Author: itypemba

Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah

Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah

According to timedictionary, Bryce Canyon was declared a National Park in 1928. It is named after the Mormon Bryce family, who lived here between 1875 and 1880. Bryce Canyon is located on the Paunsagunt Plateau in the south of the state of Utah, at an altitude of about 2500 m. The park is like a natural amphitheater around a horseshoe-shaped basin and is 146 km2 in size. The plateau has been eroded by water and wind and this has resulted in thousands of red, orange and yellow rock formations, interspersed with deep gorges and pillars in all shapes. These pillars are also called hoodoos. The whole area was formed between 144 and 63 million years ago.


The nearest town is Panguitch, located about 23 miles northwest of Bryce Canyon. Charter flights depart from several places, including Las Vegas, to Bryce Canyon Airport.


The climate in Bryce Canyon varies greatly. In the summer months, the temperature fluctuates around 30°C during the day: a cap and good sunscreen are no superfluous luxury. Due to the altitude, it can cool down to about 7°C at night. There are also many thunderstorms during this period. There may be snow from October to April; the average snowfall is 2.5 meters per year. The temperature is then around freezing point.

Entrance fees and opening times

The National Park is open all year round and 24 hours a day. In winter, the park may be temporarily closed due to bad weather conditions. Tickets are available at Ruby’s Inn, 1000 South Hwy 63, Bryce, Utah, among others. When you enter the park with your own vehicle, you pay $20 for a ticket that is valid for seven consecutive days. This includes all occupants. The park is also accessible by so-called shuttle from May 15 to September 30. You pay $ 15 for this, the entrance to the park is included. The shuttles depart every 15 minutes from 09:00 to 18:00. The boarding point is in front of the entrance to Ruby’s Inn.


You can spend the night in Bryce Canyon in different ways. Luxury rooms can be reserved in Bryce View Lodge. The view over the Canyon from here is, as the name says, overwhelming.

Ruby’s Inn is located a mile from the entrance to the National Park. With rooms starting at $52, this hotel also offers plenty of facilities, including an indoor pool, to relax at the end of the day.

You can camp at Sunset Campground for about $10 per night. This campsite is open from May to October and advance reservations are not necessary. Sunset Campground, Highway 63, box 17001, Bryce Canyon, UT 84717.
Food and Beverage There is a suitable restaurant for everyone in or near Bryce Canyon. Cowboy’s Buffet and Steakroom is located opposite the Bryce View Lodge. Here you can enjoy breakfast, lunch and dinner every day. For a quick bite, there is Canyon Diner, which includes pizzas, sandwiches, fish, meat, soup and salads.


Quite close together in the canyon are the viewpoints Sunrise, Sunset and Inspiration Point, which are definitely worth a visit. Further on you will find the Bryce Point and Paria View. There are several hiking and mountain biking trails in the park.
A special way to explore the canyon is on horseback. Children ages seven and up are welcome and prices range from $40 to $90. The horseback rides depart from Ruby’s Inn, reservations are required. For reservations, contact Canyon Trail Rides, PO Box 128, Tropic, UT 84776, +1 435 679 8665 or +1 435 834 5500.

For souvenirs, clothing, fruit and vegetables, you can go to Ruby’s General Store, near Ruby’s Inn.
Pets It is not recommended to bring pets to Bryce Canyon. Please note that pets must be leashed and supervised at all times.

Bryce Canyon National Park

Travel to Las Vegas, Nevada

Travel to Las Vegas, Nevada

This famous gambling city in America is literally a bright spot in the vast Mojave desert. When you drive towards the city in your rental car, the flashing neon lights meet you from a great distance. Because of the succession of luxury hotels, bustling nightclubs and cozy casinos, the city is nicknamed ‘Sin City’.

Of course you visit Las Vegas to experience these gambling palaces, wedding chapels and exuberant atmosphere for yourself. It is also a very special experience. But you’re selling yourself short if you don’t look beyond the dazzling pageantry and glamour. On the basis of this travel guide, we take you to Las Vegas and the state of Nevada, of course we take a look at all the splendor, but we also dive a little further into Vegas.

As soon as the plane lands at the Las Vegas airport, tensions begin to rise. Where to start your visit in the city? At the welcome sign ‘Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas’, of course. To do this, you must drive to the south end of The Strip, and the sign is about 500 meters south of the Mandalay Bay hotel.

Anyone who thinks that Las Vegas is only for couples or groups of friends is wrong. It is also a nice destination for families. Children will probably appreciate the High Roller: the tallest Ferris wheel in the world. It is 167.7 meters high and the views are spectacular.

One of the most famous fountains that you probably know from the movies are the Bellagio fountains. They stand in front of the luxury hotel of the same name on The Strip and bring a romantic atmosphere with their iconic (light) shows.

The show also continues in Las Vegas

According to bittranslators, Las Vegas is known for its spectacular entertainment, and that includes the shows. One of the most beautiful theaters is the Colosseum at Caesars Palace where big names such as Elton John, Rod Stewart and Mariah Carey perform.

Cirque du Soleil also regularly performs in Las Vegas. The international group, originally from Canada, shows dramatic circus skills in beautiful costumes, combined with beautiful lighting and original music.

Visit fun sights with the whole family

The old neon signs of the city’s casinos, among others, are not simply thrown away. They take them to the Neon Museum where you can now admire them up close on Las Vegas Boulevard. It is very special to walk between the life-size and original signs, some of which light up again at night.

Seven Magic Mountains is a colorful piece of art that you will find in the south of Las Vegas. The colored stones stand out nicely against the neutral background and it is completely free to admire.

The Hoover Dam is an impressive dam in the Black Canyon. It crosses the Colorado River. It is one of the best constructions in the world and well worth getting in your rental car for.

Las Vegas is one of the most colorful cities in America. The contrast with its direct and neutrally colored surroundings could not be greater. To get a good picture of Las Vegas and the beautiful nature around the city, get into the rental car to start your journey of discovery.

Seven Magic Mountains

Huntsville, Alabama

Huntsville, Alabama

According to Electronicsmatter, Huntsville is one of the fastest growing cities in the Southeastern US, Alabama . Huntsville seamlessly blends the rich history of Southern hospitality with innovative high-tech enterprises and cultural diversity. The Rocket City, famous for the US Space & Rocket Center and its part in the race to the moon, is growing fast. This beautiful city continues to attract the best scientists and engineers in the country and is also experiencing a renaissance. Restaurants, shops, craft breweries and other social hotspots are popping up and thriving everywhere.

6 Attractions in Huntsville, Alabama that you can’t miss

1.US Space & Rocket Center

Spend a day at the US Space & Rocket Center. Explore the history of space exploration or get hands-on with the interactive exhibits. People of all generations can feel like an astronaut for a day or a week! See the National Historic Landmark – an authentic Saturn V moon rocket – one of only three on display in the world! Explore the development and evolution of the Space Shuttle program to the International Space Station and learn about NASA’s latest innovations. Enjoy incredible artifacts from our nation’s space program, hands-on interactive exhibits, space travel simulators, and INTUTIVE planetarium shows. The USSRC is also home to week-long Space Camp®, Aviation Challenge® Camp, and Robotics Camp programs. Additional amenities include free parking, restaurants, gift shops, strollers and dog kennels. Stay for an hour or stay for a week… there is something for everyone!

2.Huntsville Botanical Garden

The Huntsville Botanical Garden is open year-round and contains diverse ecosystems to explore within its 112 acres. From grassy meadows to forest trails, aquatic habitats to beautiful collections of flowers, the garden invites guests of all ages to discover the beauty and wonder of the natural environment. Hike along the nature trails as you admire collections of Alabama’s native plants. Unlock the Children’s Garden after meeting the fluttering butterflies in the country’s largest open-air butterfly house. Find peace in the cool shade of the trees, surrounded by the sounds of nature. With additional events, exhibits, and programs throughout the year, the garden is a source of plant conservation, education, and celebration for all.

3.Monte Sano State Park

Monte Sano, Spanish for “Mountain of Health”, rises more than 500 meters above sea level. The mountain has attracted visitors since the mid-1820s with the establishment of the town of Viduta, a derivative of the Spanish word “Vida”, meaning life. Viduta was home to a sanatorium and hotel resort, Hotel Monte Sano, which opened in 1887 and closed in the early 1900s due to a declining economy. Located in downtown Huntsville, 2,500 acres of nature offers 14 vacation homes, camping grounds, picnic areas and pavilions, hiking and biking trails, playgrounds, and flower gardens.

4.Twickenham Historic District

Did you know Alabama’s largest Antebellum district is in the heart of Huntsville? Take a step back in time as you pass through rows of pre-Civil War homes built in the beautiful architectural style of early America. If you’re an architecture enthusiast or just enjoy looking at historic homes, a tour of the Twickenham District is a must-do activity on your next trip to Huntsville.

5.Historic Huntsville Depot

Climb on locomotives, see Civil War graffiti, and listen as guides talk about working on the railroads. It is home to Rocket City BBQ Cook-Off and Whistle Stop Festival. The Huntsville Depot was used as a hospital, Union prison, and residence for both black and white Union soldiers, who left graffiti on the walls of the third floor.

6.Big Spring International Park

Big Spring International Park lured settlers to Huntsville more than 200 years ago, and the city has been celebrating it ever since – growing up around this green space and preserving it for its citizens. The park hosts numerous events including Panoply Arts Festival, Concerts in the Park and many more. Kids will love the famously friendly ducks, geese and koi that call the Big Spring home. As you explore, keep an eye out for the famous red bridge and cherry trees that were gifts to the city from Japan.

Huntsville, Alabama

Faroe Islands, Denmark

Faroe Islands, Denmark

The Faroe Islands are located in the north of the Atlantic, in the open ocean, significantly north of Scotland. Officially, they belong to Denmark, but in fact life in the Faroe Islands is subject not so much to the Danish crown as to its own laws and rules. Tourists are not waiting here for azure waters, chic hotels and well-trained bartenders serving colorful cocktails to vacationers on the beach. The nearest inhabited coast is Icelandic, and it is 450 km away. But if you are looking for a place to escape from everything, then the Faroe Islands are the perfect place for this.

In one of its publications, National Geographic magazine called the Faroe Islands the best islands in the world. It seems that even their inhabitants themselves more than agree with this characterization.

How to get to the Faroe Islands

By plane to Torshavn with a transfer through Denmark (Copenhagen) or Norway (Bergen or Stavanger). The most popular local transport in the Faroe Islands is, of course, water, and you need to travel between the islands by ferry. In the summer, you can also take a ferry from Bergen to Tórshavn.


According to cachedhealth, the Faroe Islands are not part of the Schengen area. To visit these territories, it is necessary to obtain a national Danish visa, valid for entry into the Faroe Islands, in addition to the regular Danish Schengen visa. If the tourist already has a valid Schengen visa of another country, it is enough to apply for a national Danish visa with a note about entering the Faroe Islands. The list of required documents and the process of obtaining a visa to the Faroe Islands is identical to the process of obtaining a Schengen visa to Denmark.


In total, the Faroe Islands include 18 islands, and people live on all but the last, Small Dimun. The first inhabitants appeared on the islands around the 8th-9th centuries; then the islands saw the Vikings and for some time served as a staging post in their sea expeditions. Once the Faroe Islands were divided between Norway and Denmark, but at the beginning of the 19th century they were completely taken over by the Danes. During the Second World War, the islands were occupied by Great Britain in response to the capture of Denmark by the Germans (this did not affect the course of the war in any way). The next year after the end of the war, the Faroe Islands were about to secede from the Kingdom of Denmark, but it was not there: the maximum that the islanders achieved was partial sovereignty.

Interesting Facts

In one of its publications, National Geographic magazine named the Faroe Islands the best islands in the world (this is a consolidated expert assessment of half a thousand specialists in the tourism industry). It seems that even their inhabitants themselves more than agree with this characterization. Despite the fact that the economy of the islands rests, figuratively speaking, on sheep and herring, the weather is gloomy, and fuel and other essential items have to be purchased on the mainland for five hundred kilometers, the standard of living in the Faroe Islands is one of the highest in the world. And almost all the islanders are ardent patriots who optimistically paint their houses in different colors in spite of gloomy weather and gray skies.

Due to unacceptable fishing taxes for local residents, the Faroe Islands have not yet entered the European Union.

Faroese cuisine

The traditional dishes of the Faroes, dense and simple, are all rather curious, but by modern standards they cannot be called healthy. Although local dishes, for obvious reasons, are often prepared from fish, the Faroese themselves prefer fatty and unsalted meat, in particular lamb, and potatoes from vegetables. However, more and more European establishments have recently been opened in large settlements. So you need to look specifically for traditional restaurants to try smorrebrod for breakfast (a sandwich with butter and meat eaten with cutlery), for lunch – dried cod and mutton kidney soup, and for dinner – puffin meat pie, rhubarb and potatoes.

Weather in the Faroe Islands

The climate here cannot be called mild: in summer it usually does not get warmer than +15 ° C, it rains about 280 days a year, and the winds blow almost constantly. Therefore, there are few trees on the islands – solid rocks and moss, but there are a lot of carved picturesque fjords, bays, bays and mountains.

In winter, the islands are very wet and particularly cold. But the Gulf Stream washing them does not allow coastal waters to freeze and even maintains their temperature at about +10 ° C. This season, when there are no people around, and the water is especially clear, is considered ideal for diving enthusiasts.

3 things to do in the Faroe Islands:

  1. Buy and bring home to your grandmother a few hanks of local first-class sheep’s wool for knitting. This can be done in almost any grocery store.
  2. Get to the town of Skopun on the island of Sandoy, where the largest mailbox in the world is located. This is a huge blue building of several human heights, against which you should definitely take a picture (alas, the box is non-functional).
  3. Try local meat and fish dried-cured snacks: whale meat and lamb in the Faroe Islands are dried in a dozen different ways, sometimes for a year.

Faroe Islands, Denmark

Heihe, China

Heihe, China

Do you want to visit China just by crossing the river? Then welcome to Heihe – a border town, which is located next to the Amur Region, or to be more precise – Blagoveshchensk. There are several advantages of such a foreign voyage. Firstly, the absence of a visa for Russian citizens. Secondly, cheap and varied shopping. And, thirdly, new impressions from visiting, if not the capital of the Celestial Empire, but still one of its unique cities.

How to get there

Getting to Heihe is pretty easy. But for this, you first need to arrive in distant Blagoveshchensk. The flight from the Russian capital (flights to Blagoveshchensk are served by Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo airports) will take about eight hours. And this is provided that you fork out for direct flights. Check 3rjewelry for other cities and countries as well as geography in Asia.

In Heihe, you can buy anything: from trinkets and souvenirs to the latest computer equipment and telephones, car parts and even mink coats.

If traveling by train makes you feel purely romantic and nostalgic, you can take train tickets to Blagoveshchensk. Their prices are much lower than if you fly by plane. But, on the other hand, few will most likely agree to spend six days under the sound of wheels. In any case, we note that railway tickets in a reserved seat car will cost an average of 95-110 EUR, in a compartment – 145-160 EUR per person. True, this is the cost of tickets only to Blagoveshchensk, not counting the way back. We got to Blagoveshchensk, how to go further? Since Heihe stands on the banks of the Amur, tourists are brought to it by boat.

Passenger ships depart from the river port (which is on Tchaikovsky Street, 1) daily from 8:50 to 17:30. The first ship from the port of Heihe to Blagoveshchensk departs at 10:15, and the last one at 18:30.

Flights from the Chinese border are made according to the same schedule, that is, daily and every hour. Tickets for the ship (round trip) in a regular hall cost 1650 RUB, in a superior hall – 2250 RUB In principle, you don’t have to overpay, because it’s not long to sail to Heihe. But paying extra for exiting the VIP terminal in Heihe, so as not to stand in line at passport control, still makes sense. You will have to fork out for about 100 CNY, plus the same amount for the visa fee. Russian tourists do not need to apply for a visa itself (only a questionnaire is filled out at customs), but this is on condition that you will only stay in Heihe. To travel to other cities in China, a visa is still required.

  • How to get visas to China in Blagoveshchensk and go to Heihe
  • How to get by train from Heihe to Sanya

Where to stay

There are a lot of hotels in Heihe, but we note right away that you will not find five-star hotels here. Most hotels are “three rubles”, and with different conditions. In order not to be disappointed in the room, ask the reception to show the room and, if it suits you, make a payment. The fact is that in Heihe (however, probably, like any other city that lives at the expense of tourists) they do not like to return money to foreigners.

The average cost of a room in three-star hotels is 110-140 CNY.

There are hotels much cheaper (from 40-60 CNY per room), but the conditions there will be minimal (shower, shared toilet – on the floor). By the way, if you are not satisfied with the price of housing, you can always bargain and bring down the price to an acceptable one for you.

Food and shopping

Cuisine in Heihe is diverse. It is full of cafes and eateries where you can taste not only Chinese, but also dishes cooked in the Russian style. In addition, at almost every step there are street stalls that sell all kinds of food. The average check in popular establishments (for example, “Laguna”, “Xinyu”, “Putin”) is 20-40 CNY. What to try in Heihe? In fact, there are a lot of dishes from both meat and seafood. Most often, tourists in the local cafes order a salad called “Heihe”, fried dumplings, Peking duck and meat with pineapples.

Many people go to Heihe for cheap shopping. You can buy anything here: from trinkets and souvenirs to the most modern computer equipment and telephones, automotive parts and even fur products. But whatever you like, be sure to inspect the product up and down, and if it’s clothes, and even more so a mink coat, try it on and, of course, bargain.

The epicenters of trade in Heihe are the Huafu shopping complex (located in the city center), as well as Yuandong and Big Heihe Island (they are located next to the customs).

By the way, there is a flea market on Wenhua Street in the morning. Here you can buy anything you want and almost for free.

  • Where can I buy healing patches in Heihe?

Attractions and attractions in Heihe

In Heihe, there is something for tourists to do regardless of the time of year. As a walking tour, you can go to the city embankment and, admiring the panorama of the Amur, dream of something good. For active entertainment, you can go to the park, which is located near the customs, and ride the Ferris wheel and other attractions. You can literally sweat in the Tian Yi baths. It also offers massages and various beauty treatments.

In winter, you can break away, as they say, to the fullest, at the Longzhu ski resort, which is located in the suburbs of Heihe. For natural beauties, you can go to Wudalianchi Park with its picturesque lakes and thermal springs.

