Even the most experienced cyclist are not free from minor contingencies during the pedal. A fall, a raspberry out of time or until a quick distraction can cause bicycle crashes.
In an accident, we can suffer just a scratch or we can suffer worse. We know that in an accident, the speed, type and quality of aid provided makes all the difference in how this occurrence will affect the involved. Our aim then is to provide some basics of first aid, which can be used both in an accident in a wilderness location, a track, for example, where help can be difficult to reach, as in the city.
The bike is a vehicle depends on the driver to stay stable, “defying gravity” all the time, so to speak. So, the fact is that just be pedaling on the street to be subject to more different types of accidents, serious or not, and these can be from a fall film, fun and harmless, worthy of a video on YouTube, until an accident involving a motor vehicle, or even a snake bite on any trail.
Both the simplest and the situation more complex, the important thing is to always stay calm to make the best judgment possible of the situation. In city areas, for example, the best thing to do in the event of an accident is to seal off the area, seeking to keep the victim’s immobility and call for help as soon as possible.
The most common accidents usually occur on the extremities, followed by injuries to the head, face, abdomen or chest and neck. But the most common are the bruises, the famous “worried” that can be shallow or deep – and in this case may require even surgical interventions in order to prevent further traumatic scars. The sprains, fractures and dislocations are also quite common. One of the most vulnerable bones to the rider’s collarbone, being closely followed by the arms, along with his fingers.
Head injuries occur in up to 50% of cases of accidents, accounting for 60% of deaths. That is, that do not use helmet cyclists are 14 times more likely to suffer a fatal accident than those who use protective gear, especially if you practice sports cycling (mountain bike derivatives, and/or road)
Therefore, in the case of accidents, the best attitude is still prevention. And the Act of preventing begins even before so we can go biking. When it comes to recreational biking, mostly trails or paths little frequented, the ideal is pedaling in at least three cyclists, because in the event of an accident, one takes care of the victim and the other goes in search of help. The ideal is also only ride within your abilities, respecting their physical and technical limits.
Even before leaving for pedaling, ideally by the inform your itinerary, your family on track, road or village, as well as your likely return time and their companions. Another tip is the display your blood type on your helmet. If you do not know, enjoy and practice a good deed: simply donate blood and get the test to know the type. Browse path in advance your meet, especially in the case of trail. The rider must find out the technical level of the course, the approximate duration of the pedal by, the time of sunset (believe me: I’ve seen several colleagues staying “in trouble” for failing to prepare for the absence of light), as well as whether the place has cell phone signal and rescue possibilities in the vicinity.
Please also always hand the numbers of emergency and relief services. In all Brazilian cities with more than 150,000 inhabitants, the federal Government offers the SAMU-the Mobile service of Urgency, that can be triggered by phone at 192, serving more than 900 Brazilian municipalities.
And according to article 135 of the Brazilian Penal Code, we are all required to provide relief to victims of accidents or sudden woes, under penalty of default process. It could get up to one year of detention, and will be increased if the default result in bodily injury, reaching the triple in the event of death. Get out of this law under 16 years, pregnant women from the third month of pregnancy, and over the age of 65 years.
Most of the time, help implies only protect and signal the location of the accident and call for help. Cyclists can take advantage of this law, because, for example, we may engage the services of a road emergency, even if the accident occurred outside the fields of road, if we’re close to the same.
The main cause of pre-hospital death is the lack of service, and the second is the inadequate relief. First aid is the arrangements that we are still at the scene of the accident until the arrival of aid. Appropriate care is more important than speed of service, as this, if not executed properly, can generate ills worse and even subsequent sequels. The ideal is that the victim is in a surgical center within 60 minutes after the accident.And this period is called the “golden hour” (golden hour).
In the event of an accident, basically, we must:
1-Keep calm and do nothing by instinct, thinking before you run. We should also comfort the victim, without moving it. You must work with the maxim that “the whole accident victim has cervical injury until proven otherwise”.
2-Signal and ensure the safety of the crash site to prevent other accidents.
3-then, look for help, never abandoning the victim. Use the phone, stop any vehicle or find a pay phone.
4-If you are in a group, to control the situation and distribute tasks to other people: a signals the location, other comforts the victim, another seeks help.
5-Note the victim’s reactions. If he stand up alone and spontaneously, this is a good sign.
