Pregnancy is a phase of a woman’s life in which she usually present mixed feelings. Despite the happiness and excitement to know that soon to be mom, pregnancy can also make the woman feel miserable. Nausea, fatigue, excessive sleep, heartburn, stomach pain, swollen legs, emotional instability, urge to urinate all the time and appearance of stretch marks are just some of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy inconveniences.
Although these symptoms are expected and inopportune in a way even considered normal in a healthy pregnancy, pregnant women have enough attention and don’t immediately label any inconvenient symptoms as just another of the many annoyances of pregnancy.
Nausea are normal, but excessive sickness, which prevent the expectant mother to feed and hydrate cannot be ignored. Similarly, abdominal pain during pregnancy is very common, but abdominal pain of great intensity, associated with uterine contractions and blood loss through the vagina can be a sign of threat of abortion.
If you are pregnant and don’t know the warning signs, is likely to end up neglecting important symptoms that may arise throughout the pregnancy. Don’t look for the doctor on time might end up harming the health of your baby in your belly.
In this article we will talk about 10 signs and symptoms that usually point to a problem in pregnancy and that should never be ignored by pregnant women.
Problems In Pregnancy # 1-Vaginal Bleeding
Small loss of blood through the vagina, without other associated symptoms, can occur at any time of gestation, without necessarily indicating a problem. Most nosebleeds during pregnancy are small and originate in small lesions of the female genital tract, which do not usually cause any risk to the fetus.
There are, however, some features of vaginal bleeding that talk too much in favour of complications.
It is essential to point out that even a vaginal bleeding without the signs of risk listed above must be reported to your OB. The fact that small bleeds are relatively common doesn’t mean they necessarily are benign. It is always better to be safe than sorry.
Among the most serious problems that can go with vaginal bleeding during the first half of pregnancy include:
Or threat of abortion abortion.
Ectopic pregnancy (read: ECTOPIC PREGNANCY – Symptoms, risk factors and treatment).
Among the most serious problems that can go with vaginal bleeding during the second half pregnancy include:
Threat of premature birth.
Placenta previa (read: PLACENTA PREVIA – causes, symptoms and treatment).
Premature separation of placenta.
We talk in more detail about bleeding in pregnancy in the following article: BLEEDING in EARLY PREGNANCY.
Problems In Pregnancy # 2 – Abdominal Pain
As well as vaginal bleeding, light tummy aches are common and innocent events throughout the pregnancy. However, if any of the signs below is present, the woman should immediately enter into contact with the midwife:
Intense and persistent abdominal pain.
Abdominal pain associated with vomiting.
Abdominal pain with bloody diarrhea.
Abdominal pain with fever.
Abdominal pain with vaginal bleeding.
Abdominal pain caused by uterine contractions.
Abdominal pain with loss of fluid through the vagina.
Abdominal pain associated with pain urinating.
Among the health problems that can cause a relevant abdominal pain during pregnancy include:
Round ligament pain.
Premature separation of placenta.
Urinary tract infection in pregnancy.
Intra-abdominal diseases unrelated to pregnancy, such as appendicitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, infectious gastroenteritis or kidney stone.
If you want to know about the various causes of abdominal pain in pregnancy, browse to the following article:LEADING CAUSES of ABDOMINAL PAIN in PREGNANCY.
Problems In Pregnancy # 3 – Nausea And Vomiting
Have morning sickness in the first weeks of pregnancy is one of the most typical and well known signs of pregnancy. However, there is a limit to what we consider a “normal” sickness of the pregnant.
Most of the pregnant women, the sick are intermittent. It is common to be an alternation between hunger and nausea throughout the day, although uncomfortable, nausea of pregnancy rarely cause any problems to an unborn baby. Most pregnant women can feed during periods of relief from nausea, while maintaining an adequate nutrient intake.
Another sign of gravity are intense and uncontrollable vomiting, that cause the pregnant can’t feed or hydrate properly. If you are pregnant, has frequent vomiting and has lost at least five pounds for these guys, go see a doctor, because we may be faced with the diagnosis of did Gravidarum.
The Zanetti Gravidarum occurs in up to 2% of pregnancies and is characterized by vomiting, incoercíveis, not responsive to treatment, associated with dehydration, hidreletrolíticas changes and weight loss. As the pregnant woman cannot feed or ingest liquids, she ends up needing to be hospitalized for Administration of intravenous fluids.
If you want to know more about the nausea of pregnancy, read: NAUSEA and VOMITING in pregnancy – causes and treatment.
Problems In Pregnancy # 4 – Uterine Contractions Before
During pregnancy there are two types of uterine contraction: the painless and innocent and the painful and that can lead to expulsion of the fetus.
Painless uterine contractions, called Braxton Hicks contractions, usually arise from 2nd trimester of pregnancy and serve as “training” to the uterus at the time of delivery. Braxton Hicks contractions cause more discomfort than pain and are of short duration, with irregular intervals and low frequency.
On the other hand, the painful uterine contractions are those that are associated with the onset of labor. If the woman is already with more than 38 weeks of pregnancy, it is natural that they arise. The problem is when these painful contractions begin to appear before the 37th week of pregnancy, leading to the risk of premature birth.