Heihe, China

Entertainment and Attractions in Seychelles

Entertainment and Attractions in Seychelles

The historical “excursion” in the Seychelles is present in minimal quantities – and, by and large, it is not needed. All the main attractions here are exclusively natural: snow-white (and in some places even pale pink!) beaches, clear water, unique tropical nature, multi-colored marble stones and a stunning underwater world. Service in hotels, bungalows and lodges is always on the level. Aborigines are nice and friendly. Sunsets are fantastic, waves (where there are no strong currents) are invariably gentle. And also a fantastic (and this is not an artistic exaggeration) underwater world. For Seychelles climate and geography, please check TopPharmacySchools.


Cousin Island, a nature reserve since 1968, is located 2 km from Praslin Island. It is home to several endangered animal species and a nesting site for seabirds and turtles. Two of whom, old George and Georgina, live here and often follow tourists in the hope of scratching their necks.

Bird Island can be reached in half an hour by plane from Mahe Island. The island is known as home to approximately 1.5 million black terns that live here from May to September. The giant tortoise Esmeralda also lives here (they say that she is already over 150 years old). Curieuse Island, named after the ship that discovered it in 1768, is famous for its large colony of giant tortoises and dense thickets of tropical plants. There is also a national marine park here.

Arid Island is located just 15 km from Praslin. In 1973, it was bought for the Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature by Christopher Cadbury, an English “chocolate” tycoon. The island serves as a major gathering place for seabirds throughout the region and is home to the world’s largest colonies of pink terns, lesser fulmars and red-tailed tropicbirds.

This is the only place on the planet where the lemon tree grows, the flowers of which exude a wonderful aroma.

St. Anna Marine National Park consists of 6 small islands. A tour of them begins with a trip on a glass-bottomed boat, which allows you to observe the colorful life of coral reefs. Then the path goes to Moyen Island, which is privately owned by a certain Mr. Grimshaw, who has been living here for a long time and is still trying to find pirate treasures. You can explore the island, see pirate graves and historical ruins (and try to score Mr. Grimshaw’s bucks by finding the infamous treasure).

  • What excursions can be visited in the Seychelles

10 things to do in the Seychelles

  1. Do nothing, do nothing and do nothing again on the secluded white sand beaches of the Seychelles
  2. Dive into the captivating underwater world off the coast of the Seychelles.
  3. Evaluate the delights of Creole cuisine – and not necessarily bat stew, for example, fish and rice – it’s a miracle how good!
  4. Try to find pirate treasure on Moyen Island.
  5. Walk around the capital of the island of Victoria and look at one of the two traffic lights in the whole country.
  6. Fly in a helicopter over the turquoise expanse of the Indian Ocean.
  7. Fish for tuna, secretly hoping to catch blue marlin.
  8. Take a risk and be legally married to the approving whisper of the ocean.
  9. Join the proud fraternity of the “dosochnikov” on the beach of Grand Anse.
  10. Take a “coco de mer” walnut with you to your homeland so that there is something to remember in the long Russian winter.

Night life

Fans of vibrant nightlife may be disappointed: all local entertainment is represented by a couple of discos and casinos. There are only three casinos on the island of Mahe: at the Plantation Club Hotel, Berjaya Beau Vallon and a recently opened, but already the best casino in Victoria. Clubs are the same problem. They are far from numerous and often uninteresting. Pleasant exceptions: the Lovant Club in the center of Victoria, the Katiolo disco, which looks like Uncle Tom’s hut and the country disco of the 80s and 90s, the very small 369 Club and the Barrel (or simply the Barrel)) is a cheap and fun place, mostly with a local audience. Praslin Island has a casino at the Lemuria Resort.

But on the islands, many festivals and sporting events take place throughout the year, the most famous among them are the Great Regatta and the Festival of Creole Culture.

Holidays and events in Seychelles

The main public holidays in the Seychelles fall on the first month of summer. June 5 – Liberation Day in honor of the coming to power of the socialists, 29 – Independence Day: in 1976, the islands got out of British control and officially became a republic. The brightest in the summer series is National Reconciliation Day on June 18 in honor of the adoption of the Constitution with magnificent parades in the capital, music shows and flower exhibitions.

At the Praslin Culinary Festival in September, among other treats, you can taste coco de mer cocktails, ostrich stew and other exotics.

The New Year is celebrated with a tropical flavor: palm trees are decorated instead of Christmas trees, flowers are hung instead of electric garlands, but dances, fireworks and feasts are international traditions. They also love festivals in the Seychelles: in the spring they hold the March Carnival, which attracts thousands of tourists, and the French Week with concerts, exhibitions and craft fairs. In May, a sailing regatta takes place, in June – Mind Body Spirit, which promotes a healthy lifestyle. The festival of Creole culture is a chance to get acquainted with the ancient customs of the islanders, the fishing festival on La Digue is an occasion to compete with the locals in the art of fishing.

Attractions in Seychelles

Entertainment and Attractions of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

Entertainment and Attractions of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

The main attractions of Sharm el-Sheikh are an incredibly beautiful underwater world, gorgeous beaches, plus a small number of remakes: pseudo-palaces from the Thousand and One Nights, dry and water amusement parks, shopping and entertainment centers.

You can get your dose of historical sightseeing by heading to the Coptic Church, the Papyrus Museum, the Al-Mustafa Mosque, and the Tutankhamun Museum. The church is located in the Ennur region, remote from the coast, and consists of two churches – the lower, older, in the basement, and the upper, in the best traditions of the cathedrals of some France. It is worth seeing wonderful mosaics and magnificent interior painting in an unexpectedly modern spirit, admiring the fine workmanship of the Patriarch’s chair and admiring the lion statues in the courtyard, as well as marveling at the unusual Coptic Bible written in Arabic. Check liuxers for customs and traditions of Egypt.

The Papyrus Museum is a smaller copy of the museum of the same name in Cairo, where you can not only admire the ancient Egyptian specimens, but also learn more about the technologies for making papyrus and its types, as well as purchase a painting or an inscription on this unusual material.

The Al-Mustafa Mosque can only be viewed from the outside: two 26-meter minarets, the splendor of architectural decorations and the overall elegance of the design, referring to the classical mosques of Iran and Uzbekistan, are impressive in its appearance. And the Tutankhamun Museum presents copies of items found in the tomb of the pharaoh: from a chariot to caskets and a funeral mask. The exposition is accompanied by signs in Russian.

National parks

Within Sharm el-Sheikh, the world-famous Ras Mohammed National Park is located, formed by the confluence of this territory with the Nabq National Park. At the same time, you can come to both national parks separately. In the Nabq National Park (it is located in the Sharma district of the same name), most tourists get on a boat from the sea, from the road you can drive there only by an all-wheel drive car. Here they examine not only underwater landscapes (snorkeling or diving), but also land – its famous mangroves.

Ras Mohammed (25 km from Sharm El Sheikh) occupies the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula. Here, in addition to fantastic marine life (barracudas, sea turtles and sea snakes), you can also meet rare terrestrial inhabitants: fennec foxes, herons, birds of prey. Until 14:00-15:00 the park is full of excursion groups. Inspection of the territory usually begins with the main beach, then – a salt lake, mangroves, an observation deck and a beach next to it.

Entertainment and clubs

Popular discos: Le Pacha (ex. Bus Stop), Hard Rock Cafe (the most interesting here starts after one in the morning), disco bar Smash and Black House (at the Tropicana Rosetta hotel). Fun Town children’s amusement park, Thousand and One Nights amusement park, dolphinarium. You can also play tennis, go-kart or play golf here.

Soho Square entertainment complex has opened not far from the Savoy Hotel, where you will find many shops, restaurants, discos, an ice rink and an ice bar.

Sharm El Sheikh for children

Children’s entertainment in Sharm el-Sheikh is mainly concentrated on the territory of hotels – the main thing is to choose the right hotel for a holiday with the smallest tourists. Pay attention to the presence in the hotel of animation in Russian (this is not uncommon), a mini-club, food suitable for children and, of course, a convenient beach. Some hotels have children’s bars and snack bars, where during the day your child can enjoy ice cream, cotton candy and popcorn. High-level “fives” provide children’s bathrobes and slippers.

The entertainment program for children outside the hotels is represented by a dolphinarium and a water park, the Fun Town amusement park and the Thousand and One Nights amusement park. Dolphina Park Dolphinarium is located in the Nabq area. Here you can not only watch shows with dolphins, but also take pictures and swim with them. The Aqua Blue Water Park is located in the bay of Ras Umm el Sid and offers adults and children a variety of moderately extreme and very simple slides, a “lazy” river, a pool with artificial waves and fun animation. Fun Town is a small amusement park with trains, carousels and horse and camel rides. The Thousand and One Nights Amusement Park and Shopping Complex is located in the Hadaba area. Until 16:00 you can visit it for free – look at the interior in the spirit of oriental tales, go shopping and relax in cafes and hookahs. In the evening, a light and musical performance about the history and folklore of Egypt begins with oriental dances, a show with snakes and fire, a horse show and performances by magicians. In Soho Square, you and your child will enjoy the evening performance of musical fountains (every day, duration – 45 minutes). You can also take your child on an evening excursion to the Bedouins, during which folk dances will be performed in front of you, traditional dishes will be fed and they will be offered to admire myriads of mysteriously twinkling southern stars through a telescope.

Weather in Sharm El Sheikh

Despite the fact that the tourist season in Sharm el-Sheikh lasts all year round, it is customary to separate two seasons, each with its own charms: mild winter, suitable for those who do not tolerate high air temperatures, and hot summer – the most beach-tanning with perceptibly by the baking sun. Rain in Sharm el-Sheikh is extremely rare, the air is dry and warm at any time of the year.

In summer, the thermometer sometimes reaches +40 ° C. However, low air humidity and constantly blowing winds make it easy to endure the heat.

In winter, at night, the temperature can drop to +15 ° C, so be sure to bring a sweater or windbreaker with you. However, the water temperature never drops below +20 °C even in winter.

Nabq is the windiest area of ​​Sharm El Sheikh. In summer, it will be comfortable for those who do not like intense heat (at the same time, you need to be careful when sunbathing in the sun: there is a danger of “overlapping”, being deceived by the imaginary coolness). But the winter winds in Nabq penetrate to the bone, and the sea is almost always stormy, with strong currents. For winter holidays, it is better to choose bays closed from the winds: Sharm el Maya, Sharks Bay, Ras Umm el Sid or Naama Bay.

Attractions of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

How to Get to Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

How to Get to Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

Charters from many cities of Russia fly to Sharm el-Sheikh Ras Nazran International Airport, the flight duration from Moscow is about 4 hours and 30 minutes. There are no regular flights from Russia, but if a tourist does not want to buy a tour, but fly on his own, you can also book a regular flight to Cairo or Alexandria (Egypt Air, Aeroflot), and from there get on your own.

Domestic flights around the country from Sharm are quite popular: the airport receives about 10 flights a day from Cairo, Hurghada or Luxor, there are also international flights from Egypt Air and other airlines to Aqaba. Check jibin123 for customs regulations and visa requirements of Egypt.

How to get from the airport to the city center

Tourists arriving on package tours (and most of them) at the airport of Sharm el-Sheikh are met by an organized transfer from the tour operator. If you are relaxing on your own, you can order a transfer from the hotel. Some “five” offer it for free, most other hotels – for a fee. The airport also has its own transfer service “Limo”, the prices for a trip to a particular area are indicated on the information board.

In addition, you can get from the airport to the desired hotel by taxi. Cars are waiting for passengers near the exits of both terminals. There are no meters in the taxi, the cost of the trip must be negotiated with the driver in advance, before boarding. Usually it is calculated on the principle of 1 EGP per 1 km, taking into account the round trip of the driver. Thus, a taxi ride to the center of Sharm el-Sheikh will cost about 50 EGP, and to the hotel – in the amount of 45 to 65 EGP. Luggage transportation is included in the price. It is recommended that you pay in local currency (you can exchange dollars or euros upon arrival at the airport building) only after arriving at your destination. The prices on the page are for October 2021.

By bus

The country has a well-developed intercity bus service. Buses to Cairo (up to 7 flights a day, about 7 hours on the way), to St. Catherine’s Monastery (one morning flight, 3 hours on the way), as well as to Dahab, Nuweiba, Suez, Taba and Ismailia regularly depart from the Sharma bus station.

On a ferryboat

Ferries to Hurghada also run regularly from Sharm el-Sheikh, travel time is 1.5-3 hours, depending on weather conditions. The ferry departs from the port at 18:00 on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. The return trip from Hurghada departs at 5:00 on Mondays and at 9:00 on other days.

  • Where is the bus station in Sharm El Sheikh
  • What are the excursions from Sharm el-Sheikh


In the role of urban transport in Sharm are fixed-route taxis that run without a schedule at intervals, usually 3-5 minutes. The fare is 1-3 EGP, but it is better to agree on payment in advance before boarding. Buses run from some hotels on schedule, the fare on which costs 5-15 EGP. In addition, you can ask the reception to order a taxi. The fare is 15-50 EGP depending on the distance.

It is also possible to rent a car or scooter (and even a yacht) at the resort and this would be a great idea. Inexpensive gasoline, good quality roads, as well as the relative proximity of interesting places and attractions will pleasantly diversify the rest of tourists. The traffic police are generally very loyal to foreigners. From Sharm el-Sheikh you can get to Dahab in about 1.5 hours (100 km), in 2 hours to the monastery of St. Catherine or Nuweiba, in 3 hours to the Colored Canyon or Taba.

Rent a Car

Renting a car in Sharm el-Sheikh is easy: all you need is a driver’s license and a copy of your passport. The resort has large international rental agencies (Hertz, Avis, Europcar, Budget, etc.), whose services will cost more, but the terms of the contract are European, not Arabic, as well as a great many local offices, often with a specific flavor of doing business. In the first place, international rights will be required for registration of the lease, and in the second, Russian ones are also welcome. The age of the driver is at least 25 years, driving experience is at least one year.

The rental price starts from 50-60 USD per day for an economy class car. When renting for more than 5 days, the rate may be reduced to 35 USD per day. Daily mileage is usually limited to 150-180 km, its excess is paid separately at the rate of approximately 1 USD for every 4-5 “extra” km. As a rule, you will have to return the car to the same city where you took it, and always with a full tank (however, you must also provide a car for rent fully fueled).

Pay special attention to ensure that the car is insured. The contract should definitely note the existing scratches, dents and other minor damage – this will avoid discussions about repairs at your expense at the end of the lease (insurance, as a rule, includes an unconditional deductible ranging from 300 to 700 USD, which the greedy owner will be happy to recover for damage you claim).

Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

Male, Maldives

Male, Maldives

According to wholevehicles, Male is one of the smallest capitals in the world – its area is only two square meters. km. Nevertheless, in this city, which almost entirely occupies the island of the same name, one third of the population of all the islands lives – about 90 thousand people.

A tourist who comes here on an excursion will be struck by the contrast of Male compared to other islands. After a tropical paradise of the outback islands, it impresses with its skyscrapers and highways – it doesn’t even have natural beaches. However, recently an artificial recreation area was created in the southwest of the island, where people living and working in Male often come – especially in the evenings when it gets cooler. However, tourists do not come here at all in order to lie on the beaches.

The main street of the city is the Boduthakurufaanu Magu embankment. Here are government buildings, banks and offices. In the middle is Jumhooree Maidhaan Square, to the right of which are berth No. 1 (presidential) and No. 9-10 (ferries to the airport).

How to get there

Male International Airport is located on a separate island – Hulhule, which is located just 2 km from the capital island. The airport receives flights from Moscow, Colombo, Qatar, Dubai, Trivandrum, Vienna, Kuala Lumpur and other cities. The terminals have all the services necessary for a tourist: an ATM, a bank, a pharmacy, the Internet, a left-luggage office (~ 3 USD per day). The pier from which ferries depart to Male is located to the right of the exit from the airport. Ferries depart every 10-15 minutes during the day (1.5 USD), and every half an hour in the evening (2 USD).

The beaches of Male

Male also has its own beach, which, of course, cannot be compared with resort islands. However, surfers will love it here. Artificial Beach is located in the east of the island, a 10-minute walk from berths No. 9-10.

Shopping and shops Male

Most of the souvenir shops are located at the northern end of one of Male’s main thoroughfares, Chaandani Magu. This place used to be called “Singapore Bazaar” because many of the goods sold there were imported from Singapore.

The most famous souvenirs from the Maldives are undoubtedly thudu kuna – Maldivian mats woven from local natural palm fiber. Another souvenir is miniature wooden dhonis – traditional fishing boats that can be seen almost everywhere in the Maldives.

By the way, when choosing a souvenir for yourself, you must remember that the export of products made from tortoise shell, black corals, pearl oyster shells and red corals from the country is prohibited. And customs, I must say, are on guard.

It is worth bringing home fish and seafood from the Maldives – both to give to friends and to remember yourself about a wonderful vacation in a tropical paradise. In Male, for this you can visit the fish market and all kinds of supermarkets. There you can buy canned fish (the most popular is canned tuna, which is caught in the traditional way), dried and dried fish – in general, the choice is the widest.

Entertainment and attractions in Male

The capital is not rich in attractions, but you should definitely visit it: the National Museum in Sultans Park, the shady park of Jumuri-Maidan, the Muliaage Palace (1913). The most revered shrines of the country are the chapel of Medu Ziyarat, the tomb of the country’s national hero Mohammed Takurufanu, the Islamic Center with the Great Friday Mosque, the Old Friday Mosque with a unique minaret and the tombs of national heroes and members of the royal family.

Male, Maldives

Places to Visit in Amiens, France

Places to Visit in Amiens, France

The fascinating city of Amiens is located in the north of France, about one hundred and twenty kilometers from Paris. The city was first called Samarobriva by the Gauls and then Ambianum by the Romans. In any case, today’s Amiens can be called the new top of city trips in our opinion. In addition to an extensive range of shops, there is plenty of culture to sniff, you can enjoy delicious food and fun events are regularly organized. As part of Unesco World Heritage, there are impressive buildings to visit such as Notre-Dame de Amiens and the belfry. And during the night of Amien’s ‘Nuit Blanche’, there are all kinds of stages where you can be treated to drama, music and dance performances. This cultural event is very popular in the region and certainly among the inhabitants of Amiens. But the flea and antique markets on the Avenue du General Foy are also popular. People from all over the region and far beyond come together and there is soon a pleasant bustle. When the lights come on in the evening, Amiens comes into full bloom. An experience that you should definitely not miss.

