Austin, Texas

Austin, Texas

According to, Austin is the capital city of the state of Texas (United States). In addition to its functions as the seat of state government, Austin is a commercial, manufacturing, educational, and convention center. Among its production, high-tech items such as electrical equipment, semiconductors and computer equipment stand out. It is the headquarters of the University of Texas at Austin (1883). It is known for being the capital of live music as well.


In 1730 Franciscan missionaries established three temporary missions in the area, then occupied by indigenous people from the Comanche, Tonkawa and Lipan groups. In 1838 a permanent community settled here, which was given the name of Waterloo.

From 1838-1850

In 1839 the Waterloo community was incorporated into the Republic of Texas, being designated its capital and renamed in honor of Stephen F. Austin, considered the father of Texas. Most Texans longed to separate from Mexican territory and aspired to union with the United States for commercial reasons. In 1842, in the time of Antonio López de Santa Anna, an incident occurred that forced the capital to be moved to Houston, but the citizens of Austin forced the return of the capital in 1844 when the annexation of Texas was already a fact. Then Texas joined the Union in 1845 and Austin became the state capital in 1850.

After the Civil War, Austin’s economic development was boosted with the arrival of the railroad in 1871. During the 20th century, Austin benefited from the use of hydroelectric power and irrigation from the Colorado River. Beginning in the 1920s and 1930s, Austin launched a series of civic development and beautification projects that created much of the city’s infrastructure and parks.

Economic development

After the Civil War, Austin’s economic development was boosted with the arrival of the railroad in 1871. During the 20th century Austin has benefited from the use of hydroelectric power and irrigation from the Colorado River. Many companies engaged in the production of high-tech items were established in its metropolitan area in the 1970s.


Its official name is Austin-Bergstrom International Airport. It was opened on October 14,1930. It is located 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Austin’s financial center.

Austin International Airport serves a good part of the state of Texas (United States). It has a large number of domestic flights and some international ones, mainly to Mexico. Around 9.5 million passengers circulated it during 2012.


Austin is located at coordinates 30 ° 18 ° 26 ° N 97 ° 45 22 W. According to the United States Census Bureau.


According to Abbreviationfinder, Austin has a total area of ​​790.11 km², of which 771.54 km² correspond to the mainland and (2.35%) 18.56 km² is water.

Social development


In the 2010 Census it had a population of 790,390 residents and a population density of 1,000.36 people per km².

Ethnic composition

Austin was composed of 68.29% white, 8.15% were African American, 0.87% were Amerindian, 6.31% were Asian, 0.07% were Pacific Islanders, 12.93% were of other races and 3.38% belonged to two or more races. Of the total population, 35.14% were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.


The Austin Independent School District operates public schools. In parts of the city, the Del Valle, Pflugerville, Round Rock, Leander, Manor, Lake Travis, Eanes, and Hays school districts operate public schools. Austin Community College operates community colleges. Austin Public Library operates public libraries.


The Formula 1 United States Grand Prix is ​​scheduled to take place in Austin from 2012 to at least 2021.

Austin, Texas

Places of interest

  • The Bob Bullock Texas State History Museum – Recreate the myths, legends and reality of Texas in interactive exhibits, artifacts never before shown publicly. It has an IMAX theater and the multisensory Texas Spirit Theater.
  • Ann W. Richards Congress Avenue Bridge Bat Colony and South Congress Avenue – From April to late September, Austin is home to the largest urban bat colony in the United States: 1 million bats migrate from downtown Mexico to the north, to his favorite place in the city, the lower part of the Ann Richards Congress Avenue Bridge. The show begins at dusk, when these creatures take flight in search of their nocturnal meal.
  • Circuit of the Americas – COTA is the newest foundation for high performance motorsport. The track is the only facility in the country built especially for Formula 1TM racing and is the circuit for the United States Grand Prix between 2012 and 2021.
  • Harry Ransom Center University of Texas – The Ransom Center, one of the world’s most comprehensive cultural archives, contains 36 million literary manuscripts, 1 million rare copies, 5 million photographs, and more than 100,000 works of art. Notable highlights include Gutenberg’s Bible (circa 1450) and the world’s first photograph (circa 1826).
  • Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center – This native plant center is dedicated to educating people about environmental need, economic values ​​and natural beauty – the only establishment of its kind in the country.
  • Sixth Street and the Warehouse District – It is one of the most popular destinations in the city, with nightclubs, live music venues and bars. A few steps west, two blocks from the Fourth and Fifth Streets component Warehouse District, where warehouses were transformed into restaurants, clubs, and bars.
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