If you have less than 37 weeks of pregnancy and uterine contractions with presents the following characteristics, please contact your OB-GYN:
Painful uterine contractions.
Frequent and rhythmic uterine contractions, intensifying with the passage of time.
Light vaginal bleeding.
Disruption of water.
Feeling of pressure in the pelvic area.
Problems In Pregnancy # 5 – Vaginal Discharge
Natural hormonal changes of pregnancy may cause pregnant women have a vaginal discharge innocent. In General, this benign discharge is small, clear staining and odorless.
However, some complications of pregnancy or gynecological infections may manifest with vaginal discharge.Look for your obstetrician if spotting come accompanied by any of the following characteristics:
Clearly purulent discharge.
Intense vaginal itching.
Burning or pain in the vagina.
If you want to know more about the different types of vaginal discharge, read: VAGINAL DISCHARGE DURING PREGNANCY.
Problems In Pregnancy # 6-Painful Urination
Painful urination, dysuria, call is one of the most classic symptoms of urinary tract infection, mainly of cystitis, which is a bladder infection.
Cystitis occurs in approximately 1 to 2% of pregnant women. As the risk of bacteria rise toward the kidneys is greater in pregnant women, cystitis of pregnant is considered a more serious than the non-pregnant women cystitis.
Urinary tract infection in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of kidney infection (pyelonephritis) the mother and premature birth, fetal weight and increased perinatal mortality.
In addition to the painful urination, other signs and symptoms of urinary tract infection you should be aware of are:
Any kind of inconvenience in the genital region that arises when urinating (pain, burning, burning, heaviness, twinges, etc.).
Urge to urinate frequently.
Difficulty in handling the urine.
Urge to urinate even with empty bladder.
Blood in the urine.
We speak specifically of urinary tract infection in pregnancy in the following article: URINARY TRACT INFECTION in pregnancy – Symptoms, causes and treatment.
Problems In Pregnancy # 7 – Asymmetric Swelling In The Legs
Everyone knows that pregnant women retain liquids and virtually all pregnant women have some degree of edema in the legs in the third trimester of pregnancy.
However, there are situations in which the emergence of lower limb edema should call the warning sign. The main thing is when a leg gets disproportionately more swollen than the other.
Pregnancy increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and asymmetric edema can be the first sign of a large vein from the leg obstructed by a thrombus (blood clot). Thrombosis of the lower limbs is a dangerous, because it is the main risk factor for pulmonary embolism (read: pulmonary embolism-symptoms, causes and treatment).
In addition to the swelling asymmetric other signs of lower limb DVT are local redness, pain, increased temperature of the affected leg and a swelling “hardened” around the trombosada area.
Explain in more detail the thrombosis of the lower limbs in the following article: deep vein thrombosis-causes, symptoms and treatment.
Problems In Pregnancy # 8 – Reduction Of The Movements Of The Baby
Most babies begin to move into the uterus from the 7th or 8th week of pregnancy. However, at this stage, they are still very small and their movements are imperceptible to the mother.
Baby movements start to be noticeable from the 16th week, even then, they are still low. Women who have experienced other pregnancies have an easier to recognize their fetuses ‘ kicking “, while first-time mums often can only identify the baby’s movements after the 20th week.
From the third quarter, however, the fetal movements become easily identifiable, often visible through the belly of the mother. At this stage, pregnant women can tell easily when your baby is awake and sleep.
An abrupt decrease in fetal movements can be a sign of pregnancy complication. For this reason, some obstetricians recommend that you spend some time in the day counting your baby’s kicks. You can choose 1 time of day when your baby is usually active. Count how many “kicks” the baby in time to give you an idea of how active it used to be.
If you get the feeling your baby more quiet than usual and the number of kicks him in the next 2 or 3 hours is far below the expected, contact your obstetrician. But before you despair, remember that the baby might be sleeping. Ideally, you know what time of day it wont be more agitated.
Problems In Pregnancy # 9 – Fever
Fever is a sign that there’s something obvious wrong, is the pregnant woman or not. Still, it is important to reaffirm the need to contact your obstetrician if the pregnant start to present temperatures above 37.5° C for more than 24 hours. If the pregnant woman has a fever above 38.5° C, contact with the obstetrician should be immediate.
Infections during pregnancy increase the risk of complications for both mother and fetus. Some of them are associated with, including a higher risk of premature birth.
To understand what is the fever and what are its risks, read: what is fever?.
Problems In Pregnancy # 10-Signs Of Preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is a serious complication that may arise during the second half of pregnancy, usually after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
Preeclampsia occurs in 5% to 10% of pregnancies. 75% of the cases are mild and 25% are severe. The signs and symptoms of preeclampsia are:
High blood pressure that occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy.
Protein loss in the urine, they usually be noticed due to an increase in the foaming of urine.
Swelling in the body, mainly in the arms, legs and face.
Changes of liver function tests (read: What do they mean, TGO TGP, GGT and BILIRUBIN?).
When pregnant women with preeclampsia happens to present tables of convulsive crisis, we call the framework of eclampsia.
In relation to the fetus, the risks of pre-eclampsia include premature detachment of the placenta, low growth and intrauterine development and premature birth.
Explain preeclampsia in detail in the article: PRE-eclampsia and ECLAMPSIA-Symptoms, causes and treatment.