Top 10 Things to Do in Amiens

#1. Amiens Cathedral
According to HEALTHKNOWING.COM, Notre-Dame de Armiens is the jewel of the city. The Gothic building was built in the thirteenth century and has since been called the largest Gothic cathedral in France. Over the years there have been a number of extensions and adjustments, such as the second gallery between the towers on the front facade. The visible highlights of Amiens Cathedral include the magnificent floor, nave, statues by André Beaunevau, the tombs of Bishops Geoffroy d’Eu and Évrard de Fouilloy, and the Baroque pulpit. Of course there are many more wonderful details to discover. As part of Unesco World Heritage, you should not miss a visit to this impressive cathedral of Amiens.

#2. Musée de Picardie
The impressive art museum of Amiens is housed in a beautiful old building, whose architectural style can be described as ‘second empire’. This architectural style was mainly used during the second half of the nineteenth century. Inaugurated in 1867, the museum has a variety of art on display from different centuries. The archeology department is located in the basement of the museum. Here you’ll find parts of Roman murals found at Pompei, fifth-century jewelry and even a mummy. The Musee de Picardie is a priceless museum and very special inside and out.

#3. La Maison de Jules Verne
The acclaimed writer Jules Verne was a famous resident of Amiens. With titles such as ‘Cinq semaines en balloon’ five weeks in a balloon and ‘Le Tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours’ a journey around the world in eighty days, he managed to win over many fans. His stories and the vision of the future stated in them are remarkable. Some of these were read as fantasy at the time, but have recently actually happened. Because of this, he is also considered a future predictor. The house in which he and his wife Honorine settled around 1882 is now an open museum. Here you get a clear picture of his life and his passions.

#4. Hortillonnages
The area called in Amiens les Hortillonnages is a kind of floating garden. Within this part of Amiens people used to be supplied with fruit and vegetables. Goods were traded via boats and there was a lot of trade. Every year in June, the traditional clothing is taken out of the closet and the market looks like centuries ago. By taking a trip through the more than sixty-five kilometers of canals, you can explore the Hortillonnages d’Amiens, which counts more than three hundred hectares, with a boat. The flora and fauna within this nature reserve are an experience in itself.

#5. Cimetiere de la Madeleine
This Amiens cemetery is located outside the city center. Cimetière de la Madeleine was inaugurated around 1817 and has since had quite a few prominent names on graves. The grave of the famous resident of Amiens, Jules Verne, can also be found here. You will also find military graves of soldiers who fell during the bombing of the Second World War. Other famous or influential persons buried here are Jean-Baptiste Dijon, Georges Guittet, Pierre Lefort, Rene Daveluy and Charles Gabriel Vérecque. The wooded area and the fauna present within this hilly area give you the feeling of being in a park.

#6. Parc du Grand Marais
This park of more than twenty-two hectares is located in the west of Amiens. This beloved park is frequently used by walkers, skaters and sportsmen. This Parc du Grand Marais and accompanying playground are also popular for a family picnic. The present water and the accompanying bridges provide romantic pictures.

#7. Le Grand Parc Naturel de la Préhistoire Samara
In addition to the botanical garden of Amiens, the historic park of Samara also contains a piece of history. By means of various reconstructions, an attempt has been made to reflect different episodes from the past. There are old houses to visit, old crafts are performed and some archaeological findings are exhibited. This lively museum and park is a lot of fun and educational to visit. In the accompanying arboretum, various tree species can be discovered, such as the ginkgo.

#8. Saint Leu
This part of the city is affectionately referred to as the Venice of Amiens. The many canals containing the River Somme soon provide the resemblance. The area is popular for visiting art galleries, bookshops, antique dealers and the cozy terraces. On Saturdays there is a water market to visit. You have to get out of bed early for this, because this is only in the morning.

#9. Zoo d’Amiens Amiens
Zoo is located on the Esplanade Hotoie, just outside the city center. The six-hectare park has about sixty different animal species. The park was established in 1952 and slowly the animal species have been expanded. Today you will find sea lions, cranes, penguins, wolves, zebras, elephants, iguanas and monkeys.

#10. Christmas market
All of France and the surrounding area flock to Amiens’ Christmas market ‘Les Parfums d’hiver, le marche de Noël d’Amiens’. Absolutely everything is being pulled out for this grand event. For no less than five weeks, the city center will be filled with the most beautiful Christmas decorations, cozy stalls, all kinds of delicacies and, above all, conviviality. The city with all its lights can be admired in a unique way from the Ferris wheel. Even the cathedral is decked out in a matching fashion.

Amiens, France

Sights of Roermond, Netherlands

Sights of Roermond, Netherlands

Roermond is one of the largest tourist destinations in Limburg. That is a striking fact if you know that Roermond is surpassed by several other places in terms of the number of inhabitants, but also in terms of the number of hotel beds. For example, Maastricht and Valkenburg have more overnight stays than Roermond. Roermond’s strength lies mainly in day tourism. On an annual basis, millions of visitors come to the Designer Outlet Roermond. It regularly causes traffic jams in and around Roermond during the weekends. Not surprising when you know that this outlet is the largest in all of Europe. But Roermond has much more to offer than bargain hunting. Roermond can count itself among the nicest cities in Limburg. Nice enough to spend a whole day or more. Thanks to the three-minute walking distance between the outlet shopping mall and the center, more and more people are also visiting the city of Roermond itself.

According to GRADPHYSICS.COM, Roermond promotes itself as a city to experience, enjoy and discover. Rightly so. Within the city there are plenty of beautiful places and beautiful buildings to admire, you can experience various activities and the Burgundian touch ensures that the inner person will fully enjoy a visit to this centrally located city in Limburg.

Our top 10 sights of Roermond consists of a nice mix of all kinds of things you can see and do in this city located on the Roer and the Maas. Use our list as a guideline to make your visit to Roermond a successful city trip.

Top 10 sights of Roermond

#1. Market

The Markt is the main square of Roermond. Here you will find the historic city hall of Roermond, St. Christopher’s Cathedral and various monumental buildings. The town hall in particular is a true block catcher. The symmetrically built town hall is located at Markt 31. It has undergone the necessary adjustments and restorations over the years. The facade dates from the year 1700. A remarkable element is the turret in which there is a beautiful chime. At the end of the twentieth century, the chimes were supplemented by a group of moving images that revolve around the tower of the town hall every afternoon at noon.

The Gothic St. Christopher’s Cathedral is another striking building on the Markt. This gothic cathedral was built in 1410. During the Second World War, this church suffered some war damage. During the reconstruction of the church tower, some adjustments were made. The centrally hung cross with Jesus Christ is a striking eye-catcher in the church.

On the western side there are mainly catering establishments. In the warmer season, the terraces of these companies contribute to the cozy atmosphere of the Markt.

#2. Munsterplein and Munsterkerk

Roermond’s number two attraction has also been set aside for a square. It concerns Munsterplein, which, if you ask us, is just a bit nicer than the Markt on summer days. Two striking buildings on the Munsterplein: the Munsterkerk and the kiosk. The Munsterkerk is older than St. Christopher’s Cathedral. It was built in the early thirteenth century. Several restorations have taken place, in which both the interior and the exterior of the church have been modified. The famous Roermond architect Pierre Cuypers also contributed to this. There is also a statue of Cuypers on the Munsterplein. This monument was unveiled in 1930, nine years after the death of this famous inhabitant of Roermond.

There is another design by Cuypers on the Munsterplein: the kiosk. The twelve-sided cast-iron kiosk is spanned with a flattened dome made of wood. From the kiosk you have a beautiful view over the Munsterplein and the Munsterkerk.

#3. Cuypers House

The name Pierre Cuypers has already been mentioned above. This famous Dutch architect was born in Roermond in 1827. He studied in Antwerp at the Art Academy to become an architect. Two years after graduating, he became the city architect of Roermond. Within the city you will find several examples of his architectural skills. Cuypers is best known for his designs for the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and Amsterdam Central Station.

His former home in Roermond has been transformed into a museum dedicated to Cuypers: the Cuypershuis. Get to know some objects from his former workshops, such as his much-used pointing device. Walk through his old studio and see designs made by Cuypers.

#4. Roerkade

If you are talking about cozy atmospheric places in Roermond, then the Roerkade should definitely be mentioned. The Roerkade is a succession of restaurants, cafes and associated terraces. The location on the Roer provides a picturesque setting. It is especially wonderful to stay here during the warmer spring and summer days. The so-called Maasplassen tours depart from the Roerkade. These cruises on the Maasplassen are organized all year round.

#5. Designer Outlet Roermond

If you ensure that tens of thousands to sometimes a quarter of a million visitors come to Roermond every week, then you have earned a place in the top 10 sights of Roermond. Designer Outlet Roermond is the largest outlet shopping center in the Netherlands and even the whole of Europe. The majority of visitors are Belgians, Germans and Dutch. They flock to the more than two hundred shops and restaurants that this top attraction has. The visitors are mainly interested in buying designer clothes, accessories and a number of other products at great discounts. The range is large enough to spend a whole day shopping.

#6. Stone Bridge

The Stone Bridge or Maria Theresia Bridge spans the Roer. This monumental bridge was built in 1771, replacing an earlier bridge. The Stone Bridge has four arches and is now only accessible to cyclists and pedestrians. The bridge connects the center of Roermond with the picturesque St. Jacob suburb. This small district is located between the Roer and the Maas. The Suburb St. Jacob is a stopping point on the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostella. From here it is about 2,285 kilometers to the final destination.

#7. ECI Culture Factory

The Electro Chemical Industry (ECI) was an electrochemical company located on the outskirts of Roermond. After ECI ceased production in 1974, the buildings fell into disrepair. Some of the monumental factory buildings have been refurbished and given a different purpose. The complex is now known as the ECI Cultuurfabriek. A number of cultural activities in Roermond have been brought together here. Think of film, theatre, song, dance and all kinds of visual arts. A striking detail is the enormous chimney that towers above the ECI Cultuurfabriek. There are two catering establishments in the complex, including the refined Restaurant One.

#8. Rat tower

Roermond was once surrounded by city walls. The first wall was built around 1232, when Roermond received city rights. A new wall was added in the fourteenth century. That was necessary because of the growth of the city. The new fortress had 20 towers. Two of these eventually survived: the Rattentoren and the ruins of the Carrentoren. The rest of the Roermond city wall and the associated towers have been demolished.

The Rattentoren is a round corner tower that was built at the end of the fourteenth century. Over the centuries, the tower has had different names. The name Rattentoren is due to the fact that this place was used as a rubbish dump in the eighteenth century. On the top floor of the Rattentoren you can see a beautiful model of Roermond as a medieval city. This is only possible on days when the Rattentoren is open.

#9. Roermond sign

Important tourist cities increasingly have large letters in the city where tourists can capture themselves. Who doesn’t know the well-known Iamsterdam sign that can be seen in various places in the capital Amsterdam. Roermond is also participating in this trend. On the Stationsplein, in front of Roermond train station, you can have yourself immortalized with the touristic logo of Roermond. This consists of the white letters ROER and a red mouth behind it.

#10. Castle Hattem and the memorial monuments

Unfortunately, human history is full of wars. Wars produce casualties. Memorial monuments ensure that the people who died are remembered. There is a small park at Hattem Castle, which was built in the seventeenth century. This park used to be known as Stadspark Hattem. Nowadays the name is used as National Memorial Park Roermond. There are several memorial monuments in this park. The National Indies Monument 1945-1962 is the most famous monument. It commemorates the more than 6,200 Dutch soldiers who fell during the battle in the former Dutch East Indies and New Guinea.

The castle and its park are located just south of the center of Roermond. Kasteel Hattem is the smallest castle in the Netherlands. A hotel-restaurant is now located in this castle, which has been declared a national monument.

Roermond, Netherlands

Ironton-Russell Bridge, Kentucky

Ironton-Russell Bridge, Kentucky


Ironton-Russell Bridge
Spans Ohio River
Lanes 1×2
Total length ~800 meters
Main span 274 meters
Bridge deck height ? meter
Opening 21-08-1922 / 23-11-2016
Traffic intensity 3,700 mvt/day
Location Map

According to transporthint, the Ironton-Russell Bridge is a cable- stayed bridge in the United States, located on the border of the states of Kentucky and Ohio. The bridge spans the Ohio River between Ironton, Ohio and Russell, Kentucky.


The bridge is a concrete cable- stayed bridge with two A-shaped pylons. The entire bridge is approximately 800 meters long and is located in a bend from the Ohio side and crosses the Ohio River obliquely. The actual main bridge is 501 meters long and has a main span of 274 meters and two side spans of 113 meters. The bridge deck is 9.8 meters wide. The bridge is an extension of 2nd Street in Ironton, Ohio and opens to an intersection with US 23 in Kentucky, just east of Russell. The bridge also spans a railway line on both sides of the river. It is only one of two bridges over the Ohio River that are also operated by the Ohio Department of Transportation.


The original Ironton-Russell Bridge (1922-2016).

The original bridge at this location was a truss bridge with a length of 731 meters and a main span of 221 meters. The bridge was opened on August 21, 1922 and was one of the first bridges over the Ohio River in the region. At the time, it was the first road bridge over the Ohio River between Parkersburg and Cincinnati. The bridge was an extension of Main Street in Russell and Vernon Street in Ironton, although the connecting roads led to Willow Avenue in Russell and Adams Street in Ironton. The bridge was a toll road for some time. The bridge was reinforced in the 1970s.

Construction of the new bridge in 2015.

The 1922 bridge was in poor condition and had the status of ‘structurally deficient’. In addition to the poor condition of the bridge, the bridge was also outdated in design requirements, with a narrow 4 mile road and a sharp bend on the Ironton side. In 2000, a study was carried out to replace the bridge. In 2003 the design was chosen, a concrete cable-stayed bridge, which comes about 1 kilometer upstream from the old bridge. The project was originally scheduled to start around 2006, but the high demand for concrete after Hurricane Katrina resulted in an inflated cost of $110 million. The project has since been scaled down slightly from three to two lanes and cost $81 million. The new bridge is a cable-stayed bridge with two A-shaped pylons. The new bridge is 501 meters long with a main span of 274 meters and two side spans of 113 meters. The bridge deck is 9.8 meters wide, more than three meters wider than the old bridge. The pylons are 91.6 meters high. The bridge was constructed between March 2012 and November 2016. In June 2016, the last concrete was poured and the bridge deck closed on both sides. The bridge opened to traffic on November 23, 2016. On May 17, 2017, the old bridge from 1922 was blown up.

Traffic intensities

Approximately 3,700 vehicles use the bridge every day. The bridge is primarily used by local traffic between both banks of the Ohio River.

John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge

John A. RoeblingSuspension Bridge
Spans Ohio River
Lanes 1×2
Total length 659 meters
Main span 322 meters
Bridge deck height ? meter
Opening 01-12-1866
Traffic intensity 9,200 mvt/day
Location Map

According to travelationary, the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge is a truss structure suspension bridge in the United States, located on the border of the states of Kentucky and Ohio. The bridge spans the Ohio River in Cincinnati.


The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge is a total of 659 meters long, with a main span of 322 meters in length. The bridge has two sandstone pylons, with a half-timbered construction hanging from cables. The bridge deck is 7.6 meters wide, with one lane in each direction. The bridge connects downtown Cincinnati with downtown Covington in Kentucky. The bridge is toll-free.



In the mid-19th century, Cincinnati flourished as a port and trading city on the Ohio River. This created the need for a fixed bridge connection. One problem was that the Ohio River in Cincinnati is wide, wider than, say, the Wheeling Suspension Bridge in West Virginia, opened in 1849. In 1846 the Covington and Cincinnati Bridge Company was created to carry out the construction.

The first plans of engineer John A. Roebling envisaged a bridge of 370 meters in length with a vertical clearance of 30 meters. This one had one major drawback, a large pylon in the middle of the Ohio River. A bridge with a span of 430 meters was later planned, but the collapse of a suspension bridge in Newport over the Licking River meant that no investors could be found. In 1856 sufficient funds became available and the span plans were shortened to a more feasible 300 metres.


Construction began in September 1856 with the foundation of the pylon on the Covington side. On the Cincinnati side there were problems with the soil conditions and a hole was dug down to the hard soil under the Ohio River. Construction was halted for a long time in the winter and spring and was not resumed until July 1857. Later that year there was the “panic of 1857” and people ran out of money, so that construction was halted for a year. Work on the pylon resumed in July 1858, but work was halted again in 1859-1860 due to the death of the chairman of the Covington and Cincinnati Bridge Company.

In 1861 the American Civil War broke out. A pontoon bridge was hastily built near Cincinnati to defend the city from Confederate troops. It became clear what advantages a fixed bridge had, so that money became available again for construction. Work on the bridge resumed in the spring of 1864. The tethers were manufactured in Manchester, England. This is because the English cables were considered to be of better quality than the American ones. In 1865-1866 the cables over the river were installed between the pylons. Then the bridge deck was installed, which consisted of iron girders and wooden planks. On December 1, 1866, the bridge opened to pedestrians. When opened, it was the longest suspension bridge in the world.


The bridge deck was of inferior quality due to the inflation of the American Civil War, but the pylons were built to support a much heavier bridge deck. In 1896 the bridge was significantly modified, the bridge deck was reinforced with steel and the bridge on the Cincinnati side was modified.

The bridge was originally a toll bridge. The bridge was originally privately owned until 1953, when the state of Kentucky took over the bridge. The toll was scrapped in 1963, when the Brent Spence Bridge off Interstate 75 opened. The bridge got its current name in 1983. Between 2006 and 2008 the bridge was renovated. The maximum permissible weight was also reduced to 11 tons. A renovation followed in 2021, during which the bridge was closed for almost the entire year.

Traffic intensities

9,400 vehicles cross the bridge every day. This makes it the busiest non-motorway bridge in the region.

John A. Roebling Suspension

US 31 in Michigan

US 31 in Michigan


US 31
Get started Niles
End Mackinaw City
Length 356 mi
Length 573 km

Buchanan / Niles


South Berrien Springs

Berrien Springs

Eau Claire


Benton Harbor

Benton Harbor – Holland:


Grand Haven

Spring Lake


Van Wagoner Street

fruit port

Sternberg Road

Muskegon Heights


Downtown Muskegon

North Muskegon

North Muskegon





New Era




Bass Lake

South Ludington




Traverse City



Mackinaw City

According to foodezine, US 31 is a US Highway in the US state of Michigan. The road forms a north-south route along the entire west coast of Lake Michigan and is a highway on some stretches. The total route is 573 kilometers long and runs from the Indiana border to Interstate 75 in Mackinaw City.

