compulsory. It is even better to master one or two other languages. It is therefore advisable for PR specialists to complete one or more semesters of study abroad .

During a study abroad, however, you can not only improve your foreign language skills. From a technical point of view, other teaching content at the foreign university can broaden the academic profile. The contacts to domestic and foreign fellow students also contribute to the acquisition of intercultural skills . This is a key qualification that is becoming increasingly important in professional life.

Study Public Relations

Study Neuroscience Abroad

Study Neuroscience Abroad

“I think therefore I am”, René Descartes believed 350 years ago. Really? Scientists are only now discovering the secret of thought. If you want to find out whether people have free will or how thoughts are produced , the Neuroscience course is the right place for you. In this natural science, scientists research the processes in the brain on a molecular biological level.

Ever more sophisticated medical technical aids have enabled rapid advances in recent years and raised hopes that diseases such as dementia will soon be cured. However, many processes in the brain are still completely unexplored and are waiting to be discovered by science.

Course content in neuroscience

To become a brain specialist, you need to study neuroscience. The subject deals with all facets of the complex human organ . In order to fully understand the processes in the brain, neuroscientists need knowledge from:

  • medicine
  • biology
  • psychology
  • computer science
  • mathematics
  • physics

According to, prospective students should in any case have knowledge of mathematics and computer science . You should of course also be interested in science subjects. Since most of the specialist literature is written in English, a good command of English is required from almost all universities.

In the bachelor’s degree

In the bachelor’s degree, the medical and scientific basics are first taught. The students learn physics , chemistry and zoology, and in subjects such as neuroanatomy and neuropsychology they learn how the brain is structured and how it works . In the higher semesters, students then dedicate themselves to the chemical processes in the brain in subjects such as biochemistry and molecular biology.

They also learn how the brain develops, what brain diseases there are and how to treat them. Computer science also takes up an important part of the course. Because the investigation of the processes in the brain would be inconceivable without the most modern computer technology and appropriate software.

In the master’s degree

If you want to make a career in research, but also in the private sector, you should add a master’s degree to your bachelor’s degree. Depending on the admission requirements of the individual universities, the master’s degree programs are also open to graduates of other scientific or medical bachelor ’s degree programs and graduates of the subjects of computer science, mathematics and psychology .

In the master’s degree programs, students have the opportunity to deepen their knowledge. They can specialize in a sub-area of ​​neuroscience that interests them particularly. Possible focal points are, for example, “Information processing in the nervous system” or “Neurobiology and behavior”.

Career prospects for neuroscientists

Anyone who wants to start their career after completing their bachelor’s degree usually works as a technical assistant or work group leader at universities and research institutes. The bachelor’s graduates help, among other things, with the planning of experiments and evaluate the existing literature and collected data. Masters graduates can also conduct their own research and pursue an academic career . To do this, a doctorate is required after the master’s degree.

In most cases, the subject of their doctoral thesis also determines the future field of work of the graduates. If they stay at the university, their research work is usually also associated with a teaching position. In addition to basic research at universities and research institutes, many graduates are also active in application-related research on behalf of pharmaceutical companies. A career as a specialist journalist is also possible.

Neuroscience in an international environment

Neuroscientists often collaborate with peers from around the world as part of their research. The exchange between the scientists is mostly in English. In order to be prepared for these requirements, it is advisable to study one or more semesters abroad . In doing so, you not only improve your foreign language skills and train your intercultural skills, but you can also sharpen your academic profile through other teaching content.

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Study Newer Philologies Abroad

Study Newer Philologies Abroad

Philology – the word comes from the Greek words “philos” and “logos”. “Philos” means “the friend” in German, while “logos” can be translated as “the word” or “speaking”. A philologist is nothing more than a friend of words or language. Accordingly, the study of philology is also about languages.

On the one hand, there is Classical Philology , which deals with “dead languages” such as Latin and ancient Greek. On the other hand, we know modern philology. It is dedicated to the “living languages” that people in the world speak today.

Degree courses in the field of modern philology

According to, today more than 6,000 languages ​​are spoken on our planet. Many different subjects are therefore grouped under the heading of Modern Philology . There is not a course for every language in the world, but the spectrum of languages ​​offered is wide: it ranges from German and English to Romance languages ​​such as Italian, Spanish or French to Asian or Slavic languages.

The corresponding programs call themselves German , English / American Studies , Romance Studies , Chinese Studies , Japanese Studies or Slavic Studies . In these subjects, students take a closer look at the languages ​​and cultures of individual countries . The prerequisite for this is, of course, to have a good command of the national language. Language practice is therefore an important part of all courses.

Course content

In subjects such as Romance Studies, Sinology or Slavic Studies, which include many different languages, students first decide on one or two Romance, Asian or Slavic languages . These are the focus of the further course of study. In practical language exercises, the students gradually expand their vocabulary, learn grammar and practice written and oral use of the chosen language. In courses on linguistics or linguistics, they examine the language more closely. For example, how are individual sounds formed in the mouth or throat? How have words changed over the centuries?

