Baltimore, Maryland Geography

Baltimore, Maryland Geography

According to, Baltimore is located in the plain of the Atlantic coast, in north-central Maryland and on the banks of the Patapsco River, near its mouth in the Chesapeake Bay and approximately 150 meters above sea level and covers a total area of ​​239 km², of which 209 km² are on land surface and 29 km² of water.


According to the Köppen climate classification, Baltimore has a humid subtropical climate, with very humid summers and average maximum temperatures in the order of 33 ° C and an average low 23 ° C, July is the hottest month of the year and January is the coldest month with minimum average temperatures of -1 ° C, in winter there can be gusts of warm winds that soften temperatures, but with the arrival of the arctic winds they drop considerably, especially at night.

Rainfall is recorded throughout the year quite frequently, mainly towards the east coast with an average of 10.16 cm and except for the winter season where small showers are usually constant but weak, in the rest of the year hail rains usually appear. and storms, in winter occasionally there are some snowfalls with average values ​​of 53 cm per year.


Baltimore is officially divided into nine zones: North, Northwest, Northeast, West, Central, East, South, Southwest and Southeast, however the Baltimorians divide the city into East or West Baltimore, with Charles Street as the dividing line; and in North and South Baltimore, with Baltimore Street as the boundaries between these zones.

The central region of the city includes the main commercial area of ​​Baltimore and serves as the headquarters for several of the most important companies in Baltimore, it can be said that it is the financial and commercial heart of Baltimore, where the possibilities of residence have been limited but to Despite this, as of 2002 the population in this area increased in such a way that it has practically doubled.

The northern region of the city is surrounded to the east by the Alameda and to the west by Pimlico Road, it is a residential area where most of the richest class of the city lives, this region is home to important universities.

The southern region is characterized by being a kind of mixture of industrial and residential zone, constituting in fact a mixed socioeconomic region that combines working-class neighborhoods of diverse ethnic groups, gentrified areas and less favored areas.

The eastern part of the city includes the Northeast, East and Southeast regions. The northeast is primarily a residential neighborhood that borders Sinclair Lane to the north, Erdman Avenue to the east, and Pulaski Highway and Alameda to the south on its western border. For many years it has remained populated, fundamentally, by the black community.

The eastern region is located below Erdman Avenue and Sinclair Lane, above Orleans Street, this area is almost exclusively for the most humble African-American community, which is why it is considered dangerous due to its high crime rate.

The southeast region is also a mixture between industrial and residential that is located below Orleans Street, bordering on the west with Inner Harbor, with the border of the city on the east and on the south with the port of Baltimore, in it coexist young workers and it is one of the most ethnically diverse areas characterized by being the center of the Hispanic community.

The western part of the city consists of the Northwest, West and Southwest regions. The Northwest region borders the city limits to the north and west, to the south with Gwynns Falls Parkway and to the east with Pimlico Road, it is a residential area that was formerly the center of the Jewish community but since 1960 with the decrease of the white population, blacks predominate.

The west region is the heart of the so-called “West Baltimore”, it is the center of African-American culture and is home to most of the most important monuments and neighborhoods in this community, it is a poor area marked by its high rate of criminality.

The southwest region of the city limits the west with Baltimore County to the north with Baltimore Avenue, it is a mixed area that combines industrial and residential neighborhoods, in it the white population predominates but with a current tendency to predominate in the near future the black.


The population was 636,919 residents in 2008, and in the Baltimore Metropolitan Area 2,668,056 million residents, however, there are around 8.3 million residents when counting the population that inhabits the combined statistical area associated with Baltimore.


According to Abbreviationfinder, the city of Baltimore has its streets organized in a hypodamic layout and many of its houses use an artificial stone cladding known as formstone, some of these houses date from the 1790s.

Baltimore has architectural examples of a wide variety of styles that date back more than two centuries and include works from all periods and by renowned architects, which together these works give the city extraordinary architectural importance among which stands out The Basilica of Baltimore dating from 1806, neoclassical building home to the oldest Catholic cathedral in the United States, we also find The Phoenix Shot Tower, built in 1828, for a long time it was the tallest building in the United States Standing over 71 meters tall until the Civil War, another work of great value is the Neo-Greek Lloyd Street Synagogue dating from 1845 and it is one of the oldest in the United States.

At present we can highlight the World Trade Center of the city that with its 123.4 meters stands as the tallest pentagonal equilateral building in the world.

Baltimore, Maryland

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