Travel directions

US 31 at Pentwater.

Just north of South Bend, Indiana, US 31 crosses the border between the two states and is immediately a freeway here. The highway heads north here and crosses US 12 at Niles. East of Benton Harbor, US 31 terminates at a junction with Interstate 94 and then continues over Interstate 196 to Holland. In Holland the road branches off from I-196 and then runs through the city to the north, as a 2×2 divided highway to the town of Muskegon. From Grand Haven, the road becomes a freeway again and one crosses Interstate 96, which begins here and heads toward Grand Rapids and Detroit.

One then passes along the east side of the 40,000 inhabitants town of Muskegon. US 31 here is a highway for 110 kilometers that runs parallel to the shoreline of Lake Michigan to the north. To the north, the area becomes increasingly forested. The highway section lasts until Ludington, after which it crosses US 10. US 31 continues north and passes through the town of Manistee. Along the route are several smaller lakes that are a stone’s throw from Lake Michigan. US 31 then jumps a little east and passes through Traverse City, which sits on Grand Traverse Bay, an estuary of Lake Michigan. One passes over several isthmuses along lakes. One passes through Petoskey, where US 131ends. US 31 then continues a little further north, to Interstate 75 at Mackinaw City. This is the northern end of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula.


US 31 at Muskegon.

According to bittranslators, US 31 was created in 1926 and originally ended just a little further north at St. Ignace. Since 1940, the route has ended in Mackinaw City and was shortened to I-75 in 1960 just south of Mackinaw City.

St Joseph Valley Parkway

The St. Joseph Valley Parkway is the highway stretch from the Indiana border to Benton Harbor in southwestern Michigan.

Already in the early 1950s there were plans for a highway in southwest Michigan, especially to relieve the town of Niles. Progress on the plan was slow, and it wasn’t until 1967 that studies began to extend the bypass from South Bend, Indiana, into Michigan. It was not until 1977 that construction began on this section, the first section of which was opened in 1979 from the Indiana border to US 12 south of Niles. The Niles bypass opened in 1987 and was extended north of Berrien Springs in November 1992 as a divided highway with at-grade intersections. In 1996-1997 this part was made grade-separated. It was originally planned to direct US 31 into Interstate 196to flow at Benton Harbor, but environmental problems caused US 31 to terminate just a few miles south. The last section from Berrien Springs to Benton Harbor opened on August 27, 2003.

Near Benton Harbor, the US 31 freeway had been interrupted for four kilometers for decades. The interstate from South Bend ended 2.5 miles south of the interchange between I-94 and I-196, requiring traffic to exit and enter I-94 via a five – lane center turn lane. Traffic between South Bend and Holland/Grand Rapids had to make three turns to follow the route.

Construction of the interstate highway between Niles and I-94/I-196 at Benton Harbor stems from the adoption of an environmental impact statementin 1981. This provided for the phased construction of the 30 kilometer long freeway. The highway was then opened in phases up to Benton Harbor, but with a missing link of 4 kilometers to I-94/I-196. In 2003, the penultimate section opened to Napier Avenue east of Benton Harbor. In more recent years, several alternatives have been studied, including a deflection from the freeway to an interchange with I-94 at Main Street. Only one alternative followed the original plan directly north to the interchange between I-94 and I-196. Ultimately, it was decided to turn to the west where US 31 connects to Exit 33 (Main Street) of I-94 as an interchange.

Construction of the missing link began in September 2020 and opened 2 years later on September 26, 2022.

Opening history
From Unpleasant Length Date
Indiana state line Niles (US 12) 5 km 00-00-1979
Niles (US 12) Niles (Walton Road) 6 km 00-00-1987
Niles (Walton Road) Berrien Springs 14 km 00-11-1992
Berrien Springs Benton Harbor 14 km 27-08-2003
Benton Harbor I-94 4 km 26-09-2022

Grand Haven – Ludington Freeway

Construction of the freeway from Grand Haven to Ludington started quite early. The first section to open was a six-lane bridge between Grand Haven and Ferrysburg in 1959 and later that year to downtown Muskegon. In 1964 another fairly long section opened up to Montague, further north. Construction then slowed, and the remainder of the route to Ludington was opened from south to north in phases between 1975 and 1990.

Opening history
From Unpleasant Length Date
Grand Haven Ferrysburg 2 km 12-06-1959
Ferrysburg Muskegon Southeast 10 km 24-07-1959
Muskegon Southeast Downtown Muskegon 6 km 22-10-1959
Downtown Muskegon Montague 27 km 30-06-1964
Montague New Era 14 km 00-00-1975
New Era Heart 14 km 00-00-1976
Heart pentwater 8 km 00-00-1978
pentwater Bass Lake 6 km 16-10-1980
Bass Lake South Ludington 13 km 00-00-1989
South Ludington Ludington 5 km 00-00-1990

Traffic intensities

The highway section between Niles and Benton Harbor is not very busy with 12,000 vehicles per day. At Muskegon, it peaks at 47,000 vehicles, before declining to 7,000 vehicles at the north end of the highway at Ludington. After that, the US 31 forms a quiet tourist road with about 5,000 to 10,000 vehicles per day.

US 31 in Michigan

US 60 in Missouri

US 60 in Missouri


US 60
Begin Seneca
End Cairo
Length 348 mi
Length 560 km






Mountain Grove

Willow Springs


Poplar Bluff





According to bestitude, US 60 is a US Highway in the US state of Missouri. The road forms an east-west route through the south of the state, from the Oklahoma border at Seneca through Neosho, Springfield and Sikeston to the Illinois border at Cairo. The road is 560 kilometers long.

Travel directions

De freeway in Springfield.

At Seneca, US 60 in Oklahoma from Bartlesville enters the state of Missouri in the southwest corner of the state. The road then continues for about 20 kilometers to the east and crosses Interstate 49 at the town of Neosho. The area here consists of meadows and already quite large forests in a rolling landscape. After Neosho, US 60 runs remotely parallel to Interstate 44to Springfield, which is nearly 100 miles away. The road passes through a plain that lies between two parts of the Ozark Mountains. One passes through small towns like Monett and Aurora before reaching larger Springfield. Springfield is one of the larger cities in Missouri. US 60 then forms a highway south of the city and crosses US 160 and on the southeast side of the city US 65.

After Springfield, US 60 has 2×2 lanes for a fairly long distance, until Willow Springs, 140 kilometers to the east. This area is a bit more hilly, but one crosses very few major roads, the occasional state route. Around Mountain Grove, up to Cabool, US 60 is a freeway. At Cabool the US 63 merges from Rolla, both roads are then double-numbered for about 25 kilometers until Willow Springs. The road curves slightly to the southeast here and passes through the Mark Twain National Forest. US 63 then exits to West Plains and Jonesboro in Arkansas. The US 60 then continues as a single-lane road further east, through large nature reserves. This area is densely forested and forms one of the largest forest areas between the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains. The route to Poplar Bluff is 160 kilometers long, and leads through a fairly sparsely populated area. Just before Poplar Bluff, US 67 merges from Park Hills and is then briefly double-numbered. US 60 is from here a freeway around Poplar Bluff, after which US 67 exits to Pocahontas in Arkansas. After this, US 60 is a main route with alternating 2×2 at-grade and highway sections. The transition from the mountain area to the Mississippi River plain is quite sudden around Poplar Bluff.

De Cairo Mississippi River Bridge.

You pass Dexter and then after about 80 kilometers you reach the town of Sikeston, where you first cross US 61, and merge US 62 from New Madrid. Shortly afterwards you cross the Interstate 55. US 60 then runs parallel to Interstate 57. At Charleston, it crosses I-57 and US 60 continues to the southern tip of the state of Illinois, around the town of Cairo, where the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers meet. US 60 in Illinois then continues through Cairo to Paducah in Kentucky.


According to biotionary, US 60 was created in 1926. The western starting point at the time was the city of Springfield, Missouri. In 1931, the route was required westward to Texas and the current route through Missouri was created. East of Springfield, the route is of more through importance and has therefore been doubled to 4 lanes since the 1970s. The first section widened ran from Springfield to Willow Springs, and then from Poplar Bluff to Sikeston. The middle section was mainly tackled after 2005, and was completely widened to 4 lanes on 9 July 2010.


The James River Freeway has been constructed along the south side of Springfield. Construction of the highway began in the early 1990s. The first section to open was between Kansas Expressway and Campbell Avenue which opened in or before 1990. Shortly thereafter, the eastward extension from Campbell Avenue to US 65 was constructed, which opened circa 1992. The third and final section was between US 60 and Kansas Expressway, which opened circa 1995-1996. Later, another section west of US 60 opened as State Route 360 ​​in 2002.

The interchange between US 60 and US 65 on the southeast side of Springfield was originally a cloverleaf without shunting lanes. This has been converted in phases between 2009 and 2011 with large flyovers for traffic from south to west and from west to north. The other connections still go through clover loops.

Springfield – Rogersville

Between September 2014 and November 2016, US 60 between Springfield and Rogersville was converted to a freeway. The project was called “Project Freeway” and involved 11 miles of US 60 between US 65 in Springfield and the east side of Rogersville. The project built three new connections, built parallel roads and removed existing intersections. The project was completed on November 1, 2016.


US 60 is planned east of Springfield in the distant future as part of Interstate 66. A number of bypasses are already freeway, namely around Mansfield, Mountain Grove, Cabool, Poplar Bluff and Dexter.

Traffic intensities

Every day, 7,700 vehicles drive near the Oklahoma border and the section to Springfield still has a fair amount of traffic with 6,000 to 12,000 vehicles. Up to 67,000 vehicles drive through Springfield, descending to 12,000 vehicles on the 2×2 section to Willow Springs. To the east of this is less traffic, about 5,000 vehicles. After Poplar Bluff, this increases again to about 11,000 vehicles. The section parallel to I-57 has 3,000 vehicles.

US 60 in Missouri

State Route 71 and 8 in Nebraska

State Route 71 and 8 in Nebraska

State Route 71 in Nebraska

Get started Kimball
End Crawford
Length 167 mi
Length 269 ​​km




South Dakota

According to ablogtophone, State Route 71 or Highway 71 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The road forms a north-south route through the west of the state, from the Colorado state border near Kimball through Scottsbluff to the South Dakota border north of Crawford. Highway 71 is 269 kilometers long.

Travel directions

The 2×2 Highway 71 between Kimball and Scottsbluff.

Highway 71 is a continuation of State Route 71 in Colorado that comes from Brush and runs north over the barren High Plains and connects to Interstate 80 at the town of Kimball. There is a bypass around Kimball, and Highway 71 is a 2×2 divided highway from Kimball to Scottsbluff. South of Scottsbluff the road leads through a low ridge. Scottsbluff is the largest town on the route and has an east and north bypass. On the northern bypass, Highway 71 with US 26 is double-numbered.

North of Scottbluff, Highway 71 runs mostly through sparsely populated rangeland. There are only a few hamlets on the route and the village of Crawford. From Scottbluff the road first heads north for 45 kilometers before bending east. After 30 kilometers, Highway 71 turns north again at an intersection with Highway 2. Highway 2 and 71 are then double-numbered for the rest of the route. The road then leads through an area of ​​low hills with some wooded slopes in the otherwise barren undulating landscape. In Crawford you cross the US 20. North of Crawford it then takes another 45 kilometers before the border with the state of South Dakotareached, but the road no longer leads through other villages. There are some badlands and barren steppe. One then reaches the border with South Dakota, after which State Route 71 in South Dakota continues to Hot Springs.


The number Highway 71 has been used several times in history. In 1921, highways in Nebraska were first numbered when Highway 71 was assigned an east-west route from North Platte to Lexington. This was historically one of the main roads in Nebraska. Later this became US 30. In 1925, Nebraska’s highway network was renumbered, with Highway 71 being assigned to a one-mile route from the Kansas border to Haigler. This was a continuation of State Route 27 in Kansas. Circa 1957, this was renumbered Highway 27 to join the Kansas track.

In about 1963, Highway 71 was assigned a third time, on its current route from the Colorado border at Kimball through Scottsbluff and Crawford to the South Dakota border. This created a long route in Colorado, Nebraska, and South Dakota that shared one common number, Highway 71. The section between Kimball and Scottsbluff, in particular, was an important route to the North Platte River valley around Scottsbluff. In 1991 this section was designated as part of the Heartland Expressway. The widening of Highway 71 between Kimball and Scottsbluff began in the late 1990s, which was largely completed by 2005. The road was widened to a 2×2 divided highwaywith level crossings. Later, the Kimball bypass was built, which opened on October 4, 2011.

Traffic intensities

Every day, 800 vehicles drive along the Colorado border and 2,000 to 3,000 vehicles on the 2×2 section between Kimball and Scottsbluff. This increases to a maximum of 10,000 vehicles on the double-numbered US 26 on the north side of Scottsbluff. North of Scottsbluff, intensities quickly drop from 1,800 to 700 vehicles, holding steady on a long stretch all the way to Crawford. North of Crawford there are only 200 vehicles per day.

State Route 8 in Nebraska

Get started Superior
End Falls City
Length 149 mi
Length 240 km






Pawnee City

du Bois


Falls City

According to beautyphoon, State Route 8, also known as Highway 8 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The road forms a fairly long east-west route through the extreme south of the state, from Superior through Fairbury to Falls City, parallel to the border with Kansas. Highway 8 is 150 miles long.

Travel directions

State Route 8 near Falls City.

Highway 8 runs from west to east through 6 counties bordering Kansas . The road begins in Superior on Highway 14 and heads east across the Great Plains, endless agricultural plains. Most places on the route are very small and in many cases are slightly set back from the road, reducing the number of village passages. Halfway through the route, you pass through the small town of Fairbury and the terminus is Falls City, the largest town in southeastern Nebraska. It crosses several north-south US Highways, such as US 73, US 75, US 77 and US 81. Highway 8 jumps several times in the grid to the north and south. The entire route is a two-lane road. The border with the state of Kansas is never more than 15 kilometers from Highway 8.


Highway 8 was not one of the original state highways of 1921, but was introduced with the major renumbering of 1925, and was originally a long diagonal route from Spencer to Omaha in northeastern Nebraska. The US Highways were introduced in Nebraska in 1926 and the route has been double numbered for some time with US 281 between Spencer and O’Neill and US 275 between O’Neill and Fremont. Highway 8 was scrapped in 1957 due to the long double numbering, the section between Fremont and Omaha has been unnumbered ever since.

In 1960, the current Highway 8 was assigned. At the time, the route varied from a gravel road to a gravel road with chipseal pavement so that it was dust-free. The road almost never had a full asphalt pavement. Later the road was paved.

Traffic intensities

Highway 8 is a very quiet road. On many sections, no more than 400 to 800 vehicles per day, with occasional routes with just over 1,000 vehicles per day. The busiest section of Highway 8 is just east of Fairbury with 2,100 vehicles per day.

State Route 8 in Nebraska

Interstate 90 in New York

Interstate 90 in New York


Get started Ripley
End canaan
Length 386 mi
Length 621 km
Pennsylvania61 Ripley

60 Westfield

59 Fredonia

58 Silver Creek

57A Eden

57 Hamburg

56 Buffalo South

55 → Salamanca

55 Lackawanna

54 → East Aurora

53 → Buffalo / Niagara Falls

52A Buffalo-Southeast

52E Cheektowaga

51W Buffalo East

50 → Tonawanda / Niagara Falls

49 Buffalo Niagara International Airport

48A Corfu

48B Batavia

47 → Rochester

46 → Rochester / Elmira

45 → Rochester

44 Canadaigua

43 Manchester

42 Geneva

41 Waterloo

40 Weed Sports

39 → Syracuse

38 Liverpool

37 Syracuse-North

36 → Scranton / Watertown

35 Syracuse

34A → Syracuse Bypass

34 Canastota

33 Oneida

32 Westmoreland

31 → Utica

30 Mohawk

29A Little Falls

29 Palatine Bridge

28 Fonda

27 Amsterdam

26 → Schenectady

25A → Binghamton

25 → Schenectady

24 → New York

1N → Montreal

2 Roessleville

3 Albany West

4 → Delmar

5 Central Avenue

5A Corporate Woods Boulevard

6 → Albany

6a → Albany

7 Washington Avenue

8 West Sand Lake


10 East Greenbush



Berkshire Connector

Taconic State Parkway

New Lebanon


Interstate 90 or I -90 is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of New York. The highway provides an east-west connection along most major towns in Upstate New York. Large portions of the route are a toll road, and the road is called New York State Thruway because Interstate 90 crosses the entire state. It passes by the major conurbations of Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, and also by the state capital, Albany. Exit numbering runs within New York Statein the “wrong” direction, namely west, while the rest of Interstate 90 heads east. Exit numbering in New York is sequential and not distance-based. The New York State Thruway continues south to New York City, and is the longest toll road in the United States at nearly 800 miles. The Interstate 90 section in the state is 621 kilometers long.

Travel directions

Lake Erie & Buffalo

Interstate 90 in Pennsylvania merges into New York State just west of Ripley, running parallel and fairly close to the shore of Lake Erie. Just past the first exit comes the toll plaza, which consists of only 3 toll booths in each direction, as the route is fairly quiet here. The New York State Thruwayhas 2×2 lanes here and has a wide median strip. The toll system is closed, which means that you get a ticket when you drive up, and you have to pay again when you drive off. The exits are widely spaced, typical of a toll road. The landscape consists of an alternation of forests and hills with few major differences in height. The highway sometimes runs less than a mile from Lake Erie. You pass a few small towns and villages, and the highway parallels US 20. At the height of Hamburg one enters the urban area of ​​Buffalo.

According to Topschoolsintheusa, Buffalo is a large city with a population of 290,000 and 1.2 million in the metropolitan area of ​​Niagara Falls. At the interchange with US 219, a highway to Springville in the south, is the toll plaza. Within Buffalo, the road is toll-free. In Buffalo, the highway has 2×3 lanes. A little further on is a junction with the Aurora Expressway, which leads to the town of the same name. After this, the road widens to 2×4 lanes. A little further on, Interstate turns 190This is the bypass through downtown Buffalo to Niagara Falls. After this junction, the road has 2×3 lanes again, because a lot of commuter traffic goes to the center. At Buffalo Airport one crosses the Kensington Expressway, which leads to the center, and to some eastern suburbs. After this, I-90 turns east, and Interstate 290 continues straight toward Niagara Falls, and Hamilton and Toronto in Canada. Shortly after this interchange is the toll plaza for the second section of the New York Thruway.