Another important part of most courses is literary studies . The students get to know the most important literary historical epochs and authors of the countries they have chosen. They analyze various literary genres, such as poetry and prose, and also take a close look at the historical background. In cultural studies , students are made familiar with other cultural aspects of the respective country. Topics are, for example, history , sociology , economics , politics or religion . The individual universities set very different priorities.

What are the benefits of a master’s degree in modern philology?

Anyone who would like to qualify for management positions or a scientific career should follow a bachelor’s degree with a master’s degree. This offers the opportunity to specialize in one of the sub-areas of linguistics, cultural studies or literary studies. Some languages ​​can also be studied as part of a teacher training course . In this case, the students have to follow up with a master’s degree with a didactic and pedagogical focus.

Advantages of the two-subject bachelor’s degree

Those who do not study to become a teacher usually have the opportunity to choose another subject as part of a two-subject bachelor’s degree and thus give the course a further profile. The combination options are very different depending on the university. Popular secondary subjects are economics, political science or ethnology .

Requirements for studying in the field of modern philologies

To study in the field of modern philology, a certain language ability is required in any case . English / American and Romance studies students must already have knowledge of English, Spanish or French at the start of their studies. No language skills are required in subjects such as Sinology, Japanese Studies or Slavic Studies. Applicants should be aware, however, that learning one or two completely different languages ​​takes a lot of time.

Since the specialist literature is often written in English or French, students are also expected to have some knowledge of English and / or French in these subjects. In addition, the Latinum is a prerequisite for many courses . Those who have not already acquired this in school can do it in the first semesters at the university. However, this means a high additional learning effort. Apart from the language, the students should also be able to get enthusiastic about the culture and literature of the country they have chosen .

Professions for philologists

About half of all German, English and Romance studies students want to become teachers . Sinology and Slavic studies can now also be studied to become a teacher. After completing their master’s degree, the teaching qualifications usually go on to an 18 to 24-month legal traineeship and then teach as foreign language teachers at the schools.

For everyone else, the professional career is less clearly specified. In many cases , the future profession depends on the second subject . For example, if you combine Sinology with economics, you have a good chance of working in companies that operate in Asia. Those who, on the other hand, have chosen a minor in cultural or social sciences can find a job in museums, libraries , archives or other cultural institutions.

Other popular areas of work for philologists are:

  • journalism
  • publishing
  • the tourism industry
  • adult education
  • advertising
  • public relation
  • international organizations and NGOs

Master’s graduates in particular can also embark on an academic career . A doctorate is usually required for this.

Study abroad in the field of modern philologies – a must!

One or two semesters abroad are compulsory for philology students . They give students the opportunity to improve their language skills and get to know the culture of the respective country up close. In the case of later applications, the intercultural skills that students acquire during a stay abroad are also welcome. In addition, they have the opportunity to build up an international network and sharpen their scientific profile at an early stage .

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Study Science Abroad

Study Science Abroad

According to which laws does life on our earth function? Are there living beings in the vastness of the universe that can be compared to us? How can we generate renewable energies in the future? Scientists are looking for answers to the existential questions in life.

The natural sciences: an overview

Scientists try, with the help of experiments and observations, to determine the principles by which the nature that surrounds us functions . A distinction is made between:

  • the inanimate nature and
  • the living nature

Inanimate nature includes, for example, metals, gases, stones, but also other planets. People, animals and plants come together under the term “living nature”.

The exact sciences

The so-called “exact natural sciences” that deal with inanimate nature include:

  • astronomy
  • physics
  • chemistry
  • geology

According to, the exact natural sciences are characterized by the fact that scientists try to express natural phenomena in calculable mathematical and physical formulas .

Interface subjects: life sciences and geography

Biologists are also looking for generally applicable laws. The subject of their investigation, however, is living nature . Therefore, they must also include the relationships between individual systems and organisms and factors such as time or chance in their investigations.

In order to be able to grasp life in its complexity, numerous other subjects from biology have developed over the last few decades , which link the subject with other areas of science . The so-called biosciences include:

  • Biochemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biomedicine
  • Neuroscience

These courses are often more practice-oriented than the classic natural science courses. They try to find solutions to current medical or environmental issues.

The geography can be used as interface specialist called because it treats besides science and humanities and social sciences content.

Special cases: mathematics and computer science

The math is not strictly a science, but a so-called structural science . In its pure form, it is less concerned with inanimate or animate nature than with abstract forms and structures. But since it forms the basis of almost all natural science courses , the subject of mathematics is assigned to the natural science faculty at many universities.

The same applies to the subject of computer science , which in turn is often divided into further sub- subjects such as applied computer science , technical computer science or media informatics .

Study opportunities

Almost all universities in Germany offer mathematics, computer science, physics, chemistry and biology. The range of younger courses such as biochemistry or neuroscience differs from university to university. In particular, the practice-related courses in the field of computer science or biology are also offered at universities of applied sciences, which are often characterized by a particularly practice-related course.

A special case is the subject of astronomy , which is dedicated to the study of planets, stars and black holes. This is currently not offered as an independent bachelor’s degree in Germany . You can only specialize in astrophysics at some universities as part of a physics degree. However, students can then follow this up with a master’s degree in astronomy / astrophysics .