Step-by-step guide to first aid:
1-Verify if the victim is conscious or not
2-flag and isolate the location of the accident
3-Check the vital signs, such as breathing (use the back of the hand to feel), and pulse (put your hand in the neck looking for feeling the pulse)
4-Ask the victim: where it hurts, name, residence, age, and telephone. This information is important, because the State of a victim is inversely proportional to the number of information obtained.
5-carefully Observe the reactions of the victim, trying to keep her out of the Sun and cold.
* There are some occasions where the victim must be removed immediately. Check out:
1-when there is nothing else to do on site
2-When the removal is essential for the victim’s life
3-when the local offer imminent risk to the victim, e.g.; the victim being under a tree about to fall.
What to do until the arrival of aid:
This urgency all depends on the size of the cut. Small cuts with bleeding, we can even improvise fake points with tape. To stop bleeding, the most effective method is to direct compression over the area, even with his victim’s clothing. Another method is to elevate the Member reached, using gravity in favour. If it doesn’t, the solution is to improvise a tourniquet or tourniquet, with a piece of cloth or a rubber tape (which can be a spare camera, for example), taking care to release the blood flow for one minute every fifteen minutes.
The most common fractures among cyclists are the collarbones, arms and fingers. Never try to reduce, i.e. align a fractured limb. Ideally, the Member is immobilized, obeying the deviations caused by the fracture.You can improvise a splint with pieces of wood wrapped in fabric. And the victim should avoid moves.
The most vulnerable point of the skull are the temples, located on the side of the head, between the ear and the eye. Strong in the head trauma resulting from falls can leave the victim unconscious for a few minutes or even several hours and days. If you hit your head, but you are aware, as a hospital, especially after the accident by the present loss of consciousness, mental confusion or memory loss, headache, tunnel vision, hearing loss and vomiting. Any knock on the head should not be neglected. And never let the victim fall asleep shortly after a head trauma. Talk to her looking to keep her conscious until the arrival of aid.
Contrary to popular belief, the blackouts are positive and actually mean loss of consciousness of the body as a form of Defense. This State can last from a few seconds up to 1 full hour! And the reasons may be many, such as: hypoglycemia (low amount of sugar in the blood), sunstroke (most common), extreme tiredness and pain (in the case of accidents), emotional stress, food poisoning or any situation where there is a rapid loss of blood. The victim should be lying down with the head lower than the heart and the legs should be elevated in about 30 cm. turn the victim’s head to the side so that your tongue does not stop the passage of air in the throat. Loosen the clothing, moisten the face and the neck of the victim with a towel and never give liquids to someone unconscious.
In front, trauma is very common terms injury teeth, which can range from breaking a piece until the complete loss of the element (avulsion). The important thing is, whenever possible, find the fragment or the whole tooth, wiping it and acondicionando it in saline, milk, or even in their own saliva. In the case of avulsion, may be done a redeploy, and the success of this will be proportional to the time when the tooth was out of original cavity. If the tooth affected soften, but not completely out of your place of origin, keep it in place with the language, since the victim is conscious. If not, sometimes it is preferable to remove it to avoid swallowing of the same, and can with this terms until a suffocation. With the current techniques of oral rehabilitation, the loss of a tooth is easily bypassed. The fragments can also be “glued” to the tooth hit later.As soon as possible, seek a dentist to evaluate and contain the damage.
The most common injuries in the eyes are usually caused by vegetation, insects and stones that are thrown by the cyclist to go ahead. There’s not much to do in the Woods, except wash the eyes with clean water. As soon as possible, find an eye doctor, to evaluate and contain the damage.
First aid kit
Have to hand a first aid kit can make all the difference in the first aid kit. See, it’s important to note that this kit lends itself only to first service, until a more effective and complete relief may be provided. So, your cell phone most of the time can be more valuable than the kit. You can buy a kit ready at most drugstores, which may very well meet this demand. Just for information, a basic kit should contain:
-morning water (eye wash)
ether and alcohol (for cleaning)
-gauze and cotton
-roll of tape
-microporo type tape
-safety pins, scissors and surgical forceps
-dressings of type “band-aid”
-calamine lotion (type “Caladryl”)
-analgesic tablets, antipyretics, against indigestion, dizziness, cramps and stomachaches
More than anything, the key is always pedal equipped with a helmet, gloves and glasses. The helmet reduces by up to 85% of head injuries and approximately 65% trauma to the face and nose, since used correctly. Gloves reduce the surface wounds of the hands, because when we fall usually they are our first foothold. They also help prevent the compression of the nerves. The wearing of safety glasses protect against any rocks thrown by bike to go ahead, vegetation and harmful sunlight.