Upstate New York

I-90 in Upstate New York.

The interchange between I-88 and I-90 near Rotterdam.

Upstate New York is a term for the part of the state that is not part of New York City or its suburbs. Interstate 90 and the New York State Thruway are the main access routes. Interstate 90 runs due east. The highway has 2×2 lanes immediately after Buffalo. The landscape here also alternates between forests and meadows, and there are no major differences in height. The first town on the route is Batavia. East of Batavia, Interstate 490 exits and leads to the large city of Rochester which is just north of I-90. The agglomeration has more than a million inhabitants. Interstate 90 passes through the southernmost suburbs. On the south side one also crosses Interstate 390, which leads to downtown Rochester, and to Elmira to the south. I-390 is quite a long way for a route that has 3 digits. I-490 terminates again on the east side of Rochester.

South of Interstate 90 are the so-called “Finger Lakes”, eleven large elongated lakes that are a major tourist destination. The highway passes quite close to some of them, near the towns of Canandaigua, Geneva and Seneca Falls. The next major city is Syracuse, with a population of 150,000, quite a large conurbation with 750,000 inhabitants. On the west side, Interstate 690 exits, which leads to downtown Syracuse. Interstate 90 runs through the north side of Syracuse. In the city is Lake Onandaga, I-90 runs right past it. On the north side of the city, one crosses Interstate 81, which runs to Watertown and Montreal in Canada, and leads south to Binghamton and Scranton in Pennsylvania. One passes south of the Syracuse airport, and one crosses Interstate 481, Syracuse’s eastern bypass.

After leaving the city, the highway runs right past the large Oneida Lake. The landscape still consists of an alternation of forests and meadows. The highway runs south of Rome, a regional town, and passes Utica, a somewhat larger town with 60,000 inhabitants. It also crosses Interstate 790, which leads to downtown Utica. North of I-90 is the immense Adirondack Park, the largest park in the United States, which quickly takes half a day to drive through. Just east of Utica, the Mohawk River parallels the highway.

The next larger city is Schenectady with 60,000 inhabitants, with suburbs like Rotterdam and part of the larger conurbation with Albany. On the north side of town, Interstate 890 exits, which cuts right through Schenectady. A little further on, Interstate 88 ends at I-90, this highway comes from Binghamton. Interstate 890 ends again on the south side of Schenectady. The highway has 2×3 lanes here. The next city is New York’s capital, Albany. It crosses Interstate 87, the highway between New York City and Montreal. Albany has 90,000 inhabitants, and more than a million in the agglomeration with Schenectady. Crossing Interstate 787. via a 4-level stack interchange, a regional north-south highway. Then you cross the Hudson River. East of Albany the road is more hilly and wooded. After this one crosses the Berkshire Spur, the connection between I-87 and I-90 south of Albany. At East Chatham one crosses the Taconic State Parkway, a scenic highway to New York. Further to the Massachusetts border it gets a bit more hilly, with some ridges. Interstate 90 continues in Massachusetts at Canaan.


I-90 near Amsterdam.

The highway follows some older trade routes dating back to the 18th century. The highway was planned as part of a toll system in 1938. The route changed from time to time, but in 1942 the route was established by the New York State government. Construction started in 1946 but was initially very slow, in 1950 only 6 kilometers had been opened. After it was decided that the road should become a toll road, construction accelerated, especially after 1954. The highway was completed between Buffalo and Albany in 1954, to New York City in 1956 ( Interstate 87 ).), to Pennsylvania in 1957, and to Massachusetts in 1959. The toll-free section through Albany was constructed later. The route through Albany was completed in 1968 with the opening of the bridge over the Hudson River, but it wasn’t until 1977 before the highway joined the Berkshire Connector, a stretch of the New York Thruway between I-87 and the border with Massachusetts. I-90 crosses part of it east of US 9 to the Massachusetts border.

Opening history

From Unpleasant Length Opening
exit 33 exit 46 185 km 24-06-1954
exit 46 exit 53 101 km 25-08-1954
exit 32 exit 33 8 km 20-09-1954
Exit 24 exit 32 153 km 26-10-1954
exit 58 exit 61 66 km 21-08-1957
exit 53 exit 58 47 km 14-12-1957
Exit B1 Exit B3 27 km 08-10-1958
Exit B0 Exit B1 10 km 26-05-1959
Exit 24 Exit 5 6 km ~1965
Exit 5 Exit 7 5 km 1968
Exit 7 Exit 9 5 km ~1972
Exit 9 Exit 11 8 km ~1974
Exit 11 Exit B1 10 km ~1977

Traffic intensities

The cloverleaf between I-90 and NY-33 in Buffalo.

I-90 handles 18,000 vehicles at the Pennsylvania border, slowly increasing to 30,000 vehicles south of Buffalo. In Buffalo, 127,000 vehicles drive south of the I-190 interchange and 131,000 vehicles south of I-290. There are 49,000 vehicles east of Buffalo, dropping to 37,000 vehicles west of I-490 to Rochester and 27,000 to 30,000 vehicles south of Rochester. East of Rochester, 55,000 vehicles passed I-490 and 32,000 to 33,000 vehicles continued as far as Syracuse.

Up to 35,000 vehicles and 22,000 to 27,000 vehicles pass through Syracuse as far as Utica. Between Utica and Amsterdam, 21,000 vehicles and 28,000 vehicles drove north of I-88 at Schenectady. This increases to 42,000 vehicles after the interchange with I-88 and 75,000 vehicles west of I-87 for Albany. The section through Albany has 105,000 to 118,000 vehicles, plummeting to 21,000 vehicles south of Albany. The easternmost section between the Berkshire Connector and the Taconic State Parkway has 25,000 vehicles, dropping to 22,000 on the Massachusetts border.


Virtually the entirety of I-90 is a toll road, the New York State Thruway.

In 2018-2020, the New York State Thruway has transitioned to fully electronic toll collection. As of November 13, 2020, the Thruway has completely switched to electronic toll collection.

Interstate 90 in New York

Best time to visit Ardennes, Belgium

Best time to visit Ardennes, Belgium

Best time to visit the Ardennes

Do you want to know when is the best time to travel to the Ardennes? You can determine the best time to travel to a destination based on the weather and climate. In addition, there are other factors that are not directly related to the weather and that can influence the best travel periods for a travel destination. Think, for example, of holidays or festive periods, which makes traveling more interesting or not, because daily life comes to a standstill as a result. For the Dutch and Belgians, the Ardennes is a popular holiday destination for those who want to be active or enjoy nature. This low mountain range is mainly located in Belgium and partly extends over the northeast of France and the northern part of Luxembourg. In the Ardennes you will find all kinds of landscapes such as dense forests, vast meadows and beautiful peatlands. The many attractive villages and charming towns make the Ardennes a fascinating holiday destination. A fairly large part of the tourists comes because of the many outdoor activities that can be done. Think of hiking, cycling, canoeing, survival trips and cross-country skiing.

Best months for the Ardennes

According to shoppingpicks, it is almost impossible to indicate a best travel time for the Ardennes. If you ask us when you have the best chance of good weather in the Ardennes, it is from June to August . These are the warmest months of the year, in which you have a reasonable chance of beautiful days with pleasant temperatures.

A destination for the whole year

For those who are not afraid of the cold, rain or getting dirty during outdoor activities, the Ardennes can be visited all year round. Every season has its own charm. In winter you can enjoy winter landscapes and in the higher places you can regularly participate in various forms of winter sports. In the spring you can see nature come to life. Summer offers the most pleasant weather for a holiday in the Ardennes. Finally, there is autumn. This is perhaps the most beautiful season in terms of landscapes. In the course of autumn you can see nature transform into a magical world full of reds, browns, yellows and greens thanks to the autumn colours. The best week in that regard varies a bit from year to year. It usually falls somewhere between October 10 and 25.

The Ardennes during the school holidays

The Ardennes are a great holiday destination for every school holiday. During the Christmas holidays you can enjoy yourself by a crackling fire or in a jacuzzi (if available), while it is bleak and cool outside. If you are lucky, there is enough snow for winter sports, such as skiing or cross-country skiing. The same applies to spring break. Especially if it falls early (in February), there is a reasonable chance that you can enjoy winter sports in the higher places in the Ardennes.

The May holiday is the period when nature blossoms. You see the Ardennes getting greener every day. The weather conditions for outdoor activities are getting better and better. If you’re lucky, you’ll get radiant spring weather with higher temperatures. Cooler and gray days with rain are also possible.

The summer holidays are the best travel period for the Ardennes. With afternoon temperatures that average between 18 and 22 degrees, it is often pleasant. The chance of dry and sunny weather is greater than the chance of gray rainy days. When it rains in the summer, it usually involves summer showers. They can be spicy and accompanied by thunder. Pay close attention to the weather forecast when you go out into nature. Thunderstorms and lightning can pose a risk when you are outdoors.

The autumn holidays mainly mean enjoying autumn colors and scents. This school holiday falls in the most beautiful part of the autumn. The weather can go either way. There is absolutely no long-term expectation for this.

Ardennes, Belgium 2

Arrival to Berlin, Germany

Arrival to Berlin, Germany

By plane

According to ETAIZHOU.INFO, Berlin’s only airport is Berlin Brandenburg Airport BER on the south-eastern outskirts of the city. Berlin Tegel TXL Airport in north-west Berlin ceased operations in 2020.

From BER airport to the city center

When you arrive at BER Airport, you have several options for getting into the city.

There are three terminals at BER . Terminals 1 and 2 were newly created when the airport was completed, Terminal 5 dates from the time of the former Berlin-Schoenefeld Airport, which is still used for passenger handling.

With the S-Bahn and the Airport Express

The train station “Flughafen BER – Terminal 1-2” is located directly below Terminal 1. From here you can take the S-Bahn and the Airport Express (FEX) as well as several regional trains to Berlin.

The Airport-Express FEX takes you to Berlin Central Station in about 30 minutes . On the way there, the FEX passes the Ostkreuz and Gesundbrunnen stations.

The regional trains RE7 and RB14 run hourly between 4:30 a.m. and 11 p.m. directly to the city center and stop at the Ostbahnhof, Alexanderplatz, Friedrichstraße, Hauptbahnhof, Zoologischer Garten and Charlottenburg stops. This is definitely the fastest option towards the middle .

If you are heading towards Potsdam, then we recommend the regional train RB22, which takes you to Potsdam every hour.

The S9 runs every 20 minutes , connecting the airport with the eastern and northern parts of the Berlin Ringbahn. After about 30 minutes you are z. B. at Ostkreuz, where you can change to other S-Bahn trains.

The S45 also runs every 20 minutes and connects the airport with the southern and western parts of the Ringbahn.

Note : The S-Bahn stops at the two stations “Terminal 1-2” and “Terminal 5”, the FEX and the regional trains only stop at “Terminal 1-2”.

By bus and subway

The X7 and X71 buses run right in front of both terminals and will take you to the Rudow underground station (U7) in just a few minutes. The connection can be worthwhile for you if you want to go to Neukölln, Kreuzberg or a place that is right next to a U7 train station.

There is also another express bus, the BER Airportshuttle Bus . Here you pay an additional surcharge for the express bus in addition to your normal public transport ticket.

Buy a ticket

In Terminal 1 of the airport you will find ticket machines on levels E0 and U2 . In Terminal 5, a ticket machine can be found in section L.

However, if several planes have just arrived at once, you might have to queue there in a long line. Also, don’t forget to stamp your ticket before departure . You will find the machines for this on the respective platform.

For all the options presented here, you need a single ticket for the ABC fare zone (EUR 3.80).

If you are taking the bus, you can easily buy your ticket from the bus driver.

By train

Traveling by Deutsche Bahn is often worthwhile. Most of the time you arrive at the Berlin Central Station and can change there to the S-Bahn. Many trains also stop either at Südkreuz and Gesundbrunnen or at Ostbahnhof.

Click here to find a cheap train ticket to Berlin .

By car

Parking spaces in Berlin are either scarce or very expensive. You also need good nerves for city traffic.

If you come by car, you should find out beforehand where you can park or whether your hotel offers parking spaces.

Frequently asked questions about Berlin

When is the best time to travel to Berlin?

Berlin is always possible! There is also no real off-season anymore, where maybe there is less going on. You can have a great time in Berlin at any time of the year and there is always a lot going on.

In spring, Berliners are drawn to the cafés and restaurants.

In the summer, all of Berlin is outside. Open-air cinemas are opening up everywhere, the parks are getting fuller, and there is always something going on at the markets.

In autumn, the operas, theaters and stages return from the summer break, and there are many exhibitions and events. It will also be colourful, e.g. B. at the Festival of Lights.

In December it gets Christmassy at over 60 different Christmas markets. In the cooler winter months you can go shopping or relax in wellness oases.

How many days do you have to plan for Berlin?

A weekend in Berlin is always a good start to get to know the start. As is so often the case, when you have more time, you can explore a city in a more relaxed manner and immerse yourself even more in city life.

It is best to plan a long weekend and maybe even stay until the beginning of the week, then the return journey is usually cheaper and you have more time to explore Berlin.

Is it safe in Berlin?

Berlin is generally a very safe city. Of course, there are always media-related incidents.

However, you should consider the following when traveling to Berlin:

As in any city, you should watch your valuables and maybe not walk alone through any unlit parks in Berlin in the middle of the night.

Alexanderplatz and especially the square around the TV tower is not that cozy late at night and there are a lot of questionable characters hanging around. There is a police station here, but it might be better to walk around it.

Television tower

Treatment Programs in SPA Hotels in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Treatment Programs in SPA Hotels in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic


It is known that with age and with a number of diseases, the supply of tissues with oxygen decreases. The elixir of life – oxygen – the body cannot store for future use – it is continuously consumed during breathing.

Oxygen plays a very important role in all metabolic processes and only in case of its sufficient presence in the body can the process of combustion and energy production from nutrients function reliably. Since the body constantly needs oxygen to stay healthy and active, its deficiency can lead to severe disorders of many organs. The clearest signs of lack of oxygen include symptoms such as fatigue, lethargy, trouble concentrating, and sleep disturbances. Multi-stage oxygen therapy is based on data obtained by Prof. Manfred von Arden, who showed that

The course of treatment has three components:

  • The body prepares to take in oxygen by taking vitamins, minerals and trace elements.
  • The air mixture saturated with oxygen is inhaled through disposable hygienic masks. In addition, part of the oxygen is activated using an ionizer
  • Additional physical exercises and active rest activities improve the uptake of oxygen by the tissues. At the beginning of the spa treatment, you will be examined by a spa doctor, laboratory tests, ECG will be performed, and the optimal form of therapy will be determined.

Oxygen therapy and vitamins are taken daily. Classical, underwater and reflex massages support tissue blood supply and improve metabolism. Hydrotherapy, carbonic and pearl baths cause expansion of peripheral vessels and have a positive effect on microcirculation.

Thanks to classes in the fitness center and an additional lesson in swimming, oxygen saturation of the tissues improves. The exact number and types of procedures are prescribed by a spa doctor, depending on the general health of the patient.

Medical indications:
– Ischemic heart disease;
– Atherosclerosis;
– Condition after myocardial infarction;
– Improvement of oxygen supply in diseases of the lungs and bronchi;
– Fatigue;
– High pressure;
– Disorders of blood circulation and blood supply;
– Signs of aging;
– Weakening of memory;
– visual disturbances;
– Decreased immunity;
– Pain syndrome in diseases of the musculoskeletal system.


According to AVIATIONOPEDIA.COM, the Mayr spa treatment, named after the Austrian physician and researcher Dr. Franz Xaver Mayr (1875-1965), is a therapy that can successfully treat almost all chronic diseases or diseases associated with general wear and tear of the body and diseases of civilization. “Dvořák” is the only spa hotel in Karlovy Vary that offers F.K. Mairu under the supervision of specially trained spa doctors.

Mayr’s treatment is aimed at activating the metabolism, namely, at improving the functions of digestion in the large intestine. At the same time, there is an improvement in breathing and circulatory functions, which has a positive effect on all organs as a whole and on each individual cell of the body. A person becomes healthier, his body and spirit become healthier. Mayr’s course of treatment differs from other programs in the active participation of the patient in the treatment process, since the most effective part of the therapy is dietary restriction. The degree of success that can be achieved with treatment depends on the patient’s reasonable and disciplined approach to dietary restriction.

Mayr’s treatment is a natural way to recover and maintain the health of the body as a whole. Thanks to the cleansing and restoration of the body, it will be possible to remove a huge amount of harmful, foreign substances from the body and thereby achieve continuous improvement of the entire metabolic system. Compliance with an individually prescribed diet is the basis of the course of treatment. Weight loss is not the goal of this treatment, but it is a very pleasant side effect.

Mayr’s therapy is effective primarily for the following health disorders:
– Disorders related directly to the digestive tract (chronic constipation, diarrhea, gastric or duodenal ulcer, gastritis, diseases of the biliary tract, liver damage, inflammation of the small and large intestine (colitis), chronic diseases of the pancreas)
– Respiratory disorders: repeated infectious diseases of the respiratory tract (chronic runny nose, tonsillitis, inflammation of the larynx, bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, emphysema)
– Initial manifestations of coronary heart disease, vegetative dystonia of hyper- and hypotonic type, as well as the initial stages of heart failure
– Diseases of the musculoskeletal system: inflammatory rheumatic diseases (chronic polyarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis), gout, degenerative rheumatic diseases, all diseases from the general aging of the body in the spine and joints, for example, arthrosis in the knee and hip joints, pain in the lumbar region (lumbar diseases), sciatica, osteochondrosis of the cervical spine and its consequences
– Headaches, all forms of migraine
– Metabolic disorders such as diabetes, elevated levels of uric acid, elevated levels of lipids and cholesterol in the blood)
– Obesity and its consequences, especially in combination with the so-called risk factors (high blood pressure, high levels of sugar, lipids and cholesterol, uric acid)

In addition to the above, the Mayr method provides everyone with the opportunity to receive a course of real preventive therapy. The use of diagnostics according to Mayr makes it possible to establish the most insignificant deviations from true health.

Treatment instructions:

  • Duration of treatment In order to carry out a thorough reorientation of the metabolism with a permanent improvement in health as a consequence, it is necessary that the course of treatment last 3-4 weeks. With a shorter duration of the course, it is impossible, despite its general usefulness, to achieve similar successes.
  • Diet The basis of therapy is either to completely refuse food intake for a certain time, or to follow a very strict and moderate, easily digestible diet (usually the Mayr milk diet). Voluntary refusal to eat for a certain time is the best way to achieve purification of the body and spirit, it promises maximum success.