Requirements to study natural sciences

No matter which science you choose: No student will be able to avoid mathematics. So being happy with numbers and formulas is a good prerequisite for studying natural sciences. Anyone who also had good grades in mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and computer science in school generally has good cards.

Advantages of studying science abroad

It is advisable to take one or two semesters abroad during your studies, because:

  • Students can train their foreign language skills and learn to work in international teams .
  • Other research focuses at the foreign universities offer students the opportunity to sharpen their academic profile .
  • A semester abroad is a unique opportunity to get to know another country and culture and to make friends with fellow students from all over the world.

Professions for natural scientists

As different as the courses in the natural sciences are, so are the professional opportunities.

Working in research

Those who have decided on a “classical natural science” often remain loyal to research even after their studies . They find jobs at university, state and private research institutes, but also in research departments in commercial enterprises.

Graduates of more recent courses such as biochemistry or biomedicine mostly work in application-oriented research after their studies . For example, you are employed in research laboratories in the pharmaceutical, optical or biotechnological industries.

Many research teams are international. The big companies also operate worldwide. If you want to work in research later, you should not only have specialist knowledge, but also knowledge of one or more foreign languages ​​and intercultural skills .

Working in other areas

Aside from research, graduates work in the areas of quality management, monitoring or management consulting, among other things . Computer scientists, but also mathematicians, can often be found in the IT industry . Depending on the focus of their course, they develop new hardware or software or install and maintain IT systems. Another typical area of ​​work for mathematicians is insurance and banking . Graduates, for example, develop new products or work in the area of ​​risk management.

In addition, it is of course also possible to study mathematics, biology, chemistry or physics to become a teacher. Those who have studied to become teachers usually pass on their knowledge to pupils at elementary, secondary, secondary and comprehensive schools as well as high schools.

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Study Musicology Abroad

Study Musicology Abroad

A life without music? For most people this is almost inconceivable. Music gives our life color, stimulates dreaming, carries us away and awakens memories like hardly any other medium. It is a matter of taste whether we prefer to listen to Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony or the songs by Cro. But why do we actually prefer this or that style of music? What characterizes a successful piece of music anyway? What music do people in other cultures listen to? And is it true that listening to music makes you smart? A degree in musicology answers these and similar questions.

Contents of the subject of musicology

In contrast to artistic-creative courses, studying musicology does not train you to become a practicing musician. Rather, the course approaches the subject of music from a scientific perspective . All musical styles and genres are included – from classical music to hip-hop. As a rule, the subject is divided into three major sub-areas :

  • The history of music explores the music from its beginnings to the present. Most universities limit themselves to European-Western music.
  • The systematic musicology asks among other things, to the social conditions of music or the effect of music on human development.
  • The ethnomusicology deals with musical styles outside of our western high culture, for example the music of indigenous people.

Bachelor degree

In the first semesters of the bachelor’s degree, students are introduced to all three sub-areas of musicology. You will get to know the most important music theory approaches , get an overview of the historical development of music, get to know different composition techniques and analyze different musical compositions. In the higher semesters, students usually have the opportunity to specialize in one of the three areas. In addition, modules from related subjects such as art history are offered. Subjects such as music journalism or music management can also be on the curriculum.

Master’s degree

According to, a direct entry into the profession is possible with the bachelor’s degree. However, if you are aiming for management positions, you should add a master’s degree. A doctorate and a subsequent academic career also require a master’s degree. In the master’s degree programs in the field of musicology, students can concentrate even further on a sub-area of ​​the subject. There are also specialized courses such as music informatics, music therapy or music research.

Study opportunities in musicology

Musicology can be studied at universities and music colleges . It depends on the research focus of the respective university which of the three sub-areas are particularly in focus in the course. Many universities focus on music history and not all areas are always offered. It is therefore worthwhile to carefully compare the study programs with one another.

Studying musicology: requirements

If you want to study musicology, you should already know a little about music theory. At many universities there are aptitude tests in which, among other things, it is checked whether the applicants can read notes or recognize individual chords. Basic knowledge of music history can also be checked. At some universities, the subject is also covered by a numerus clausus. Applicants should therefore have a good grade point average in their Abitur . The ability to play an instrument is always helpful.

Occupational fields

Studying musicology does not provide training for a specific profession. Students should already complete internships during their studies in order to gain insight into different professional fields and to gain practical experience. Graduates then have various career options open to them, depending on the focus of their studies and their practical qualifications. For example, you are employed by music publishers or record companies and work in recording studios or music archives. It is also possible to work as a specialist journalist for music magazines or radio. Those who specialize in music therapy can later work as therapists in clinics and rehabilitation centers. With a focus on music management, activities in the public cultural sector or at media and event agencies are possible. A master’s degree also gives graduates the opportunity to do a doctorate and go into university research and teaching.

Reasons for studying musicology abroad

In order to position yourself better on the job market later, a stay abroad as part of your studies can also be useful. This not only offers students the opportunity to continue their professional development. You also gain valuable additional qualifications. For example, they improve their foreign language skills , learn to work in international teams and acquire important soft skills such as organizational skills, flexibility and assertiveness.

Study Musicology