Instructions for behavior after the end of the course of treatment:
It would be ideal if the Mayr treatment led to a real change in your lifestyle. Returning to old habits, which resulted in various diseases, also means a return to health disorders and problems that forced you to undergo treatment.

During the first weeks after the end of treatment, you are set on the path to future health. Stable success takes place only if, thanks to a reasonable lifestyle, you manage to maintain the acquired sharpness of the senses – especially in the field of taste sensations – acquired during the recovery, as well as the feeling of satiety, which so unexpectedly woke up in you only during the treatment.

If circumstances permit, keep the two meals a day regimen (a good breakfast and after 5 hours a sufficient but simple lunch). Weak herbal tea, slightly sweetened with honey, or rather unsweetened, in the evening in small sips or spoonfuls, will help you resist the temptation to eat dinner. If it happens that dinner cannot be avoided, let it be as modest as possible. It is necessary that you “chew” your dinner and feel it. Choose food so that the proportion of components subject to fermentation is minimal. Avoid eating raw and sweet foods in the evening.

The vast majority of you can be recommended Dr. Mayr’s variable diet: for one day, in the morning and in the afternoon, eat moderate normal food. For good grinding of soft food, you can “bite” (“chew”) white bread in a small amount. And for the future, do not forget to drink enough mineral water with a low carbon dioxide content. However, it is better not to drink water with food, the best option is 1-2 hours after a meal or a quarter of an hour before a meal. Take bitter salt according to the doctor’s instructions that you received during the final examination.

Nicotine, caffeine and alcohol are not accepted by any of the living organisms, despite our desire. The decisive role is played, of course, by the individual volume that the body is able to process. The doctor’s prohibitions in this direction are justified, and they must be observed, no matter how difficult it may be. The next product, which in our time has become almost a narcotic poison for many people in terms of concentration and quantities consumed, is sugar. Sugar in large quantities may not be good for anyone, but older people should use it especially sparingly.

Raw food of any kind is highly nutritious on the one hand, but difficult to digest on the other hand. But by no means can it be abandoned completely. Fruit should be eaten in the morning, before breakfast. Vegetable salad – as an appetizer for dinner. It is not recommended to eat different varieties of fruits or assorted salads at the same time. It is much more useful to eat only one variety of fruits or vegetables at one time, which, by the way, is much better absorbed by the body.

The effect of drugs immediately after the course of treatment is significantly enhanced. If you have to take any medication immediately after treatment, be sure to let your doctor know that your body is in a hypersensitivity stage. Children are not accepted for treatment.

SPA Hotels in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

Senegal Market Opportunities

Senegal Market Opportunities

The coronavirus crisis has significantly changed the economic situation in the country. GDP growth has slowed down after several years: from an average of 6.4% between 2015-2019, it fell to -0.4% in 2020. The restrictive measures resulting from the declaration of a state of emergency affected the drivers of the Senegalese economy: services (tourism and transport) and export.

The informal sector and the inflow of remittances were also severely affected. In 2020, the inflation rate, public debt and current account balance increased.

The main challenge for Senegal’s development will be to mitigate the socio-economic impacts of the current pandemic while promoting sustainable and inclusive long-term growth.

In April 2020, the government approved the Economic and Social Resilience Program in the fight against covid-19, financed from an international fund with EUR billion (approx. 7% of Senegal’s GDP). The plan was created mainly for the benefit of small and medium-sized enterprises (the backbone of the private sector employing 89% of the working population), with the aim of supporting spending in the health sector, the most vulnerable part of the population, suppliers of services and goods to the state, transport, hotel and agriculture sectors.

Modified post-pandemic priority action plan (PAP 2A) projects for XOF 12,125 billion (CZK 479 billion) from October 2020 are aimed at stimulating national and international investments and endogenous development, driven by the drive for dynamism and self-sufficiency of the food, health and pharmaceutical industries sector.

Due to the negative impact of the pandemic measures on young people, their applicability on the labor market is an acute challenge for the government, and a five-year LPSD plan with a provisional budget of XOF 112 billion (CZK billion) is being prepared in this direction.

Post-covid-19 opportunities for foreign exporters

The priorities of the 2nd stage of the Government Development Plan for 2019-2023 (PSE) include, among others, the development of the transport network, healthcare, modernization of agriculture, digitization, electrification, construction of 100,000 apartments, waste treatment and development of services. In the revised PAP 2A plan, development focuses on three strategic poles: 1) structural transformation of the economy and growth, 2) human capital, social protection and sustainable development, and 3) good governance, institutions and security.

The development of industry is identified in the government’s development plan as an important prerequisite for sustainable economic growth, job creation and provision of the basic needs of the population. Czech products, technologies and solutions have a very good reputation in Senegal, and mutual cooperation is developing not only in the field of infrastructure.

Transport industry and infrastructure

Between 2019-2023, the Senegalese government needs to ensure the financing and construction of many infrastructure projects and transport services that are necessary for the overall development of the territory.

These include, among other things, the reconstruction and construction of 1,520 km of new railway lines (the reconstruction of the Dakar–Tambacounda–Bamako line and the construction of other regional lines), the construction and reconstruction of roads and highways (Mbour–Fatick–Kaolack and Dakar–Thiès–Lompoul–Saint- Louis) and building bridges.

The renewal of the fleet of buses and minibuses for city and intercity transport (approx. 3 thousand units) is also expected in these five years. In the new PAP 2A program, the amount of investments in transport and infrastructure is estimated at XOF 1,068 billion (CZK 42 billion).

Energy industry

In the development strategy of the Senegalese government, the improvement of the energy situation is identified as one of the prerequisites for the development of the country and includes two major projects: an integrated plan for the recovery of energy and a plan for national coverage of energy until 2025.

According to allcountrylist, their goal is to strengthen production capacities, connect to the electricity grid, restore and expand transmission and distribution networks and rural electrification (300 villages). The amended PAP 2A envisages future financing in the energy sector in the amount of XOF 1,699 billion (CZK 67 billion).

At the beginning of 2021, the foundation stone of the future largest gas power plant with a capacity of 300 MW was laid. In Senegal, there is interest in projects strengthening production capacities and expanding transmission and distribution networks. The challenge is to increase the share of renewable resources (today approx. 20% of the total capacity).

Healthcare and pharmaceutical industry

The Senegalese government has formulated a National Program to improve the technical equipment of hospitals and other medical facilities. New hospitals and clinics are planned to be built, including teaching hospitals in Saint-Louis and Diamniadio.

The most significant is the “Dakar Medical City” project, which aims to build a high-quality medical center for the entire West African region, including the modernization of the Dakar Main Hospital to a world standard (400 beds) and the construction of laboratories for the production of yellow fever vaccines.

The PAP 2A plan envisages investments in the amount of XOF 1,023 billion (CZK 40 billion) and emphasis is also placed on maternal care and neonatology. In addition to medical equipment and devices, there is also interest in medicines and medical supplies in Senegal. The government has recently declared its interest in producing basic medicines and test kits in Senegal (also in cooperation with the Institut Pasteur in Dakar).

Agricultural and food industry

The Senegalese government supports the development of larger farms and family farming in order to achieve self-sufficiency in basic foodstuffs. There is also emphasis on peanut production and processing, rice cultivation, horticulture, dairying and aquaculture.

The volume of investments in agriculture based on the post-covid PAP 2A is estimated at XOF 1,195 billion (CZK 47 billion). In addition to the production of cereals, fruits and vegetables, it is equally important to ensure their processing. The challenge is to build a cold chain.



  • Contacts to Czech embassies in the territory
  • Practical telephone numbers (emergency services, police, firefighters, information lines, etc.)
  • Important Internet links and contacts

Contacts at the embassies of the Czech Republic in the territory

Embassy of the Czech Republic in Senegal / Ambassade de la République tchèque au Sénégal

37, rue Jacques Bugnicourt
BP 6474 Dakar – Plateau

Tel.: +221 338 214 576
Fax: +221 338 214 578
E-mail: [email protected]

Working hours: Mon-Fri 9am-5pm

Note: The Embassy shares premises with the Embassy of the Netherlands

PaulTrade, CzechInvest, CzechTourism and Czech Centers are currently not represented in Senegal.

Practical telephone numbers (emergency services, police, firemen, information lines, etc.)

Emergency services (operating only in larger cities):
· Police: 17
· Firefighters: 18
· Police in Dakar: + 221 33 823 71 49 / 33 823 25 29
· Gendarmerie: +221 33 800 20 20
· Information in Dakar: 12 / 16

Medical emergency:
· SAMU: 1515 (extraordinary surgical and obstetric events)
· SOS Médecins: +221 33 889 15 15

Important web links and contacts

Important information sources:
· (National Office of Statistics and Demography)
· (Official website of the Government of Senegal)
· (Official website of the Office of the President)
· www.finances.gouv. sn/ (Ministry of Finance)
· (Chamber of Commerce)
· (Department of Planning and Economic Analysis of the Ministry of Economy and Finance, offers regular monthly reports on the economic situation in the country)
· – sites for investing in Senegal (APIX agency)
· (a selection of francophone press)
· (Central Bank of West African States)
· (a practical guide for doing business in Senegal, necessary free registration)
· (public procurement)
· (Press agency)

Further information on EU public procurement for Senegal can be obtained on the pages of development projects supported by the EU and announced by the European Commission or directly on the page of the European Commission dedicated to cooperation with Senegal.

Senegal Market Opportunities

Azerbaijan Market Opportunities

Azerbaijan Market Opportunities

The year 2020 also led to a drop in GDP in Azerbaijan as a result of the covid-19 pandemic and a drop in oil prices on world markets. For the further development of the country, it will be essential if it is able to take advantage of the great successes it achieved at the end of 2020 – the victory over Armenia in the 2nd Karabakh War and the full operation of the Southern Gas Corridor.

The restoration of Baku’s control over most of the occupied territories will enable their development in the coming years, in which foreign investors will also participate, while the possible restoration of transport and infrastructure connections with Armenia would help build Azerbaijan’s position as a transport hub.

A sword of Damocles hangs over the cautiously optimistic economic outlook in the form of volatile oil prices; the oil sector continues to account for around 90% of exports and the majority of state budget revenues.

The aim of the medium-term economic strategy for the period following the last crisis, reflected in the government’s Action Plan of April 4, 2020, is to stimulate domestic production and consumption. Even in connection with the restoration of the previously occupied territories, hopes are pinned on the development of the agrarian sector, the construction industry and building the position of a transport-logistics hub, where, however, efforts to build a North-South corridor are still running into US anti-Iranian sanctions and another from Baku through Armenia to Nakhchivan the absence of a peace treaty.

Privatization of some state enterprises can be expected. In the early stages of the crisis, Azerbaijan relied on reserves from fatter years accumulated in the State Oil Fund, which are getting thinner along with Central Bank reserves as a result of maintaining the exchange rate of the national currency against the dollar. It has been fixed since 2016, when the manat lost half of its original value after a double-jump devaluation.

In their upcoming steps, the Azerbaijani government and the Central Bank must weigh, on the one hand, the social effect of a possible unpopular devaluation of the manat, and on the other hand, the consequences of accepting obligations associated with foreign loans.

In connection with the crisis, when the collapse of some banking houses in 2020 deepened concerns about the stability of the banking sector, the government embarked on the path of subsidizing bank loans and extending the validity of the state guarantee of bank deposits.

Post- COVID -19 opportunities for foreign exporters

Transport industry and infrastructure

According to allcountrylist, Azerbaijan considers the tripartite agreements concluded with Armenia and Russia following the 2nd Karabakh War from autumn 2020 as the basis for building railway and road corridors connecting the core of its territory by the shortest route with the Nakhchivan exclave and further with Yerevan and Turkish and Iranian territory.

After the successful construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway corridor, which was connected with the largest Czech investment project in the country to date, Azerbaijan would also benefit from the construction of of the North-South corridor.

Czech companies can also apply for the planned expansion of the national railway network and the Baku metro. The development of infrastructure, including the renewal of the road network, the solution to the complex traffic situation in large cities and the modernization of airports, is also linked to opportunities for Czech entities. The Czech Republic can offer buses, trucks and specialized construction machinery, as well as technological solutions that can be used in the development of “smart cities”.

Energy industry

Azerbaijan is a key supplier of oil and natural gas to a number of countries in Europe and the Mediterranean; local oil covers, among other things, a full quarter of Czech consumption. The domestic production of electricity is based mainly on natural gas, in the field of renewable sources, investors from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have recently made their mark here.

The production of the state oil and gas company SOCAR includes, in addition to energy raw materials, a concentrated chemical industry in the city of Sumgait, including the production of polymers and production for the needs of the health sector. Regarding direct supplies to SOCAR, strong competition from global petrochemical companies must be taken into account; opportunities for Czech companies are offered in the area of ​​overhauls of existing equipment, which are several times cheaper than new products.

The expansion and modernization of the electrical transmission system includes the construction of new high and very high voltage lines, transformer stations and power plants. It is also planned to increase the electricity production capacity associated with the liberalization of the domestic electricity market, which should allow the involvement of independent producers for the first time in the history of Azerbaijan.

In the near future, Azerbaijan will also be forced to address the issue of reliable security of electricity and gas supplies in large areas where it regained its control in the fall of 2020 after years of occupation, and to remote mountainous areas. Another area where Czech business entities could find application are technologies for increasing the efficiency of energy use in industrial operations, public buildings and households.

The priorities of socio-economic development until 2030 announced by the President of Azerbaijan include, in addition to the diversification of the economy dependent on oil and gas production with their volatile prices and demand, as well as greater use of renewable energy sources, where the country will be able to rely on extensive reclaimed territories. Revolutionary changes in the field of electricity production in Azerbaijan bring a number of opportunities for Czech companies that have experience in the construction and operation of hydro, wind and solar power plants.

Construction industry

The construction industry is quite a proven “lifeline” of the Azerbaijani economy after the oil crises. The government is also betting on them in connection with the restoration of recaptured territories, which are to be repopulated by a large population of internally displaced persons after demining.

Modern residential complexes for the rapidly growing population of the Baku agglomeration are being built on brownfields, including places where environmentally unfriendly oil extraction took its toll. All of this also means an opportunity for companies dealing with land remediation, landscape design and stabilization building modifications.

Safety (e.g. fire protection) and construction technologies, 3D building models and other innovative technical solutions developed by the Czech research sphere may be of interest to Azerbaijani construction companies and developers.

Agricultural and food industry

In its plans for economic diversification, the Azerbaijani government considers the agrarian sector to be one of the most promising. The main agricultural crops are cotton, tobacco and tea, but the traditional areas of specialization also include animal husbandry, viticulture and horticulture, and the cultivation of vegetables and subtropical fruits is also very developed.

The interest is in joint production enterprises, agricultural machinery, technologies for processing agricultural production as well as equipment for processing animal waste into granular fertilizer, or in the construction of small biogas stations; supplies of small breweries and related equipment also have potential.

Development plans for the Baku Agropark complex, which is one of the most modern agricultural enterprises in the region and exports its production to other post-Soviet and European countries, include the expansion of the greenhouse area, which provides an opportunity to apply new technologies and innovative technical solutions from the Czech Republic. The interest of Azerbaijani farmers in technology also stems from the specifics of the mountain terrain.

The uncertainty resulting from the threat of restrictive measures by the state authorities of the Russian Federation, which is the main outlet for the export of Azerbaijani agricultural products, motivates local exporters and importers to look for new partners, among which Czech companies may also be.

The drought of recent years has highlighted the interest of the Azerbaijani government in investments in water management, which creates opportunities for Czech solutions in the field of irrigation and pond farming, as well as cleaning water and contaminated soils.

Embassy of the Czech Republic in Baku
e-mail: [email protected]

Azerbaijan Market Opportunities

Iraq Market Opportunities

Iraq Market Opportunities

MFA: Strategic opportunities for foreign exporters

The covid-19 pandemic and the collapse of oil prices in 2020 resulted in significantly reduced revenues to the state budget (over 90% of revenues are oil exports, the private sector is minimally represented and underdeveloped) and there was an unprecedented lack of liquidity as spending remained high at maintained amount of costs for civil servants’ wages and pensions.

The government has been dealing with the lack of liquidity by borrowing from the Central Bank of India (CBI) dollar reserves to pay nearly US$5 billion a month in the wage bill to the approximately million civil servants. In October 2020, the government approved a comprehensive “white paper” of policy and of economic reforms, which sets the plan for their distribution in the next 3 to 5 years. The document was initiated by the World Bank, and the government adapted it according to Iraqi priorities. If they are implemented, there could be a turnaround for the Iraqi economy.

After weeks of complicated negotiations, the Iraqi parliament only approved the 2021 state budget of $89 billion with a budget deficit of $19.79 billion on March 31. It is calculated on an average oil price of USD 45 per barrel. The KRI’s share of the budget will be billion USD and is conditional on the monthly supply of 250,000 barrels of oil to the federal organization SOMO, which ensures exports. The KRI must also prioritize the payment of salaries to its public sector workers and members of the armed Kurdish militia (peshmerga). Approving the budget opens up the opportunity for the government to apply for loans on international financial markets.

Until June 2020, there was no stable government in Iraq. The current government has a transitional mandate until the elections, which should be held in October 2021. The budget for 2020 has not been approved. The government’s preventive measures against the spread of the covid-19 pandemic by restricting movement, etc., were continuously applied. The Central Bank of Iraq (CBI) took several steps, e.g. an amount of IQD 45 billion (USD 35 million) was allocated to a special account and made available to the Iraqi Ministry healthcare and crisis staff in the fight against the pandemic.

The CBI, in cooperation with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, administered a subsidy that the government allocated to poor families in a total amount of approximately IQD 300 billion (US$20 million), or announced a 6-month moratorium on borrowers’ loan repayments. The CBI also ordered all banks to reduce interest on loans from 4.8% to 3.5% (loans up to 20 million IQD) and from 6.3% to 4% (loans from 21 million to 1 billion IQD).

Post-COVID-19 opportunities

The largest export commodity is Škoda passenger cars (47% in 2020) and interest in them continues to grow.

Energy industry

In the field of energy, these are mainly refineries and power plants. It involves the construction of new investment units or the expansion of the capacity of existing investment units. In the case of refineries, the rehabilitation of refineries and the construction of a new refinery in Basra, which should have the same capacity or larger than the existing refinery in Shuaiba (US$ 500 million), are being considered, and the restoration of the refinery in Al Faw is in the preparatory phase. Furthermore, expansion of the capacity of smaller refineries in the cities of Amara, Samawa, Nasirije is being considered (in each case, the expansion of capacity represents the amount of USD 100 million).

According to allcountrylist, capacity expansion at small refineries in the Iraqi Kurdistan region is under consideration for the NOKAN GROUP ($100m) and KIRKUK ($100m) refineries. In the case of power plants, negotiations are underway for the construction of a steam-gas cycle for the Khormala power plant (USD 300 million). There are plans to build new gas-fired power plants (the country has the 12th largest gas reserves in the world).

The construction of hydroelectric power plants is also current. The Ministry of Electricity wants to continue the investment project to build seven solar power plants, suspended as a result of the war with ISIS and the poor security situation in recent years. New power plants are to be built by 2030 in the provinces of Karbala, Wasit, Babylon and Al-Muthanna with a total installed capacity of 10 GW.

Defense industry

In the defense industry, there is a constant demand for various types of ammunition and combat equipment, including tanks, guns, combat vehicles. The opportunity to expand in this sector has been strengthened by promising purchases from the Iraqi side in recent years. The Iraqi Ministry of Defense and Industry is also currently being consulted on the possibility of exporting an investment unit – a munitions factory – and one munitions factory for Baghdad ($350m) and another for Erbil ($350m) is being considered.

Construction industry

The war-ravaged country requires the restoration of buildings and structures, whether housing stock or industrial buildings. Opportunities are in the supply of machinery and equipment for the operations of cement or limestone plants, techniques for handling building materials, solutions for the transport of bulk materials or the export of mining machinery. For example, the investment project “Akashat” for the mining and processing of phosphates in 7 factories in Al-Anbar province is current. These factories fall under the Iraqi state enterprise the General Company for Phosphates. The “Akashat” project is important for Iraq in terms of fertilizer production and further development of Iraqi agriculture. “Contract award” for Finesta Group was issued by the Ministry of Industry and Mineral Resources of Iraq in 2020.

Agricultural and food industry

Although agriculture accounts for roughly 2% of GDP, it employs 18% of people. From the point of view of the Iraqi government, this is a preferred sector in which it will invest, and in cooperation with the organizations FAO and WFP, the goal is to significantly improve services for agricultural primary production and build the capacities of the food industry. The means of production are technically obsolete or damaged by wartime. It will be necessary to introduce modern technological procedures, which cannot do without supplies from developed countries, in order to significantly increase the quality of final products and competitiveness in exports, in which Iraq has great potential.

The Ministry of Industry and Minerals announced in March 2021 the start of investments in sugar mills in Maysan and Nineveh provinces to restore and modernize production lines. The medium-term plan includes the restoration and expansion of a total of 7 sugar mills.

Between 1970 and 1990, Zetor tractors were assembled in the city of Iskandariya, south of Baghdad. It was the largest Zetor factory abroad, over 80,000 of them were created here. In 2011, Zetor returned to the Iraqi market and delivered 70 new tractors. The interest of the Iraqi government representatives is, as in the past, to import tractor kits (SKD) so that the final assembly of the tractors can take place directly in Iraq.

Iraq Market Opportunities

What to See in Budva (Montenegro)

What to See in Budva (Montenegro)

Most of the historical monuments are concentrated in the old city Budva. Situated on a peninsula jutting out into the sea, it is a corner of typical Venetian and Mediterranean architecture. Despite the devastating effects of the 1979 earthquake, by 1987 the old city had been completely restored. The old city is surrounded by high fortified walls erected in the 15th century before the Turkish invasion. The walls are fortified with several towers, and the citadel is located in the center. The citadel is now a museum, and next to it are three ancient churches. The Church of St. Ivan was built in the 7th century, subsequent reconstructions continued until the 17th century. The bell tower of the church is the architectural dominant of the city. The Church of the Virgin Mary was built in 840, this is the only building that has survived from the monastery that once existed here. Holy Trinity Church was built in 1804,

The vast majority of believers in Budva are Orthodox Christians. In the city and its environs there are many Orthodox churches, monasteries Podostrog, Rezhevichi, Stanevichi, Gradisti. The Catholic community in Budva was formed before the Orthodox one, and Catholic churches still exist in the city, including the famous St. Ivan Church. According to ACRONYMMONSTER.COM, music festival in the Old Town in summer- “Song of Mediterana” (at the end of June). The best Serbian, Montenegrin and European performers of classical music come here. In the ancient citadel, the festival “Grad-Theatre” is held annually (from mid-July to the end of August). Musical programs are held in the Church of the Virgin Mary, which has a unique acoustics. The so-called “Poets’ Square” is arranged on the main square: a stone table and a chair are set up on the square, from where the participants speak. Those who wish can listen to works performed by the authors themselves.

On the coast around Budva, 21 km long, there are 17 beaches. The most famous among them are the Slavic beach and Mogren, covered with small pebbles, and the sandy beach Jaz, located 4 km from Budva. Not far from Budva is the island of St. Nicholas, which the locals call “Hawaii”. You can go there by boat.

Opposite Budva in the bay there are small resorts: Becici, Milocer and the island-hotel Sveti Stefan. Becici, a small resort town, is located 4 km from the center of Budva and 1.5 km from the town of Rafailovici. This resort is known for its golden pebble beach 2 km long, which received the “Grand Prix” in 1936 in Paris, as the best in Europe. This beach is a landing site for paragliders starting from the Brajici massif, 760 m above Budva.

Milocer and Saint Stephen – these are perhaps the most luxurious resorts in Montenegro. The royal family of Karađorđević once rested on the Royal Beach in Miločer. Milocer was also a summer holiday destination for King Nikola and his family. The beaches of Milocer have fine, pleasant sand. There is also a very beautiful botanical garden in which plants are grown, brought mainly from Asia, Africa and America. Sveti Stefan is an island connected to the coast by a narrow spit of small red pebbles. It was built in the 15th century by merchants and fishermen, and only in the 1960s was it turned into a hotel town. All the old buildings have been preserved here, which, combined with modern technologies, makes it attractive for lovers of comfortable romance. The advantages of the island were appreciated by many celebrities, including Sophia Loren, Claudia Schiffer and Sylvester Stallone. Locals are proud of such facts, but the prices here are appropriate.

The small resort town of Petrovac on the sea is located 17 km from Budva in a picturesque bay. On a rock that juts out into the sea and forms a natural bay, the Venetian fortress Castello of the 16th century has been preserved. Archaeologists have discovered Roman mosaics of the 3rd-4th century BC in the vicinity of the city. 4 km east of Petrovac is the old Hradiste monastery with late medieval frescoes (first mentioned in the 14th century). Opposite the city there are two small islands – the island of St. Nedelya and Katic. On the island of Holy Week there is a small church, which was built by a fisherman who escaped here after a shipwreck. These places attract diving enthusiasts. Famous beaches: Lucice, St. Nedelya and Buljarica.

Budva (Montenegro)

Transport in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Transport in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Transport in Madeira is developed at a high level. Funchal and Porto Santo have international airports and seaports. Public transport in Funchal are buses and taxis. The bus ticket can be bought either directly on the bus or in advance at the main bus station. Funchal is divided into transport zones. Tourists can purchase a pass for two trips in zones 1, 2 and 3 and a week pass for all zones. Regular buses and minibuses run between settlements. Their route is serpentine, not through tunnels, so it’s much longer. But this has its own advantage – you can admire the scenery of the island.

According to USVSUKENGLISH.COM, taxis can be easily recognized by their yellow color. Every taxi driver has an official price list for fixed routes, approved by the local government and the Regional Taxi Drivers Association, which hangs on the back of the driver’s or passenger’s seat. Taxis can be caught right on the street or found at a special parking lot. For luggage weighing more than 30 kg, the taxi driver may charge an additional fee. Outside Funchal, taxi fares are based on mileage.

The cost of renting a car for one day ranges from 30 to 200 euros. Upon receipt of the car, the client either leaves his credit card number or a deposit. To rent, you need an international driver’s license and a “green card” – an international certificate of civil liability insurance, which can be purchased at the offices of insurance companies in Russia. The driver must be at least 22 years old and have at least a year of driving experience.

Plant and Animal World in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Madeira is covered with lush vegetation. Relic forests that covered Europe in the pre-glacial period have been preserved on its territory. Currently, these forests are under the protection of UNESCO. Along the coast there are banana plantations, thickets of mangoes, pineapples, passion fruit, avocados. There are more than 2 thousand species of flowers on the archipelago, among which the most common are orchids and bougainvillea.

Of the animals on the islands, there is a hare, in coastal waters – sea lions. The rest of the fauna is represented by birds.

Banks in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Most banks are open on weekdays from 8:30 to 15:00, some also work on Saturday from 9:00 to 13:00. Exchange offices are open from 9:00 to 13:00 and from 14:00 to 17:00.

Money in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Until 2002, Madeira’s currency was the Portuguese escudo, from January 2002 the country switched to the euro. There are 100 cents in one euro. There are euro banknotes in circulation in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros and coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents. Until the end of 2012, the National Bank will exchange national banknotes for euros free of charge.

In Portugal, American Express, MasterCard and Visa credit cards are widely accepted, Cirrus and Plus credit cards are not accepted.

Rate: 1 Euro (EUR) = 1.05 USD

Political State in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Since 1976 Madeira has been an autonomous region of Portugal. It has its own Government and its own Parliament, quite independent from Portugal. The Madeira Regional Parliament is an elected body that legislates in Madeira in relation to the budget, and its duties are stipulated in the Constitution. The Madeiran Government, however, cannot override the decisions of the Central Government in Lisbon and cannot violate the political integrity of Portugal. 5 members elected by popular vote represent Madeira in Lisbon.

Despite the autonomous status of Madeira, most of the laws enacted by the Central Government and the Portuguese Parliament fully apply to Madeira.

Population in Madeira Islands, Portugal

The population of Madeira is 350 thousand people, of which about a third live in Funchal. Most of the inhabitants of the island are Portuguese, a small part is represented by immigrants from the British Commonwealth.

The national language of Madeira is Portuguese. English is taught in schools and is widely used in everyday life.

Transport in Madeira Islands, Portugal

Sortavala, Russia

Sortavala, Russia

Of the architectural sights of the southern part, the buildings of the former seminary (1880), the Hospital (1898) and the former hospital of the society of sisters of mercy (1907) stand out. The Regional Museum and Tourist Center of the Northern Ladoga Region is also located here. The center is located in the house of doctor Winter, built in 1900 in the style of national romanticism, which is now an architectural monument. The museum was founded in 1992 and became the first museum in the Northern Ladoga region. His collections began to form on the basis of items from the funds of the Valaam Museum-Reserve. Nowadays, ethnographic, artistic and historical collections are presented here. Museum objects date from the 13th century to the present day. Be sure to head to Vakkosalmi City Park, where one of the best singing fields is located.

3 km from Sortavala in Taruniemi is Dr. Winter’s dacha, which today houses an elite hotel.

To the south of Sortavala, on the island of Riekkalansari, the wooden church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker has been preserved. It was built between the 18th and 19th centuries and was the only Orthodox church in the vicinity of the city.

To the north of Sortavala, just a few kilometers from the city, near the village of Helyulya, one of the most interesting archaeological sites of the Northern Ladoga region is located – the Karelian fortified settlement of Paaso. Paaso Fortress was built in the 12th century on the 83 m high Paasonvuori mountain to protect against attacks by the Swedes. In the 13th century, for unknown reasons, the settlement was wiped off the face of the Earth. On the site of the settlement, archaeologists have found objects of agriculture, pottery and jewelry crafts that are about a thousand years old.

According to THEINTERNETFAQS.COM, 17 km north of Sortavala on the river Tokhmajoki are picturesque Ruskeala waterfalls. They are small rapids with a height difference of about 2 m. The highest waterfall is the Ryumäkoski waterfall, 7 m high. In the vicinity of the waterfalls, there is a small lake and many boulders brought by the glacier. The Tohmajoki River together with the Janisjoki River are one of the main tourist attractions of the Sortavala region. They originate in Finland and flow into Ladoga. There are many rapids and low waterfalls on these rivers, which attract rafting enthusiasts here. Ruskeala village is located not far from Ruskeala waterfalls. It is first mentioned in Swedish documents under 1500. The village has long been known for its marble deposits. Even the Swedes in the 17th century were mining it here. Ruskeala marble was used in the decoration of the Kazan and St. Isaac’s Cathedrals in St. Petersburg. Currently, along the left bank of the Tokhmajoki River, three open pit mines have been formed in place of old workings. The quarries are cut by a system of mines, galleries and drifts and are partially flooded with water. In 2005, “Ruskeala Mountain Park” was founded on this site.. The central place in the park is occupied by the Marble Canyon, surrounded by sheer marble cliffs. Along its perimeter there is a hiking trail with viewing platforms from where you can admire the emerald water of the canyon. In addition, boats are offered here in order to swim around the quarry. Marble Canyon will be interesting for diving enthusiasts. Underwater visibility here is about 10 m, the depth of immersion ranges from 5 to 15 m. At the bottom of the quarry, you can see blocks of marble, trucks and wheels and explore numerous adits. On the territory of the park there are several monuments of industrial architecture – this is an old office building made of marble in the style of classicism, and lime kilns. There is an active quarry in the park, where you can get acquainted with the process of marble extraction.

If you go even further north to the Russian-Finnish border, then you will get to the international checkpoint “Vyartsilya”. Through it passes the road to the Scandinavian countries, which is called the “Blue Road”.

20 km east of Sortavala in the direction of Petrozavodsk, the village of Kiryavalahti is interesting, which is located on the shores of the bay of the same name on Lake Ladoga. Here is an architectural monument – the dacha of the pharmacist Jaskeläinen. It was built in 1935 by a Finnish architect at the foot of a cliff. From the rear, the cottage is surrounded by dense coniferous forests, and its facade overlooks the bay. The interior of the house is very beautiful. The walls here are made of black logs, the ceiling is decorated with matt beams, there is an old fireplace, and a monumental staircase leads to the second floor. Today, Jaskeläinen’s dacha is used as a hotel. Behind it, a little to the north, on the shore of Lake Haukkajärvi, Mount Petsivaara rises . This is the highest point of the Northern Ladoga region (187 m). Hiking trails are laid on the mountain, and a beautiful view opens from its top.

Sortavala region is known for its unique nature. This is the land of small bays, islands, cliffs, waterfalls, lakes and forests. The rocky islands of the region, one of which are the islands of the Valaam archipelago, are called Ladoga skerries. This is a unique natural area formed by the action of a glacier. Now projects are being developed to create a national park “Ladoga Skerries”. Many species of fish live in the waters of Lake Ladoga, the most valuable of which are salmon – salmon, trout, grayling, pike perch and whitefish, which attracts fishing enthusiasts.

To the south of the Sortavala region is the Lakhdenpokh region which is also famous for nature. However, local skerries and coastal cliffs are better known among lovers of wild and extreme tourism, official tourist routes do not pass through the area.

Sortavala, Russia

Catania, Island of Sicily (Italy)

Catania, Island of Sicily (Italy)

Picturesque and noisy Catania is a city of a volcano. Dark, closed Etna, like a recalcitrant deity, looks at the revival that reigns in the city streets and serves as an eloquent symbol of the inherent quality of the inhabitants of Catania: their hard work. It was this quality that allowed the people to be repeatedly reborn from the ashes, like a newly appeared phoenix bird, without caring about earthquakes or wars. Therefore, the symbol of their city is so suitable for the inhabitants of Catania – an elephant, a strong and kind animal, and their patron saint – Agatha, a virgin and martyr, who was able to stop even the fury of Etna with the supernatural power of her veil.

According to ESHAOXING.INFO, Catania is a dark city built of black volcanic stone, and at the same time unusually sunny and bright, because the sun shines here 2528 hours a year: more than anywhere else in Italy. This is an ancient city that arose in the pre-Greek era, which, however, is sometimes almost indifferent to its history. So, the Greek theater looks almost forgotten at the end of a small street.

The city of Catania was founded in 729 BC. e.. Its name meant “hill”, and indeed, an acropolis was built on the hill where today the large Benedicite monastery is located. Over the years, temples, a hippodrome, a gymnasium, a mint and an odeon arose around the latter.

The history of the city was also determined by the whims of Etna, which brings life, but at the same time – death and destruction. So, in 1169, as a result of a strong earthquake, 15,000 people died, in 1669 lava reached the port and rushed into the sea, leaving behind only despair, in 1693 the entire city was swept off the face of the earth by an earthquake. Under the rubble, 16,000 people died. However, this last event had not only tragic consequences. The end of the 17th century was marked by the ardor of rapid restoration, the wonderful fruits of which still today are the pride of the city.


The Fountain of the Elephant, located in the center of the Piazza Duomo, is the work of Giovan Battista Vaccarini. It consists of a figure of an elephant made of volcanic stone from the ancient Roman era and an Egyptian granite stele with hieroglyphic inscriptions relating to the cult of the goddess Isis.

The cathedral, built at the turn of the 17th century, is the main architectural monument. Its Gothic façade, dating back to the early 20th century, was designed by Giovan Battista Basile. The interior of the cathedral consists of three naves and is decorated with frescoes by Giuseppe Schuti and Pietro Paolo Vasta.

The Cathedral of St. Agatha, built in 1078-1093 on the site of the Achilles Baths, retained three apses and a high transept from the era of construction.

In the castle of Ursino, built in 1239-1250. at the behest of Frederick II of Sweve, it currently houses the City Museum. This castle, once surrounded by the sea, was the residence of the Aragonese kings in the 16th century. In the 16th century, it was rebuilt in the Renaissance style, and at the time of the volcanic eruption in 1669, it was surrounded by lava, and therefore today it is on land.

The Roman theater had a diameter of about 87 m and could accommodate more than 7,000 spectators. It was built on the hillside where the Greek acropolis was located, and it is possible that it was originally built by the Greeks. The orchestra with a diameter of 29 meters with a floor is flooded by the waters of the Amenano River. Under today’s amphitheater there are traces of other spectator seats, but they all belong to the period of the Roman Empire.

The Odeon, recently opened to the public, was intended for choir rehearsals and competitions, and could accommodate 1,300 spectators. The space between the spectator seats and the outer wall was divided into 17 rooms, of which 16 have survived today. up to the modern Penninello street. The amphitheater could accommodate 16,000 spectators and had a height of 31 m.

The Bellini Theater, built by architects A. Skala and C. Sada in the classical style in the 2nd half of the 19th century, is dedicated to the great composer born in Catania. The interior of the theater is striking in its magnificence.

Catania, Island of Sicily (Italy)

Coral Castle, Miami

Coral Castle, Miami

Coral Castle (Miami, USA) – history, excursions, expositions. Exact address, telephone, cost of entrance tickets. Local legends and ghosts.

Coral Castle (sometimes called Rock Gate) was the embodiment of an eccentric idea of ​​an American of Latvian origin, Edward Leedskalnin. This complex is not so much a castle as a cluster of numerous megaliths, each of which weighs several tons. The castle is now privately owned and serves as a vibrant and quirky tourist attraction in Miami-Dade County.

The history of Coral Castle is directly related to the history of love, and the “castle” is surrounded by numerous legends. Few of the tourists are not touched by the reasons why Leedskalnin manually and single-handedly dragged here and hewn all these giant stones. And, most importantly, no one can understand how he did it. Until now, the version is in progress that the matter could not have done without the use of reverse magnetism and / or supernatural abilities.

In 1984, Coral Castle was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. See topschoolsoflaw for brief history of Kentucky.

The total weight of stone walls, furniture, decorative elements and the tower reaches 1000 tons. The stones are bonded without the use of mortar and are held together only by their own weight.

Legend has it that Lidskalnin’s 16-year-old fiancee left him in Latvia on the eve of the wedding. The rejected groom left for America, being almost in the terminal stage of tuberculosis. Here he suddenly recovered and later claimed that magnets had such an effect on him.

For more than 28 years, Edward has been building his Coral Castle, forbidding anyone to look at how he works. In his own words, the only tool he used was a “perpetual motion holder”. The castle, called “Rock Gate Park” by Leedskalnin, was completed in 1923 in Florida City (these places were completely wild at that time). In 1936, Leedskalnin decided to move to a new location and take the castle with him. It took another three years: it was necessary to drag all the stones over a distance of 16 km, to where they can be seen now.

The name “Coral Castle” is due to the fact that all the megaliths on the territory of the complex are processed blocks of limestone. And limestone is formed from coral.

After the move, Leedskalnin continued to work on the castle until his death in 1951. For viewing his creation, he charged visitors a fee of 10 cents and, when the visitors rang the bell twice, descended from the living quarters on the second floor of the castle tower and gave a tour. True, he never told a single living soul how he managed to build all this. The only explanation that could be heard from Leedskalnin during the tour: “It’s not difficult if you know how.” Periodically, he also hinted that he was well versed in working with weight and leverage and generally comprehended the secrets of the pyramids.

Today, on the territory of the castle, you can see stone walls, furniture, decorative elements and a tower, the total weight of which reaches 1000 tons. The stones are bonded without the use of mortar and are held together only by their own weight. The work is so precious that not a single gap can be found at the joints. Even after decades and after Hurricane Andrew (category five, by the way), the boulders have not moved an inch.

Among all the buildings on the territory of the castle, a two-story tower, in which the creator lived, stands out. Its walls are made of pieces of stone 2.5 m high. Also noteworthy are an accurate sundial, an obelisk, a barbecue place, a well, a fountain and numerous chairs, tables, a bed and even a throne. With a few exceptions, all these objects are made of monolithic blocks weighing an average of 14 tons each.

Edward said that he created the castle, inspired by his “cute sixteen”. This, in turn, inspired Billy Idol to write the hit song Sweet Sixteen.

Of particular surprise was the main gate of the castle weighing more than eight tons and 2.4 m high. They are carved so carefully that there is no gap of even 0.5 cm between the doors and the wall. In addition, the gate is so well balanced that even a child can open it by pressing a finger. The secret of the gate was preserved until 1986, when they stopped rotating. It took six people and a crane to remove the gate from its hinges. Only after this was done, the secret of the gate was revealed: Leedskalnin somehow drilled a through hole in them, into which he inserted a metal pin with a bearing.

Practical Information

Адрес: FL 33033, South Dixie Highway Miami, 28655.

The castle is located at the intersection of the South Dixie Highway (US 1) and 157th South West Avenue, north of Homestead.

Opening hours: Sunday to Thursday from 8:00 to 18:00. Friday and Saturday until 20:00.

Admission: 18 USD for adults, 8 USD for children aged 7-12.

Coral Castle, Miami

Upper East Side, New York

Upper East Side, New York

The Upper East Side is a block in Manhattan, between Central Park and the East River, bounded by Fifty-ninth and Ninety-sixth streets. The Upper East Site is considered one of the most prestigious and expensive residential areas in New York, it is especially popular with people who value a healthy environment and convenience. It is famous for its good infrastructure for families with children, thanks to its proximity to Central Park, Riverside Park, first-class schools and many activities for children.

Between Third Avenue and the East River, the upper-middle-class liberal intelligentsia mostly reside. Elite cafes and cultural centers are located in this area. See itypetravel for geostatistics of Maine.

In addition, the Upper East Side is known as the developed intellectual center of Manhattan: there are such famous museums as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Guggenheim Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Natural History, and the Children’s Museum. The area is popular with families with children.

At the end of the 19th century, wealthy aristocrats, including the famous families of Astor and Tiffany, built up the Upper East Side with magnificent marble cottages. It has since earned the nickname “Silk Stocking District”. Today, one of the most elite neighborhoods on the Upper East Side is Carnegie Hill, bounded by 86th and 98th streets, Fifth and Lexington Avenues, shaped like an irregular triangle.

Yorkville once also belonged to the Upper East Side, and then received the status of an independent area. It is bounded by 72nd and 96th Streets, Central Park and the East River, bordered by Carnegie Hill to the north and Lenox Hill to the south. At the beginning of the 19th century the countryside and mansions of wealthy New York families were located here, but with the construction of a railway station in the 1830s, the situation changed dramatically. By the beginning of the 20th century, Yorkville had become a very multi-ethnic area: Irish, Italians, Germans, Austrians, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks and Jews lived here. In the central part of the quarter there were many German shops, restaurants and bakeries.

The dismantling of the railway in 1955 led to the demolition of many mansions. At the same time, Yorkville’s ethnic diversity began to fade. Today, one of the area’s notable landmarks is the park, named after Interior Minister Carl Schurz, where the residence of the Mayor of New York is located. Kips Bay also once belonged to the Upper East Side. In fact, this was the East River Bay, part of it was drained, and a whole block was laid out on this territory, which got its name from the Dutch farmer Jacobus Hendrikson Kip, whose house was built first in this territory. Today it is one of the most densely populated and wealthy neighborhoods in Manhattan with a population density of about 35,900 people per square meter. km, which is almost 3.5 times the average population density of New York. The average income of its inhabitants is almost 1,

The Upper East Side is known as the intellectual center of Manhattan: there are such famous museums as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Guggenheim Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Museum of Natural History, and the Children’s Museum.

Murray Hill

Murray Hill is located between 34th and 40th streets, Madison Avenue and the East River, north of the Kips Bay area. Murray Hill was named after the Irish merchant Robert Murray, in the middle of the 18th century. who smashed the farm and the Inclenberg mansion on what was then the outskirts of New York. His house was built on a hill at the intersection of the current Park Avenue and 36th Street, and the literal translation of the name sounds exactly like “Murray Hill”.

Since the late 1990s, the quarter has been actively populated by yuppies; the offices of large corporations are also located here. Due to its proximity to the UN Headquarters, Murray Hill is home to many consulates and embassies.

Turtle Bay

Turtle Bay is bounded by 43rd and 53rd streets, Lexington Avenue and the East River. Its name (“turtle bay”) came either from the turtles that once lived in the bay, or from the Dutch word deutal, a curved blade – the bay served as a reliable shelter from bad weather.

With the adoption of the master plan for Manhattan, the area changed beyond recognition, which at that time was subjected to harsh criticism: one of the fierce opponents of the development of the area was the writer Edgar Allan Poe. However, by the first half of the 20th century, only a small rock remained from the bay at the end of 45th Street, and today it is gone.

In the last third of the 19th century commercial activity flourished in Turtle Bay, with slaughterhouses and breweries, gas works and quarries. Elevated railroad lines were laid along 2nd and 3rd Avenues, which negatively affected the attractiveness of the area for living. Only in the 20s. In the 10th century, the beautification of the quarter began. After that, many celebrities lived in Turtle Bay at different times, and in 1997, in honor of Katharine Hepburn, who lived here for more than 60 years, a local park was named.

Over time, the railway was demolished, high-rise buildings appeared in the area. On the territory of the former slaughterhouses in 1948, the UN Headquarters was built. Due to its proximity to it, diplomatic missions of many countries are located in the quarter.

Irving Place is the center of the area and is full of bars and restaurants. It is here that one of the oldest drinking establishments in the city is located, Pete’s Tavern, where O. Henry wrote the novel “Gifts of the Magi” in 1905.

Upper East Side, New York

Tanzania Economy

Tanzania Economy

According to topschoolsintheusa, Tanzania is a Federal state of East Africa, consisting of a continental section, Tanganyika, and an island section, Zanzibar, which also administratively includes the other island of Pemba. It borders to the North with Uganda and Kenya, to the South with Mozambique, to the SW with Zambia and Malawi, to the West with Congo, to the NW with Rwanda and Burundi ; includes large parts of Lakes Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi; it overlooks the Indian Ocean to the East, where Pemba (to the N) and Zanzibar are located, and further to the South, the island of Mafia, with other smaller ones. The continental section has absolute prevalence (99.7% of the surface and 97% of the state population).

Economic conditions

Already subject to the typical colonial economy, after independence Tanzania assumed a peculiar direction, known as African socialism which, rejecting Marxism, rather sought to unify the population of the country, made up of about 120 different ethnic groups, into a single system national. From the economic point of view, the new model sought to eliminate all forms of capitalism, preventing the concentration of wealth with the spread of cooperation at all levels and taking as a basis the forms of production and solidarity that were typical of pre-colonial African society. However, the socialist-collectivist economic model did not give good results, also because the financial difficulties did not allow to equip the ujamaa(productive nuclei constituted through the aggregation of the population in agricultural communities) of the necessary infrastructures. The world recession in the late 1970s and the effects of a disastrous drought marked the end of the experience and the gradual restoration of a market economy. An improvement in the economic situation took place in the last decade of the 20th century, after the launch (1995) of a macroeconomic stabilization program which helped to encourage the resumption of foreign investment in the rapidly expanding mining sector. In 2009, the growth rate of gross domestic product was 4.5% (7.1% in 2008 and 2007). But the state budget continues to depend to a large extent from international aid and the social situation is particularly critical: the aggregate index of human development calculated by the United Nations in 2005 (life expectancy at birth: 51 years; illiteracy: 31%; per capita income: 744 dollars) Tanzania ranks 157th in the world rankings of 177 countries. ● Agriculture employs about 80% of the active population and contributes 26.6% (2009) to the formation of the gross domestic product. Only 6% of the land area is arable; the best soils are destined for export crops: coffee (52,000 t in 2007), cotton (fiber 109,000 t, seeds 210,000 t) and sisal (27,800 t). Subsistence agriculture produces corn, cassava, rice, sorghum, millet and is exposed to the risk of recurrent drought, with consequent local famines. Breeding (18 million cattle and about the same number of goats and sheep) is practiced largely by nomadic shepherds or within the family production system: large and modernly equipped farms are still few. ● Mineral resources include the extraction of gold (second largest producer in Africa after South Africa and twelfth world producer), diamonds and other precious stones, coal. The industrial activities, almost all concentrated in the Dar es Salaam area, concern basic necessities or transform local raw materials: sugar refineries, textile and tobacco processing plants, breweries, cement factories, fruit canning plants and for the distillation of clove oil. A hydrocarbon refinery is located at the starting point of the oil pipeline connecting Dar es Salaam with Zambia. ● Land communications include approximately 78,000 km of roads (2008) and 4,000 km of railways (2006), of which nearly 1,000 form the new section of the penetration line from Tanzania in Zambia, opened in 1975 to allow access to the sea this country. Dar es Salaam is the main port and has an international airport. Foreign trade is chronically passive: the main partners of Tanzania are the states of the European Union, especially the United Kingdom; on the other hand, trade with other African countries is very scarce. Tourism (692,000 entries in 2007) is constantly expanding, attracted by the national parks and beaches of Zanzibar.

Tanzania Economy

Budapest Travel Guide

Budapest Travel Guide

Independent travel in Europe is especially interesting in the circle of a friendly company, because you can always get an unusual idea where to go next, and what is worth seeing along the way. And, if you feel at home during cozy gatherings in the noisy Hungarian capital, it is worth exploring new places and cities: see the wonderful architectural forms of the Gödelle Palace, immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the Middle Ages during an hour-long sightseeing cruise or unravel the ancient secrets of Eger Castle.

To Budapest by plane, train or bus?

According to, tourists adore Budapest not only because of its special culture and rich historical sights, but also because of its prime location. The real, lively and colorful capital of Hungary has an advantageous location, and thanks to well-established transport connections, an abundance of options are available where you can go from Budapest by train, private car or bus “for exploration” to neighboring cities.

Is every minute of vacation precious? – Then you can fly to Budapest by plane: flights are frequent, and prices are affordable. Hungary has a favorable schedule and local bus connections, so it is easy to find a new direction where to go from Budapest for 1-2 days.

Having a car (personal or rented) will increase the range of areas where you can go from Budapest on your own by several times, planning your travel schedule individually.

Where to stay in Budapest?

We suggest staying in the Pest area, because all popular hiking trails are intertwined here – the Parliament, Heroes’ Square and Vajdahunyad Castle are within walking distance.

Settling in the Hungarian capital is also beneficial in the area of ​​Batthyani Square. After walking enough at the foot of the hill, after visiting the outstanding “girls with umbrellas” from Budapest for one day, you can go to Aquincum or Szentendre. Nearby there is a train station, from which you can conveniently get to any desired point in the country.

If you want to relax in Budapest before your upcoming sightseeing tour, we recommend stopping by the Gellert Mountain area and Margaret Island. Comfortable spa hotels with thermal waters and healing procedures are spread throughout the territory.

Where to go and what to see in Budapest

In Budapest, where it is pleasant to relax, strolling slowly through the old streets and cruising from one attraction to another, there are amazing places that are not always included in the excursion list, but you can see on your own. Let’s open the curtain of this mystery:

  1. the philosophical garden on Mount Gellert (notable for its steel statues representing religions);
  2. ParaPark (quest entertainment for adventure lovers);
  3. Sugar (sweet shop, where you will be offered unique sugar figurines);
  4. Secret club Keret (spend a cozy evening visiting locals).

Cafes and restaurants in Budapest

Budapest is a calm and homely warm place where to go to Europe for the New Year. Indeed, in establishments and restaurants it is just as comfortable and tasty, and the variety of mouth-watering offers is not inferior to colorful French or Belgian cuisine.

We recommend visiting a cafe with cats where you can have a tasty snack and recharge with positive emotions, try 40 types of chocolate in the Gourmet Samosh house. But you can dine “on a grand scale” in a restaurant with a Michelin star (focus on 20-40 € for a main course). There are establishments with national cuisine, focused on budget tourists.

Where to go from Budapest for 1 day

For travelers who decide to explore the surroundings of Budapest on their own, we offer a small checklist that will help you organize your trips properly. In addition to energetic Budapest, you can go to Hungary to more secluded places – to the legendary island, to the homeland of the king or to colorful villages. It is important to choose the right destinations where to go from Budapest in order to have time to see all the beauties of the country – from the grandeur of St. Martin’s Cathedral to the natural magic of Lake Balaton.


Hungary warmly welcomes guests, and is always ready to offer good places where to go “from modern times to the Middle Ages.”

Szentendre is an incredible museum city, because wherever you turn you can find out a lot of interesting facts about the Hungarians. Take a look at the marzipan museum, and then ceramics, spend a couple of hours at the wine museum and be sure to buy beautiful works of local artists as a keepsake.

Aggtelek National Park

Near Budapest, where we advise you to go, it is spread over 200 sq. km. National park, which is included in the UNESCO heritage list. Slowly strolling through the park, you can see the unique flora and fauna, and a trip to the Baradla cave will be an exciting adventure.


Just 30 km from Budapest, we suggest going on an excursion to the Gödelle Palace, the residence of the Austrian monarchs. You can get here by bus or by car from Budapest in just 20-30 minutes. The beautiful building is wrapped in graceful gardens and parks, so it will be interesting to spend a day here, slowly peering into every detail of the building.


We recommend that you go not far from Budapest to a resort with the purest thermal waters. It is noteworthy that the water temperature here is always equal to 24-25°C. Swimming in the mineral waters of Lake Heviz and mud baths will be a pleasant bonus of traveling around Hungary.


Szekesfehervar is the first capital of Hungary, the site of dozens of coronations, and today a suburb of Budapest, where it is better to go for the weekend. Each building, temple or cathedral here is reminiscent of the state significance of the city – the “power” on Voroshkhaz Square, Bori Castle and the Cathedral of St. Istvan.


The island in the middle of Lake Balaton attracts romantics and nature lovers.

On a small area (12 km), the Tihany Abbey rises majestically, where the kings of Hungary are buried. Excursions here are paid, the cheapest way is to visit the island with a group for 60 €. And if you want an individual romantic walk around the abbey, prepare 275 €.


It is worth taking the bus to Pécs, the cultural capital of Europe. The most notable place here is the squares: Széchenyi, where you can see the column of the Holy Trinity, Belvaros Church, Kossuth, where you can climb the Town Hall or see the Synagogue, Domskaya with the main decoration – the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul.

Pannonhalma Abbey

From Budapest you can go on an excursion to the oldest European abbey, which is the second largest in the world. It includes an ancient monastery and a basilica. Not only the square is surprising here, but also the combination of different styles of architecture that reminds of past centuries, the presence of a rich library.


It is worth going for 2 days from Budapest to the capital of neighboring Slovakia. In such a short time, you can explore the main square, spend time in a cozy cafe on Franciscan Square, and then look into the Slovak Folk Theater. Be sure to take a walk to the castle over the Danube and go back to the 14th century through the Michal Gate.


The good transport connection of Budapest with other capitals beckons to leave for a day in Vienna. Even for a weekend spent in the homeland of Mozart, it is doomed to bring real pleasure from walking along the old streets.

Take a bike and set off towards the beautiful temples, amazing sculptures and memorable parks of the Austrian capital.

Budapest Travel Guide